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Subject[PATCH 3.10 10/34] mm/memory hotplug: postpone the reset of obsolete pgdat
3.10-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Gu Zheng <>

commit b0dc3a342af36f95a68fe229b8f0f73552c5ca08 upstream.

Qiu Xishi reported the following BUG when testing hot-add/hot-remove node under
stress condition:

BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at 0000000000025f60
IP: next_online_pgdat+0x1/0x50
Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP
ACPI: Device does not support D3cold
Modules linked in: fuse nls_iso8859_1 nls_cp437 vfat fat loop dm_mod coretemp mperf crc32c_intel ghash_clmulni_intel aesni_intel ablk_helper cryptd lrw gf128mul glue_helper aes_x86_64 pcspkr microcode igb dca i2c_algo_bit ipv6 megaraid_sas iTCO_wdt i2c_i801 i2c_core iTCO_vendor_support tg3 sg hwmon ptp lpc_ich pps_core mfd_core acpi_pad rtc_cmos button ext3 jbd mbcache sd_mod crc_t10dif scsi_dh_alua scsi_dh_rdac scsi_dh_hp_sw scsi_dh_emc scsi_dh ahci libahci libata scsi_mod [last unloaded: rasf]
CPU: 23 PID: 238 Comm: kworker/23:1 Tainted: G O 3.10.15-5885-euler0302 #1
Hardware name: HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.,LTD. Huawei N1/Huawei N1, BIOS V100R001 03/02/2015
Workqueue: events vmstat_update
task: ffffa800d32c0000 ti: ffffa800d32ae000 task.ti: ffffa800d32ae000
RIP: 0010: next_online_pgdat+0x1/0x50
RSP: 0018:ffffa800d32afce8 EFLAGS: 00010286
RAX: 0000000000001440 RBX: ffffffff81da53b8 RCX: 0000000000000082
RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000082 RDI: 0000000000000000
RBP: ffffa800d32afd28 R08: ffffffff81c93bfc R09: ffffffff81cbdc96
R10: 00000000000040ec R11: 00000000000000a0 R12: ffffa800fffb3440
R13: ffffa800d32afd38 R14: 0000000000000017 R15: ffffa800e6616800
FS: 0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffffa800e6600000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
CR2: 0000000000025f60 CR3: 0000000001a0b000 CR4: 00000000001407e0
DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
Call Trace:

The cause is the "memset(pgdat, 0, sizeof(*pgdat))" at the end of
try_offline_node, which will reset all the content of pgdat to 0, as the
pgdat is accessed lock-free, so that the users still using the pgdat
will panic, such as the vmstat_update routine.

process A: offline node XX:

find online node XX
offline cpu and memory, then try_offline_node()
node_set_offline(nid), and memset(pgdat, 0, sizeof(*pgdat))
zone = next_zone(zone)
pg_data_t *pgdat = zone->zone_pgdat; // here pgdat is NULL now
next_online_node(pgdat->node_id); // NULL pointer access

So the solution here is postponing the reset of obsolete pgdat from
try_offline_node() to hotadd_new_pgdat(), and just resetting
pgdat->nr_zones and pgdat->classzone_idx to be 0 rather than the memset
0 to avoid breaking pointer information in pgdat.

Signed-off-by: Gu Zheng <>
Reported-by: Xishi Qiu <>
Suggested-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <>
Cc: David Rientjes <>
Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <>
Cc: Taku Izumi <>
Cc: Tang Chen <>
Cc: Xie XiuQi <>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>

mm/memory_hotplug.c | 13 ++++---------
1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -1039,6 +1039,10 @@ static pg_data_t __ref *hotadd_new_pgdat
return NULL;

arch_refresh_nodedata(nid, pgdat);
+ } else {
+ /* Reset the nr_zones and classzone_idx to 0 before reuse */
+ pgdat->nr_zones = 0;
+ pgdat->classzone_idx = 0;

/* we can use NODE_DATA(nid) from here */
@@ -1802,15 +1806,6 @@ void try_offline_node(int nid)
if (is_vmalloc_addr(zone->wait_table))
- /*
- * Since there is no way to guarentee the address of pgdat/zone is not
- * on stack of any kernel threads or used by other kernel objects
- * without reference counting or other symchronizing method, do not
- * reset node_data and free pgdat here. Just reset it to 0 and reuse
- * the memory when the node is online again.
- */
- memset(pgdat, 0, sizeof(*pgdat));

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