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Subject[tip:x86/asm] x86/asm/entry/64: Implement better check for canonical addresses
Commit-ID:  17be0aec74fb036eb4eb32c2268f3420a034762b
Gitweb: http://git.kernel.org/tip/17be0aec74fb036eb4eb32c2268f3420a034762b
Author: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
AuthorDate: Tue, 21 Apr 2015 18:27:29 +0200
Committer: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
CommitDate: Wed, 22 Apr 2015 08:37:56 +0200

x86/asm/entry/64: Implement better check for canonical addresses

This change makes the check exact (no more false positives
on "negative" addresses).

Andy explains:

"Canonical addresses either start with 17 zeros or 17 ones.

In the old code, we checked that the top (64-47) = 17 bits were all
zero. We did this by shifting right by 47 bits and making sure that
nothing was left.

In the new code, we're shifting left by (64 - 48) = 16 bits and then
signed shifting right by the same amount, this propagating the 17th
highest bit to all positions to its left. If we get the same value we
started with, then we're good to go."

While it isn't really important to be fully correct here -
almost all addresses we'll ever see will be userspace ones,
but OTOH it looks to be cheap enough: the new code uses
two more ALU ops but preserves %rcx, allowing to not
reload it from pt_regs->cx again.

On disassembly level, the changes are:

cmp %rcx,0x80(%rsp) -> mov 0x80(%rsp),%r11; cmp %rcx,%r11
shr $0x2f,%rcx -> shl $0x10,%rcx; sar $0x10,%rcx; cmp %rcx,%r11
mov 0x58(%rsp),%rcx -> (eliminated)

Signed-off-by: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Will Drewry <wad@chromium.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1429633649-20169-1-git-send-email-dvlasenk@redhat.com
[ Changelog massage. ]
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
---
arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S | 23 ++++++++++++-----------
1 file changed, 12 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S b/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
index c7b2384..3c78a15 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
@@ -410,26 +410,27 @@ syscall_return:
* a completely clean 64-bit userspace context.
*/
movq RCX(%rsp),%rcx
- cmpq %rcx,RIP(%rsp) /* RCX == RIP */
+ movq RIP(%rsp),%r11
+ cmpq %rcx,%r11 /* RCX == RIP */
jne opportunistic_sysret_failed

/*
* On Intel CPUs, SYSRET with non-canonical RCX/RIP will #GP
* in kernel space. This essentially lets the user take over
- * the kernel, since userspace controls RSP. It's not worth
- * testing for canonicalness exactly -- this check detects any
- * of the 17 high bits set, which is true for non-canonical
- * or kernel addresses. (This will pessimize vsyscall=native.
- * Big deal.)
+ * the kernel, since userspace controls RSP.
*
- * If virtual addresses ever become wider, this will need
+ * If width of "canonical tail" ever becomes variable, this will need
* to be updated to remain correct on both old and new CPUs.
*/
.ifne __VIRTUAL_MASK_SHIFT - 47
.error "virtual address width changed -- SYSRET checks need update"
.endif
- shr $__VIRTUAL_MASK_SHIFT, %rcx
- jnz opportunistic_sysret_failed
+ /* Change top 16 bits to be the sign-extension of 47th bit */
+ shl $(64 - (__VIRTUAL_MASK_SHIFT+1)), %rcx
+ sar $(64 - (__VIRTUAL_MASK_SHIFT+1)), %rcx
+ /* If this changed %rcx, it was not canonical */
+ cmpq %rcx, %r11
+ jne opportunistic_sysret_failed

cmpq $__USER_CS,CS(%rsp) /* CS must match SYSRET */
jne opportunistic_sysret_failed
@@ -466,8 +467,8 @@ syscall_return:
*/
syscall_return_via_sysret:
CFI_REMEMBER_STATE
- /* r11 is already restored (see code above) */
- RESTORE_C_REGS_EXCEPT_R11
+ /* rcx and r11 are already restored (see code above) */
+ RESTORE_C_REGS_EXCEPT_RCX_R11
movq RSP(%rsp),%rsp
USERGS_SYSRET64
CFI_RESTORE_STATE

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