lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2015]   [Mar]   [8]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[Patch v3 5/7] x86, kaslr: Randomize physical and virtual address of kernel separately
Date
On x86_64, in old kaslr implementaion only physical address of kernel
loading is randomized. Then calculate the delta of physical address
where vmlinux was linked to load and where it is finally loaded. If
delta is not equal to 0, namely there's a new physical address where
kernel is actually decompressed, relocation handling need be done. Then
delta is added to offset of kernel symbol relocation, this makes the
address of kernel text mapping move delta long.

Here the behavior is changed. Randomize both the physical address
where kernel is decompressed and the virtual address where kernel text
is mapped. And relocation handling only depends on virtual address
randomization. Means if and only if virtual address is randomized to
a different value, we add the delta to the offset of kernel relocs.

Note that up to now both virtual offset and physical addr randomization
cann't exceed CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE_MAX_OFFSET, namely 1G.

Signed-off-by: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
---
arch/x86/boot/compressed/aslr.c | 48 +++++++++++++++++++++--------------------
arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c | 39 ++++++++++++++++++++-------------
arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.h | 24 +++++++++++----------
3 files changed, 62 insertions(+), 49 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/aslr.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/aslr.c
index 0ca4c5b..5f9f174 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/aslr.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/aslr.c
@@ -365,7 +365,7 @@ static void process_e820_entry(struct e820entry *entry,
}
}

-static unsigned long find_random_addr(unsigned long minimum,
+static unsigned long find_random_phy_addr(unsigned long minimum,
unsigned long size)
{
int i;
@@ -425,49 +425,51 @@ static void add_kaslr_setup_data(struct boot_params *params, __u8 enabled)

}

-unsigned char *choose_kernel_location(struct boot_params *params,
- unsigned char *input,
- unsigned long input_size,
- unsigned char *output,
- unsigned long init_size)
+void choose_kernel_location(struct boot_params *params,
+ unsigned char *input,
+ unsigned long input_size,
+ unsigned char **output,
+ unsigned long init_size,
+ unsigned char **virt_offset)
{
- unsigned long choice = (unsigned long)output;
unsigned long random;
+ *virt_offset = (unsigned char *)LOAD_PHYSICAL_ADDR;

#ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION
if (!cmdline_find_option_bool("kaslr")) {
debug_putstr("KASLR disabled by default...\n");
add_kaslr_setup_data(params, 0);
- goto out;
+ return;
}
#else
if (cmdline_find_option_bool("nokaslr")) {
debug_putstr("KASLR disabled by cmdline...\n");
add_kaslr_setup_data(params, 0);
- goto out;
+ return;
}
#endif
add_kaslr_setup_data(params, 1);

/* Record the various known unsafe memory ranges. */
mem_avoid_init((unsigned long)input, input_size,
- (unsigned long)output, init_size);
+ (unsigned long)*output, init_size);

/* Walk e820 and find a random address. */
- random = find_random_addr(choice, init_size);
- if (!random) {
+ random = find_random_phy_addr((unsigned long)*output, init_size);
+ if (!random)
debug_putstr("KASLR could not find suitable E820 region...\n");
- goto out;
+ else {
+ if ((unsigned long)*output != random) {
+ fill_pagetable(random, init_size);
+ switch_pagetable();
+ *output = (unsigned char *)random;
+ }
}

- /* Always enforce the minimum. */
- if (random < choice)
- goto out;
-
- choice = random;
-
- fill_pagetable(choice, init_size);
- switch_pagetable();
-out:
- return (unsigned char *)choice;
+ /*
+ * Get a random address between LOAD_PHYSICAL_ADDR and
+ * CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE_MAX_OFFSET
+ */
+ random = find_random_virt_offset(LOAD_PHYSICAL_ADDR, init_size);
+ *virt_offset = (unsigned char *)random;
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
index f3ca33e..78380af 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
@@ -231,7 +231,8 @@ static void error(char *x)
}

#if CONFIG_X86_NEED_RELOCS
-static void handle_relocations(void *output, unsigned long output_len)
+static void handle_relocations(void *output, unsigned long output_len,
+ void *virt_offset)
{
int *reloc;
unsigned long delta, map, ptr;
@@ -243,11 +244,6 @@ static void handle_relocations(void *output, unsigned long output_len)
* and where it was actually loaded.
*/
delta = min_addr - LOAD_PHYSICAL_ADDR;
- if (!delta) {
- debug_putstr("No relocation needed... ");
- return;
- }
- debug_putstr("Performing relocations... ");

/*
* The kernel contains a table of relocation addresses. Those
@@ -258,6 +254,22 @@ static void handle_relocations(void *output, unsigned long output_len)
*/
map = delta - __START_KERNEL_map;

+
+
+ /*
+ * 32-bit always performs relocations. 64-bit relocations are only
+ * needed if kASLR has chosen a different starting address offset
+ * from __START_KERNEL_map.
+ */
+ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_64))
+ delta = (unsigned long)virt_offset - LOAD_PHYSICAL_ADDR;
+
+ if (!delta) {
+ debug_putstr("No relocation needed... ");
+ return;
+ }
+ debug_putstr("Performing relocations... ");
+
/*
* Process relocations: 32 bit relocations first then 64 bit after.
* Three sets of binary relocations are added to the end of the kernel
@@ -311,7 +323,8 @@ static void handle_relocations(void *output, unsigned long output_len)
#endif
}
#else
-static inline void handle_relocations(void *output, unsigned long output_len)
+static inline void handle_relocations(void *output, unsigned long output_len,
+ void *virt_offset)
{ }
#endif

@@ -374,6 +387,7 @@ asmlinkage __visible void *decompress_kernel(void *rmode, memptr heap,
{
unsigned char *output_orig = output;
unsigned long init_size;
+ unsigned char *virt_offset;

real_mode = rmode;

@@ -402,8 +416,8 @@ asmlinkage __visible void *decompress_kernel(void *rmode, memptr heap,
* The memory hole needed for the kernel is init_size for running
* and init_size is bigger than output_len always.
*/
- output = choose_kernel_location(real_mode, input_data, input_len,
- output, init_size);
+ choose_kernel_location(real_mode, input_data, input_len,
+ &output, init_size, &virt_offset);

/* Validate memory location choices. */
if ((unsigned long)output & (MIN_KERNEL_ALIGN - 1))
@@ -423,12 +437,7 @@ asmlinkage __visible void *decompress_kernel(void *rmode, memptr heap,
debug_putstr("\nDecompressing Linux... ");
decompress(input_data, input_len, NULL, NULL, output, NULL, error);
parse_elf(output);
- /*
- * 32-bit always performs relocations. 64-bit relocations are only
- * needed if kASLR has chosen a different load address.
- */
- if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_64) || output != output_orig)
- handle_relocations(output, output_len);
+ handle_relocations(output, output_len, virt_offset);
debug_putstr("done.\nBooting the kernel.\n");
return output;
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.h b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.h
index 23156e7..fe93bc4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.h
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.h
@@ -57,22 +57,24 @@ int cmdline_find_option_bool(const char *option);

#if CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE
/* aslr.c */
-unsigned char *choose_kernel_location(struct boot_params *params,
- unsigned char *input,
- unsigned long input_size,
- unsigned char *output,
- unsigned long init_size);
+void choose_kernel_location(struct boot_params *params,
+ unsigned char *input,
+ unsigned long input_size,
+ unsigned char **output,
+ unsigned long init_size,
+ unsigned char **virt_offset);
/* cpuflags.c */
bool has_cpuflag(int flag);
#else
static inline
-unsigned char *choose_kernel_location(struct boot_params *params,
- unsigned char *input,
- unsigned long input_size,
- unsigned char *output,
- unsigned long init_size)
+void choose_kernel_location(struct boot_params *params,
+ unsigned char *input,
+ unsigned long input_size,
+ unsigned char **output,
+ unsigned long init_size,
+ unsigned char **virt_offset)
{
- return output;
+ return;
}
#endif

--
1.9.3


\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2015-03-08 07:01    [W:0.073 / U:1.392 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site