lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2015]   [Apr]   [21]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
From
Subject[PATCHSET 0/6] perf kmem: Implement page allocation analysis (v8)
Date
Hello,

Currently perf kmem command only analyzes SLAB memory allocation. And
I'd like to introduce page allocation analysis also. Users can use
--slab and/or --page option to select it. If none of these options
are used, it does slab allocation analysis for backward compatibility.

* changes in v8)
- rename 'stat' to 'pstat' due to build error
- add Acked-by from Pekka

* changes in v7)
- drop already merged patches
- check return value of map__load() (Arnaldo)
- rename to page_stat__findnew_*() functions (Arnaldo)
- show warning when try to run stat before record

* changes in v6)
- add -i option fix (Jiri)
- libtraceevent operator priority fix

* changes in v5)
- print migration type and gfp flags in more compact form (Arnaldo)
- add kmem.default config option

* changes in v4)
- use pfn instead of struct page * in tracepoints (Joonsoo, Ingo)
- print gfp flags in human readable string (Joonsoo, Minchan)

* changes in v3)
- add live page statistics

* changes in v2)
- Use thousand grouping for big numbers - i.e. 12345 -> 12,345 (Ingo)
- Improve output stat readability (Ingo)
- Remove alloc size column as it can be calculated from hits and order

In this patchset, I used two kmem events: kmem:mm_page_alloc and
kmem_page_free for analysis as they can track almost all of memory
allocation/free path AFAIK. However, unlike slab tracepoint events,
those page allocation events don't provide callsite info directly. So
I recorded callchains and extracted callsites like below:

Normal page allocation callchains look like this:

360a7e __alloc_pages_nodemask
3a711c alloc_pages_current
357bc7 __page_cache_alloc <-- callsite
357cf6 pagecache_get_page
48b0a prepare_pages
494d3 __btrfs_buffered_write
49cdf btrfs_file_write_iter
3ceb6e new_sync_write
3cf447 vfs_write
3cff99 sys_write
7556e9 system_call
f880 __write_nocancel
33eb9 cmd_record
4b38e cmd_kmem
7aa23 run_builtin
27a9a main
20800 __libc_start_main

But first two are internal page allocation functions so it should be
skipped. To determine such allocation functions, I used following regex:

^_?_?(alloc|get_free|get_zeroed)_pages?

This gave me a following list of functions (you can see this with -v):

alloc func: __get_free_pages
alloc func: get_zeroed_page
alloc func: alloc_pages_exact
alloc func: __alloc_pages_direct_compact
alloc func: __alloc_pages_nodemask
alloc func: alloc_page_interleave
alloc func: alloc_pages_current
alloc func: alloc_pages_vma
alloc func: alloc_page_buffers
alloc func: alloc_pages_exact_nid

After skipping those function, it got '__page_cache_alloc'.

Other information such as allocation order, migration type and gfp
flags are provided by tracepoint events.

Basically the output will be sorted by total allocation bytes, but you
can change it by using -s/--sort option. The following sort keys are
added to support page analysis: page, order, migtype, gfp. Existing
'callsite', 'bytes' and 'hit' sort keys also can be used.

An example follows:

# perf kmem record --page sleep 5
[ perf record: Woken up 2 times to write data ]
[ perf record: Captured and wrote 1.065 MB perf.data (2949 samples) ]

# perf kmem stat --page --caller -s order,hit -l 10
#
# GFP flags
# ---------
# 00000010: NI: GFP_NOIO
# 000000d0: K: GFP_KERNEL
# 00000200: NWR: GFP_NOWARN
# 000052d0: K|NWR|NR|C: GFP_KERNEL|GFP_NOWARN|GFP_NORETRY|GFP_COMP
# 000084d0: K|R|Z: GFP_KERNEL|GFP_REPEAT|GFP_ZERO
# 000200d0: U: GFP_USER
# 000200d2: HU: GFP_HIGHUSER
# 000200da: HUM: GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE
# 000280da: HUM|Z: GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE|GFP_ZERO
# 002084d0: K|R|Z|NT: GFP_KERNEL|GFP_REPEAT|GFP_ZERO|GFP_NOTRACK
# 0102005a: NF|HW|M: GFP_NOFS|GFP_HARDWALL|GFP_MOVABLE

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total alloc (KB) | Hits | Order | Mig.type | GFP flags | Callsite
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
16 | 1 | 2 | UNMOVABL | K|NWR|NR|C | alloc_skb_with_frags
24 | 3 | 1 | UNMOVABL | K|NWR|NR|C | alloc_skb_with_frags
3,876 | 969 | 0 | MOVABLE | HUM | shmem_alloc_page
972 | 243 | 0 | UNMOVABL | K | __pollwait
624 | 156 | 0 | MOVABLE | NF|HW|M | __page_cache_alloc
304 | 76 | 0 | UNMOVABL | U | dma_generic_alloc_coherent
108 | 27 | 0 | MOVABLE | HUM|Z | handle_mm_fault
56 | 14 | 0 | UNMOVABL | K|R|Z|NT | pte_alloc_one
24 | 6 | 0 | MOVABLE | HUM | do_wp_page
16 | 4 | 0 | UNMOVABL | NWR | __tlb_remove_page
... | ... | ... | ... | ... | ...
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY (page allocator)
========================
Total allocation requests : 1,518 [ 6,096 KB ]
Total free requests : 1,431 [ 5,748 KB ]

Total alloc+freed requests : 1,330 [ 5,344 KB ]
Total alloc-only requests : 188 [ 752 KB ]
Total free-only requests : 101 [ 404 KB ]

Total allocation failures : 0 [ 0 KB ]

Order Unmovable Reclaimable Movable Reserved CMA/Isolated
----- ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------
0 351 . 1,163 . .
1 3 . . . .
2 1 . . . .
3 . . . . .
4 . . . . .
5 . . . . .
6 . . . . .
7 . . . . .
8 . . . . .
9 . . . . .
10 . . . . .

I have some idea how to improve it. But I'd also like to hear other
idea, suggestion, feedback and so on.

This is available at perf/kmem-page-v8 branch on my tree:

git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/namhyung/linux-perf.git

Thanks,
Namhyung


Namhyung Kim (6):
perf kmem: Implement stat --page --caller
perf kmem: Support sort keys on page analysis
perf kmem: Add --live option for current allocation stat
perf kmem: Print gfp flags in human readable string
perf kmem: Add kmem.default config option
perf kmem: Show warning when trying to run stat without record

tools/perf/Documentation/perf-kmem.txt | 11 +-
tools/perf/builtin-kmem.c | 995 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
2 files changed, 898 insertions(+), 108 deletions(-)

--
2.3.4



\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2015-04-21 07:41    [W:0.137 / U:1.708 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site