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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 00/24] ILP32 for ARM64

> On Apr 14, 2015, at 4:15 AM, Arnd Bergmann <> wrote:
> On Tuesday 14 April 2015 10:45:43 Pinski, Andrew wrote:
>>> On Apr 14, 2015, at 3:08 AM, Arnd Bergmann <> wrote:
>>>> On Tuesday 14 April 2015 11:33:13 Dr. Philipp Tomsich wrote:
>>>> Arnd,
>>>> After getting a good night’s sleep, the “reuse the existing system call table” comment
>>>> makes a little more sense as I construe it as having just one merged system call table
>>>> for both LP64 and ILP32 and handling the differences through a different system call
>>>> numbering in unistd.h towards LP64 and ILP32 processes.
>>>> If this is the intended implementation, I am not fully sold on the benefit: having a private
>>>> copy of unistd.h for ARM64 seems to be a less readable and less maintenance-friendly
>>>> solution to having separate tables.
>>>> We’re open to input on this and—if merging the system call tables is the consensus—
>>>> would like to get the change underway as soon as possible.
>>> There are multiple ways of doing this:
>>> a) separate syscall table for arm64: as you say, this is the current approach,
>>> and I'd like to avoid that too
>>> b) add syscalls for ilp32 as additional numbers in the normal lp64 version of
>>> asm-generic/unistd.h, and share the binary tables between ilp32 and lp64
>>> on aarch64
>>> c) change asm-generic/unistd.h to generate three possible tables: instead of
>>> just native (lp64 or ilp32 depending on the arch), compat (support for
>>> existing ilp32 binaries on some architectures, there would also be a
>>> "modern" ilp32 variant that is a mix of the two, as your table today
>>> d) don't use the asm-generic/unistd.h table for aarch64-ilp32 at all, but instead
>>> reuse the table from arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd32.h
>>> I think you are referring to approach b) or c) above, but my preferred one
>>> would actually be d).
>> D is the worst of all 4 options in my mind. The reason is when a new syscall is
>> added, then you have to update that file too.
> I don't know what the miscommunication is here, but the advantage of d is
> specifically that it is /less/ work to maintain: With the current approach,
> each new syscall that gets added needs to be checked to see if the normal
> aarch64 version works or if it needs another wrapper, while with d) we
> get the update for free, because we follow exactly what aarch32 is doing.

More than that d won't work due to ucontext being different between aarch32 and aarch64. I still say the current way is the best approach and is better option than the rest and it was what was agreed upon when I wrote the patch. I don't see why you are agreeing a different way. The split 64bit long was decided not to be split too, there was a previous discussion about that too.

Also this abi is about to be used in a product so any changes need to happen fast and need to thought out why making changes to it make senses. Changing to use the aarch32 syscall #'s make less sense since this is not a legacy syscalls.

>> Also d is worse than the rest as
>> you no longer default to 64bit off_t which is not a good thing.
> That decision is up to the libc implementation, just as it is for the existing
> aarch32 libc. The kernel just offers both versions and the libc can pick
> one, or use the _LARGEFILE64_SOURCE hack that glibc has to also implement
> both. It would probably be reasonable to use 64-bit off_t only for a libc
> and ignore the old calls.
>> B is just as bad and goes against using the generic syscall numbers.
> How so? The newly introduce syscalls then would be the generic ones.
>> I was trying to model ilp32 so there was less maintain hassle if a new syscall was added.
>> Also about time_t, my original patch had used 32bit but was asked to change
>> it to the 64bit one. So now I am upset this being asked again to change it back.
>> The review process for the linux kernel is much harder than the review process
>> of gcc or even glibc now.
> For now, I'm just opening that discussion again, but the reason this
> comes up again now is that a lot has happened in the meantime on this
> front, and we have already decided to merge new architecture ports with
> 32-bit time_t since.
> Arnd

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