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Subject[PATCH V7 1/6] perf, x86: use the PEBS auto reload mechanism when possible
Date
From: Yan, Zheng <zheng.z.yan@intel.com>

When a fixed period is specified, this patch make perf use the PEBS
auto reload mechanism. This makes normal profiling faster, because
it avoids one costly MSR write in the PMI handler.
However, the reset value will be loaded by hardware assist. There is a
little bit delay compared to previous non-auto-reload mechanism. The
delay time is arbitrary, but very small. The assist cost is 400-800
cycles, assuming common cases with everything cached. The minimum period
the patch currently uses is 10000. In that extreme case it can be ~10%
if cycles are used.

Signed-off-by: Yan, Zheng <zheng.z.yan@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Kan Liang <kan.liang@intel.com>
---
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.c | 15 +++++++++------
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.h | 20 ++++++++++----------
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel.c | 8 ++++++--
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_ds.c | 7 +++++++
4 files changed, 32 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.c
index 87848eb..8cc1153 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.c
@@ -1058,13 +1058,16 @@ int x86_perf_event_set_period(struct perf_event *event)

per_cpu(pmc_prev_left[idx], smp_processor_id()) = left;

- /*
- * The hw event starts counting from this event offset,
- * mark it to be able to extra future deltas:
- */
- local64_set(&hwc->prev_count, (u64)-left);
+ if (!(hwc->flags & PERF_X86_EVENT_AUTO_RELOAD) ||
+ local64_read(&hwc->prev_count) != (u64)-left) {
+ /*
+ * The hw event starts counting from this event offset,
+ * mark it to be able to extra future deltas:
+ */
+ local64_set(&hwc->prev_count, (u64)-left);

- wrmsrl(hwc->event_base, (u64)(-left) & x86_pmu.cntval_mask);
+ wrmsrl(hwc->event_base, (u64)(-left) & x86_pmu.cntval_mask);
+ }

/*
* Due to erratum on certan cpu we need
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.h b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.h
index 329f035..9963981 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.h
@@ -65,16 +65,16 @@ struct event_constraint {
/*
* struct hw_perf_event.flags flags
*/
-#define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LDLAT 0x1 /* ld+ldlat data address sampling */
-#define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST 0x2 /* st data address sampling */
-#define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST_HSW 0x4 /* haswell style datala, store */
-#define PERF_X86_EVENT_COMMITTED 0x8 /* event passed commit_txn */
-#define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LD_HSW 0x10 /* haswell style datala, load */
-#define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_NA_HSW 0x20 /* haswell style datala, unknown */
-#define PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL 0x40 /* HT exclusivity on counter */
-#define PERF_X86_EVENT_DYNAMIC 0x80 /* dynamic alloc'd constraint */
-#define PERF_X86_EVENT_RDPMC_ALLOWED 0x40 /* grant rdpmc permission */
-
+#define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LDLAT 0x0001 /* ld+ldlat data address sampling */
+#define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST 0x0002 /* st data address sampling */
+#define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST_HSW 0x0004 /* haswell style datala, store */
+#define PERF_X86_EVENT_COMMITTED 0x0008 /* event passed commit_txn */
+#define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LD_HSW 0x0010 /* haswell style datala, load */
+#define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_NA_HSW 0x0020 /* haswell style datala, unknown */
+#define PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL 0x0040 /* HT exclusivity on counter */
+#define PERF_X86_EVENT_DYNAMIC 0x0080 /* dynamic alloc'd constraint */
+#define PERF_X86_EVENT_RDPMC_ALLOWED 0x0100 /* grant rdpmc permission */
+#define PERF_X86_EVENT_AUTO_RELOAD 0x0200 /* use PEBS auto-reload */

struct amd_nb {
int nb_id; /* NorthBridge id */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel.c
index 9da2400..0a7b5ca 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel.c
@@ -2305,8 +2305,12 @@ static int intel_pmu_hw_config(struct perf_event *event)
if (ret)
return ret;

- if (event->attr.precise_ip && x86_pmu.pebs_aliases)
- x86_pmu.pebs_aliases(event);
+ if (event->attr.precise_ip) {
+ if (!event->attr.freq)
+ event->hw.flags |= PERF_X86_EVENT_AUTO_RELOAD;
+ if (x86_pmu.pebs_aliases)
+ x86_pmu.pebs_aliases(event);
+ }

if (needs_branch_stack(event)) {
ret = intel_pmu_setup_lbr_filter(event);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_ds.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_ds.c
index ca69ea5..7c6dd8e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_ds.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_ds.c
@@ -680,6 +680,7 @@ void intel_pmu_pebs_enable(struct perf_event *event)
{
struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_hw_events);
struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
+ struct debug_store *ds = cpuc->ds;

hwc->config &= ~ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_INT;

@@ -689,6 +690,12 @@ void intel_pmu_pebs_enable(struct perf_event *event)
cpuc->pebs_enabled |= 1ULL << (hwc->idx + 32);
else if (event->hw.flags & PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST)
cpuc->pebs_enabled |= 1ULL << 63;
+
+ /* Use auto-reload if possible to save a MSR write in the PMI */
+ if (hwc->flags & PERF_X86_EVENT_AUTO_RELOAD) {
+ ds->pebs_event_reset[hwc->idx] =
+ (u64)(-hwc->sample_period) & x86_pmu.cntval_mask;
+ }
}

void intel_pmu_pebs_disable(struct perf_event *event)
--
1.8.3.1


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