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Subject[PATCH 4/6] perf kmem: Print gfp flags in human readable string
Date
Save libtraceevent output and print it in the header.

# perf kmem stat --page --caller
#
# GFP flags
# ---------
# 00000010: NI: GFP_NOIO
# 000000d0: K: GFP_KERNEL
# 00000200: NWR: GFP_NOWARN
# 000084d0: K|R|Z: GFP_KERNEL|GFP_REPEAT|GFP_ZERO
# 000200d2: HU: GFP_HIGHUSER
# 000200da: HUM: GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE
# 000280da: HUM|Z: GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE|GFP_ZERO
# 002084d0: K|R|Z|NT: GFP_KERNEL|GFP_REPEAT|GFP_ZERO|GFP_NOTRACK
# 0102005a: NF|HW|M: GFP_NOFS|GFP_HARDWALL|GFP_MOVABLE

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total alloc (KB) | Hits | Order | Mig.type | GFP flags | Callsite
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
60 | 15 | 0 | UNMOVABL | K|R|Z|NT | pte_alloc_one
40 | 10 | 0 | MOVABLE | HUM|Z | handle_mm_fault
24 | 6 | 0 | MOVABLE | HUM | do_wp_page
24 | 6 | 0 | UNMOVABL | K | __pollwait
...

Requested-by: Joonsoo Kim <js1304@gmail.com>
Suggested-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
---
tools/perf/builtin-kmem.c | 222 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
1 file changed, 209 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tools/perf/builtin-kmem.c b/tools/perf/builtin-kmem.c
index 7ead9423fd7a..1c668953c7ec 100644
--- a/tools/perf/builtin-kmem.c
+++ b/tools/perf/builtin-kmem.c
@@ -581,6 +581,176 @@ static bool valid_page(u64 pfn_or_page)
return true;
}

+struct gfp_flag {
+ unsigned int flags;
+ char *compact_str;
+ char *human_readable;
+};
+
+static struct gfp_flag *gfps;
+static int nr_gfps;
+
+static int gfpcmp(const void *a, const void *b)
+{
+ const struct gfp_flag *fa = a;
+ const struct gfp_flag *fb = b;
+
+ return fa->flags - fb->flags;
+}
+
+/* see include/trace/events/gfpflags.h */
+static const struct {
+ const char *original;
+ const char *compact;
+} gfp_compact_table[] = {
+ { "GFP_TRANSHUGE", "THP" },
+ { "GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE", "HUM" },
+ { "GFP_HIGHUSER", "HU" },
+ { "GFP_USER", "U" },
+ { "GFP_TEMPORARY", "TMP" },
+ { "GFP_KERNEL", "K" },
+ { "GFP_NOFS", "NF" },
+ { "GFP_ATOMIC", "A" },
+ { "GFP_NOIO", "NI" },
+ { "GFP_HIGH", "H" },
+ { "GFP_WAIT", "W" },
+ { "GFP_IO", "I" },
+ { "GFP_COLD", "CO" },
+ { "GFP_NOWARN", "NWR" },
+ { "GFP_REPEAT", "R" },
+ { "GFP_NOFAIL", "NF" },
+ { "GFP_NORETRY", "NR" },
+ { "GFP_COMP", "C" },
+ { "GFP_ZERO", "Z" },
+ { "GFP_NOMEMALLOC", "NMA" },
+ { "GFP_MEMALLOC", "MA" },
+ { "GFP_HARDWALL", "HW" },
+ { "GFP_THISNODE", "TN" },
+ { "GFP_RECLAIMABLE", "RC" },
+ { "GFP_MOVABLE", "M" },
+ { "GFP_NOTRACK", "NT" },
+ { "GFP_NO_KSWAPD", "NK" },
+ { "GFP_OTHER_NODE", "ON" },
+ { "GFP_NOWAIT", "NW" },
+};
+
+static size_t max_gfp_len;
+
+static char *compact_gfp_flags(char *gfp_flags)
+{
+ char *orig_flags = strdup(gfp_flags);
+ char *new_flags = NULL;
+ char *str, *pos;
+ size_t len = 0;
+
+ if (orig_flags == NULL)
+ return NULL;
+
+ str = strtok_r(orig_flags, "|", &pos);
+ while (str) {
+ size_t i;
+ char *new;
+ const char *cpt;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(gfp_compact_table); i++) {
+ if (strcmp(gfp_compact_table[i].original, str))
+ continue;
+
+ cpt = gfp_compact_table[i].compact;
+ new = realloc(new_flags, len + strlen(cpt) + 2);
+ if (new == NULL) {
+ free(new_flags);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ new_flags = new;
+
+ if (!len) {
+ strcpy(new_flags, cpt);
+ } else {
+ strcat(new_flags, "|");
+ strcat(new_flags, cpt);
+ len++;
+ }
+
+ len += strlen(cpt);
+ }
+
+ str = strtok_r(NULL, "|", &pos);
+ }
+
+ if (max_gfp_len < len)
+ max_gfp_len = len;
+
+ free(orig_flags);
+ return new_flags;
+}
+
+static char *compact_gfp_string(unsigned long gfp_flags)
+{
+ struct gfp_flag key = {
+ .flags = gfp_flags,
+ };
+ struct gfp_flag *gfp;
+
+ gfp = bsearch(&key, gfps, nr_gfps, sizeof(*gfps), gfpcmp);
+ if (gfp)
+ return gfp->compact_str;
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static int parse_gfp_flags(struct perf_evsel *evsel, struct perf_sample *sample,
+ unsigned int gfp_flags)
+{
+ struct pevent_record record = {
+ .cpu = sample->cpu,
+ .data = sample->raw_data,
+ .size = sample->raw_size,
+ };
+ struct trace_seq seq;
+ char *str, *pos;
+
+ if (nr_gfps) {
+ struct gfp_flag key = {
+ .flags = gfp_flags,
+ };
+
+ if (bsearch(&key, gfps, nr_gfps, sizeof(*gfps), gfpcmp))
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ trace_seq_init(&seq);
+ pevent_event_info(&seq, evsel->tp_format, &record);
+
+ str = strtok_r(seq.buffer, " ", &pos);
+ while (str) {
+ if (!strncmp(str, "gfp_flags=", 10)) {
+ struct gfp_flag *new;
+
+ new = realloc(gfps, (nr_gfps + 1) * sizeof(*gfps));
+ if (new == NULL)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ gfps = new;
+ new += nr_gfps++;
+
+ new->flags = gfp_flags;
+ new->human_readable = strdup(str + 10);
+ new->compact_str = compact_gfp_flags(str + 10);
+ if (!new->human_readable || !new->compact_str)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ qsort(gfps, nr_gfps, sizeof(*gfps), gfpcmp);
+ }
+
+ str = strtok_r(NULL, " ", &pos);
+ }
+
+ trace_seq_destroy(&seq);
+ return 0;
+}
+
static int perf_evsel__process_page_alloc_event(struct perf_evsel *evsel,
struct perf_sample *sample)
{
@@ -613,6 +783,9 @@ static int perf_evsel__process_page_alloc_event(struct perf_evsel *evsel,
return 0;
}

+ if (parse_gfp_flags(evsel, sample, gfp_flags) < 0)
+ return -1;
+
callsite = find_callsite(evsel, sample);

/*
@@ -832,16 +1005,18 @@ static void __print_page_alloc_result(struct perf_session *session, int n_lines)
struct rb_node *next = rb_first(&page_alloc_sorted);
struct machine *machine = &session->machines.host;
const char *format;
+ int gfp_len = max(strlen("GFP flags"), max_gfp_len);

printf("\n%.105s\n", graph_dotted_line);
- printf(" %-16s | %5s alloc (KB) | Hits | Order | Mig.type | GFP flags | Callsite\n",
- use_pfn ? "PFN" : "Page", live_page ? "Live" : "Total");
+ printf(" %-16s | %5s alloc (KB) | Hits | Order | Mig.type | %-*s | Callsite\n",
+ use_pfn ? "PFN" : "Page", live_page ? "Live" : "Total",
+ gfp_len, "GFP flags");
printf("%.105s\n", graph_dotted_line);

if (use_pfn)
- format = " %16llu | %'16llu | %'9d | %5d | %8s | %08lx | %s\n";
+ format = " %16llu | %'16llu | %'9d | %5d | %8s | %-*s | %s\n";
else
- format = " %016llx | %'16llu | %'9d | %5d | %8s | %08lx | %s\n";
+ format = " %016llx | %'16llu | %'9d | %5d | %8s | %-*s | %s\n";

while (next && n_lines--) {
struct page_stat *data;
@@ -862,13 +1037,15 @@ static void __print_page_alloc_result(struct perf_session *session, int n_lines)
(unsigned long long)data->alloc_bytes / 1024,
data->nr_alloc, data->order,
migrate_type_str[data->migrate_type],
- (unsigned long)data->gfp_flags, caller);
+ gfp_len, compact_gfp_string(data->gfp_flags), caller);

next = rb_next(next);
}

- if (n_lines == -1)
- printf(" ... | ... | ... | ... | ... | ... | ...\n");
+ if (n_lines == -1) {
+ printf(" ... | ... | ... | ... | ... | %-*s | ...\n",
+ gfp_len, "...");
+ }

printf("%.105s\n", graph_dotted_line);
}
@@ -877,10 +1054,11 @@ static void __print_page_caller_result(struct perf_session *session, int n_lines
{
struct rb_node *next = rb_first(&page_caller_sorted);
struct machine *machine = &session->machines.host;
+ int gfp_len = max(strlen("GFP flags"), max_gfp_len);

printf("\n%.105s\n", graph_dotted_line);
- printf(" %5s alloc (KB) | Hits | Order | Mig.type | GFP flags | Callsite\n",
- live_page ? "Live" : "Total");
+ printf(" %5s alloc (KB) | Hits | Order | Mig.type | %-*s | Callsite\n",
+ live_page ? "Live" : "Total", gfp_len, "GFP flags");
printf("%.105s\n", graph_dotted_line);

while (next && n_lines--) {
@@ -898,21 +1076,37 @@ static void __print_page_caller_result(struct perf_session *session, int n_lines
else
scnprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%"PRIx64, data->callsite);

- printf(" %'16llu | %'9d | %5d | %8s | %08lx | %s\n",
+ printf(" %'16llu | %'9d | %5d | %8s | %-*s | %s\n",
(unsigned long long)data->alloc_bytes / 1024,
data->nr_alloc, data->order,
migrate_type_str[data->migrate_type],
- (unsigned long)data->gfp_flags, caller);
+ gfp_len, compact_gfp_string(data->gfp_flags), caller);

next = rb_next(next);
}

- if (n_lines == -1)
- printf(" ... | ... | ... | ... | ... | ...\n");
+ if (n_lines == -1) {
+ printf(" ... | ... | ... | ... | %-*s | ...\n",
+ gfp_len, "...");
+ }

printf("%.105s\n", graph_dotted_line);
}

+static void print_gfp_flags(void)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ printf("#\n");
+ printf("# GFP flags\n");
+ printf("# ---------\n");
+ for (i = 0; i < nr_gfps; i++) {
+ printf("# %08x: %*s: %s\n", gfps[i].flags,
+ (int) max_gfp_len, gfps[i].compact_str,
+ gfps[i].human_readable);
+ }
+}
+
static void print_slab_summary(void)
{
printf("\nSUMMARY (SLAB allocator)");
@@ -982,6 +1176,8 @@ static void print_slab_result(struct perf_session *session)

static void print_page_result(struct perf_session *session)
{
+ if (caller_flag || alloc_flag)
+ print_gfp_flags();
if (caller_flag)
__print_page_caller_result(session, caller_lines);
if (alloc_flag)
--
2.3.4


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