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Subject[PATCH block/for-4.1-fixes] writeback: use |1 instead of +1 to protect against div by zero
mm/page-writeback.c has several places where 1 is added to the divisor
to prevent division by zero exceptions; however, if the original
divisor is equivalent to -1, adding 1 leads to division by zero.

There are three places where +1 is used for this purpose - one in
pos_ratio_polynom() and two in bdi_position_ratio(). The second one
in bdi_position_ratio() actually triggered div-by-zero oops on a
machine running a 3.10 kernel. The divisor is

x_intercept - bdi_setpoint + 1 == span + 1

span is confirmed to be (u32)-1. It isn't clear how it ended up that
but it could be from write bandwidth calculation underflow fixed by
c72efb658f7c ("writeback: fix possible underflow in write bandwidth
calculation").

At any rate, +1 isn't a proper protection against div-by-zero. This
patch converts all +1 protections to |1. Note that
bdi_update_dirty_ratelimit() was already using |1 before this patch.

Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
---
mm/page-writeback.c | 6 +++---
1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/page-writeback.c b/mm/page-writeback.c
index 5daf556..eb59f7e 100644
--- a/mm/page-writeback.c
+++ b/mm/page-writeback.c
@@ -580,7 +580,7 @@ static long long pos_ratio_polynom(unsigned long setpoint,
long x;

x = div64_s64(((s64)setpoint - (s64)dirty) << RATELIMIT_CALC_SHIFT,
- limit - setpoint + 1);
+ (limit - setpoint) | 1);
pos_ratio = x;
pos_ratio = pos_ratio * x >> RATELIMIT_CALC_SHIFT;
pos_ratio = pos_ratio * x >> RATELIMIT_CALC_SHIFT;
@@ -807,7 +807,7 @@ static unsigned long bdi_position_ratio(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
* scale global setpoint to bdi's:
* bdi_setpoint = setpoint * bdi_thresh / thresh
*/
- x = div_u64((u64)bdi_thresh << 16, thresh + 1);
+ x = div_u64((u64)bdi_thresh << 16, thresh | 1);
bdi_setpoint = setpoint * (u64)x >> 16;
/*
* Use span=(8*write_bw) in single bdi case as indicated by
@@ -822,7 +822,7 @@ static unsigned long bdi_position_ratio(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,

if (bdi_dirty < x_intercept - span / 4) {
pos_ratio = div64_u64(pos_ratio * (x_intercept - bdi_dirty),
- x_intercept - bdi_setpoint + 1);
+ (x_intercept - bdi_setpoint) | 1);
} else
pos_ratio /= 4;


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