lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2015]   [Apr]   [20]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [RFC 1/4] fs: Add generic file system event notifications
Hi,

On 04/18/2015 12:44 AM, Andreas Dilger wrote:
> On Apr 17, 2015, at 5:31 AM, Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> wrote:
>> On Wed 15-04-15 09:15:44, Beata Michalska wrote:
>>> Introduce configurable generic interface for file
>>> system-wide event notifications to provide file
>>> systems with a common way of reporting any potential
>>> issues as they emerge.
>>>
>>> The notifications are to be issued through generic
>>> netlink interface, by a dedicated, for file system
>>> events, multicast group. The file systems might as
>>> well use this group to send their own custom messages.
>>>
>>> The events have been split into four base categories:
>>> information, warnings, errors and threshold notifications,
>>> with some very basic event types like running out of space
>>> or file system being remounted as read-only.
>>>
>>> Threshold notifications have been included to allow
>>> triggering an event whenever the amount of free space
>>> drops below a certain level - or levels to be more precise
>>> as two of them are being supported: the lower and the upper
>>> range. The notifications work both ways: once the threshold
>>> level has been reached, an event shall be generated whenever
>>> the number of available blocks goes up again re-activating
>>> the threshold.
>>>
>>> The interface has been exposed through a vfs. Once mounted,
>>> it serves as an entry point for the set-up where one can
>>> register for particular file system events.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Beata Michalska <b.michalska@samsung.com>
>> Thanks for the patches! Some comments are below.
>>
>>> ---
>>> Documentation/filesystems/events.txt | 254 +++++++++++
>>> fs/Makefile | 1 +
>>> fs/events/Makefile | 6 +
>>> fs/events/fs_event.c | 775 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>> fs/events/fs_event.h | 27 ++
>>> fs/events/fs_event_netlink.c | 94 +++++
>>> fs/namespace.c | 1 +
>>> include/linux/fs.h | 6 +-
>>> include/linux/fs_event.h | 69 +++
>>> include/uapi/linux/fs_event.h | 62 +++
>>> include/uapi/linux/genetlink.h | 1 +
>>> net/netlink/genetlink.c | 7 +-
>>> 12 files changed, 1301 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>> create mode 100644 Documentation/filesystems/events.txt
>>> create mode 100644 fs/events/Makefile
>>> create mode 100644 fs/events/fs_event.c
>>> create mode 100644 fs/events/fs_event.h
>>> create mode 100644 fs/events/fs_event_netlink.c
>>> create mode 100644 include/linux/fs_event.h
>>> create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/fs_event.h
>>>
>>> diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/events.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/events.txt
>>> new file mode 100644
>>> index 0000000..c85dd88
>>> --- /dev/null
>>> +++ b/Documentation/filesystems/events.txt
>>> @@ -0,0 +1,254 @@
>>> +
>>> + Generic file system event notification interface
>>> +
>>> +Document created 09 April 2015 by Beata Michalska <b.michalska@samsung.com>
>>> +
>>> +1. The reason behind:
>>> +=====================
>>> +
>>> +There are many corner cases when things might get messy with the filesystems.
>>> +And it is not always obvious what and when went wrong. Sometimes you might
>>> +get some subtle hints that there is something going on - but by the time
>>> +you realise it, it might be too late as you are already out-of-space
>>> +or the filesystem has been remounted as read-only (i.e.). The generic
>>> +interface for the filesystem events fills the gap by providing a rather
>>> +easy way of real-time notifications triggered whenever something intreseting
>>> +happens, allowing filesystems to report events in a common way, as they occur.
>>> +
>>> +2. How does it work:
>>> +====================
>>> +
>>> +The interface itself has been exposed as fstrace-type Virtual File System,
>>> +primarily to ease the process of setting up the configuration for the file
>>> +system notifications. So for starters it needs to get mounted (obviously):
>>> +
>>> + mount -t fstrace none /sys/fs/events
>>> +
>>> +This will unveil the single fstrace filesystem entry - the 'config' file,
>>> +through which the notification are being set-up.
>>> +
>>> +Activating notifications for particular filesystem is as straightforward
>>> +as writing into the 'config' file. Note that by default all events despite
>>> +the actual filesystem type are being disregarded.
>> Is there a reason to have a special filesystem for this? Do you expect
>> extending it by (many) more files? Why not just creating a file in sysfs or
>> something like that?
>>
>>> +Synopsis of config:
>>> +------------------
>>> +
>>> + MOUNT EVENT_TYPE [L1] [L2]
>>> +
>>> + MOUNT : the filesystem's mount point
>> I'm not quite decided but is mountpoint really the right thing to pass
>> via the interface? They aren't unique (filesystem can be mounted in
>> multiple places) and more importantly can change over time. So won't it be
>> better to pass major:minor over the interface? These are stable, unique to
>> the filesystem, and userspace can easily get them by calling stat(2) on the
>> desired path (or directly from /proc/self/mountinfo). That could be also
>> used as an fs identifier instead of assigned ID (and thus we won't need
>> those events about creation of new trace which look somewhat strange to
>> me).
>>
>> OTOH using major:minor may have issues in container world where processes
>> could watch events from filesystems inaccessible to the container if they
>> guess the device number. So maybe we could use 'path' when creating new
>> trace but I'd still like to use the device number internally and for all
>> outgoing communication because of above mentioned problems with
>> mountpoints.
>
> Please don't make major:minor part of the interface. That doesn't make
> sense for network filesystems. Using the mountpoint to set this up is
> fine, and really what is expected by userspace tools to monitor a specific
> mountpoint. We could use sb->s_id to identify the events.

I'm afraid that using the sb->s_id might not be sufficient here.
The sb->s_id is based either on the backing dev name or the fs type,
so it will not show the difference between the nodev filesystems (like tmpfs i.e.).
It would be better (and more efficient) to have here smth that would enable
the user space to explicitly determine which fs has triggered the notification.
(which is why I've used the ids generated for each trace).


>
>>> + EVENT_TYPE : type of events to be enabled: info,warn,err,thr;
>>> + at least one type needs to be specified;
>>> + note the comma delimiter and lack of spaces between
>>> + those options
>>> + L1 : the threshold limit - lower range
>>> + L2 : the threshold limit - upper range
>>> + case enabling threshold notifications the lower level is
>>> + mandatory, whereas the upper one remains optional;
>>> + note though, that as those refer to the number of available
>>> + blocks, the lower level needs to be higher than the upper one
>>> +
>>> +Sample request could look like the follwoing:
>>> +
>>> + echo /sample/mount/point warn,err,thr 710000 500000 > /sys/fs/events/config
>>> +
>>> +Multiple request might be specified provided they are separated with semicolon.
>> Is this necessary? It somewhat complicates syntax and parsing in kernel
>> and I don't see a need for that. I'd prefer to keep the interface as simple
>> as possible.
>>
>> Also I think that we should make it clear that each event type has
>> different set of arguments. For threshold events they'll be L1 & L2, for
>> other events there may be no arguments, for other events maybe something
>> else...
>>
>> ...
>>> +static const match_table_t fs_etypes = {
>>> + { FS_EVENT_INFO, "info" },
>>> + { FS_EVENT_WARN, "warn" },
>>> + { FS_EVENT_THRESH, "thr" },
>>> + { FS_EVENT_ERR, "err" },
>>> + { 0, NULL },
>>> +};
>> Why are there these generic message types? Threshold messages make good
>> sense to me. But not so much the rest. If they don't have a clear meaning,
>> it will be a mess. So I also agree with a message like - "filesystem has
>> trouble, you should probably unmount and run fsck" - that's fine. But
>> generic "info" or "warning" doesn't really carry any meaning on its own and
>> thus seems pretty useless to me. To explain a bit more, AFAIU this
>> shouldn't be a generic logging interface where something like severity
>> makes sense but rather a relatively specific interface notifying about
>> events in filesystem userspace should know about so I expect relatively low
>> number of types of events, not tens or even hundreds...
>>
>> Honza
>> --
>> Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
>> SUSE Labs, CR
>
>
> Cheers, Andreas
>
>

BR
Beata



\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2015-04-20 11:21    [W:0.130 / U:15.420 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site