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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 1/3] iio: configfs: Add configfs support to IIO
On 09/04/15 18:15, Jonathan Cameron wrote:
> On 06/04/15 15:18, Daniel Baluta wrote:
>> This module is the core of IIO configfs. It creates the "iio" subsystem under
>> configfs mount point root, with one default group for "triggers".
>>
>> It offers basic interface for registering software trigger types. Next patches
>> will add "hrtimer" and "sysfs" trigger types. To add a new trigger type we must
>> create a new kernel module which implements iio_configfs_trigger.h interface.
>>
>> See Documentation/iio/iio_configfs.txt for more details on how configfs
>> support for IIO works.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Daniel Baluta <daniel.baluta@intel.com>
> Looks good and is actually a fair bit simpler than I expected which is nice!
> As an ideal aim, I'd like there to be no need for the core to have any
> idea what triggers exist and can be registered (beyond preventing naming
> clashes etc). Actually, not much would be needed to implement that I think, just
> using a list and looking up in it (we aren't on a particularly fast path so
> don't need anything clever) instead of a simple array. A touch of locking
> probably to avoid two many simultaneous users of that list...
>
> Hmm. having read through the patches, are we fundamentally limited to having to
> specify the entire directory structure before bringing up configfs?
As I read more on this, I think the definition of a 'subsystem' in configfs is
very restricted. It means a tight group of devices sharing a prior
known interface with no ability to add extras later.
It's sort of like the difference between a class and a bus in sysfs (but more limited
actually that's a rubbish analogy). Thus either we have to do as here
and have the core know all about everything it might want to setup in advance
of registering the iio configfs subsystem or we need to make a whole load of
different configfs subsystems. Basically boils down to one per module. We lose
the grouping convenience of the current structure but gain in separation.

So option 1 we have effectively to predefine anything that might turn up
in a module...

/config/iio/triggers/hrtimer/instance1/..
/config/iio/triggers/sysfs/instance2/..
/config/iio/virtualdevs/hwmon/iiohwmoninstance1/..
/config/iio/virtualdevs/input/iioinputinstance1/..
/config/iio/maps/channelmapisntance1/..
etc (actually fine for the maps as they are coming from the core anyway
and will be known in advance)

Option 2 we have complete flexibility as its down to the relevant drivers

/config/iio-trigger-hrtimer/instance/..
/config/iio-trigger-sysfs/instance/..
/config/iio-virtual-hwmon/instance/..
/config/iio-virtual-input/instance/..

but we lose the grouping by directory which is a conceptual shame.

Am I missing something important here? (pretty new to configfs!)

Just for others not familiar with IIO who might read this. We have a number
of userspace created elements but each type is provided by a different module,
hence it's a real pain having to have them all defined at configfs subsystem
initialization as it adds tight coupling we don't otherwise have!

J
>
>> ---
>>
>> Changes since v2:
>> * Fix build errors by compiling industrialio-configfs.ko
>> as a separate module, as reported by Paul.
>>
>> Changes since v1:
>> * addressed feedback from v1:
>> * https://lkml.org/lkml/2015/3/25/647
>> * create a directory per trigger type
>> * removed activate and type attributes
>>
>> drivers/iio/Kconfig | 8 ++
>> drivers/iio/Makefile | 1 +
>> drivers/iio/industrialio-configfs.c | 127 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> include/linux/iio/iio_configfs_trigger.h | 40 ++++++++++
>> 4 files changed, 176 insertions(+)
>> create mode 100644 drivers/iio/industrialio-configfs.c
>> create mode 100644 include/linux/iio/iio_configfs_trigger.h
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/iio/Kconfig b/drivers/iio/Kconfig
>> index 4011eff..41d5863 100644
>> --- a/drivers/iio/Kconfig
>> +++ b/drivers/iio/Kconfig
>> @@ -18,6 +18,14 @@ config IIO_BUFFER
>> Provide core support for various buffer based data
>> acquisition methods.
>>
>> +config IIO_CONFIGFS
>> + tristate "Enable IIO configuration via configfs"
>> + select CONFIGFS_FS
>> + help
>> + This allows configuring various IIO bits through configfs
>> + (e.g. software triggers). For more info see
>> + Documentation/iio/iio_configfs.txt.
>> +
>> if IIO_BUFFER
>>
>> config IIO_BUFFER_CB
>> diff --git a/drivers/iio/Makefile b/drivers/iio/Makefile
>> index 698afc2..72e85c42 100644
>> --- a/drivers/iio/Makefile
>> +++ b/drivers/iio/Makefile
>> @@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ industrialio-$(CONFIG_IIO_BUFFER) += industrialio-buffer.o
>> industrialio-$(CONFIG_IIO_TRIGGER) += industrialio-trigger.o
>> industrialio-$(CONFIG_IIO_BUFFER_CB) += buffer_cb.o
>>
>> +obj-$(CONFIG_IIO_CONFIGFS) += industrialio-configfs.o
>> obj-$(CONFIG_IIO_TRIGGERED_BUFFER) += industrialio-triggered-buffer.o
>> obj-$(CONFIG_IIO_KFIFO_BUF) += kfifo_buf.o
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/iio/industrialio-configfs.c b/drivers/iio/industrialio-configfs.c
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 0000000..d8ffd76
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/drivers/iio/industrialio-configfs.c
>> @@ -0,0 +1,127 @@
>> +/*
>> + * Industrial I/O configfs bits
>> + *
>> + * Copyright (c) 2015 Intel Corporation
>> + *
>> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
>> + * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published by
>> + * the Free Software Foundation.
>> + */
>> +
>> +#include <linux/configfs.h>
>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>> +#include <linux/init.h>
>> +#include <linux/kmod.h>
>> +#include <linux/slab.h>
>> +
>> +#include <linux/iio/iio.h>
>> +#include <linux/iio/iio_configfs_trigger.h>
>> +
>> +static struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *trigger_types[IIO_TRIGGER_TYPE_MAX];
>> +static DEFINE_RWLOCK(trigger_types_lock);
>> +
>> +int register_configfs_trigger(struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *t)
>> +{
>> + int index = t->type;
>> + int ret = 0;
>> +
>> + if (index < 0 || index >= IIO_TRIGGER_TYPE_MAX)
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + write_lock(&trigger_types_lock);
>> + if (trigger_types[index])
>> + ret = -EBUSY;
>> + else
>> + trigger_types[index] = t;
>> + write_unlock(&trigger_types_lock);
>> +
>> + return ret;
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(register_configfs_trigger);
>> +
>> +int unregister_configfs_trigger(struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *t)
>> +{
>> + int index = t->type;
>> +
>> + if (index < 0 || index >= IIO_TRIGGER_TYPE_MAX)
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + write_lock(&trigger_types_lock);
>> + trigger_types[index] = NULL;
>> + write_unlock(&trigger_types_lock);
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_configfs_trigger);
>> +
>> +static
>> +struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *iio_get_configfs_trigger_type(int type)
>> +{
>> + struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *t;
>> +
>> + if (type < 0 || type >= IIO_TRIGGER_TYPE_MAX)
>> + return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
>> +
>> + read_lock(&trigger_types_lock);
>> + t = trigger_types[type];
>> + if (t && !try_module_get(t->owner))
>> + t = NULL;
>> + read_unlock(&trigger_types_lock);
>> +
>> + return t;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static struct config_group *iio_triggers_default_groups[] = {
>> + NULL
>> +};
>> +
>> +static struct config_item_type iio_triggers_group_type = {
>> + .ct_owner = THIS_MODULE,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static struct config_group iio_triggers_group = {
>> + .cg_item = {
>> + .ci_namebuf = "triggers",
>> + .ci_type = &iio_triggers_group_type,
>> + },
>> + .default_groups = iio_triggers_default_groups,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static struct config_group *iio_root_default_groups[] = {
>> + &iio_triggers_group,
>> + NULL
>> +};
>> +
>> +static struct config_item_type iio_root_group_type = {
>> + .ct_owner = THIS_MODULE,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static struct configfs_subsystem iio_configfs_subsys = {
>> + .su_group = {
>> + .cg_item = {
>> + .ci_namebuf = "iio",
>> + .ci_type = &iio_root_group_type,
>> + },
>> + .default_groups = iio_root_default_groups,
>> + },
>> + .su_mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(iio_configfs_subsys.su_mutex),
>> +};
>> +
>> +static int __init iio_configfs_init(void)
>> +{
>> + config_group_init(&iio_triggers_group);
>> + config_group_init(&iio_configfs_subsys.su_group);
>> +
>> + return configfs_register_subsystem(&iio_configfs_subsys);
>> +}
>> +module_init(iio_configfs_init);
>> +
>> +static void __exit iio_configfs_exit(void)
>> +{
>> + configfs_unregister_subsystem(&iio_configfs_subsys);
>> +}
>> +module_exit(iio_configfs_exit);
>> +
>> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Daniel Baluta <daniel.baluta@intel.com>");
>> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Industrial I/O configfs support");
>> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
>> diff --git a/include/linux/iio/iio_configfs_trigger.h b/include/linux/iio/iio_configfs_trigger.h
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 0000000..75e76f2
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/include/linux/iio/iio_configfs_trigger.h
>> @@ -0,0 +1,40 @@
>> +#ifndef __IIO_CONFIGFS_TRIGGER
>> +#define __IIO_CONFIGFS_TRIGGER
>> +
>> +#include <linux/device.h>
>> +#include <linux/iio/iio.h>
>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>> +
>> +#define module_iio_configfs_trigger_driver(__iio_configfs_trigger) \
>> + module_driver(__iio_configfs_trigger, register_configfs_trigger, \
>> + unregister_configfs_trigger)
>> +
>> +enum {
> Is this enum actually needed as such? If we can avoid explicit need
> to list triggers in one place it would be nice.
> As I understand it, the point of this is to allow allocating of various
> arrays for easy lookup etc. How about we switch over to a list and
> lookup based on magic provided by the trigger? (string or address most likely).
>> + IIO_TRIGGER_TYPE_MAX,
>> +};
>> +
>> +struct iio_configfs_trigger_ops;
>> +
>> +struct iio_configfs_trigger_type {
>> + int type;
>> + struct module *owner;
>> + struct iio_configfs_trigger_ops *trigger_ops;
>> +};
>> +
>> +struct iio_configfs_trigger_info {
>> + char *name;
>> + struct iio_trigger *trigger;
>> + struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *trigger_type;
>> +};
>> +
>> +struct iio_configfs_trigger_ops {
> I wonder if we can make these more flexible from the start because
> avoiding churn in callbacks is always nice as us ensuring we have
> a manageable number in the long run! Also we might want to play
> the 'fixed point' games we play elsewhere in IIO to allow us to have
> a very wide range of precisions.
> enum iio_configfs_trigger_paramtype = {
> delay,
> };
>
> As a final thought, we have standardised on sampling_frequency elsewhere in
> IIO (largely based on that was what the first few device used) so perhaps
> we can use that here as well instead of delay?
>
> int (*get_parameter)(struct iio_configfs_trigger_info *, enum iio_configfs_triger_paramtype param, unsigned long *);
>
>> + int (*get_delay)(struct iio_configfs_trigger_info *, unsigned long *);
>> + int (*set_delay)(struct iio_configfs_trigger_info *, unsigned long);
>> + int (*probe)(struct iio_configfs_trigger_info *);
>> + int (*remove)(struct iio_configfs_trigger_info *);
>> +};
>> +
>> +int register_configfs_trigger(struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *);
>> +int unregister_configfs_trigger(struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *);
>> +
>> +#endif /* __IIO_CONFIGFS_TRIGGER */
>>
>
> --
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