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Subject[PATCH v4 04/10] mtd: pxa3xx_nand: rework flash detection and timing setup
Date
Rework the pxa3xx_nand driver to allow using functions exported by the
nand framework to detect the flash and to configure the timings.

Because this driver supports some non-ONFI devices, we also keep the
custom timing setup of this driver so these devices won't break.

Signed-off-by: Antoine Tenart <antoine.tenart@free-electrons.com>
---
drivers/mtd/nand/pxa3xx_nand.c | 220 ++++++++++++++------------
include/linux/platform_data/mtd-nand-pxa3xx.h | 11 +-
2 files changed, 123 insertions(+), 108 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/pxa3xx_nand.c b/drivers/mtd/nand/pxa3xx_nand.c
index dc0edbc406bb..438770c56bd3 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/nand/pxa3xx_nand.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/pxa3xx_nand.c
@@ -251,15 +251,14 @@ static struct pxa3xx_nand_timing timing[] = {
};

static struct pxa3xx_nand_flash builtin_flash_types[] = {
-{ "DEFAULT FLASH", 0, 0, 2048, 8, 8, 0, &timing[0] },
-{ "64MiB 16-bit", 0x46ec, 32, 512, 16, 16, 4096, &timing[1] },
-{ "256MiB 8-bit", 0xdaec, 64, 2048, 8, 8, 2048, &timing[1] },
-{ "4GiB 8-bit", 0xd7ec, 128, 4096, 8, 8, 8192, &timing[1] },
-{ "128MiB 8-bit", 0xa12c, 64, 2048, 8, 8, 1024, &timing[2] },
-{ "128MiB 16-bit", 0xb12c, 64, 2048, 16, 16, 1024, &timing[2] },
-{ "512MiB 8-bit", 0xdc2c, 64, 2048, 8, 8, 4096, &timing[2] },
-{ "512MiB 16-bit", 0xcc2c, 64, 2048, 16, 16, 4096, &timing[2] },
-{ "256MiB 16-bit", 0xba20, 64, 2048, 16, 16, 2048, &timing[3] },
+ { 0x46ec, 16, 16, &timing[1] },
+ { 0xdaec, 8, 8, &timing[1] },
+ { 0xd7ec, 8, 8, &timing[1] },
+ { 0xa12c, 8, 8, &timing[2] },
+ { 0xb12c, 16, 16, &timing[2] },
+ { 0xdc2c, 8, 8, &timing[2] },
+ { 0xcc2c, 16, 16, &timing[2] },
+ { 0xba20, 16, 16, &timing[3] },
};

static u8 bbt_pattern[] = {'M', 'V', 'B', 'b', 't', '0' };
@@ -320,9 +319,6 @@ static struct nand_ecclayout ecc_layout_4KB_bch8bit = {
.oobfree = { }
};

-/* Define a default flash type setting serve as flash detecting only */
-#define DEFAULT_FLASH_TYPE (&builtin_flash_types[0])
-
#define NDTR0_tCH(c) (min((c), 7) << 19)
#define NDTR0_tCS(c) (min((c), 7) << 16)
#define NDTR0_tWH(c) (min((c), 7) << 11)
@@ -384,6 +380,92 @@ static void pxa3xx_nand_set_timing(struct pxa3xx_nand_host *host,
nand_writel(info, NDTR1CS0, ndtr1);
}

+static void pxa3xx_nand_set_sdr_timing(struct pxa3xx_nand_host *host,
+ const struct nand_sdr_timings *t)
+{
+ struct pxa3xx_nand_info *info = host->info_data;
+ unsigned long nand_clk = clk_get_rate(info->clk);
+ uint32_t ndtr0, ndtr1;
+
+ u32 tCH_min = DIV_ROUND_UP(t->tCH_min, 1000);
+ u32 tCS_min = DIV_ROUND_UP(t->tCS_min, 1000);
+ u32 tWH_min = DIV_ROUND_UP(t->tWH_min, 1000);
+ u32 tWP_min = DIV_ROUND_UP(t->tWP_min, 1000);
+ u32 tREH_min = DIV_ROUND_UP(t->tREH_min, 1000);
+ u32 tRP_min = DIV_ROUND_UP(t->tRP_min, 1000);
+ u32 tRST_max = DIV_ROUND_UP_ULL(t->tRST_max, 1000);
+ u32 tWHR_min = DIV_ROUND_UP(t->tWHR_min, 1000);
+ u32 tAR_min = DIV_ROUND_UP(t->tAR_min, 1000);
+
+ ndtr0 = NDTR0_tCH(ns2cycle(tCH_min, nand_clk)) |
+ NDTR0_tCS(ns2cycle(tCS_min, nand_clk)) |
+ NDTR0_tWH(ns2cycle(tWH_min, nand_clk)) |
+ NDTR0_tWP(ns2cycle(tWP_min, nand_clk)) |
+ NDTR0_tRH(ns2cycle(tREH_min, nand_clk)) |
+ NDTR0_tRP(ns2cycle(tRP_min, nand_clk));
+
+ ndtr1 = NDTR1_tR(ns2cycle(tRST_max, nand_clk)) |
+ NDTR1_tWHR(ns2cycle(tWHR_min, nand_clk)) |
+ NDTR1_tAR(ns2cycle(tAR_min, nand_clk));
+
+ info->ndtr0cs0 = ndtr0;
+ info->ndtr1cs0 = ndtr1;
+ nand_writel(info, NDTR0CS0, ndtr0);
+ nand_writel(info, NDTR1CS0, ndtr1);
+}
+
+static int pxa3xx_nand_init_timings(struct pxa3xx_nand_host *host)
+{
+ const struct nand_sdr_timings *timings;
+ struct nand_chip *chip = &host->chip;
+ struct pxa3xx_nand_info *info = host->info_data;
+ const struct pxa3xx_nand_flash *f = NULL;
+ int mode, id, ntypes, i;
+
+ mode = onfi_get_async_timing_mode(chip);
+ if (mode == ONFI_TIMING_MODE_UNKNOWN) {
+ ntypes = ARRAY_SIZE(builtin_flash_types);
+
+ chip->cmdfunc(host->mtd, NAND_CMD_READID, 0x00, -1);
+
+ id = chip->read_byte(host->mtd);
+ id |= chip->read_byte(host->mtd) << 0x8;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ntypes; i++) {
+ f = &builtin_flash_types[i];
+
+ if (f->chip_id == id)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (i == ntypes) {
+ dev_err(&info->pdev->dev, "Error: timings not found\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ pxa3xx_nand_set_timing(host, f->timing);
+
+ if (f->flash_width == 16) {
+ info->reg_ndcr |= NDCR_DWIDTH_M;
+ chip->options |= NAND_BUSWIDTH_16;
+ }
+
+ info->reg_ndcr |= (f->dfc_width == 16) ? NDCR_DWIDTH_C : 0;
+ } else {
+ mode = fls(mode) - 1;
+ if (mode < 0)
+ mode = 0;
+
+ timings = onfi_async_timing_mode_to_sdr_timings(mode);
+ if (IS_ERR(timings))
+ return PTR_ERR(timings);
+
+ pxa3xx_nand_set_sdr_timing(host, timings);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
/*
* Set the data and OOB size, depending on the selected
* spare and ECC configuration.
@@ -1185,48 +1267,25 @@ static int pxa3xx_nand_waitfunc(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *this)
return NAND_STATUS_READY;
}

-static int pxa3xx_nand_config_flash(struct pxa3xx_nand_info *info,
- const struct pxa3xx_nand_flash *f)
+static int pxa3xx_nand_config_flash(struct pxa3xx_nand_info *info)
{
struct platform_device *pdev = info->pdev;
struct pxa3xx_nand_platform_data *pdata = dev_get_platdata(&pdev->dev);
struct pxa3xx_nand_host *host = info->host[info->cs];
+ struct mtd_info *mtd = host->mtd;
+ struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
uint32_t ndcr = 0x0; /* enable all interrupts */

- if (f->page_size != 2048 && f->page_size != 512) {
- dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Current only support 2048 and 512 size\n");
- return -EINVAL;
- }
-
- if (f->flash_width != 16 && f->flash_width != 8) {
- dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Only support 8bit and 16 bit!\n");
- return -EINVAL;
- }
-
- /* calculate flash information */
- host->read_id_bytes = (f->page_size == 2048) ? 4 : 2;
-
- /* calculate addressing information */
- host->col_addr_cycles = (f->page_size == 2048) ? 2 : 1;
-
- if (f->num_blocks * f->page_per_block > 65536)
- host->row_addr_cycles = 3;
- else
- host->row_addr_cycles = 2;
-
ndcr |= (pdata->enable_arbiter) ? NDCR_ND_ARB_EN : 0;
ndcr |= (host->col_addr_cycles == 2) ? NDCR_RA_START : 0;
- ndcr |= (f->page_per_block == 64) ? NDCR_PG_PER_BLK : 0;
- ndcr |= (f->page_size == 2048) ? NDCR_PAGE_SZ : 0;
- ndcr |= (f->flash_width == 16) ? NDCR_DWIDTH_M : 0;
- ndcr |= (f->dfc_width == 16) ? NDCR_DWIDTH_C : 0;
+ ndcr |= (chip->page_shift == 6) ? NDCR_PG_PER_BLK : 0;
+ ndcr |= (mtd->writesize == 2048) ? NDCR_PAGE_SZ : 0;

ndcr |= NDCR_RD_ID_CNT(host->read_id_bytes);
ndcr |= NDCR_SPARE_EN; /* enable spare by default */

info->reg_ndcr = ndcr;

- pxa3xx_nand_set_timing(host, f->timing);
return 0;
}

@@ -1321,20 +1380,28 @@ static void pxa3xx_nand_free_buff(struct pxa3xx_nand_info *info)
}
#endif

-static int pxa3xx_nand_sensing(struct pxa3xx_nand_info *info)
+static int pxa3xx_nand_sensing(struct pxa3xx_nand_host *host)
{
+ struct pxa3xx_nand_info *info = host->info_data;
struct mtd_info *mtd;
struct nand_chip *chip;
+ const struct nand_sdr_timings *timings;
int ret;

mtd = info->host[info->cs]->mtd;
chip = mtd->priv;

- /* use the common timing to make a try */
- ret = pxa3xx_nand_config_flash(info, &builtin_flash_types[0]);
+ ret = pxa3xx_nand_config_flash(info);
if (ret)
return ret;

+ /* use the common timing to make a try */
+ timings = onfi_async_timing_mode_to_sdr_timings(0);
+ if (IS_ERR(timings))
+ return PTR_ERR(timings);
+
+ pxa3xx_nand_set_sdr_timing(host, timings);
+
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_RESET, 0, 0);
ret = chip->waitfunc(mtd, chip);
if (ret & NAND_STATUS_FAIL)
@@ -1418,12 +1485,8 @@ static int pxa3xx_nand_scan(struct mtd_info *mtd)
struct pxa3xx_nand_info *info = host->info_data;
struct platform_device *pdev = info->pdev;
struct pxa3xx_nand_platform_data *pdata = dev_get_platdata(&pdev->dev);
- struct nand_flash_dev pxa3xx_flash_ids[2], *def = NULL;
- const struct pxa3xx_nand_flash *f = NULL;
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
- uint32_t id = -1;
- uint64_t chipsize;
- int i, ret, num;
+ int ret;
uint16_t ecc_strength, ecc_step;

if (pdata->keep_config && !pxa3xx_nand_detect_config(info))
@@ -1432,7 +1495,7 @@ static int pxa3xx_nand_scan(struct mtd_info *mtd)
/* Set a default chunk size */
info->chunk_size = 512;

- ret = pxa3xx_nand_sensing(info);
+ ret = pxa3xx_nand_sensing(host);
if (ret) {
dev_info(&info->pdev->dev, "There is no chip on cs %d!\n",
info->cs);
@@ -1440,64 +1503,20 @@ static int pxa3xx_nand_scan(struct mtd_info *mtd)
return ret;
}

- chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READID, 0, 0);
- id = *((uint16_t *)(info->data_buff));
- if (id != 0)
- dev_info(&info->pdev->dev, "Detect a flash id %x\n", id);
- else {
- dev_warn(&info->pdev->dev,
- "Read out ID 0, potential timing set wrong!!\n");
-
- return -EINVAL;
- }
-
- num = ARRAY_SIZE(builtin_flash_types) + pdata->num_flash - 1;
- for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
- if (i < pdata->num_flash)
- f = pdata->flash + i;
- else
- f = &builtin_flash_types[i - pdata->num_flash + 1];
-
- /* find the chip in default list */
- if (f->chip_id == id)
- break;
- }
-
- if (i >= (ARRAY_SIZE(builtin_flash_types) + pdata->num_flash - 1)) {
- dev_err(&info->pdev->dev, "ERROR!! flash not defined!!!\n");
-
- return -EINVAL;
- }
-
- ret = pxa3xx_nand_config_flash(info, f);
- if (ret) {
- dev_err(&info->pdev->dev, "ERROR! Configure failed\n");
- return ret;
- }
-
- memset(pxa3xx_flash_ids, 0, sizeof(pxa3xx_flash_ids));
-
- pxa3xx_flash_ids[0].name = f->name;
- pxa3xx_flash_ids[0].dev_id = (f->chip_id >> 8) & 0xffff;
- pxa3xx_flash_ids[0].pagesize = f->page_size;
- chipsize = (uint64_t)f->num_blocks * f->page_per_block * f->page_size;
- pxa3xx_flash_ids[0].chipsize = chipsize >> 20;
- pxa3xx_flash_ids[0].erasesize = f->page_size * f->page_per_block;
- if (f->flash_width == 16)
- pxa3xx_flash_ids[0].options = NAND_BUSWIDTH_16;
- pxa3xx_flash_ids[1].name = NULL;
- def = pxa3xx_flash_ids;
KEEP_CONFIG:
- if (info->reg_ndcr & NDCR_DWIDTH_M)
- chip->options |= NAND_BUSWIDTH_16;
-
/* Device detection must be done with ECC disabled */
if (info->variant == PXA3XX_NAND_VARIANT_ARMADA370)
nand_writel(info, NDECCCTRL, 0x0);

- if (nand_scan_ident(mtd, 1, def))
+ if (nand_scan_ident(mtd, 1, NULL))
return -ENODEV;

+ ret = pxa3xx_nand_init_timings(host);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&info->pdev->dev, "Failed to set timings: %d\n", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
if (pdata->flash_bbt) {
/*
* We'll use a bad block table stored in-flash and don't
@@ -1593,6 +1612,7 @@ static int alloc_nand_resource(struct platform_device *pdev)
host->mtd = mtd;
host->cs = cs;
host->info_data = info;
+ host->read_id_bytes = 4;
mtd->priv = host;
mtd->owner = THIS_MODULE;

diff --git a/include/linux/platform_data/mtd-nand-pxa3xx.h b/include/linux/platform_data/mtd-nand-pxa3xx.h
index ac4ea2e641c7..25538cfeee26 100644
--- a/include/linux/platform_data/mtd-nand-pxa3xx.h
+++ b/include/linux/platform_data/mtd-nand-pxa3xx.h
@@ -17,15 +17,10 @@ struct pxa3xx_nand_timing {
};

struct pxa3xx_nand_flash {
- char *name;
uint32_t chip_id;
- unsigned int page_per_block; /* Pages per block (PG_PER_BLK) */
- unsigned int page_size; /* Page size in bytes (PAGE_SZ) */
- unsigned int flash_width; /* Width of Flash memory (DWIDTH_M) */
- unsigned int dfc_width; /* Width of flash controller(DWIDTH_C) */
- unsigned int num_blocks; /* Number of physical blocks in Flash */
-
- struct pxa3xx_nand_timing *timing; /* NAND Flash timing */
+ unsigned int flash_width; /* Width of Flash memory (DWIDTH_M) */
+ unsigned int dfc_width; /* Width of flash controller(DWIDTH_C) */
+ struct pxa3xx_nand_timing *timing; /* NAND Flash timing */
};

/*
--
2.3.5


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