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SubjectRe: [Patch 2/3] firmware: dmi_scan: add SBMIOS entry and DMI tables
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On Tue, Apr 14, 2015 at 9:19 PM, Roy Franz <roy.franz@linaro.org> wrote:
> On Fri, Apr 3, 2015 at 2:36 AM, Ivan.khoronzhuk
> <ivan.khoronzhuk@globallogic.com> wrote:
>>
>>
>> On 02.04.15 15:57, Ivan Khoronzhuk wrote:
>>>
>>> Some utils, like dmidecode and smbios, need to access SMBIOS entry
>>> table area in order to get information like SMBIOS version, size, etc.
>>> Currently it's done via /dev/mem. But for situation when /dev/mem
>>> usage is disabled, the utils have to use dmi sysfs instead, which
>>> doesn't represent SMBIOS entry and adds code/delay redundancy when direct
>>> access for table is needed.
>>>
>>> So this patch creates dmi/tables and adds SMBIOS entry point to allow
>>> utils in question to work correctly without /dev/mem. Also patch adds
>>> raw dmi table to simplify dmi table processing in user space, as
>>> proposed by Jean Delvare.
>>>
>
> I have made modifications to dmidecode to support this interface, and it
> works quite nicely for dmidecode. (changes posted to dmidecode-devel list)
> The only open issue I am aware of is how the SMBIOS v3 entry point
> will be handled,
> especially in cases where there is a v2 and a v3 entry point.
> In principal I think this a good change - are there any other open issues?
>
> Thanks,
> Roy
>

I looked at the SMBIOS spec again, and the platform can provide either or
both of the 32-bit and 64-bit entry points. The spec says that an
implementation
"should" provide a 32-bit entry point for compatibility.

These 2 entry point structures can both point to the same SMBIOS
structure table,
or two distinct ones. If distinct, the one referenced by the 32-bit
entry point must be
a consistent subset of the 64-bit one.
There does not seem to be any prohibition from using new SMBIOS v3 structures
in a table referenced by a 32-bit entry point, so backwards
compatibility is completely
up to the implementation.

Since the point of this patchset (and related changes to dmidecode) is
to provide the
SMBIOS information without using /dev/mem, I think the interface we
define should
support all the cases outlined in the specification. I would like to
avoid a case where
we're back to using /dev/mem to deal with the dual entry/dual table
case if that becomes
important down the road.

Here's a proposal for files in /sys/firmware/dmi/tables:

smbios_entry_point32 - 32 bit (existing entry point type), if it exists.
smbios_entry_point64 - 64 bit entry, new in SMBIOS v3.0
DMI32 - smbios structure tables referenced by
32 bit entry point, if it exists
DMI64 - smbios structure tables referenced by
64 bit entry point, if it exists.
symlink to DMI32 if identical
smbios_entry_point - symlink to smbios_entry_point64 if it exists,
otherwise symlink to smbios_entry_point64
DMI - symlink to DMI64 if it exists,
otherwise symlink to DMI32

These last two would provide names to the 'preferred' tables, and
names that would always exist on all systems, which
I think is a nice property to have.

Thoughts?

Thanks,
Roy



>
>
>>> Signed-off-by: Ivan Khoronzhuk <ivan.khoronzhuk@globallogic.com>
>>> ---
>>> .../ABI/testing/sysfs-firmware-dmi-tables | 22 ++++++
>>> drivers/firmware/dmi-sysfs.c | 11 ++-
>>> drivers/firmware/dmi_scan.c | 80
>>> ++++++++++++++++++++++
>>> include/linux/dmi.h | 1 +
>>> 4 files changed, 107 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
>>> create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-firmware-dmi-tables
>>>
>>> diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-firmware-dmi-tables
>>> b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-firmware-dmi-tables
>>> new file mode 100644
>>> index 0000000..f46158c
>>> --- /dev/null
>>> +++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-firmware-dmi-tables
>>> @@ -0,0 +1,22 @@
>>> +What: /sys/firmware/dmi/tables/
>>> +Date: April 2015
>>> +Contact: Ivan Khoronzhuk <ivan.khoronzhuk@globallogic.com>
>>> +Description:
>>> + The firmware provides DMI structures as a packed list of
>>> + data referenced by a SMBIOS table entry point. The SMBIOS
>>> + entry point contains general information, like SMBIOS
>>> + version, DMI table size, etc. The structure, content and
>>> + size of SMBIOS entry point is dependent on SMBIOS version.
>>> + The format of SMBIOS entry point, equal as DMI structures
>>> + can be read in SMBIOS specification.
>>> +
>>> + The dmi/tables provides raw SMBIOS entry point and DMI
>>> tables
>>> + through sysfs as an alternative to utilities reading them
>>> + from /dev/mem. The raw SMBIOS entry point and DMI table
>>> are
>>> + presented as raw attributes and are accessible via:
>>> +
>>> + /sys/firmware/dmi/tables/smbios_entry_point
>>> + /sys/firmware/dmi/tables/DMI
>>> +
>>> + The complete DMI information can be taken using these two
>>> + tables.
>>> diff --git a/drivers/firmware/dmi-sysfs.c b/drivers/firmware/dmi-sysfs.c
>>> index e0f1cb3..8e1a411 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/firmware/dmi-sysfs.c
>>> +++ b/drivers/firmware/dmi-sysfs.c
>>> @@ -566,7 +566,6 @@ static struct kobj_type dmi_sysfs_entry_ktype = {
>>> .default_attrs = dmi_sysfs_entry_attrs,
>>> };
>>> -static struct kobject *dmi_kobj;
>>> static struct kset *dmi_kset;
>>> /* Global count of all instances seen. Only for setup */
>>> @@ -651,10 +650,11 @@ static int __init dmi_sysfs_init(void)
>>> int error = -ENOMEM;
>>> int val;
>>> - /* Set up our directory */
>>> - dmi_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("dmi", firmware_kobj);
>>> - if (!dmi_kobj)
>>> + if (!dmi_kobj) {
>>> + pr_err("dmi-sysfs: dmi entry is absent.\n");
>>> + error = -ENOSYS;
>>> goto err;
>>> + }
>>> dmi_kset = kset_create_and_add("entries", NULL, dmi_kobj);
>>> if (!dmi_kset)
>>> @@ -675,7 +675,6 @@ static int __init dmi_sysfs_init(void)
>>> err:
>>> cleanup_entry_list();
>>> kset_unregister(dmi_kset);
>>> - kobject_put(dmi_kobj);
>>> return error;
>>> }
>>> @@ -685,8 +684,6 @@ static void __exit dmi_sysfs_exit(void)
>>> pr_debug("dmi-sysfs: unloading.\n");
>>> cleanup_entry_list();
>>> kset_unregister(dmi_kset);
>>> - kobject_del(dmi_kobj);
>>> - kobject_put(dmi_kobj);
>>> }
>>> module_init(dmi_sysfs_init);
>>> diff --git a/drivers/firmware/dmi_scan.c b/drivers/firmware/dmi_scan.c
>>> index d3aae09..bb19f8b 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/firmware/dmi_scan.c
>>> +++ b/drivers/firmware/dmi_scan.c
>>> @@ -10,6 +10,9 @@
>>> #include <asm/dmi.h>
>>> #include <asm/unaligned.h>
>>> +struct kobject *dmi_kobj;
>>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dmi_kobj);
>>> +
>>> /*
>>> * DMI stands for "Desktop Management Interface". It is part
>>> * of and an antecedent to, SMBIOS, which stands for System
>>> @@ -20,6 +23,9 @@ static const char dmi_empty_string[] = " ";
>>> static u32 dmi_ver __initdata;
>>> static u32 dmi_len;
>>> static u16 dmi_num;
>>> +static u8 smbios_entry_point[32];
>>> +static int smbios_entry_point_size;
>>> +
>>> /*
>>> * Catch too early calls to dmi_check_system():
>>> */
>>> @@ -118,6 +124,7 @@ static void dmi_decode_table(u8 *buf,
>>> }
>>> static phys_addr_t dmi_base;
>>> +static u8 *dmi_table;
>>> static int __init dmi_walk_early(void (*decode)(const struct
>>> dmi_header *,
>>> void *))
>>> @@ -476,6 +483,8 @@ static int __init dmi_present(const u8 *buf)
>>> if (memcmp(buf, "_SM_", 4) == 0 &&
>>> buf[5] < 32 && dmi_checksum(buf, buf[5])) {
>>> smbios_ver = get_unaligned_be16(buf + 6);
>>> + smbios_entry_point_size = buf[5];
>>> + memcpy(smbios_entry_point, buf, smbios_entry_point_size);
>>> /* Some BIOS report weird SMBIOS version, fix that up */
>>> switch (smbios_ver) {
>>> @@ -508,6 +517,9 @@ static int __init dmi_present(const u8 *buf)
>>> dmi_ver >> 8, dmi_ver & 0xFF,
>>> (dmi_ver < 0x0300) ? "" : ".x");
>>> } else {
>>> + smbios_entry_point_size = 15;
>>> + memcpy(smbios_entry_point, buf,
>>> + smbios_entry_point_size);
>>> dmi_ver = (buf[14] & 0xF0) << 4 |
>>> (buf[14] & 0x0F);
>>> pr_info("Legacy DMI %d.%d present.\n",
>>> @@ -535,6 +547,8 @@ static int __init dmi_smbios3_present(const u8 *buf)
>>> dmi_ver &= 0xFFFFFF;
>>> dmi_len = get_unaligned_le32(buf + 12);
>>> dmi_base = get_unaligned_le64(buf + 16);
>>> + smbios_entry_point_size = buf[6];
>>> + memcpy(smbios_entry_point, buf, smbios_entry_point_size);
>>> /*
>>> * The 64-bit SMBIOS 3.0 entry point no longer has a field
>>> @@ -638,6 +652,72 @@ void __init dmi_scan_machine(void)
>>> dmi_initialized = 1;
>>> }
>>> +static ssize_t raw_table_read(struct file *file, struct kobject *kobj,
>>> + struct bin_attribute *attr, char *buf,
>>> + loff_t pos, size_t count)
>>> +{
>>> + memcpy(buf, attr->private + pos, count);
>>> + return count;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static BIN_ATTR(smbios_entry_point, S_IRUSR, raw_table_read, NULL, 0);
>>> +struct bin_attribute bin_attr_dmi_table =
>>> + __BIN_ATTR(DMI, S_IRUSR, raw_table_read, NULL, 0);
>>
>>
>> missed static here
>>
>>
>>> +
>>> +static int __init dmi_init(void)
>>> +{
>>> + int ret = -ENOMEM;
>>> + struct kobject *tables_kobj = NULL;
>>> +
>>> + if (!dmi_available) {
>>> + ret = -ENOSYS;
>>> + goto err;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + /* Set up dmi directory at /sys/firmware/dmi */
>>> + dmi_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("dmi", firmware_kobj);
>>> + if (!dmi_kobj)
>>> + goto err;
>>> +
>>> + tables_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("tables", dmi_kobj);
>>> + if (!tables_kobj)
>>> + goto err;
>>> +
>>> + bin_attr_smbios_entry_point.size = smbios_entry_point_size;
>>> + bin_attr_smbios_entry_point.private = smbios_entry_point;
>>> + ret = sysfs_create_bin_file(tables_kobj,
>>> &bin_attr_smbios_entry_point);
>>> + if (ret)
>>> + goto err;
>>> +
>>> + dmi_table = dmi_remap(dmi_base, dmi_len);
>>> + if (!dmi_table)
>>> + goto err;
>>> +
>>> + bin_attr_dmi_table.size = dmi_len;
>>> + bin_attr_dmi_table.private = dmi_table;
>>> + ret = sysfs_create_bin_file(tables_kobj, &bin_attr_dmi_table);
>>> + if (ret) {
>>> + dmi_unmap(dmi_table);
>>> + goto err;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +err:
>>> + pr_err("dmi: Firmware registration failed.\n");
>>> +
>>> + if (tables_kobj)
>>> + sysfs_remove_bin_file(tables_kobj,
>>> + &bin_attr_smbios_entry_point);
>>> + kobject_del(tables_kobj);
>>> + kobject_put(tables_kobj);
>>> + kobject_del(dmi_kobj);
>>> + kobject_put(dmi_kobj);
>>> + dmi_kobj = NULL;
>>> +
>>> + return ret;
>>> +}
>>> +subsys_initcall(dmi_init);
>>> +
>>> /**
>>> * dmi_set_dump_stack_arch_desc - set arch description for dump_stack()
>>> *
>>> diff --git a/include/linux/dmi.h b/include/linux/dmi.h
>>> index f820f0a..9f55f46 100644
>>> --- a/include/linux/dmi.h
>>> +++ b/include/linux/dmi.h
>>> @@ -93,6 +93,7 @@ struct dmi_dev_onboard {
>>> int devfn;
>>> };
>>> +extern struct kobject *dmi_kobj;
>>> extern int dmi_check_system(const struct dmi_system_id *list);
>>> const struct dmi_system_id *dmi_first_match(const struct dmi_system_id
>>> *list);
>>> extern const char * dmi_get_system_info(int field);
>>
>>
>> --
>> Regards,
>> Ivan Khoronzhuk
>>


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