lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2015]   [Apr]   [13]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
From
SubjectRe: [PATCH v6 1/6] clk: iproc: define Broadcom iProc clock binding
Date
Quoting Ray Jui (2015-04-12 21:08:32)
>
>
> On 4/10/2015 5:12 PM, Michael Turquette wrote:
> > Quoting Ray Jui (2015-03-17 22:45:17)
> >> Document the device tree binding for Broadcom iProc architecture based
> >> clock controller
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Ray Jui <rjui@broadcom.com>
> >> Reviewed-by: Scott Branden <sbranden@broadcom.com>
> >> ---
> >> .../bindings/clock/brcm,iproc-clocks.txt | 171 ++++++++++++++++++++
> >> 1 file changed, 171 insertions(+)
> >> create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/brcm,iproc-clocks.txt
> >>
> >> diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/brcm,iproc-clocks.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/brcm,iproc-clocks.txt
> >> new file mode 100644
> >> index 0000000..bf2316b
> >> --- /dev/null
> >> +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/brcm,iproc-clocks.txt
> >> @@ -0,0 +1,171 @@
> >> +Broadcom iProc Family Clocks
> >> +
> >> +This binding uses the common clock binding:
> >> + Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/clock-bindings.txt
> >> +
> >> +The iProc clock controller manages clocks that are common to the iProc family.
> >> +An SoC from the iProc family may have several PPLs, e.g., ARMPLL, GENPLL,
> >> +LCPLL0, MIPIPLL, and etc., all derived from an onboard crystal. Each PLL
> >> +comprises of several leaf clocks
> >> +
> >> +Required properties for PLLs:
> >> +- compatible:
> >> + Should have a value of the form "brcm,<soc>-<pll>". For example, GENPLL on
> >> +Cygnus has a compatible string of "brcm,cygnus-genpll"
> >> +
> >> +- #clock-cells:
> >> + Must be <0>
> >> +
> >> +- reg:
> >> + Define the base and range of the I/O address space that contain the iProc
> >> +clock control registers required for the PLL
> >> +
> >> +- clocks:
> >> + The input parent clock phandle for the PLL. For all iProc PLLs, this is an
> >> +onboard crystal with a fixed rate
> >> +
> >> +Example:
> >> +
> >> + osc: oscillator {
> >> + #clock-cells = <0>;
> >> + compatible = "fixed-clock";
> >> + clock-frequency = <25000000>;
> >> + };
> >> +
> >> + genpll: genpll {
> >> + #clock-cells = <0>;
> >> + compatible = "brcm,cygnus-genpll";
> >> + reg = <0x0301d000 0x2c>,
> >> + <0x0301c020 0x4>;
> >> + clocks = <&osc>;
> >> + };
> >> +
> >> +Required properties for leaf clocks of a PLL:
> >> +
> >> +- compatible:
> >> + Should have a value of the form "brcm,<soc>-<pll>-clk". For example, leaf
> >> +clocks derived from the GENPLL on Cygnus SoC have a compatible string of
> >> +"brcm,cygnus-genpll-clk"
> >> +
> >> +- #clock-cells:
> >> + Have a value of <1> since there are more than 1 leaf clock of a
> >> +given PLL
> >> +
> >> +- reg:
> >> + Define the base and range of the I/O address space that contain the iProc
> >> +clock control registers required for the PLL leaf clocks
> >> +
> >> +- clocks:
> >> + The input parent PLL phandle for the leaf clock
> >> +
> >> +- clock-output-names:
> >> + An ordered list of strings defining the names of the leaf clocks
> >> +
> >> +Example:
> >> +
> >> + genpll: genpll {
> >> + #clock-cells = <0>;
> >> + compatible = "brcm,cygnus-genpll";
> >> + reg = <0x0301d000 0x2c>,
> >> + <0x0301c020 0x4>;
> >> + clocks = <&osc>;
> >> + };
> >> +
> >> + genpll_clks: genpll_clks {
> >> + #clock-cells = <1>;
> >> + compatible = "brcm,cygnus-genpll-clk";
> >> + reg = <0x0301d000 0x2c>;
> >> + clocks = <&genpll>;
> >> + clock-output-names = "axi21", "250mhz", "ihost_sys",
> >> + "enet_sw", "audio_125", "can";
> >> + };
> >
> > Hi Ray,
> >
> > Thanks for submitting the patch. It was nice meeting you at ELC as well.
> >
> > This binding doesn't conform to the norms for clock bindings. It looks
> > like for each type of controllable clock node (e.g. pll, leaf clock,
> > etc) you have a dts node. Looking at the above example it seems that
> > those two nodes (genpll and genpll_clks) share the same register.
> >
> > /me checks patch #5
> >
> > Yup, you re-use the same register address for the *pll and *pll_clks
> > nodes. I'm not a DT expert but I think this is considered Wrong.
> >
> > More generally your clock dt binding should be modeling the hardware in
> > terms of IP blocks. If you have a clock generator IP block it may
> > control many clock bits and output many clock signals. E.g. for your
> > hardware (based only on the addresses in patch #5 and not having seen
> > any data manual) I will hazard a guess that the genpll, lcpll and asiu
> > clocks are all part of the same IP block.
>
> Hi Mike,
>
> In fact, lcpll, genpll, mipipll are similar but DIFFERENT IP blocks, and
> asiu is completely different from any of them. All of these plls are
> unique and have their own register banks, as you can see from the
> bcm-cygnus-clock.dtsi file. Therefore, I think it's totally correct and
> actually necessary to represent each of them with a separate device node.

OK, that makes sense to me, if those registers live in addresses ranges
which correspond to different IP blocks.

>
> Regarding the relationship between a PLL clock and its leaf clocks:
> Taking the genpll as an example, physically they are connected as:
>
> xtal -> genpll -> axi21, 250mhz, ihost_sys, ...
>
> The 25 MHz crystal feeds to the genpll, and the genpll generates 6
> different leaf clocks including axi21, 250mhz, ihost_sys, and etc. One
> can choose to set the genpll's vco to one frequency, and based on that
> frequency, different leaf clock frequencies can be generated with their
> own post divider.
>
> Therefore, I think it makes sense to represent xtal, genpll, genpll_clks
> (including axi21, 250mhz, ihost_sys, and etc) each with a unique device
> node, and genpll is the parent of these leaf clocks. Basically the
> device nodes and the way how the "clocks" phandle is used represent the
> hierarchy of the clock architecture within Cygnus (and in the future
> other iProc SoCs). Does that make sense?

This doesn't make sense to me. If I understand correctly, the register
range that controls the post-divider clock (e.g. axi21) is the same
register range that control's genpll. This is a reasonable indicator to
me that the leaf clocks are part of the same clock generator IP block as
the PLL controls. As such they should be on node.

>
> Regarding the register address overlapping, again, taking genpll as an
> example, the genpll and the genpll_clks actually never access the same
> set of registers, but the registers are sort of scattered within one
> bank, i.e., on Cygnus, genpll uses registers at offset 0x0, 0x8 ~ 0x1c,
> and genpll_clks uses registers at offset 0x4, 0x20 - 0x24.

Sure, my argument above doesn't hinge on the fact that the pll and child
clocks use the exact same register. It still looks to me like *pll and
it's child dividers belong in the same IP block. Is there an open data
sheet or technical reference manual I can look at for this part? That is
the best way to put my concerns at ease ;-)

Looking over your binding again, it looks like your nodes are divided
conveniently for the different clock types (e.g. pll versus
post-divider), but our goal with DT is to accurately describe the
hardware, not the C structures.

Regards,
Mike

>
> Thanks,
>
> Ray
>
> >
> > If my guess is correct then these clocks should all be represented by a
> > single node int DT. Lets say that the clock controller IP block that
> > manages the genpll, lcpll and asiu clocks (including their child/leaf
> > clocks) is called "foobar" in your data manual. You should have a dts
> > node with a compatible string such as "brcm,cygnus-foobar" or
> > "brcm,cygnus-foobar-clk".
> >
> > Your clock driver should be responsible for registering all of the
> > clocks controlled by this IP block, regardless of the "type" of clock
> > node.
> >
> > I think part of the reason for your approach is that the previous
> > (deprecated) binding/dts had a bunch of fixed-rate clocks in it. This is
> > a hack that we do every now and then to get a new platform up and
> > running with a mainline kernel, but we don't do per-clock nodes in dts
> > any more, we do them by clock controller ip block instead.
> >
> > There are plenty of good examples of this for Exynos and QCOM SoCs if
> > you want an example.
> >
> > Regards,
> > Mike
> >


\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2015-04-13 08:41    [W:0.100 / U:1.112 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site