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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 08/10] KVM: arm64: guest debug, HW assisted debug support
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Andrew Jones <drjones@redhat.com> writes:

> On Tue, Mar 31, 2015 at 04:08:06PM +0100, Alex Bennée wrote:
>> This adds support for userspace to control the HW debug registers for
>> guest debug. We'll only copy the $ARCH defined number across as that is
>> all that hyp.S will use anyway. I've moved some helper functions into
>> the hw_breakpoint.h header for re-use.
>>
>> As with single step we need to tweak the guest registers to enable the
>> exceptions so we need to save and restore those bits.
>>
>> Two new capabilities have been added to the KVM_EXTENSION ioctl to allow
>> userspace to query the number of hardware break and watch points
>> available on the host hardware.
>>
>> As QEMU tests for watchpoints based on the address and not the PC we
>> also need to export the value of far_el2 to userspace.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Alex Bennée <alex.bennee@linaro.org>
>>
>> ---
>> v2
>> - switched to C setup
>> - replace host debug registers directly into context
>> - minor tweak to api docs
>> - setup right register for debug
>> - add FAR_EL2 to debug exit structure
>> - add support fro trapping debug register access
>>
>> diff --git a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt
>> index 17d4f9c..ac34093 100644
>> --- a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt
>> +++ b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt
>> @@ -2627,7 +2627,7 @@ The top 16 bits of the control field are architecture specific control
>> flags which can include the following:
>>
>> - KVM_GUESTDBG_USE_SW_BP: using software breakpoints [x86, arm64]
>> - - KVM_GUESTDBG_USE_HW_BP: using hardware breakpoints [x86, s390]
>> + - KVM_GUESTDBG_USE_HW_BP: using hardware breakpoints [x86, s390, arm64]
>> - KVM_GUESTDBG_INJECT_DB: inject DB type exception [x86]
>> - KVM_GUESTDBG_INJECT_BP: inject BP type exception [x86]
>> - KVM_GUESTDBG_EXIT_PENDING: trigger an immediate guest exit [s390]
>> @@ -2642,6 +2642,10 @@ updated to the correct (supplied) values.
>> The second part of the structure is architecture specific and
>> typically contains a set of debug registers.
>>
>> +For arm64 the number of debug registers is implementation defined and
>> +can be determined by querying the KVM_CAP_GUEST_DEBUG_HW_BPS and
>> +KVM_CAP_GUEST_DEBUG_HW_WPS capabilities.
>> +
>> When debug events exit the main run loop with the reason
>> KVM_EXIT_DEBUG with the kvm_debug_exit_arch part of the kvm_run
>> structure containing architecture specific debug information.
>> diff --git a/arch/arm/kvm/arm.c b/arch/arm/kvm/arm.c
>> index c1ed8cb..a286026 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm/kvm/arm.c
>> +++ b/arch/arm/kvm/arm.c
>> @@ -306,6 +306,7 @@ void kvm_arch_vcpu_put(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>
>> #define KVM_GUESTDBG_VALID (KVM_GUESTDBG_ENABLE | \
>> KVM_GUESTDBG_USE_SW_BP | \
>> + KVM_GUESTDBG_USE_HW_BP | \
>> KVM_GUESTDBG_SINGLESTEP)
>>
>> /**
>> @@ -328,6 +329,26 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_set_guest_debug(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
>> return -EINVAL;
>>
>> vcpu->guest_debug = dbg->control;
>> +
>> + /* Hardware assisted Break and Watch points */
>> + if (vcpu->guest_debug & KVM_GUESTDBG_USE_HW_BP) {
>> + int nb = get_num_brps();
>> + int nw = get_num_wrps();
>> +
>> + /* Copy across up to IMPDEF debug registers to our
>> + * shadow copy in the vcpu structure. The debug code
>> + * will then set them up before we re-enter the guest.
>> + */
>
> Is it necessary to limit the number copied here by anything other than
> what the struct supports? Userspace gave us a struct kvm_guest_debug_arch,
> so let's save the whole thing. How about just
>
> vcpu->arch.guest_debug_regs = *dbg;

Makes sense for the ioctl. I'll still limit it in the setup/clear function.

>
>> + memcpy(vcpu->arch.guest_debug_regs.dbg_bcr,
>> + dbg->arch.dbg_bcr, sizeof(__u64)*nb);
>> + memcpy(vcpu->arch.guest_debug_regs.dbg_bvr,
>> + dbg->arch.dbg_bvr, sizeof(__u64)*nb);
>> + memcpy(vcpu->arch.guest_debug_regs.dbg_wcr,
>> + dbg->arch.dbg_wcr, sizeof(__u64)*nw);
>> + memcpy(vcpu->arch.guest_debug_regs.dbg_wvr,
>> + dbg->arch.dbg_wvr, sizeof(__u64)*nw);
>> + }
>> +
>> } else {
>> /* If not enabled clear all flags */
>> vcpu->guest_debug = 0;
>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h
>> index 52b484b..c450552 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h
>> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h
>> @@ -130,6 +130,18 @@ static inline void ptrace_hw_copy_thread(struct task_struct *task)
>> }
>> #endif
>>
>> +/* Determine number of BRP registers available. */
>> +static inline int get_num_brps(void)
>> +{
>> + return ((read_cpuid(ID_AA64DFR0_EL1) >> 12) & 0xf) + 1;
>> +}
>> +
>> +/* Determine number of WRP registers available. */
>> +static inline int get_num_wrps(void)
>> +{
>> + return ((read_cpuid(ID_AA64DFR0_EL1) >> 20) & 0xf) + 1;
>> +}
>> +
>> extern struct pmu perf_ops_bp;
>>
>> #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
>> index 6a33647..2c359c9 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
>> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
>> @@ -106,8 +106,9 @@ struct kvm_vcpu_arch {
>> /* Exception Information */
>> struct kvm_vcpu_fault_info fault;
>>
>> - /* Debug state */
>> + /* Guest debug state */
>> u64 debug_flags;
>> + struct kvm_guest_debug_arch guest_debug_regs;
>>
>> /* Pointer to host CPU context */
>> kvm_cpu_context_t *host_cpu_context;
>> @@ -126,6 +127,7 @@ struct kvm_vcpu_arch {
>> u32 pstate_ss_bit;
>> u32 mdscr_el1_bits;
>>
>> + struct kvm_guest_debug_arch debug_regs;
>> } debug_saved_regs;
>>
>> /* Don't run the guest */
>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/kvm.h b/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/kvm.h
>> index 6ee70a0..73f21e4 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/kvm.h
>> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/kvm.h
>> @@ -118,6 +118,7 @@ struct kvm_guest_debug_arch {
>> struct kvm_debug_exit_arch {
>> __u64 pc;
>> __u32 hsr;
>> + __u64 far; /* used for watchpoints */
>> };
>>
>> struct kvm_sync_regs {
>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
>> index 98bbe06..923be44 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
>> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
>> @@ -49,18 +49,6 @@ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, stepping_kernel_bp);
>> static int core_num_brps;
>> static int core_num_wrps;
>>
>> -/* Determine number of BRP registers available. */
>> -static int get_num_brps(void)
>> -{
>> - return ((read_cpuid(ID_AA64DFR0_EL1) >> 12) & 0xf) + 1;
>> -}
>> -
>> -/* Determine number of WRP registers available. */
>> -static int get_num_wrps(void)
>> -{
>> - return ((read_cpuid(ID_AA64DFR0_EL1) >> 20) & 0xf) + 1;
>> -}
>> -
>> int hw_breakpoint_slots(int type)
>> {
>> /*
>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/debug.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/debug.c
>> index b32362c..3b368f3 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/debug.c
>> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/debug.c
>> @@ -50,14 +50,19 @@
>>
>> void kvm_arch_setup_debug(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>> {
>> + bool trap_debug = false;
>> +
>> vcpu->arch.mdcr_el2 |= (MDCR_EL2_TPM | MDCR_EL2_TPMCR);
>> vcpu->arch.mdcr_el2 |= (MDCR_EL2_TDRA | MDCR_EL2_TDOSA);
>>
>> - /* Trap debug register access? */
>> + trace_kvm_arch_setup_debug_reg32("MDCR_EL2", vcpu->arch.mdcr_el2);
>
> This is 2 patches too early. You don't introduce this tracepoint until
> later.
>
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * If we are not treating debug registers are dirty we need
> ^^ as
>> + * to trap if the guest starts accessing them.
>> + */
>> if (!vcpu->arch.debug_flags & KVM_ARM64_DEBUG_DIRTY)
>> - vcpu->arch.mdcr_el2 |= MDCR_EL2_TDA;
>> - else
>> - vcpu->arch.mdcr_el2 &= ~MDCR_EL2_TDA;
>> + trap_debug = true;
>
> How about just
>
> bool trap_debug = !(vcpu->arch.debug_flags & KVM_ARM64_DEBUG_DIRTY);
>
> at the top instead?
>
>>
>> /* Is Guest debugging in effect? */
>> if (vcpu->guest_debug) {
>> @@ -84,10 +89,69 @@ void kvm_arch_setup_debug(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>> vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, MDSCR_EL1) &= ~DBG_MDSCR_SS;
>> }
>>
>> + /*
>> + * HW Break/Watch points
>> + */
>> + if (vcpu->guest_debug & KVM_GUESTDBG_USE_HW_BP) {
>> + int nb = get_num_brps();
>> + int nw = get_num_wrps();
>> + struct kvm_guest_debug_arch *saved, *host;
>> +
>> + vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, MDSCR_EL1) |=
>> + (DBG_MDSCR_KDE|DBG_MDSCR_MDE);
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * First we need to make a copy of the guest
>> + * debug registers before we wipe them out
>> + * with the ones we want to use.
>> + */
>> + saved = &vcpu_debug_saved_reg(vcpu, debug_regs);
>> + host = &vcpu->arch.guest_debug_regs;
>
> Again, I don't think we need to be so precise with our copy. We can
> always copy extra without problems. It's just what we use that matters.
> And how about a couple helpers?
>
> debug_regs_save_to(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_guest_debug_arch *dst)
> {
> memcpy(dst->dbg_bcr, &vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, DBGBCR0_EL1), sizeof(u64)*KVM_ARM_NDBG_REGS);
> memcpy(dst->dbg_bvr, &vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, DBGBVR0_EL1), sizeof(u64)*KVM_ARM_NDBG_REGS);
> memcpy(dst->dbg_wcr, &vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, DBGWCR0_EL1), sizeof(u64)*KVM_ARM_NDBG_REGS);
> memcpy(dst->dbg_wvr, &vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, DBGWVR0_EL1), sizeof(u64)*KVM_ARM_NDBG_REGS);
> }
> debug_regs_restore_from(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_guest_debug_arch *src)
> {
> memcpy(&vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, DBGBCR0_EL1), src->dbg_bcr, sizeof(u64)*KVM_ARM_NDBG_REGS);
> memcpy(&vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, DBGBVR0_EL1), src->dbg_bvr, sizeof(u64)*KVM_ARM_NDBG_REGS);
> memcpy(&vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, DBGWCR0_EL1), src->dbg_wcr, sizeof(u64)*KVM_ARM_NDBG_REGS);
> memcpy(&vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, DBGWVR0_EL1), src->dbg_wvr, sizeof(u64)*KVM_ARM_NDBG_REGS);
> }
>
>> +
>> + /* Save guest values */
>> + memcpy(&saved->dbg_bcr,
>> + &vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, DBGBCR0_EL1),
>> + sizeof(__u64)*nb);
>> + memcpy(&saved->dbg_bvr,
>> + &vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, DBGBVR0_EL1),
>> + sizeof(__u64)*nb);
>> + memcpy(&saved->dbg_wcr,
>> + &vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, DBGWCR0_EL1),
>> + sizeof(__u64)*nw);
>> + memcpy(&saved->dbg_wvr,
>> + &vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, DBGWVR0_EL1),
>> + sizeof(__u64)*nw);
>> +
>> + /* Copy in host values */
>> + memcpy(&vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, DBGBCR0_EL1),
>> + &host->dbg_bcr,
>> + sizeof(__u64)*nb);
>> + memcpy(&vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, DBGBVR0_EL1),
>> + &host->dbg_bvr,
>> + sizeof(__u64)*nb);
>> + memcpy(&vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, DBGWCR0_EL1),
>> + &host->dbg_wcr,
>> + sizeof(__u64)*nw);
>> + memcpy(&vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, DBGWVR0_EL1),
>> + &host->dbg_wvr,
>> + sizeof(__u64)*nw);
>> +
>> + /* Make sure hyp.S copies them in/out */
>> + vcpu->arch.debug_flags |= KVM_ARM64_DEBUG_DIRTY;
>> + /* Also track guest changes */
>> + trap_debug = true;
>> + }
>> +
>> } else {
>> /* Debug operations can go straight to the guest */
>> vcpu->arch.mdcr_el2 &= ~MDCR_EL2_TDE;
>> }
>> +
>> + /* Trap debug register access? */
>> + if (trap_debug)
>> + vcpu->arch.mdcr_el2 |= MDCR_EL2_TDA;
>> + else
>> + vcpu->arch.mdcr_el2 &= ~MDCR_EL2_TDA;
>> }
>>
>> void kvm_arch_clear_debug(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>> @@ -100,5 +164,31 @@ void kvm_arch_clear_debug(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>> vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, MDSCR_EL1) &= ~MDSCR_EL1_DEBUG_BITS;
>> vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, MDSCR_EL1) |=
>> vcpu_debug_saved_reg(vcpu, mdscr_el1_bits);
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * If we were using HW debug we need to restore the
>> + * values the guest had set them up with
>> + */
>> + if (vcpu->guest_debug & KVM_GUESTDBG_USE_HW_BP) {
>> + struct kvm_guest_debug_arch *regs;
>> + int nb = get_num_brps();
>> + int nw = get_num_wrps();
>> +
>> + regs = &vcpu_debug_saved_reg(vcpu, debug_regs);
> debug_regs_restore_from(vcpu, regs);
>> +
>> + /* Restore the saved debug register values */
>> + memcpy(&vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, DBGBCR0_EL1),
>> + &regs->dbg_bcr,
>> + sizeof(__u64)*nb);
>> + memcpy(&vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, DBGBVR0_EL1),
>> + &regs->dbg_bvr,
>> + sizeof(__u64)*nb);
>> + memcpy(&vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, DBGWCR0_EL1),
>> + &regs->dbg_wcr,
>> + sizeof(__u64)*nw);
>> + memcpy(&vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, DBGWVR0_EL1),
>> + &regs->dbg_wvr,
>> + sizeof(__u64)*nw);
>> + }
>> }
>> }
>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit.c
>> index 16accae..460a1aa 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit.c
>> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit.c
>> @@ -101,7 +101,11 @@ static int kvm_handle_guest_debug(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run)
>> run->debug.arch.hsr = hsr;
>>
>> switch (hsr >> ESR_ELx_EC_SHIFT) {
>> + case ESR_ELx_EC_WATCHPT_LOW:
>> + run->debug.arch.far = vcpu->arch.fault.far_el2;
>> + /* fall through */
>> case ESR_ELx_EC_SOFTSTP_LOW:
>> + case ESR_ELx_EC_BREAKPT_LOW:
>> case ESR_ELx_EC_BKPT32:
>> case ESR_ELx_EC_BRK64:
>> run->debug.arch.pc = *vcpu_pc(vcpu);
>> @@ -129,6 +133,8 @@ static exit_handle_fn arm_exit_handlers[] = {
>> [ESR_ELx_EC_IABT_LOW] = kvm_handle_guest_abort,
>> [ESR_ELx_EC_DABT_LOW] = kvm_handle_guest_abort,
>> [ESR_ELx_EC_SOFTSTP_LOW]= kvm_handle_guest_debug,
>> + [ESR_ELx_EC_WATCHPT_LOW]= kvm_handle_guest_debug,
>> + [ESR_ELx_EC_BREAKPT_LOW]= kvm_handle_guest_debug,
>> [ESR_ELx_EC_BKPT32] = kvm_handle_guest_debug,
>> [ESR_ELx_EC_BRK64] = kvm_handle_guest_debug,
>> };
>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/reset.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/reset.c
>> index 0b43265..c2732c7 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/reset.c
>> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/reset.c
>> @@ -64,6 +64,12 @@ int kvm_arch_dev_ioctl_check_extension(long ext)
>> case KVM_CAP_ARM_EL1_32BIT:
>> r = cpu_has_32bit_el1();
>> break;
>> + case KVM_CAP_GUEST_DEBUG_HW_BPS:
>> + r = get_num_brps();
>> + break;
>> + case KVM_CAP_GUEST_DEBUG_HW_WPS:
>> + r = get_num_wrps();
>> + break;
>> default:
>> r = 0;
>> }
>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
>> index c370b40..be9b188 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
>> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
>> @@ -196,16 +196,49 @@ static bool trap_dbgauthstatus_el1(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
>> * - If the dirty bit is set, save guest registers, restore host
>> * registers and clear the dirty bit. This ensure that the host can
>> * now use the debug registers.
>> + *
>> + * We also use this mechanism to set-up the debug registers for guest
> setup
>> + * debugging. If this is the case we want to ensure the guest sees
>> + * the right versions of the registers - even if they are not going to
>> + * be effective while guest debug is using HW debug.
>> + *
> no need for this blank comment line
>> */
>> +
>> static bool trap_debug_regs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
>> const struct sys_reg_params *p,
>> const struct sys_reg_desc *r)
>> {
>> - if (p->is_write) {
>> - vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, r->reg) = *vcpu_reg(vcpu, p->Rt);
>> - vcpu->arch.debug_flags |= KVM_ARM64_DEBUG_DIRTY;
>> + if (vcpu->guest_debug & KVM_GUESTDBG_USE_HW_BP) {
>> + struct kvm_guest_debug_arch *saved;
>> + __u64 *val;
>> +
>> + saved = &vcpu_debug_saved_reg(vcpu, debug_regs);
>
> Here we don't bother enforcing num_brps/wrps, which is fine by me.
>
>> +
>> + if (r->reg >= DBGBCR0_EL1 && r->reg <= DBGBCR15_EL1)
>> + val = &saved->dbg_bcr[r->reg - DBGBCR0_EL1];
>> + else if (r->reg >= DBGBVR0_EL1 && r->reg <= DBGBVR15_EL1)
>> + val = &saved->dbg_bvr[r->reg - DBGBVR0_EL1];
>> + else if (r->reg >= DBGWCR0_EL1 && r->reg <= DBGWCR15_EL1)
>> + val = &saved->dbg_wcr[r->reg - DBGWCR0_EL1];
>> + else if (r->reg >= DBGWVR0_EL1 && r->reg <= DBGWVR15_EL1)
>> + val = &saved->dbg_wvr[r->reg - DBGWVR0_EL1];
>> + else {
>> + kvm_err("Bad register index %d\n", r->reg);
>> + return false;
>> + }
>> +
>> + if (p->is_write)
>> + *val = *vcpu_reg(vcpu, p->Rt);
>> + else
>> + *vcpu_reg(vcpu, p->Rt) = *val;
>> +
>> } else {
>> - *vcpu_reg(vcpu, p->Rt) = vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, r->reg);
>> + if (p->is_write) {
>> + vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, r->reg) = *vcpu_reg(vcpu, p->Rt);
>> + vcpu->arch.debug_flags |= KVM_ARM64_DEBUG_DIRTY;
>> + } else {
>> + *vcpu_reg(vcpu, p->Rt) = vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, r->reg);
>> + }
>> }
>>
>> return true;
>> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h b/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
>> index ce2db14..0e48c0d 100644
>> --- a/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
>> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
>> @@ -771,6 +771,8 @@ struct kvm_ppc_smmu_info {
>> #define KVM_CAP_PPC_ENABLE_HCALL 104
>> #define KVM_CAP_CHECK_EXTENSION_VM 105
>> #define KVM_CAP_S390_USER_SIGP 106
>> +#define KVM_CAP_GUEST_DEBUG_HW_BPS 107
>> +#define KVM_CAP_GUEST_DEBUG_HW_WPS 108
>>
>> #ifdef KVM_CAP_IRQ_ROUTING
>>
>> --
>> 2.3.4
>>

--
Alex Bennée


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