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Subject[PATCH 1/7] platform_device: better support builtin boilerplate avoidance
Date
We have macros that help reduce the boilerplate for modules
that register with no extra init/exit complexity other than the
most standard use case. However we see an increasing number of
non-modular drivers using these modular_driver() type register
functions.

There are several downsides to this:
1) The code can appear modular to a reader of the code, and they
won't know if the code really is modular without checking the
Makefile and Kconfig to see if compilation is governed by a
bool or tristate.
2) Coders of drivers may be tempted to code up an __exit function
that is never used, just in order to satisfy the required three
args of the modular registration function.
3) Non-modular code ends up including the <module.h> which increases
CPP overhead that they don't need.
4) It hinders us from performing better separation of the module
init code and the generic init code.

Here we introduce similar macros, with the mapping from module_driver
to builtin_driver and similar, so that simple changes of:

module_platform_driver() ---> builtin_platform_driver()
module_platform_driver_probe() ---> builtin_platform_driver_probe().

can help us avoid #3 above, without having to code up the same
__init functions and device_initcall() boilerplate.

For non modular code, module_init becomes __initcall. But direct use
of __initcall is discouraged, vs. one of the priority categorized
subgroups. As __initcall gets mapped onto device_initcall, our
use of device_initcall directly in this change means that the
runtime impact is zero -- drivers will remain at level 6 in the
initcall ordering.

Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
---

[checkpatch complains about this patch, but I choose to ignore that
and keep the added code 100% consistent with the existing code.]

include/linux/device.h | 22 ++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/platform_device.h | 23 +++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 45 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/device.h b/include/linux/device.h
index 6558af90c8fe..c2d6167cb4a3 100644
--- a/include/linux/device.h
+++ b/include/linux/device.h
@@ -1269,4 +1269,26 @@ static void __exit __driver##_exit(void) \
} \
module_exit(__driver##_exit);

+/**
+ * builtin_driver() - Helper macro for drivers that don't do anything
+ * special in init and have no exit. This eliminates some boilerplate.
+ * Each driver may only use this macro once, and calling it replaces
+ * device_initcall (or in some cases, the legacy __initcall). This is
+ * meant to be a direct parallel of module_driver() above but without
+ * the __exit stuff that is not used for builtin cases.
+ *
+ * @__driver: driver name
+ * @__register: register function for this driver type
+ * @...: Additional arguments to be passed to __register
+ *
+ * Use this macro to construct bus specific macros for registering
+ * drivers, and do not use it on its own.
+ */
+#define builtin_driver(__driver, __register, ...) \
+static int __init __driver##_init(void) \
+{ \
+ return __register(&(__driver) , ##__VA_ARGS__); \
+} \
+device_initcall(__driver##_init);
+
#endif /* _DEVICE_H_ */
diff --git a/include/linux/platform_device.h b/include/linux/platform_device.h
index 58f1e75ba105..bba08f44cc97 100644
--- a/include/linux/platform_device.h
+++ b/include/linux/platform_device.h
@@ -222,6 +222,15 @@ static inline void platform_set_drvdata(struct platform_device *pdev,
module_driver(__platform_driver, platform_driver_register, \
platform_driver_unregister)

+/* builtin_platform_driver() - Helper macro for builtin drivers that
+ * don't do anything special in driver init. This eliminates some
+ * boilerplate. Each driver may only use this macro once, and
+ * calling it replaces device_initcall(). Note this is meant to be
+ * a parallel of module_platform_driver() above, but w/o _exit stuff.
+ */
+#define builtin_platform_driver(__platform_driver) \
+ builtin_driver(__platform_driver, platform_driver_register)
+
/* module_platform_driver_probe() - Helper macro for drivers that don't do
* anything special in module init/exit. This eliminates a lot of
* boilerplate. Each module may only use this macro once, and
@@ -240,6 +249,20 @@ static void __exit __platform_driver##_exit(void) \
} \
module_exit(__platform_driver##_exit);

+/* builtin_platform_driver_probe() - Helper macro for drivers that don't do
+ * anything special in device init. This eliminates some boilerplate. Each
+ * driver may only use this macro once, and using it replaces device_initcall.
+ * This is meant to be a parallel of module_platform_driver_probe above, but
+ * without the __exit parts.
+ */
+#define builtin_platform_driver_probe(__platform_driver, __platform_probe) \
+static int __init __platform_driver##_init(void) \
+{ \
+ return platform_driver_probe(&(__platform_driver), \
+ __platform_probe); \
+} \
+device_initcall(__platform_driver##_init); \
+
#define platform_create_bundle(driver, probe, res, n_res, data, size) \
__platform_create_bundle(driver, probe, res, n_res, data, size, THIS_MODULE)
extern struct platform_device *__platform_create_bundle(
--
2.2.1


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