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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 1/3] iio: configfs: Add configfs support to IIO
On 10/04/15 12:08, Daniel Baluta wrote:
> On Thu, Apr 9, 2015 at 8:15 PM, Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org> wrote:
>> On 06/04/15 15:18, Daniel Baluta wrote:
>>> This module is the core of IIO configfs. It creates the "iio" subsystem under
>>> configfs mount point root, with one default group for "triggers".
>>>
>>> It offers basic interface for registering software trigger types. Next patches
>>> will add "hrtimer" and "sysfs" trigger types. To add a new trigger type we must
>>> create a new kernel module which implements iio_configfs_trigger.h interface.
>>>
>>> See Documentation/iio/iio_configfs.txt for more details on how configfs
>>> support for IIO works.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Daniel Baluta <daniel.baluta@intel.com>
>> Looks good and is actually a fair bit simpler than I expected which is nice!
>> As an ideal aim, I'd like there to be no need for the core to have any
>> idea what triggers exist and can be registered (beyond preventing naming
>> clashes etc). Actually, not much would be needed to implement that I think, just
>> using a list and looking up in it (we aren't on a particularly fast path so
>> don't need anything clever) instead of a simple array. A touch of locking
>> probably to avoid two many simultaneous users of that list...
>
> Good point. Will do.
>
> I will create a list holding the list with the registered trigger types using
> the trigger type name as the searching key (e.g. : "hrtimer", "sysfs").
>
>>
>> Hmm. having read through the patches, are we fundamentally limited to having to
>> specify the entire directory structure before bringing up configfs?
>
> AFAIK, directories can be created in two ways:
>
> * as default groups registered at iio trigger configfs init time.
> * when userspace applications call mkdir.
>
> So, unless we agree that userspace applications should be aware of IIO
> trigger types and manually call mkdir /config/iio/triggers/hrtimer (for example)
> we are limited to specifying the entire directory structure in the IIO
> configs module.
That's my understanding as well and the reason the usb gadget stuff
uses <type>-instancename instead of type/instancename

At the moment I think we will need to go the same way.
Of course from the point of view of what userspace needs to know
it's actually the same as

mkdir hrtimer
cd hrtime
mkdir instancename
though so perhaps we should just do that.

>
>>
>>> ---
>>>
>>> Changes since v2:
>>> * Fix build errors by compiling industrialio-configfs.ko
>>> as a separate module, as reported by Paul.
>>>
>>> Changes since v1:
>>> * addressed feedback from v1:
>>> * https://lkml.org/lkml/2015/3/25/647
>>> * create a directory per trigger type
>>> * removed activate and type attributes
>>>
>>> drivers/iio/Kconfig | 8 ++
>>> drivers/iio/Makefile | 1 +
>>> drivers/iio/industrialio-configfs.c | 127 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>> include/linux/iio/iio_configfs_trigger.h | 40 ++++++++++
>>> 4 files changed, 176 insertions(+)
>>> create mode 100644 drivers/iio/industrialio-configfs.c
>>> create mode 100644 include/linux/iio/iio_configfs_trigger.h
>>>
>>> diff --git a/drivers/iio/Kconfig b/drivers/iio/Kconfig
>>> index 4011eff..41d5863 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/iio/Kconfig
>>> +++ b/drivers/iio/Kconfig
>>> @@ -18,6 +18,14 @@ config IIO_BUFFER
>>> Provide core support for various buffer based data
>>> acquisition methods.
>>>
>>> +config IIO_CONFIGFS
>>> + tristate "Enable IIO configuration via configfs"
>>> + select CONFIGFS_FS
>>> + help
>>> + This allows configuring various IIO bits through configfs
>>> + (e.g. software triggers). For more info see
>>> + Documentation/iio/iio_configfs.txt.
>>> +
>>> if IIO_BUFFER
>>>
>>> config IIO_BUFFER_CB
>>> diff --git a/drivers/iio/Makefile b/drivers/iio/Makefile
>>> index 698afc2..72e85c42 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/iio/Makefile
>>> +++ b/drivers/iio/Makefile
>>> @@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ industrialio-$(CONFIG_IIO_BUFFER) += industrialio-buffer.o
>>> industrialio-$(CONFIG_IIO_TRIGGER) += industrialio-trigger.o
>>> industrialio-$(CONFIG_IIO_BUFFER_CB) += buffer_cb.o
>>>
>>> +obj-$(CONFIG_IIO_CONFIGFS) += industrialio-configfs.o
>>> obj-$(CONFIG_IIO_TRIGGERED_BUFFER) += industrialio-triggered-buffer.o
>>> obj-$(CONFIG_IIO_KFIFO_BUF) += kfifo_buf.o
>>>
>>> diff --git a/drivers/iio/industrialio-configfs.c b/drivers/iio/industrialio-configfs.c
>>> new file mode 100644
>>> index 0000000..d8ffd76
>>> --- /dev/null
>>> +++ b/drivers/iio/industrialio-configfs.c
>>> @@ -0,0 +1,127 @@
>>> +/*
>>> + * Industrial I/O configfs bits
>>> + *
>>> + * Copyright (c) 2015 Intel Corporation
>>> + *
>>> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
>>> + * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published by
>>> + * the Free Software Foundation.
>>> + */
>>> +
>>> +#include <linux/configfs.h>
>>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>>> +#include <linux/init.h>
>>> +#include <linux/kmod.h>
>>> +#include <linux/slab.h>
>>> +
>>> +#include <linux/iio/iio.h>
>>> +#include <linux/iio/iio_configfs_trigger.h>
>>> +
>>> +static struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *trigger_types[IIO_TRIGGER_TYPE_MAX];
>>> +static DEFINE_RWLOCK(trigger_types_lock);
>>> +
>>> +int register_configfs_trigger(struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *t)
>>> +{
>>> + int index = t->type;
>>> + int ret = 0;
>>> +
>>> + if (index < 0 || index >= IIO_TRIGGER_TYPE_MAX)
>>> + return -EINVAL;
>>> +
>>> + write_lock(&trigger_types_lock);
>>> + if (trigger_types[index])
>>> + ret = -EBUSY;
>>> + else
>>> + trigger_types[index] = t;
>>> + write_unlock(&trigger_types_lock);
>>> +
>>> + return ret;
>>> +}
>>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(register_configfs_trigger);
>>> +
>>> +int unregister_configfs_trigger(struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *t)
>>> +{
>>> + int index = t->type;
>>> +
>>> + if (index < 0 || index >= IIO_TRIGGER_TYPE_MAX)
>>> + return -EINVAL;
>>> +
>>> + write_lock(&trigger_types_lock);
>>> + trigger_types[index] = NULL;
>>> + write_unlock(&trigger_types_lock);
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_configfs_trigger);
>>> +
>>> +static
>>> +struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *iio_get_configfs_trigger_type(int type)
>>> +{
>>> + struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *t;
>>> +
>>> + if (type < 0 || type >= IIO_TRIGGER_TYPE_MAX)
>>> + return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
>>> +
>>> + read_lock(&trigger_types_lock);
>>> + t = trigger_types[type];
>>> + if (t && !try_module_get(t->owner))
>>> + t = NULL;
>>> + read_unlock(&trigger_types_lock);
>>> +
>>> + return t;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static struct config_group *iio_triggers_default_groups[] = {
>>> + NULL
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +static struct config_item_type iio_triggers_group_type = {
>>> + .ct_owner = THIS_MODULE,
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +static struct config_group iio_triggers_group = {
>>> + .cg_item = {
>>> + .ci_namebuf = "triggers",
>>> + .ci_type = &iio_triggers_group_type,
>>> + },
>>> + .default_groups = iio_triggers_default_groups,
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +static struct config_group *iio_root_default_groups[] = {
>>> + &iio_triggers_group,
>>> + NULL
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +static struct config_item_type iio_root_group_type = {
>>> + .ct_owner = THIS_MODULE,
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +static struct configfs_subsystem iio_configfs_subsys = {
>>> + .su_group = {
>>> + .cg_item = {
>>> + .ci_namebuf = "iio",
>>> + .ci_type = &iio_root_group_type,
>>> + },
>>> + .default_groups = iio_root_default_groups,
>>> + },
>>> + .su_mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(iio_configfs_subsys.su_mutex),
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +static int __init iio_configfs_init(void)
>>> +{
>>> + config_group_init(&iio_triggers_group);
>>> + config_group_init(&iio_configfs_subsys.su_group);
>>> +
>>> + return configfs_register_subsystem(&iio_configfs_subsys);
>>> +}
>>> +module_init(iio_configfs_init);
>>> +
>>> +static void __exit iio_configfs_exit(void)
>>> +{
>>> + configfs_unregister_subsystem(&iio_configfs_subsys);
>>> +}
>>> +module_exit(iio_configfs_exit);
>>> +
>>> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Daniel Baluta <daniel.baluta@intel.com>");
>>> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Industrial I/O configfs support");
>>> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
>>> diff --git a/include/linux/iio/iio_configfs_trigger.h b/include/linux/iio/iio_configfs_trigger.h
>>> new file mode 100644
>>> index 0000000..75e76f2
>>> --- /dev/null
>>> +++ b/include/linux/iio/iio_configfs_trigger.h
>>> @@ -0,0 +1,40 @@
>>> +#ifndef __IIO_CONFIGFS_TRIGGER
>>> +#define __IIO_CONFIGFS_TRIGGER
>>> +
>>> +#include <linux/device.h>
>>> +#include <linux/iio/iio.h>
>>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>>> +
>>> +#define module_iio_configfs_trigger_driver(__iio_configfs_trigger) \
>>> + module_driver(__iio_configfs_trigger, register_configfs_trigger, \
>>> + unregister_configfs_trigger)
>>> +
>>> +enum {
>> Is this enum actually needed as such? If we can avoid explicit need
>> to list triggers in one place it would be nice.
>>
>> As I understand it, the point of this is to allow allocating of various
>> arrays for easy lookup etc. How about we switch over to a list and
>> lookup based on magic provided by the trigger? (string or address most likely).
>
> Not really needed, I was trying to avoid a list traversal. You have good point
> here, I will use a list with the trigger type name (string) as a search key.
>
>>> + IIO_TRIGGER_TYPE_MAX,
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +struct iio_configfs_trigger_ops;
>>> +
>>> +struct iio_configfs_trigger_type {
>>> + int type;
>>> + struct module *owner;
>>> + struct iio_configfs_trigger_ops *trigger_ops;
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +struct iio_configfs_trigger_info {
>>> + char *name;
>>> + struct iio_trigger *trigger;
>>> + struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *trigger_type;
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +struct iio_configfs_trigger_ops {
>> I wonder if we can make these more flexible from the start because
>> avoiding churn in callbacks is always nice as us ensuring we have
>> a manageable number in the long run! Also we might want to play
>> the 'fixed point' games we play elsewhere in IIO to allow us to have
>> a very wide range of precisions.
>
> Will try, this configfs_trigger_paramtype looks promising.
>
>> enum iio_configfs_trigger_paramtype = {
>> delay,
>> };
>>
>> As a final thought, we have standardised on sampling_frequency elsewhere in
>> IIO (largely based on that was what the first few device used) so perhaps
>> we can use that here as well instead of delay?
>
> I am not sure I understand what is the "fixed point" game but I tried to
> avoid conversions from sampling_frequency integer.fractional part
> to timer period by using delay.
The fixed point game was precisely because lots of the parameters we
are dealing with look like floating point to userspace (though they
almost never actually are) and we can't do that in the kernel.

Hence we needed a representation for writing floating point (ish)
values to sysfs attributes or reading from them without actually
having floating point numbers,

In numerous individual drivers that hit this in the past they rolled
their own fixed point implementation. All we did was decide on some
base options that fit nicely in to a pair of integers and expanded that
set whenever something crazy came along that went off one end or the other.
>
> As already said sampling frequency comes natural for devices and delay
> for timers.
Agreed, it's natural from a hardware point of view in this case but it does
result in a mixture in the ABI which I don't like. If we can
reasonably easily go back to a frequency based control I'd prefer to do
so.

We insist on sampling frequency on all the other triggers based on
timers (the device specific ones), though some of these are period
based as well. Hence we really need to match this here.
>
>>
>> int (*get_parameter)(struct iio_configfs_trigger_info *, enum iio_configfs_triger_paramtype param, unsigned long *);
>>
>>> + int (*get_delay)(struct iio_configfs_trigger_info *, unsigned long *);
>>> + int (*set_delay)(struct iio_configfs_trigger_info *, unsigned long);
>>> + int (*probe)(struct iio_configfs_trigger_info *);
>>> + int (*remove)(struct iio_configfs_trigger_info *);
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +int register_configfs_trigger(struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *);
>>> +int unregister_configfs_trigger(struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *);
>>> +
>>> +#endif /* __IIO_CONFIGFS_TRIGGER */
>>>
>>
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