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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 1/3] iio: configfs: Add configfs support to IIO
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On Thu, Apr 9, 2015 at 8:15 PM, Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org> wrote:
> On 06/04/15 15:18, Daniel Baluta wrote:
>> This module is the core of IIO configfs. It creates the "iio" subsystem under
>> configfs mount point root, with one default group for "triggers".
>>
>> It offers basic interface for registering software trigger types. Next patches
>> will add "hrtimer" and "sysfs" trigger types. To add a new trigger type we must
>> create a new kernel module which implements iio_configfs_trigger.h interface.
>>
>> See Documentation/iio/iio_configfs.txt for more details on how configfs
>> support for IIO works.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Daniel Baluta <daniel.baluta@intel.com>
> Looks good and is actually a fair bit simpler than I expected which is nice!
> As an ideal aim, I'd like there to be no need for the core to have any
> idea what triggers exist and can be registered (beyond preventing naming
> clashes etc). Actually, not much would be needed to implement that I think, just
> using a list and looking up in it (we aren't on a particularly fast path so
> don't need anything clever) instead of a simple array. A touch of locking
> probably to avoid two many simultaneous users of that list...

Good point. Will do.

I will create a list holding the list with the registered trigger types using
the trigger type name as the searching key (e.g. : "hrtimer", "sysfs").

>
> Hmm. having read through the patches, are we fundamentally limited to having to
> specify the entire directory structure before bringing up configfs?

AFAIK, directories can be created in two ways:

* as default groups registered at iio trigger configfs init time.
* when userspace applications call mkdir.

So, unless we agree that userspace applications should be aware of IIO
trigger types and manually call mkdir /config/iio/triggers/hrtimer (for example)
we are limited to specifying the entire directory structure in the IIO
configs module.

>
>> ---
>>
>> Changes since v2:
>> * Fix build errors by compiling industrialio-configfs.ko
>> as a separate module, as reported by Paul.
>>
>> Changes since v1:
>> * addressed feedback from v1:
>> * https://lkml.org/lkml/2015/3/25/647
>> * create a directory per trigger type
>> * removed activate and type attributes
>>
>> drivers/iio/Kconfig | 8 ++
>> drivers/iio/Makefile | 1 +
>> drivers/iio/industrialio-configfs.c | 127 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> include/linux/iio/iio_configfs_trigger.h | 40 ++++++++++
>> 4 files changed, 176 insertions(+)
>> create mode 100644 drivers/iio/industrialio-configfs.c
>> create mode 100644 include/linux/iio/iio_configfs_trigger.h
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/iio/Kconfig b/drivers/iio/Kconfig
>> index 4011eff..41d5863 100644
>> --- a/drivers/iio/Kconfig
>> +++ b/drivers/iio/Kconfig
>> @@ -18,6 +18,14 @@ config IIO_BUFFER
>> Provide core support for various buffer based data
>> acquisition methods.
>>
>> +config IIO_CONFIGFS
>> + tristate "Enable IIO configuration via configfs"
>> + select CONFIGFS_FS
>> + help
>> + This allows configuring various IIO bits through configfs
>> + (e.g. software triggers). For more info see
>> + Documentation/iio/iio_configfs.txt.
>> +
>> if IIO_BUFFER
>>
>> config IIO_BUFFER_CB
>> diff --git a/drivers/iio/Makefile b/drivers/iio/Makefile
>> index 698afc2..72e85c42 100644
>> --- a/drivers/iio/Makefile
>> +++ b/drivers/iio/Makefile
>> @@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ industrialio-$(CONFIG_IIO_BUFFER) += industrialio-buffer.o
>> industrialio-$(CONFIG_IIO_TRIGGER) += industrialio-trigger.o
>> industrialio-$(CONFIG_IIO_BUFFER_CB) += buffer_cb.o
>>
>> +obj-$(CONFIG_IIO_CONFIGFS) += industrialio-configfs.o
>> obj-$(CONFIG_IIO_TRIGGERED_BUFFER) += industrialio-triggered-buffer.o
>> obj-$(CONFIG_IIO_KFIFO_BUF) += kfifo_buf.o
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/iio/industrialio-configfs.c b/drivers/iio/industrialio-configfs.c
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 0000000..d8ffd76
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/drivers/iio/industrialio-configfs.c
>> @@ -0,0 +1,127 @@
>> +/*
>> + * Industrial I/O configfs bits
>> + *
>> + * Copyright (c) 2015 Intel Corporation
>> + *
>> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
>> + * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published by
>> + * the Free Software Foundation.
>> + */
>> +
>> +#include <linux/configfs.h>
>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>> +#include <linux/init.h>
>> +#include <linux/kmod.h>
>> +#include <linux/slab.h>
>> +
>> +#include <linux/iio/iio.h>
>> +#include <linux/iio/iio_configfs_trigger.h>
>> +
>> +static struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *trigger_types[IIO_TRIGGER_TYPE_MAX];
>> +static DEFINE_RWLOCK(trigger_types_lock);
>> +
>> +int register_configfs_trigger(struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *t)
>> +{
>> + int index = t->type;
>> + int ret = 0;
>> +
>> + if (index < 0 || index >= IIO_TRIGGER_TYPE_MAX)
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + write_lock(&trigger_types_lock);
>> + if (trigger_types[index])
>> + ret = -EBUSY;
>> + else
>> + trigger_types[index] = t;
>> + write_unlock(&trigger_types_lock);
>> +
>> + return ret;
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(register_configfs_trigger);
>> +
>> +int unregister_configfs_trigger(struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *t)
>> +{
>> + int index = t->type;
>> +
>> + if (index < 0 || index >= IIO_TRIGGER_TYPE_MAX)
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + write_lock(&trigger_types_lock);
>> + trigger_types[index] = NULL;
>> + write_unlock(&trigger_types_lock);
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_configfs_trigger);
>> +
>> +static
>> +struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *iio_get_configfs_trigger_type(int type)
>> +{
>> + struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *t;
>> +
>> + if (type < 0 || type >= IIO_TRIGGER_TYPE_MAX)
>> + return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
>> +
>> + read_lock(&trigger_types_lock);
>> + t = trigger_types[type];
>> + if (t && !try_module_get(t->owner))
>> + t = NULL;
>> + read_unlock(&trigger_types_lock);
>> +
>> + return t;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static struct config_group *iio_triggers_default_groups[] = {
>> + NULL
>> +};
>> +
>> +static struct config_item_type iio_triggers_group_type = {
>> + .ct_owner = THIS_MODULE,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static struct config_group iio_triggers_group = {
>> + .cg_item = {
>> + .ci_namebuf = "triggers",
>> + .ci_type = &iio_triggers_group_type,
>> + },
>> + .default_groups = iio_triggers_default_groups,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static struct config_group *iio_root_default_groups[] = {
>> + &iio_triggers_group,
>> + NULL
>> +};
>> +
>> +static struct config_item_type iio_root_group_type = {
>> + .ct_owner = THIS_MODULE,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static struct configfs_subsystem iio_configfs_subsys = {
>> + .su_group = {
>> + .cg_item = {
>> + .ci_namebuf = "iio",
>> + .ci_type = &iio_root_group_type,
>> + },
>> + .default_groups = iio_root_default_groups,
>> + },
>> + .su_mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(iio_configfs_subsys.su_mutex),
>> +};
>> +
>> +static int __init iio_configfs_init(void)
>> +{
>> + config_group_init(&iio_triggers_group);
>> + config_group_init(&iio_configfs_subsys.su_group);
>> +
>> + return configfs_register_subsystem(&iio_configfs_subsys);
>> +}
>> +module_init(iio_configfs_init);
>> +
>> +static void __exit iio_configfs_exit(void)
>> +{
>> + configfs_unregister_subsystem(&iio_configfs_subsys);
>> +}
>> +module_exit(iio_configfs_exit);
>> +
>> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Daniel Baluta <daniel.baluta@intel.com>");
>> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Industrial I/O configfs support");
>> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
>> diff --git a/include/linux/iio/iio_configfs_trigger.h b/include/linux/iio/iio_configfs_trigger.h
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 0000000..75e76f2
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/include/linux/iio/iio_configfs_trigger.h
>> @@ -0,0 +1,40 @@
>> +#ifndef __IIO_CONFIGFS_TRIGGER
>> +#define __IIO_CONFIGFS_TRIGGER
>> +
>> +#include <linux/device.h>
>> +#include <linux/iio/iio.h>
>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>> +
>> +#define module_iio_configfs_trigger_driver(__iio_configfs_trigger) \
>> + module_driver(__iio_configfs_trigger, register_configfs_trigger, \
>> + unregister_configfs_trigger)
>> +
>> +enum {
> Is this enum actually needed as such? If we can avoid explicit need
> to list triggers in one place it would be nice.
>
> As I understand it, the point of this is to allow allocating of various
> arrays for easy lookup etc. How about we switch over to a list and
> lookup based on magic provided by the trigger? (string or address most likely).

Not really needed, I was trying to avoid a list traversal. You have good point
here, I will use a list with the trigger type name (string) as a search key.

>> + IIO_TRIGGER_TYPE_MAX,
>> +};
>> +
>> +struct iio_configfs_trigger_ops;
>> +
>> +struct iio_configfs_trigger_type {
>> + int type;
>> + struct module *owner;
>> + struct iio_configfs_trigger_ops *trigger_ops;
>> +};
>> +
>> +struct iio_configfs_trigger_info {
>> + char *name;
>> + struct iio_trigger *trigger;
>> + struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *trigger_type;
>> +};
>> +
>> +struct iio_configfs_trigger_ops {
> I wonder if we can make these more flexible from the start because
> avoiding churn in callbacks is always nice as us ensuring we have
> a manageable number in the long run! Also we might want to play
> the 'fixed point' games we play elsewhere in IIO to allow us to have
> a very wide range of precisions.

Will try, this configfs_trigger_paramtype looks promising.

> enum iio_configfs_trigger_paramtype = {
> delay,
> };
>
> As a final thought, we have standardised on sampling_frequency elsewhere in
> IIO (largely based on that was what the first few device used) so perhaps
> we can use that here as well instead of delay?

I am not sure I understand what is the "fixed point" game but I tried to
avoid conversions from sampling_frequency integer.fractional part
to timer period by using delay.

As already said sampling frequency comes natural for devices and delay
for timers.

>
> int (*get_parameter)(struct iio_configfs_trigger_info *, enum iio_configfs_triger_paramtype param, unsigned long *);
>
>> + int (*get_delay)(struct iio_configfs_trigger_info *, unsigned long *);
>> + int (*set_delay)(struct iio_configfs_trigger_info *, unsigned long);
>> + int (*probe)(struct iio_configfs_trigger_info *);
>> + int (*remove)(struct iio_configfs_trigger_info *);
>> +};
>> +
>> +int register_configfs_trigger(struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *);
>> +int unregister_configfs_trigger(struct iio_configfs_trigger_type *);
>> +
>> +#endif /* __IIO_CONFIGFS_TRIGGER */
>>
>
> --
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