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Subject[PATCH kernel v8 28/31] powerpc/mmu: Add userspace-to-physical addresses translation cache
Date
We are adding support for DMA memory pre-registration to be used in
conjunction with VFIO. The idea is that the userspace which is going to
run a guest may want to pre-register a user space memory region so
it all gets pinned once and never goes away. Having this done,
a hypervisor will not have to pin/unpin pages on every DMA map/unmap
request. This is going to help with multiple pinning of the same memory
and in-kernel acceleration of DMA requests.

This adds a list of memory regions to mm_context_t. Each region consists
of a header and a list of physical addresses. This adds API to:
1. register/unregister memory regions;
2. do final cleanup (which puts all pre-registered pages);
3. do userspace to physical address translation;
4. manage a mapped pages counter; when it is zero, it is safe to
unregister the region.

Multiple registration of the same region is allowed, kref is used to
track the number of registrations.

Signed-off-by: Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik@ozlabs.ru>
---
Changes:
v8:
* s/mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t/struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t/
* fixed error fallback look (s/[i]/[j]/)
---
arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu-hash64.h | 3 +
arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu_context.h | 17 +++
arch/powerpc/mm/Makefile | 1 +
arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_hash64.c | 6 +
arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_hash64_iommu.c | 215 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
5 files changed, 242 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_hash64_iommu.c

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu-hash64.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu-hash64.h
index 4f13c3e..83214c4 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu-hash64.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu-hash64.h
@@ -535,6 +535,9 @@ typedef struct {
/* for 4K PTE fragment support */
void *pte_frag;
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU
+ struct list_head iommu_group_mem_list;
+#endif
} mm_context_t;


diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu_context.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu_context.h
index 73382eb..d6116ca 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu_context.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu_context.h
@@ -16,6 +16,23 @@
*/
extern int init_new_context(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm);
extern void destroy_context(struct mm_struct *mm);
+#ifdef CONFIG_SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU
+struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t;
+
+extern bool mm_iommu_preregistered(void);
+extern long mm_iommu_alloc(unsigned long ua, unsigned long entries,
+ struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t **pmem);
+extern struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mm_iommu_get(unsigned long ua,
+ unsigned long entries);
+extern long mm_iommu_put(struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem);
+extern void mm_iommu_cleanup(mm_context_t *ctx);
+extern struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mm_iommu_lookup(unsigned long ua,
+ unsigned long size);
+extern long mm_iommu_ua_to_hpa(struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem,
+ unsigned long ua, unsigned long *hpa);
+extern long mm_iommu_mapped_update(struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem,
+ bool inc);
+#endif

extern void switch_mmu_context(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next);
extern void switch_slb(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm);
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/Makefile b/arch/powerpc/mm/Makefile
index 438dcd3..49fbfc7 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/Makefile
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/Makefile
@@ -35,3 +35,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_PPC_SUBPAGE_PROT) += subpage-prot.o
obj-$(CONFIG_NOT_COHERENT_CACHE) += dma-noncoherent.o
obj-$(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) += highmem.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PPC_COPRO_BASE) += copro_fault.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU) += mmu_context_hash64_iommu.o
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_hash64.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_hash64.c
index 178876ae..eb3080c 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_hash64.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_hash64.c
@@ -89,6 +89,9 @@ int init_new_context(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm)
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_64K_PAGES
mm->context.pte_frag = NULL;
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU(&mm->context.iommu_group_mem_list);
+#endif
return 0;
}

@@ -132,6 +135,9 @@ static inline void destroy_pagetable_page(struct mm_struct *mm)

void destroy_context(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
+#ifdef CONFIG_SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU
+ mm_iommu_cleanup(&mm->context);
+#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_ICSWX
drop_cop(mm->context.acop, mm);
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_hash64_iommu.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_hash64_iommu.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..af7668c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_hash64_iommu.c
@@ -0,0 +1,215 @@
+/*
+ * IOMMU helpers in MMU context.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 IBM Corp. <aik@ozlabs.ru>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/rculist.h>
+#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
+#include <linux/kref.h>
+#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
+
+struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t {
+ struct list_head next;
+ struct rcu_head rcu;
+ struct kref kref; /* one reference per VFIO container */
+ atomic_t mapped; /* number of currently mapped pages */
+ u64 ua; /* userspace address */
+ u64 entries; /* number of entries in hpas[] */
+ u64 *hpas; /* vmalloc'ed */
+};
+
+bool mm_iommu_preregistered(void)
+{
+ if (!current || !current->mm)
+ return false;
+
+ return !list_empty(&current->mm->context.iommu_group_mem_list);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mm_iommu_preregistered);
+
+long mm_iommu_alloc(unsigned long ua, unsigned long entries,
+ struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t **pmem)
+{
+ struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem;
+ long i, j;
+ struct page *page = NULL;
+
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(mem, &current->mm->context.iommu_group_mem_list,
+ next) {
+ if ((mem->ua == ua) && (mem->entries == entries))
+ return -EBUSY;
+
+ /* Overlap? */
+ if ((mem->ua < (ua + (entries << PAGE_SHIFT))) &&
+ (ua < (mem->ua + (mem->entries << PAGE_SHIFT))))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ mem = kzalloc(sizeof(*mem), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!mem)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ mem->hpas = vzalloc(entries * sizeof(mem->hpas[0]));
+ if (!mem->hpas) {
+ kfree(mem);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < entries; ++i) {
+ if (1 != get_user_pages_fast(ua + (i << PAGE_SHIFT),
+ 1/* pages */, 1/* iswrite */, &page)) {
+ for (j = 0; j < i; ++j)
+ put_page(pfn_to_page(
+ mem->hpas[j] >> PAGE_SHIFT));
+ vfree(mem->hpas);
+ kfree(mem);
+ return -EFAULT;
+ }
+
+ mem->hpas[i] = page_to_pfn(page) << PAGE_SHIFT;
+ }
+
+ kref_init(&mem->kref);
+ atomic_set(&mem->mapped, 0);
+ mem->ua = ua;
+ mem->entries = entries;
+ *pmem = mem;
+
+ list_add_rcu(&mem->next, &current->mm->context.iommu_group_mem_list);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mm_iommu_alloc);
+
+static void mm_iommu_unpin(struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem)
+{
+ long i;
+ struct page *page = NULL;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < mem->entries; ++i) {
+ if (!mem->hpas[i])
+ continue;
+
+ page = pfn_to_page(mem->hpas[i] >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+ if (!page)
+ continue;
+
+ put_page(page);
+ mem->hpas[i] = 0;
+ }
+}
+
+static void mm_iommu_free(struct rcu_head *head)
+{
+ struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem = container_of(head,
+ struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t, rcu);
+
+ mm_iommu_unpin(mem);
+ vfree(mem->hpas);
+ kfree(mem);
+}
+
+static void mm_iommu_release(struct kref *kref)
+{
+ struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem = container_of(kref,
+ struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t, kref);
+
+ list_del_rcu(&mem->next);
+ call_rcu(&mem->rcu, mm_iommu_free);
+}
+
+struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mm_iommu_get(unsigned long ua,
+ unsigned long entries)
+{
+ struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem;
+
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(mem, &current->mm->context.iommu_group_mem_list,
+ next) {
+ if ((mem->ua == ua) && (mem->entries == entries)) {
+ kref_get(&mem->kref);
+ return mem;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mm_iommu_get);
+
+long mm_iommu_put(struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem)
+{
+ if (atomic_read(&mem->mapped))
+ return -EBUSY;
+
+ kref_put(&mem->kref, mm_iommu_release);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mm_iommu_put);
+
+struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mm_iommu_lookup(unsigned long ua,
+ unsigned long size)
+{
+ struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem, *ret = NULL;
+
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(mem,
+ &current->mm->context.iommu_group_mem_list,
+ next) {
+ if ((mem->ua <= ua) &&
+ (ua + size <= mem->ua +
+ (mem->entries << PAGE_SHIFT))) {
+ ret = mem;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mm_iommu_lookup);
+
+long mm_iommu_ua_to_hpa(struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem,
+ unsigned long ua, unsigned long *hpa)
+{
+ const long entry = (ua - mem->ua) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ u64 *va = &mem->hpas[entry];
+
+ if (entry >= mem->entries)
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ *hpa = *va | (ua & ~PAGE_MASK);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mm_iommu_ua_to_hpa);
+
+long mm_iommu_mapped_update(struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem, bool inc)
+{
+ long ret = 0;
+
+ if (inc)
+ atomic_inc(&mem->mapped);
+ else
+ ret = atomic_dec_if_positive(&mem->mapped);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mm_iommu_mapped_update);
+
+void mm_iommu_cleanup(mm_context_t *ctx)
+{
+ while (!list_empty(&ctx->iommu_group_mem_list)) {
+ struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem;
+
+ mem = list_first_entry(&ctx->iommu_group_mem_list,
+ struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t, next);
+ mm_iommu_release(&mem->kref);
+ }
+}
--
2.0.0


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