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Subject[PATCH 2/5] RTC/i.MX/DryIce: add the unit recovery code
Date
This code is requiered to recover the unit from a security violation.
Hopefully this code can recover the unit from a hardware related invalid
state as well.

Signed-off-by: Juergen Borleis <jbe@pengutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Robert Schwebel <rsc@pengutronix.de>
[rsc: got NDA clearance from Freescale]
---
drivers/rtc/rtc-imxdi.c | 333 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
1 file changed, 295 insertions(+), 38 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/rtc/rtc-imxdi.c b/drivers/rtc/rtc-imxdi.c
index 8750477..f8abf2b 100644
--- a/drivers/rtc/rtc-imxdi.c
+++ b/drivers/rtc/rtc-imxdi.c
@@ -172,6 +172,296 @@ struct imxdi_dev {
* task, we bring back this unit into life.
*/

+/* do a write into the unit without interrupt support */
+static void di_write_busy_wait(const struct imxdi_dev *imxdi, u32 val,
+ unsigned reg)
+{
+ /* do the register write */
+ __raw_writel(val, imxdi->ioaddr + reg);
+
+ /*
+ * now it takes four 32,768 kHz clock cycles to take
+ * the change into effect = 122 us
+ */
+ udelay(200);
+}
+
+static void di_report_tamper_info(struct imxdi_dev *imxdi, u32 dsr)
+{
+ u32 dtcr;
+
+ dtcr = __raw_readl(imxdi->ioaddr + DTCR);
+
+ dev_emerg(&imxdi->pdev->dev, "!! DryIce tamper event detected !!\n");
+ /* the following flags force a transition into the "FAILURE STATE" */
+ if (dsr & DSR_VTD) {
+ dev_emerg(&imxdi->pdev->dev, "!! Voltage Tamper event\n");
+ if (!(dtcr & DTCR_VTE))
+ dev_emerg(&imxdi->pdev->dev,
+ "!! But Voltage Tamper detection wasn't enabled. False positive?\n");
+ }
+ if (dsr & DSR_CTD) {
+ dev_emerg(&imxdi->pdev->dev, "!! 32768 Hz Clock Tamper Event\n");
+ if (!(dtcr & DTCR_CTE))
+ dev_emerg(&imxdi->pdev->dev,
+ "!! But Clock Tamper detection wasn't enabled. False positive?\n");
+ }
+ if (dsr & DSR_TTD) {
+ dev_emerg(&imxdi->pdev->dev, "!! Temperature Tamper Event\n");
+ if (!(dtcr & DTCR_TTE))
+ dev_emerg(&imxdi->pdev->dev,
+ "!! But Temperature Tamper detection wasn't enabled. False positive?\n");
+ }
+ if (dsr & DSR_SAD) {
+ dev_emerg(&imxdi->pdev->dev, "!! Secure Controller Alarm Event\n");
+ if (!(dtcr & DTCR_SAIE))
+ dev_emerg(&imxdi->pdev->dev,
+ "!! But Secure Controller Alarm detection wasn't enabled. False positive?\n");
+ }
+ if (dsr & DSR_EBD) {
+ dev_emerg(&imxdi->pdev->dev, "!! External Boot Tamper Event\n");
+ if (!(dtcr & DTCR_EBE))
+ dev_emerg(&imxdi->pdev->dev,
+ "!! But External Boot detection wasn't enabled. False positive?\n");
+ }
+ if (dsr & DSR_ETAD) {
+ dev_emerg(&imxdi->pdev->dev, "!! External Tamper A Event\n");
+ if (!(dtcr & DTCR_ETAE))
+ dev_emerg(&imxdi->pdev->dev,
+ "!! But External Tamper A wasn't enabled. False positive?\n");
+ }
+ if (dsr & DSR_ETBD) {
+ dev_emerg(&imxdi->pdev->dev, "!! External Tamper B Event\n");
+ if (!(dtcr & DTCR_ETBE))
+ dev_emerg(&imxdi->pdev->dev,
+ "!! But External Tamper B wasn't enabled. False positive?\n");
+ }
+ if (dsr & DSR_WTD) {
+ dev_emerg(&imxdi->pdev->dev, "!! Wire-mesh Tamper Event\n");
+ if (!(dtcr & DTCR_WTE))
+ dev_emerg(&imxdi->pdev->dev,
+ "!! But wire-mesh Tamper detection wasn't enabled. False positive?\n");
+ }
+ if (dsr & DSR_MCO) {
+ dev_emerg(&imxdi->pdev->dev, "!! Monotonic-counter Overflow Event\n");
+ if (!(dtcr & DTCR_MOE))
+ dev_emerg(&imxdi->pdev->dev,
+ "!! But Monotonic-counter Overflow detection wasn't enabled. False positive?\n");
+ }
+ if (dsr & DSR_TCO) {
+ dev_emerg(&imxdi->pdev->dev, "!! Timer-counter Overflow Event\n");
+ if (!(dtcr & DTCR_TOE))
+ dev_emerg(&imxdi->pdev->dev,
+ "!! But Timer-counter Overflow detection wasn't enabled. False positive?\n");
+ }
+}
+
+static void di_what_is_to_be_done(struct imxdi_dev *imxdi,
+ const char *power_supply)
+{
+ dev_emerg(&imxdi->pdev->dev, " Please cycle the %s power supply in order to get the DryIce unit working again\n",
+ power_supply);
+}
+
+static int di_handle_failure_state(struct imxdi_dev *imxdi, u32 dsr)
+{
+ u32 dcr;
+
+ dev_dbg(&imxdi->pdev->dev, "DSR register reports: %08X\n", dsr);
+
+ /* report the cause */
+ di_report_tamper_info(imxdi, dsr);
+
+ dcr = __raw_readl(imxdi->ioaddr + DCR);
+
+ if (dcr & DCR_FSHL) {
+ /* we are out of luck */
+ di_what_is_to_be_done(imxdi, "battery");
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+ /*
+ * with the next SYSTEM POR we will transit from the "FAILURE STATE"
+ * into the "NON-VALID STATE" + "FAILURE STATE"
+ */
+ di_what_is_to_be_done(imxdi, "main");
+
+ return -ENODEV;
+}
+
+static int di_handle_valid_state(struct imxdi_dev *imxdi, u32 dsr)
+{
+ /* initialize alarm */
+ di_write_busy_wait(imxdi, DCAMR_UNSET, DCAMR);
+ di_write_busy_wait(imxdi, 0, DCALR);
+
+ /* clear alarm flag */
+ if (dsr & DSR_CAF)
+ di_write_busy_wait(imxdi, DSR_CAF, DSR);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int di_handle_invalid_state(struct imxdi_dev *imxdi, u32 dsr)
+{
+ u32 dcr, sec;
+
+ /*
+ * lets disable all sources which can force the DryIce unit into
+ * the "FAILURE STATE" for now
+ */
+ di_write_busy_wait(imxdi, 0x00000000, DTCR);
+ /* and lets protect them at runtime from any change */
+ di_write_busy_wait(imxdi, DCR_TDCSL, DCR);
+
+ sec = __raw_readl(imxdi->ioaddr + DTCMR);
+ if (sec != 0)
+ dev_warn(&imxdi->pdev->dev,
+ "The security violation has happend at %u seconds\n",
+ sec);
+ /*
+ * the timer cannot be set/modified if
+ * - the TCHL or TCSL bit is set in DCR
+ */
+ dcr = __raw_readl(imxdi->ioaddr + DCR);
+ if (!(dcr & DCR_TCE)) {
+ if (dcr & DCR_TCHL) {
+ /* we are out of luck */
+ di_what_is_to_be_done(imxdi, "battery");
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+ if (dcr & DCR_TCSL) {
+ di_what_is_to_be_done(imxdi, "main");
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+
+ }
+ /*
+ * - the timer counter stops/is stopped if
+ * - its overflow flag is set (TCO in DSR)
+ * -> clear overflow bit to make it count again
+ * - NVF is set in DSR
+ * -> clear non-valid bit to make it count again
+ * - its TCE (DCR) is cleared
+ * -> set TCE to make it count
+ * - it was never set before
+ * -> write a time into it (required again if the NVF was set)
+ */
+ /* state handled */
+ di_write_busy_wait(imxdi, DSR_NVF, DSR);
+ /* clear overflow flag */
+ di_write_busy_wait(imxdi, DSR_TCO, DSR);
+ /* enable the counter */
+ di_write_busy_wait(imxdi, dcr | DCR_TCE, DCR);
+ /* set and trigger it to make it count */
+ di_write_busy_wait(imxdi, sec, DTCMR);
+
+ /* now prepare for the valid state */
+ return di_handle_valid_state(imxdi, __raw_readl(imxdi->ioaddr + DSR));
+}
+
+static int di_handle_invalid_and_failure_state(struct imxdi_dev *imxdi, u32 dsr)
+{
+ u32 dcr;
+
+ /*
+ * now we must first remove the tamper sources in order to get the
+ * device out of the "FAILURE STATE"
+ * To disable any of the following sources we need to modify the DTCR
+ */
+ if (dsr & (DSR_WTD | DSR_ETBD | DSR_ETAD | DSR_EBD | DSR_SAD |
+ DSR_TTD | DSR_CTD | DSR_VTD | DSR_MCO | DSR_TCO)) {
+ dcr = __raw_readl(imxdi->ioaddr + DCR);
+ if (dcr & DCR_TDCHL) {
+ /*
+ * the tamper register is locked. We cannot disable the
+ * tamper detection. The TDCHL can only be reset by a
+ * DRYICE POR, but we cannot force a DRYICE POR in
+ * softwere because we are still in "FAILURE STATE".
+ * We need a DRYICE POR via battery power cycling....
+ */
+ /*
+ * out of luck!
+ * we cannot disable them without a DRYICE POR
+ */
+ di_what_is_to_be_done(imxdi, "battery");
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+ if (dcr & DCR_TDCSL) {
+ /* a soft lock can be removed by a SYSTEM POR */
+ di_what_is_to_be_done(imxdi, "main");
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* disable all sources */
+ di_write_busy_wait(imxdi, 0x00000000, DTCR);
+
+ /* clear the status bits now */
+ di_write_busy_wait(imxdi, dsr & (DSR_WTD | DSR_ETBD | DSR_ETAD |
+ DSR_EBD | DSR_SAD | DSR_TTD | DSR_CTD | DSR_VTD |
+ DSR_MCO | DSR_TCO), DSR);
+
+ dsr = __raw_readl(imxdi->ioaddr + DSR);
+ if ((dsr & ~(DSR_NVF | DSR_SVF | DSR_WBF | DSR_WNF |
+ DSR_WCF | DSR_WEF)) != 0)
+ dev_warn(&imxdi->pdev->dev,
+ "There are still some sources of pain in DSR: %08x!\n",
+ dsr & ~(DSR_NVF | DSR_SVF | DSR_WBF | DSR_WNF |
+ DSR_WCF | DSR_WEF));
+
+ /*
+ * now we are trying to clear the "Security-violation flag" to
+ * get the DryIce out of this state
+ */
+ di_write_busy_wait(imxdi, DSR_SVF, DSR);
+
+ /* success? */
+ dsr = __raw_readl(imxdi->ioaddr + DSR);
+ if (dsr & DSR_SVF) {
+ dev_crit(&imxdi->pdev->dev,
+ "Cannot clear the security violation flag. We are ending up in an endless loop!\n");
+ /* last resourt */
+ di_what_is_to_be_done(imxdi, "battery");
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * now we have left the "FAILURE STATE" and ending up in the
+ * "NON-VALID STATE" time to recover everything
+ */
+ return di_handle_invalid_state(imxdi, dsr);
+}
+
+static int di_handle_state(struct imxdi_dev *imxdi)
+{
+ int rc;
+ u32 dsr;
+
+ dsr = __raw_readl(imxdi->ioaddr + DSR);
+
+ switch (dsr & (DSR_NVF | DSR_SVF)) {
+ case DSR_NVF:
+ dev_warn(&imxdi->pdev->dev, "Invalid stated unit detected\n");
+ rc = di_handle_invalid_state(imxdi, dsr);
+ break;
+ case DSR_SVF:
+ dev_warn(&imxdi->pdev->dev, "Failure stated unit detected\n");
+ rc = di_handle_failure_state(imxdi, dsr);
+ break;
+ case DSR_NVF | DSR_SVF:
+ dev_warn(&imxdi->pdev->dev,
+ "Failure+Invalid stated unit detected\n");
+ rc = di_handle_invalid_and_failure_state(imxdi, dsr);
+ break;
+ default:
+ dev_notice(&imxdi->pdev->dev, "Unlocked unit detected\n");
+ rc = di_handle_valid_state(imxdi, dsr);
+ }
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+
/*
* enable a dryice interrupt
*/
@@ -491,6 +781,11 @@ static int __init dryice_rtc_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
/* mask all interrupts */
__raw_writel(0, imxdi->ioaddr + DIER);

+ rc = di_handle_state(imxdi);
+ if (rc != 0)
+ goto err;
+
+
rc = devm_request_irq(&pdev->dev, imxdi->irq, dryice_norm_irq,
IRQF_SHARED, pdev->name, imxdi);
if (rc) {
@@ -498,44 +793,6 @@ static int __init dryice_rtc_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
goto err;
}

- /* put dryice into valid state */
- if (__raw_readl(imxdi->ioaddr + DSR) & DSR_NVF) {
- rc = di_write_wait(imxdi, DSR_NVF | DSR_SVF, DSR);
- if (rc)
- goto err;
- }
-
- /* initialize alarm */
- rc = di_write_wait(imxdi, DCAMR_UNSET, DCAMR);
- if (rc)
- goto err;
- rc = di_write_wait(imxdi, 0, DCALR);
- if (rc)
- goto err;
-
- /* clear alarm flag */
- if (__raw_readl(imxdi->ioaddr + DSR) & DSR_CAF) {
- rc = di_write_wait(imxdi, DSR_CAF, DSR);
- if (rc)
- goto err;
- }
-
- /* the timer won't count if it has never been written to */
- if (__raw_readl(imxdi->ioaddr + DTCMR) == 0) {
- rc = di_write_wait(imxdi, 0, DTCMR);
- if (rc)
- goto err;
- }
-
- /* start keeping time */
- if (!(__raw_readl(imxdi->ioaddr + DCR) & DCR_TCE)) {
- rc = di_write_wait(imxdi,
- __raw_readl(imxdi->ioaddr + DCR) | DCR_TCE,
- DCR);
- if (rc)
- goto err;
- }
-
platform_set_drvdata(pdev, imxdi);
imxdi->rtc = devm_rtc_device_register(&pdev->dev, pdev->name,
&dryice_rtc_ops, THIS_MODULE);
--
2.1.4


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