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SubjectRe: [PATCH kernel v7 28/31] powerpc/mmu: Add userspace-to-physical addresses translation cache
On 04/02/2015 08:48 AM, Alex Williamson wrote:
> On Sat, 2015-03-28 at 01:55 +1100, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
>> We are adding support for DMA memory pre-registration to be used in
>> conjunction with VFIO. The idea is that the userspace which is going to
>> run a guest may want to pre-register a user space memory region so
>> it all gets pinned once and never goes away. Having this done,
>> a hypervisor will not have to pin/unpin pages on every DMA map/unmap
>> request. This is going to help with multiple pinning of the same memory
>> and in-kernel acceleration of DMA requests.
>>
>> This adds a list of memory regions to mm_context_t. Each region consists
>> of a header and a list of physical addresses. This adds API to:
>> 1. register/unregister memory regions;
>> 2. do final cleanup (which puts all pre-registered pages);
>> 3. do userspace to physical address translation;
>> 4. manage a mapped pages counter; when it is zero, it is safe to
>> unregister the region.
>>
>> Multiple registration of the same region is allowed, kref is used to
>> track the number of registrations.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik@ozlabs.ru>
>> ---
>> arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu-hash64.h | 3 +
>> arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu_context.h | 16 +++
>> arch/powerpc/mm/Makefile | 1 +
>> arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_hash64.c | 6 +
>> arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_hash64_iommu.c | 215 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> 5 files changed, 241 insertions(+)
>> create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_hash64_iommu.c
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu-hash64.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu-hash64.h
>> index 4f13c3e..83214c4 100644
>> --- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu-hash64.h
>> +++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu-hash64.h
>> @@ -535,6 +535,9 @@ typedef struct {
>> /* for 4K PTE fragment support */
>> void *pte_frag;
>> #endif
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU
>> + struct list_head iommu_group_mem_list;
>> +#endif
>> } mm_context_t;
>>
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu_context.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu_context.h
>> index 73382eb..3461c91 100644
>> --- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu_context.h
>> +++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu_context.h
>> @@ -16,6 +16,22 @@
>> */
>> extern int init_new_context(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm);
>> extern void destroy_context(struct mm_struct *mm);
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU
>> +typedef struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t;
>> +
>> +extern bool mm_iommu_preregistered(void);
>> +extern long mm_iommu_alloc(unsigned long ua, unsigned long entries,
>> + mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t **pmem);
>> +extern mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mm_iommu_get(unsigned long ua,
>> + unsigned long entries);
>> +extern long mm_iommu_put(mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem);
>> +extern void mm_iommu_cleanup(mm_context_t *ctx);
>> +extern mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mm_iommu_lookup(unsigned long ua,
>> + unsigned long size);
>> +extern long mm_iommu_ua_to_hpa(mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem,
>> + unsigned long ua, unsigned long *hpa);
>> +extern long mm_iommu_mapped_update(mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem, bool inc);
>> +#endif
>>
>> extern void switch_mmu_context(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next);
>> extern void switch_slb(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm);
>> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/Makefile b/arch/powerpc/mm/Makefile
>> index 438dcd3..49fbfc7 100644
>> --- a/arch/powerpc/mm/Makefile
>> +++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/Makefile
>> @@ -35,3 +35,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_PPC_SUBPAGE_PROT) += subpage-prot.o
>> obj-$(CONFIG_NOT_COHERENT_CACHE) += dma-noncoherent.o
>> obj-$(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) += highmem.o
>> obj-$(CONFIG_PPC_COPRO_BASE) += copro_fault.o
>> +obj-$(CONFIG_SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU) += mmu_context_hash64_iommu.o
>> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_hash64.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_hash64.c
>> index 178876ae..eb3080c 100644
>> --- a/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_hash64.c
>> +++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_hash64.c
>> @@ -89,6 +89,9 @@ int init_new_context(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm)
>> #ifdef CONFIG_PPC_64K_PAGES
>> mm->context.pte_frag = NULL;
>> #endif
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU
>> + INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU(&mm->context.iommu_group_mem_list);
>> +#endif
>> return 0;
>> }
>>
>> @@ -132,6 +135,9 @@ static inline void destroy_pagetable_page(struct mm_struct *mm)
>>
>> void destroy_context(struct mm_struct *mm)
>> {
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU
>> + mm_iommu_cleanup(&mm->context);
>> +#endif
>>
>> #ifdef CONFIG_PPC_ICSWX
>> drop_cop(mm->context.acop, mm);
>> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_hash64_iommu.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_hash64_iommu.c
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 0000000..c268c4d
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context_hash64_iommu.c
>> @@ -0,0 +1,215 @@
>> +/*
>> + * IOMMU helpers in MMU context.
>> + *
>> + * Copyright (C) 2015 IBM Corp. <aik@ozlabs.ru>
>> + *
>> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
>> + * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
>> + * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
>> + * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
>> + *
>> + */
>> +
>> +#include <linux/sched.h>
>> +#include <linux/slab.h>
>> +#include <linux/rculist.h>
>> +#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
>> +#include <linux/kref.h>
>> +#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
>> +
>> +typedef struct mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t {
>> + struct list_head next;
>> + struct rcu_head rcu;
>> + struct kref kref; /* one reference per VFIO container */
>> + atomic_t mapped;/* number of currently mapped pages */
>> + u64 ua; /* userspace address */
>> + u64 entries; /* number of entries in hpas[] */
>> + u64 *hpas; /* vmalloc'ed */
>> +} mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t;
>> +
>> +bool mm_iommu_preregistered(void)
>> +{
>> + if (!current || !current->mm)
>> + return false;
>> +
>> + return !list_empty(&current->mm->context.iommu_group_mem_list);
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mm_iommu_preregistered);
>> +
>> +long mm_iommu_alloc(unsigned long ua, unsigned long entries,
>> + mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t **pmem)
>> +{
>> + mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem;
>> + long i, j;
>> + struct page *page = NULL;
>> +
>> + list_for_each_entry_rcu(mem, &current->mm->context.iommu_group_mem_list,
>> + next) {
>> + if ((mem->ua == ua) && (mem->entries == entries))
>> + return -EBUSY;
>> +
>> + /* Overlap? */
>> + if ((mem->ua < (ua + (entries << PAGE_SHIFT))) &&
>> + (ua < (mem->ua + (mem->entries << PAGE_SHIFT))))
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> + }
>> +
>> + mem = kzalloc(sizeof(*mem), GFP_KERNEL);
>> + if (!mem)
>> + return -ENOMEM;
>> +
>> + mem->hpas = vzalloc(entries * sizeof(mem->hpas[0]));
>> + if (!mem->hpas) {
>> + kfree(mem);
>> + return -ENOMEM;
>> + }
>> +
>> + for (i = 0; i < entries; ++i) {
>> + if (1 != get_user_pages_fast(ua + (i << PAGE_SHIFT),
>> + 1/* pages */, 1/* iswrite */, &page)) {
>> + for (j = 0; j < i; ++j)
>> + put_page(pfn_to_page(
>> + mem->hpas[i] >> PAGE_SHIFT));
>
>
> Pretty sure you want [j] here


Absolutely. Good catch, thanks for the review.


>
>
>> + vfree(mem->hpas);
>> + kfree(mem);
>> + return -EFAULT;
>> + }
>> +
>> + mem->hpas[i] = page_to_pfn(page) << PAGE_SHIFT;
>> + }
>> +
>> + kref_init(&mem->kref);
>> + atomic_set(&mem->mapped, 0);
>> + mem->ua = ua;
>> + mem->entries = entries;
>> + *pmem = mem;
>> +
>> + list_add_rcu(&mem->next, &current->mm->context.iommu_group_mem_list);
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mm_iommu_alloc);
>> +
>> +static void mm_iommu_unpin(mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem)
>> +{
>> + long i;
>> + struct page *page = NULL;
>> +
>> + for (i = 0; i < mem->entries; ++i) {
>> + if (!mem->hpas[i])
>> + continue;
>> +
>> + page = pfn_to_page(mem->hpas[i] >> PAGE_SHIFT);
>> + if (!page)
>> + continue;
>> +
>> + put_page(page);
>> + mem->hpas[i] = 0;
>> + }
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void mm_iommu_free(struct rcu_head *head)
>> +{
>> + mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem = container_of(head,
>> + mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t, rcu);
>> +
>> + mm_iommu_unpin(mem);
>> + vfree(mem->hpas);
>> + kfree(mem);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void mm_iommu_release(struct kref *kref)
>> +{
>> + mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem = container_of(kref,
>> + mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t, kref);
>> +
>> + list_del_rcu(&mem->next);
>> + call_rcu(&mem->rcu, mm_iommu_free);
>> +}
>> +
>> +mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mm_iommu_get(unsigned long ua,
>> + unsigned long entries)
>> +{
>> + mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem;
>> +
>> + list_for_each_entry_rcu(mem, &current->mm->context.iommu_group_mem_list,
>> + next) {
>> + if ((mem->ua == ua) && (mem->entries == entries)) {
>> + kref_get(&mem->kref);
>> + return mem;
>> + }
>> + }
>> +
>> + return NULL;
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mm_iommu_get);
>> +
>> +long mm_iommu_put(mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem)
>> +{
>> + if (atomic_read(&mem->mapped))
>> + return -EBUSY;
>> +
>> + kref_put(&mem->kref, mm_iommu_release);
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mm_iommu_put);
>> +
>> +mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mm_iommu_lookup(unsigned long ua,
>> + unsigned long size)
>> +{
>> + mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem, *ret = NULL;
>> +
>> + list_for_each_entry_rcu(mem,
>> + &current->mm->context.iommu_group_mem_list,
>> + next) {
>> + if ((mem->ua <= ua) &&
>> + (ua + size <= mem->ua +
>> + (mem->entries << PAGE_SHIFT))) {
>> + ret = mem;
>> + break;
>> + }
>> + }
>> +
>> + return ret;
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mm_iommu_lookup);
>> +
>> +long mm_iommu_ua_to_hpa(mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem,
>> + unsigned long ua, unsigned long *hpa)
>> +{
>> + const long entry = (ua - mem->ua) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
>> + u64 *va = &mem->hpas[entry];
>> +
>> + if (entry >= mem->entries)
>> + return -EFAULT;
>> +
>> + *hpa = *va | (ua & ~PAGE_MASK);
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mm_iommu_ua_to_hpa);
>> +
>> +long mm_iommu_mapped_update(mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem, bool inc)
>> +{
>> + long ret = 0;
>> +
>> + if (inc)
>> + atomic_inc(&mem->mapped);
>> + else
>> + ret = atomic_dec_if_positive(&mem->mapped);
>> +
>> + return ret;
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mm_iommu_mapped_update);
>> +
>> +void mm_iommu_cleanup(mm_context_t *ctx)
>> +{
>> + while (!list_empty(&ctx->iommu_group_mem_list)) {
>> + mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t *mem;
>> +
>> + mem = list_first_entry(&ctx->iommu_group_mem_list,
>> + mm_iommu_table_group_mem_t, next);
>> + mm_iommu_release(&mem->kref);
>> + }
>> +}
>
>
>


--
Alexey


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