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Subject[PATCH] mm: fix mprotect() behaviour on VM_LOCKED VMAs
Date
On mlock(2) we trigger COW on private writable VMA to avoid faults in
future.

mm/gup.c:
840 long populate_vma_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
841 unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int *nonblocking)
842 {
...
855 * We want to touch writable mappings with a write fault in order
856 * to break COW, except for shared mappings because these don't COW
857 * and we would not want to dirty them for nothing.
858 */
859 if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE | VM_SHARED)) == VM_WRITE)
860 gup_flags |= FOLL_WRITE;

But we miss this case when we make VM_LOCKED VMA writeable via
mprotect(2). The test case:

#define _GNU_SOURCE
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/types.h>

#define PAGE_SIZE 4096

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
struct rusage usage;
long before;
char *p;
int fd;

/* Create a file and populate first page of page cache */
fd = open("/tmp", O_TMPFILE | O_RDWR, S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR);
write(fd, "1", 1);

/* Create a *read-only* *private* mapping of the file */
p = mmap(NULL, PAGE_SIZE, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, fd, 0);

/*
* Since the mapping is read-only, mlock() will populate the mapping
* with PTEs pointing to page cache without triggering COW.
*/
mlock(p, PAGE_SIZE);

/*
* Mapping became read-write, but it's still populated with PTEs
* pointing to page cache.
*/
mprotect(p, PAGE_SIZE, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE);

getrusage(RUSAGE_SELF, &usage);
before = usage.ru_minflt;

/* Trigger COW: fault in mlock()ed VMA. */
*p = 1;

getrusage(RUSAGE_SELF, &usage);
printf("faults: %ld\n", usage.ru_minflt - before);

return 0;
}

$ ./test
faults: 1

Let's fix it by triggering populating of VMA in mprotect_fixup() on this
condition. We don't care about population error as we don't in other
similar cases i.e. mremap.

Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
---
mm/mprotect.c | 11 +++++++++++
1 file changed, 11 insertions(+)

diff --git a/mm/mprotect.c b/mm/mprotect.c
index 88584838e704..911fb9070b2b 100644
--- a/mm/mprotect.c
+++ b/mm/mprotect.c
@@ -29,6 +29,8 @@
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>

+#include "internal.h"
+
/*
* For a prot_numa update we only hold mmap_sem for read so there is a
* potential race with faulting where a pmd was temporarily none. This
@@ -322,6 +324,15 @@ success:
change_protection(vma, start, end, vma->vm_page_prot,
dirty_accountable, 0);

+ /*
+ * Private VM_LOCKED VMA become writable: trigger COW to avoid major
+ * fault on access.
+ */
+ if ((oldflags & (VM_WRITE | VM_SHARED | VM_LOCKED)) == VM_LOCKED &&
+ (newflags & VM_WRITE)) {
+ populate_vma_page_range(vma, start, end, NULL);
+ }
+
vm_stat_account(mm, oldflags, vma->vm_file, -nrpages);
vm_stat_account(mm, newflags, vma->vm_file, nrpages);
perf_event_mmap(vma);
--
2.1.4


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