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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 1/4] PCI: X-Gene: Add the APM X-Gene v1 PCIe MSI/MSIX termination driver
On Sat, Apr 11, 2015 at 5:06 AM, Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> wrote:
> On 2015-04-11 00:42, Duc Dang wrote:
>>
>> On Fri, Apr 10, 2015 at 10:20 AM, Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
>> wrote:
>>>
>>> On 09/04/15 18:05, Duc Dang wrote:
>>>>
>>>> X-Gene v1 SoC supports total 2688 MSI/MSIX vectors coalesced into
>>>> 16 HW IRQ lines.
>>>>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Duc Dang <dhdang@apm.com>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Tanmay Inamdar <tinamdar@apm.com>
>>>> ---
>>>> drivers/pci/host/Kconfig | 6 +
>>>> drivers/pci/host/Makefile | 1 +
>>>> drivers/pci/host/pci-xgene-msi.c | 407
>>>> +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>>> drivers/pci/host/pci-xgene.c | 21 ++
>>>> 4 files changed, 435 insertions(+)
>>>> create mode 100644 drivers/pci/host/pci-xgene-msi.c
>>>>
>>>> diff --git a/drivers/pci/host/Kconfig b/drivers/pci/host/Kconfig
>>>> index 7b892a9..c9b61fa 100644
>>>> --- a/drivers/pci/host/Kconfig
>>>> +++ b/drivers/pci/host/Kconfig
>>>> @@ -89,11 +89,17 @@ config PCI_XGENE
>>>> depends on ARCH_XGENE
>>>> depends on OF
>>>> select PCIEPORTBUS
>>>> + select PCI_MSI_IRQ_DOMAIN if PCI_MSI
>>>> + select PCI_XGENE_MSI if PCI_MSI
>>>> help
>>>> Say Y here if you want internal PCI support on APM X-Gene SoC.
>>>> There are 5 internal PCIe ports available. Each port is GEN3
>>>> capable
>>>> and have varied lanes from x1 to x8.
>>>>
>>>> +config PCI_XGENE_MSI
>>>> + bool "X-Gene v1 PCIe MSI feature"
>>>> + depends on PCI_XGENE && PCI_MSI
>>>> +
>>>> config PCI_LAYERSCAPE
>>>> bool "Freescale Layerscape PCIe controller"
>>>> depends on OF && ARM
>>>> diff --git a/drivers/pci/host/Makefile b/drivers/pci/host/Makefile
>>>> index e61d91c..f39bde3 100644
>>>> --- a/drivers/pci/host/Makefile
>>>> +++ b/drivers/pci/host/Makefile
>>>> @@ -11,5 +11,6 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_PCIE_SPEAR13XX) += pcie-spear13xx.o
>>>> obj-$(CONFIG_PCI_KEYSTONE) += pci-keystone-dw.o pci-keystone.o
>>>> obj-$(CONFIG_PCIE_XILINX) += pcie-xilinx.o
>>>> obj-$(CONFIG_PCI_XGENE) += pci-xgene.o
>>>> +obj-$(CONFIG_PCI_XGENE_MSI) += pci-xgene-msi.o
>>>> obj-$(CONFIG_PCI_LAYERSCAPE) += pci-layerscape.o
>>>> obj-$(CONFIG_PCI_VERSATILE) += pci-versatile.o
>>>> diff --git a/drivers/pci/host/pci-xgene-msi.c
>>>> b/drivers/pci/host/pci-xgene-msi.c
>>>> new file mode 100644
>>>> index 0000000..4f0ff42
>>>> --- /dev/null
>>>> +++ b/drivers/pci/host/pci-xgene-msi.c
>>>> @@ -0,0 +1,407 @@
>>>> +/*
>>>> + * APM X-Gene MSI Driver
>>>> + *
>>>> + * Copyright (c) 2014, Applied Micro Circuits Corporation
>>>> + * Author: Tanmay Inamdar <tinamdar@apm.com>
>>>> + * Duc Dang <dhdang@apm.com>
>>>> + *
>>>> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
>>>> modify it
>>>> + * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
>>>> the
>>>> + * Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at
>>>> your
>>>> + * option) any later version.
>>>> + *
>>>> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
>>>> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
>>>> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
>>>> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
>>>> + */
>>>> +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
>>>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>>>> +#include <linux/msi.h>
>>>> +#include <linux/of_irq.h>
>>>> +#include <linux/pci.h>
>>>> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
>>>> +#include <linux/of_pci.h>
>>>> +
>>>> +#define MSI_INDEX0 0x000000
>>>> +#define MSI_INT0 0x800000
>>>> +
>>>> +struct xgene_msi_settings {
>>>> + u32 index_per_group;
>>>> + u32 irqs_per_index;
>>>> + u32 nr_msi_vec;
>>>> + u32 nr_hw_irqs;
>>>> +};
>>>> +
>>>> +struct xgene_msi {
>>>> + struct device_node *node;
>>>> + struct msi_controller mchip;
>>>> + struct irq_domain *domain;
>>>> + struct xgene_msi_settings *settings;
>>>> + u32 msi_addr_lo;
>>>> + u32 msi_addr_hi;
>>>
>>>
>>> I'd rather see the mailbox address directly, and only do the split when
>>> assigning it to the message (you seem to play all kind of tricks on the
>>> address anyway).
>>
>>
>> msi_addr_lo and msi_addr_hi store the physical base address of MSI
>> controller registers. I will add comment to clarify this.
>
>
> What I mean is that there is no point in keeping this around as a pair
> of 32bit variables. You'd better keep it as a single 64bit, and do the
> split when assigning it the the MSI message.

Hi Marc,

These came from device-tree (which describes 64-bit address number as
2 32-bit words).
If I store them this way, I don't need CPU cycles to do the split
every time assigning them to the MSI message. Please let me know what
do you think about it.

>
> [...]
>
>>>> +static int xgene_msi_set_affinity(struct irq_data *irq_data,
>>>> + const struct cpumask *mask, bool
>>>> force)
>>>> +{
>>>> + struct xgene_msi *msi = irq_data_get_irq_chip_data(irq_data);
>>>> + unsigned int gic_irq;
>>>> + int ret;
>>>> +
>>>> + gic_irq = msi->msi_virqs[irq_data->hwirq %
>>>> msi->settings->nr_hw_irqs];
>>>> + ret = irq_set_affinity(gic_irq, mask);
>>>
>>>
>>> Erm... This as the effect of moving *all* the MSIs hanging off this
>>> interrupt to another CPU. I'm not sure that's an acceptable effect...
>>> What if another MSI requires a different affinity?
>>
>>
>> We have 16 'real' hardware IRQs. Each of these has multiple MSIs
>> attached to it.
>> So this will move all MSIs handing off this interrupt to another CPU;
>> and we don't support different affinity settings for different MSIs
>> that are attached to the same hardware IRQ.
>
>
> Well, that's a significant departure from the expected behaviour. In other
> words, I wonder how useful this is. Could you instead reconfigure the MSI
> itself to hit the right CPU (assuming you don't have more than 16 CPUs and
> if
> that's only for XGene-1, this will only be 8 at most)? This would reduce
> your number of possible MSIs, but at least the semantics of set_afinity
> would be preserved.

X-Gene-1 supports 2688 MSIs that are divided into 16 groups, each
group has 168 MSIs that are mapped to 1 hardware GIC IRQ (so we have
16 hardware GIC IRQs for 2688 MSIs).

Setting affinity of single MSI to deliver it to a target CPU will move
all the MSIs mapped to the same GIC IRQ to that CPU as well. This is
not a standard behavior, but limiting the total number of MSIs will
cause a lot of devices to fall back to INTx (with huge performance
penalty) or even fail to load their driver as these devices request
more than 16 MSIs during driver initialization.

I can document the limitation in affinity setting of X-Gene-1 MSI in
the driver to hopefully not make people surprise and hope to keep the
total number of supported MSI as 2688 so that we can support as many
cards that require MSI/MSI-X as possible.

Please let me know your opinion.

>
> Thanks,
>
> M.
> --
> Fast, cheap, reliable. Pick two.


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