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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 1/4] PCI: X-Gene: Add the APM X-Gene v1 PCIe MSI/MSIX termination driver
On 17/04/15 11:00, Duc Dang wrote:
> On Wed, Apr 15, 2015 at 1:16 AM, Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> wrote:
>> On Tue, 14 Apr 2015 19:20:19 +0100
>> Duc Dang <dhdang@apm.com> wrote:
>>
>>> On Sat, Apr 11, 2015 at 5:06 AM, Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
>>> wrote:
>>>> On 2015-04-11 00:42, Duc Dang wrote:
>>>>>
>>>>> On Fri, Apr 10, 2015 at 10:20 AM, Marc Zyngier
>>>>> <marc.zyngier@arm.com> wrote:
>>>>>>
>>>>>> On 09/04/15 18:05, Duc Dang wrote:
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> X-Gene v1 SoC supports total 2688 MSI/MSIX vectors coalesced into
>>>>>>> 16 HW IRQ lines.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Duc Dang <dhdang@apm.com>
>>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Tanmay Inamdar <tinamdar@apm.com>
>>>>>>> ---
>>>>>>> drivers/pci/host/Kconfig | 6 +
>>>>>>> drivers/pci/host/Makefile | 1 +
>>>>>>> drivers/pci/host/pci-xgene-msi.c | 407
>>>>>>> +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>>>>>> drivers/pci/host/pci-xgene.c | 21 ++
>>>>>>> 4 files changed, 435 insertions(+)
>>>>>>> create mode 100644 drivers/pci/host/pci-xgene-msi.c
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> diff --git a/drivers/pci/host/Kconfig b/drivers/pci/host/Kconfig
>>>>>>> index 7b892a9..c9b61fa 100644
>>>>>>> --- a/drivers/pci/host/Kconfig
>>>>>>> +++ b/drivers/pci/host/Kconfig
>>>>>>> @@ -89,11 +89,17 @@ config PCI_XGENE
>>>>>>> depends on ARCH_XGENE
>>>>>>> depends on OF
>>>>>>> select PCIEPORTBUS
>>>>>>> + select PCI_MSI_IRQ_DOMAIN if PCI_MSI
>>>>>>> + select PCI_XGENE_MSI if PCI_MSI
>>>>>>> help
>>>>>>> Say Y here if you want internal PCI support on APM
>>>>>>> X-Gene SoC. There are 5 internal PCIe ports available. Each port
>>>>>>> is GEN3 capable
>>>>>>> and have varied lanes from x1 to x8.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> +config PCI_XGENE_MSI
>>>>>>> + bool "X-Gene v1 PCIe MSI feature"
>>>>>>> + depends on PCI_XGENE && PCI_MSI
>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>> config PCI_LAYERSCAPE
>>>>>>> bool "Freescale Layerscape PCIe controller"
>>>>>>> depends on OF && ARM
>>>>>>> diff --git a/drivers/pci/host/Makefile
>>>>>>> b/drivers/pci/host/Makefile index e61d91c..f39bde3 100644
>>>>>>> --- a/drivers/pci/host/Makefile
>>>>>>> +++ b/drivers/pci/host/Makefile
>>>>>>> @@ -11,5 +11,6 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_PCIE_SPEAR13XX) +=
>>>>>>> pcie-spear13xx.o obj-$(CONFIG_PCI_KEYSTONE) += pci-keystone-dw.o
>>>>>>> pci-keystone.o obj-$(CONFIG_PCIE_XILINX) += pcie-xilinx.o
>>>>>>> obj-$(CONFIG_PCI_XGENE) += pci-xgene.o
>>>>>>> +obj-$(CONFIG_PCI_XGENE_MSI) += pci-xgene-msi.o
>>>>>>> obj-$(CONFIG_PCI_LAYERSCAPE) += pci-layerscape.o
>>>>>>> obj-$(CONFIG_PCI_VERSATILE) += pci-versatile.o
>>>>>>> diff --git a/drivers/pci/host/pci-xgene-msi.c
>>>>>>> b/drivers/pci/host/pci-xgene-msi.c
>>>>>>> new file mode 100644
>>>>>>> index 0000000..4f0ff42
>>>>>>> --- /dev/null
>>>>>>> +++ b/drivers/pci/host/pci-xgene-msi.c
>>>>>>> @@ -0,0 +1,407 @@
>>>>>>> +/*
>>>>>>> + * APM X-Gene MSI Driver
>>>>>>> + *
>>>>>>> + * Copyright (c) 2014, Applied Micro Circuits Corporation
>>>>>>> + * Author: Tanmay Inamdar <tinamdar@apm.com>
>>>>>>> + * Duc Dang <dhdang@apm.com>
>>>>>>> + *
>>>>>>> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it
>>>>>>> and/or modify it
>>>>>>> + * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
>>>>>>> published by the
>>>>>>> + * Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License,
>>>>>>> or (at your
>>>>>>> + * option) any later version.
>>>>>>> + *
>>>>>>> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be
>>>>>>> useful,
>>>>>>> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty
>>>>>>> of
>>>>>>> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
>>>>>>> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
>>>>>>> + */
>>>>>>> +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
>>>>>>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>>>>>>> +#include <linux/msi.h>
>>>>>>> +#include <linux/of_irq.h>
>>>>>>> +#include <linux/pci.h>
>>>>>>> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
>>>>>>> +#include <linux/of_pci.h>
>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>> +#define MSI_INDEX0 0x000000
>>>>>>> +#define MSI_INT0 0x800000
>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>> +struct xgene_msi_settings {
>>>>>>> + u32 index_per_group;
>>>>>>> + u32 irqs_per_index;
>>>>>>> + u32 nr_msi_vec;
>>>>>>> + u32 nr_hw_irqs;
>>>>>>> +};
>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>> +struct xgene_msi {
>>>>>>> + struct device_node *node;
>>>>>>> + struct msi_controller mchip;
>>>>>>> + struct irq_domain *domain;
>>>>>>> + struct xgene_msi_settings *settings;
>>>>>>> + u32 msi_addr_lo;
>>>>>>> + u32 msi_addr_hi;
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> I'd rather see the mailbox address directly, and only do the
>>>>>> split when assigning it to the message (you seem to play all kind
>>>>>> of tricks on the address anyway).
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> msi_addr_lo and msi_addr_hi store the physical base address of MSI
>>>>> controller registers. I will add comment to clarify this.
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> What I mean is that there is no point in keeping this around as a
>>>> pair of 32bit variables. You'd better keep it as a single 64bit,
>>>> and do the split when assigning it the the MSI message.
>>>
>>> Hi Marc,
>>>
>>> These came from device-tree (which describes 64-bit address number as
>>> 2 32-bit words).
>>
>> ... and converted to a resource as a 64bit word, on which you apply
>> {upper,lower}_32_bit(). So much for DT...
>>
>>> If I store them this way, I don't need CPU cycles to do the split
>>> every time assigning them to the MSI message. Please let me know what
>>> do you think about it.
>>
>> This is getting absolutely silly.
>>
>> How many cycles does it take to execute "lsr x1, x0, #32" on X-Gene? If
>> it takes so long that it is considered to be a bottleneck, I suggest
>> you go and design a better CPU (hint: the answer is probably 1 cycle
>> absolutely everywhere).
>>
>> How often are you configuring MSIs in the face of what is happening in
>> the rest of the kernel? Almost never!
>>
>> So, given that "never" times 1 is still never, I'll consider that
>> readability of the code trumps it anytime (I can't believe we're having
>> that kind of conversation...).
>>
> I changed to use u64 for msi_addr and split it when composing MSI messages.
> The change is in v4 of the patch set that I just posted.
>>>>
>>>> [...]
>>>>
>>>>>>> +static int xgene_msi_set_affinity(struct irq_data *irq_data,
>>>>>>> + const struct cpumask *mask,
>>>>>>> bool force)
>>>>>>> +{
>>>>>>> + struct xgene_msi *msi =
>>>>>>> irq_data_get_irq_chip_data(irq_data);
>>>>>>> + unsigned int gic_irq;
>>>>>>> + int ret;
>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>> + gic_irq = msi->msi_virqs[irq_data->hwirq %
>>>>>>> msi->settings->nr_hw_irqs];
>>>>>>> + ret = irq_set_affinity(gic_irq, mask);
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Erm... This as the effect of moving *all* the MSIs hanging off
>>>>>> this interrupt to another CPU. I'm not sure that's an acceptable
>>>>>> effect... What if another MSI requires a different affinity?
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> We have 16 'real' hardware IRQs. Each of these has multiple MSIs
>>>>> attached to it.
>>>>> So this will move all MSIs handing off this interrupt to another
>>>>> CPU; and we don't support different affinity settings for
>>>>> different MSIs that are attached to the same hardware IRQ.
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> Well, that's a significant departure from the expected behaviour.
>>>> In other words, I wonder how useful this is. Could you instead
>>>> reconfigure the MSI itself to hit the right CPU (assuming you don't
>>>> have more than 16 CPUs and if
>>>> that's only for XGene-1, this will only be 8 at most)? This would
>>>> reduce your number of possible MSIs, but at least the semantics of
>>>> set_afinity would be preserved.
>>>
>>> X-Gene-1 supports 2688 MSIs that are divided into 16 groups, each
>>> group has 168 MSIs that are mapped to 1 hardware GIC IRQ (so we have
>>> 16 hardware GIC IRQs for 2688 MSIs).
>>
>> We've already established that.
>>
>>> Setting affinity of single MSI to deliver it to a target CPU will move
>>> all the MSIs mapped to the same GIC IRQ to that CPU as well. This is
>>> not a standard behavior, but limiting the total number of MSIs will
>>> cause a lot of devices to fall back to INTx (with huge performance
>>> penalty) or even fail to load their driver as these devices request
>>> more than 16 MSIs during driver initialization.
>>
>> No, I think you got it wrong. If you have 168 MSIs per GIC IRQ, and
>> provided that you have 8 CPUs (XGene-1), you end up with 336 MSIs per
>> CPU (having statically assigned 2 IRQs per CPU).
>>
>> Assuming you adopt my scheme, you still have a grand total of 336 MSIs
>> that can be freely moved around without breaking any userspace
>> expectations.
>>
> Thanks Marc. This is a very good idea.
>
> But to move MSIs around, I need to change MSI termination address and data
> and write them to device configuration space. This may cause problems
> if the device
> fires an interrupt at the same time when I do the config write?
>
> What is your opinion here?

There is an inherent race when changing the affinity of any interrupt,
whether that's an MSI or not. The kernel is perfectly prepared to handle
such a situation (to be honest, the kernel doesn't really care).

The write to the config space shouldn't be a concern. You will either
hit the old *or* the new CPU, but that race is only during the write
itself (you can read back from the config space if you're really
paranoid). By the time you return from this read/write, the device will
be reconfigured.

>> I think that 336 MSIs is a fair number (nowhere near the 16 you claim).
>> Most platforms are doing quite well with that kind of numbers. Also,
>> you don't have to allocate all the MSIs a device can possibly claim (up
>> to 2048 MSI-X per device), as they are all perfectly capable of using
>> less MSI without having to fallback to INTx).
>>
>>> I can document the limitation in affinity setting of X-Gene-1 MSI in
>>> the driver to hopefully not make people surprise and hope to keep the
>>> total number of supported MSI as 2688 so that we can support as many
>>> cards that require MSI/MSI-X as possible.
>>
>> I don't think this is a valid approach. This breaks userspace (think of
>> things like irqbalance), and breaks the SMP affinity model that Linux
>> uses. No amount of documentation is going to solve it, so I think you
>> just have to admit that the HW is mis-designed and do the best you can
>> to make it work like Linux expect it to work.
>>
>> The alternative would to disable affinity setting altogether instead of
>> introducing these horrible side effects.
>>
> I have it disabled (set_affinity does nothing) in my v4 patch.

It would be good if you could try the above approach. It shouldn't be
hard to write, and it would be a lot better than just ignoring the problem.

I'll try to review the patches soon(-ish)...

M.
--
Jazz is not dead. It just smells funny...


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