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Subject[PATCH V7 0/6] large PEBS interrupt threshold
This patch series implements large PEBS interrupt threshold.
Currently, the PEBS threshold is forced to set to one. A larger PEBS
interrupt threshold can significantly reduce the sampling overhead
especially for frequently occurring events
(like cycles or branches or load/stores) with small sampling period.
For example, perf record cycles event when running kernbench
with 10003 sampling period. The Elapsed Time reduced from 32.7 seconds
to 16.5 seconds, which is 2X faster.
For more details, please refer to patch 4's description.

- It can not supply a callgraph.
- It requires setting a fixed period.
- It cannot supply a time stamp.
- To supply a TID it requires flushing on context switch.
If the above requirement doesn't apply, the threshold will set to one.

When PEBS events happen near to each other, the records for the events
can be collapsed into a single one, and it's not possible to
reconstruct. When collision happens, we drop the PEBS record.
Actually, collisions are extremely rare as long as different events
are used. We once tested the worst case with four frequently occurring
events (cycles:p,instructions:p,branches:p,mem-stores:p).
The collisions rate is only 0.34%.
For details about collisions, please refer to patch 3's description.

changes since v1:
- drop patch 'perf, core: Add all PMUs to pmu_idr'
- add comments for case that multiple counters overflow simultaneously
changes since v2:
- rename perf_sched_cb_{enable,disable} to perf_sched_cb_user_{inc,dec}
- use flag to indicate auto reload mechanism
- move codes that setup PEBS sample data to separate function
- output the PEBS records in batch
- enable this for All (PEBS capable) hardware
- more description for the multiplex
changes since v3:
- ignore conflicting PEBS record
changes since v4:
- Do more tests for collision and update comments
changes since v5:
- Move autoreload and large PEBS available check to intel_pmu_hw_config
- make AUTO_RELOAD conditional on large PEBS
- !PEBS bug fix
- coherent story about what is collision and how we handle it
- Remove extra state pebs_sched_cb_enabled
changes since v6:
- new flag PERF_X86_EVENT_FREERUNNING to indicate large PEBS available
- patch reorder and changelog changes for patch 1 and 3
- An easy way to clear !PEBS bit

Yan, Zheng (6):
perf, x86: use the PEBS auto reload mechanism when possible
perf, x86: introduce setup_pebs_sample_data()
perf, x86: handle multiple records in PEBS buffer
perf, x86: large PEBS interrupt threshold
perf, x86: drain PEBS buffer during context switch
perf, x86: enlarge PEBS buffer

arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.c | 15 +-
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.h | 35 +++-
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel.c | 22 +-
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_ds.c | 324 +++++++++++++++++++++--------
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_lbr.c | 3 -
include/linux/perf_event.h | 13 ++
kernel/events/core.c | 6 +-
kernel/events/internal.h | 9 -
8 files changed, 312 insertions(+), 115 deletions(-)


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