lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2015]   [Mar]   [8]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH v2 2/2] Documentation: rename of_selftest.txt to of_unittest.txt
Date
Since the test of the devicetree's OF api use unittest as
its name. so we should rename of_selftest.txt to of_unittest.txt.

Signed-off-by: Wang Long <long.wanglong@huawei.com>
---
Documentation/devicetree/of_selftest.txt | 197 -------------------------------
Documentation/devicetree/of_unittest.txt | 197 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 197 insertions(+), 197 deletions(-)
delete mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/of_selftest.txt
create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/of_unittest.txt

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/of_selftest.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/of_selftest.txt
deleted file mode 100644
index 3e4e7d4..0000000
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/of_selftest.txt
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,197 +0,0 @@
-Open Firmware Device Tree Unittest
-----------------------------------
-
-Author: Gaurav Minocha <gaurav.minocha.os@gmail.com>
-
-1. Introduction
-
-This document explains how the test data required for executing OF unittest
-is attached to the live tree dynamically, independent of the machine's
-architecture.
-
-It is recommended to read the following documents before moving ahead.
-
-[1] Documentation/devicetree/usage-model.txt
-[2] http://www.devicetree.org/Device_Tree_Usage
-
-OF Selftest has been designed to test the interface (include/linux/of.h)
-provided to device driver developers to fetch the device information..etc.
-from the unflattened device tree data structure. This interface is used by
-most of the device drivers in various use cases.
-
-
-2. Test-data
-
-The Device Tree Source file (drivers/of/unittest-data/testcases.dts) contains
-the test data required for executing the unit tests automated in
-drivers/of/unittest.c. Currently, following Device Tree Source Include files
-(.dtsi) are included in testcases.dts:
-
-drivers/of/unittest-data/tests-interrupts.dtsi
-drivers/of/unittest-data/tests-platform.dtsi
-drivers/of/unittest-data/tests-phandle.dtsi
-drivers/of/unittest-data/tests-match.dtsi
-
-When the kernel is build with OF_SELFTEST enabled, then the following make rule
-
-$(obj)/%.dtb: $(src)/%.dts FORCE
- $(call if_changed_dep, dtc)
-
-is used to compile the DT source file (testcases.dts) into a binary blob
-(testcases.dtb), also referred as flattened DT.
-
-After that, using the following rule the binary blob above is wrapped as an
-assembly file (testcases.dtb.S).
-
-$(obj)/%.dtb.S: $(obj)/%.dtb
- $(call cmd, dt_S_dtb)
-
-The assembly file is compiled into an object file (testcases.dtb.o), and is
-linked into the kernel image.
-
-
-2.1. Adding the test data
-
-Un-flattened device tree structure:
-
-Un-flattened device tree consists of connected device_node(s) in form of a tree
-structure described below.
-
-// following struct members are used to construct the tree
-struct device_node {
- ...
- struct device_node *parent;
- struct device_node *child;
- struct device_node *sibling;
- ...
- };
-
-Figure 1, describes a generic structure of machine's un-flattened device tree
-considering only child and sibling pointers. There exists another pointer,
-*parent, that is used to traverse the tree in the reverse direction. So, at
-a particular level the child node and all the sibling nodes will have a parent
-pointer pointing to a common node (e.g. child1, sibling2, sibling3, sibling4's
-parent points to root node)
-
-root ('/')
- |
-child1 -> sibling2 -> sibling3 -> sibling4 -> null
- | | | |
- | | | null
- | | |
- | | child31 -> sibling32 -> null
- | | | |
- | | null null
- | |
- | child21 -> sibling22 -> sibling23 -> null
- | | | |
- | null null null
- |
-child11 -> sibling12 -> sibling13 -> sibling14 -> null
- | | | |
- | | | null
- | | |
- null null child131 -> null
- |
- null
-
-Figure 1: Generic structure of un-flattened device tree
-
-
-Before executing OF unittest, it is required to attach the test data to
-machine's device tree (if present). So, when selftest_data_add() is called,
-at first it reads the flattened device tree data linked into the kernel image
-via the following kernel symbols:
-
-__dtb_testcases_begin - address marking the start of test data blob
-__dtb_testcases_end - address marking the end of test data blob
-
-Secondly, it calls of_fdt_unflatten_tree() to unflatten the flattened
-blob. And finally, if the machine's device tree (i.e live tree) is present,
-then it attaches the unflattened test data tree to the live tree, else it
-attaches itself as a live device tree.
-
-attach_node_and_children() uses of_attach_node() to attach the nodes into the
-live tree as explained below. To explain the same, the test data tree described
- in Figure 2 is attached to the live tree described in Figure 1.
-
-root ('/')
- |
- testcase-data
- |
- test-child0 -> test-sibling1 -> test-sibling2 -> test-sibling3 -> null
- | | | |
- test-child01 null null null
-
-
-Figure 2: Example test data tree to be attached to live tree.
-
-According to the scenario above, the live tree is already present so it isn't
-required to attach the root('/') node. All other nodes are attached by calling
-of_attach_node() on each node.
-
-In the function of_attach_node(), the new node is attached as the child of the
-given parent in live tree. But, if parent already has a child then the new node
-replaces the current child and turns it into its sibling. So, when the testcase
-data node is attached to the live tree above (Figure 1), the final structure is
- as shown in Figure 3.
-
-root ('/')
- |
-testcase-data -> child1 -> sibling2 -> sibling3 -> sibling4 -> null
- | | | | |
- (...) | | | null
- | | child31 -> sibling32 -> null
- | | | |
- | | null null
- | |
- | child21 -> sibling22 -> sibling23 -> null
- | | | |
- | null null null
- |
- child11 -> sibling12 -> sibling13 -> sibling14 -> null
- | | | |
- null null | null
- |
- child131 -> null
- |
- null
------------------------------------------------------------------------
-
-root ('/')
- |
-testcase-data -> child1 -> sibling2 -> sibling3 -> sibling4 -> null
- | | | | |
- | (...) (...) (...) null
- |
-test-sibling3 -> test-sibling2 -> test-sibling1 -> test-child0 -> null
- | | | |
- null null null test-child01
-
-
-Figure 3: Live device tree structure after attaching the testcase-data.
-
-
-Astute readers would have noticed that test-child0 node becomes the last
-sibling compared to the earlier structure (Figure 2). After attaching first
-test-child0 the test-sibling1 is attached that pushes the child node
-(i.e. test-child0) to become a sibling and makes itself a child node,
- as mentioned above.
-
-If a duplicate node is found (i.e. if a node with same full_name property is
-already present in the live tree), then the node isn't attached rather its
-properties are updated to the live tree's node by calling the function
-update_node_properties().
-
-
-2.2. Removing the test data
-
-Once the test case execution is complete, selftest_data_remove is called in
-order to remove the device nodes attached initially (first the leaf nodes are
-detached and then moving up the parent nodes are removed, and eventually the
-whole tree). selftest_data_remove() calls detach_node_and_children() that uses
-of_detach_node() to detach the nodes from the live device tree.
-
-To detach a node, of_detach_node() either updates the child pointer of given
-node's parent to its sibling or attaches the previous sibling to the given
-node's sibling, as appropriate. That is it :)
diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/of_unittest.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/of_unittest.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3e4e7d4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/of_unittest.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,197 @@
+Open Firmware Device Tree Unittest
+----------------------------------
+
+Author: Gaurav Minocha <gaurav.minocha.os@gmail.com>
+
+1. Introduction
+
+This document explains how the test data required for executing OF unittest
+is attached to the live tree dynamically, independent of the machine's
+architecture.
+
+It is recommended to read the following documents before moving ahead.
+
+[1] Documentation/devicetree/usage-model.txt
+[2] http://www.devicetree.org/Device_Tree_Usage
+
+OF Selftest has been designed to test the interface (include/linux/of.h)
+provided to device driver developers to fetch the device information..etc.
+from the unflattened device tree data structure. This interface is used by
+most of the device drivers in various use cases.
+
+
+2. Test-data
+
+The Device Tree Source file (drivers/of/unittest-data/testcases.dts) contains
+the test data required for executing the unit tests automated in
+drivers/of/unittest.c. Currently, following Device Tree Source Include files
+(.dtsi) are included in testcases.dts:
+
+drivers/of/unittest-data/tests-interrupts.dtsi
+drivers/of/unittest-data/tests-platform.dtsi
+drivers/of/unittest-data/tests-phandle.dtsi
+drivers/of/unittest-data/tests-match.dtsi
+
+When the kernel is build with OF_SELFTEST enabled, then the following make rule
+
+$(obj)/%.dtb: $(src)/%.dts FORCE
+ $(call if_changed_dep, dtc)
+
+is used to compile the DT source file (testcases.dts) into a binary blob
+(testcases.dtb), also referred as flattened DT.
+
+After that, using the following rule the binary blob above is wrapped as an
+assembly file (testcases.dtb.S).
+
+$(obj)/%.dtb.S: $(obj)/%.dtb
+ $(call cmd, dt_S_dtb)
+
+The assembly file is compiled into an object file (testcases.dtb.o), and is
+linked into the kernel image.
+
+
+2.1. Adding the test data
+
+Un-flattened device tree structure:
+
+Un-flattened device tree consists of connected device_node(s) in form of a tree
+structure described below.
+
+// following struct members are used to construct the tree
+struct device_node {
+ ...
+ struct device_node *parent;
+ struct device_node *child;
+ struct device_node *sibling;
+ ...
+ };
+
+Figure 1, describes a generic structure of machine's un-flattened device tree
+considering only child and sibling pointers. There exists another pointer,
+*parent, that is used to traverse the tree in the reverse direction. So, at
+a particular level the child node and all the sibling nodes will have a parent
+pointer pointing to a common node (e.g. child1, sibling2, sibling3, sibling4's
+parent points to root node)
+
+root ('/')
+ |
+child1 -> sibling2 -> sibling3 -> sibling4 -> null
+ | | | |
+ | | | null
+ | | |
+ | | child31 -> sibling32 -> null
+ | | | |
+ | | null null
+ | |
+ | child21 -> sibling22 -> sibling23 -> null
+ | | | |
+ | null null null
+ |
+child11 -> sibling12 -> sibling13 -> sibling14 -> null
+ | | | |
+ | | | null
+ | | |
+ null null child131 -> null
+ |
+ null
+
+Figure 1: Generic structure of un-flattened device tree
+
+
+Before executing OF unittest, it is required to attach the test data to
+machine's device tree (if present). So, when selftest_data_add() is called,
+at first it reads the flattened device tree data linked into the kernel image
+via the following kernel symbols:
+
+__dtb_testcases_begin - address marking the start of test data blob
+__dtb_testcases_end - address marking the end of test data blob
+
+Secondly, it calls of_fdt_unflatten_tree() to unflatten the flattened
+blob. And finally, if the machine's device tree (i.e live tree) is present,
+then it attaches the unflattened test data tree to the live tree, else it
+attaches itself as a live device tree.
+
+attach_node_and_children() uses of_attach_node() to attach the nodes into the
+live tree as explained below. To explain the same, the test data tree described
+ in Figure 2 is attached to the live tree described in Figure 1.
+
+root ('/')
+ |
+ testcase-data
+ |
+ test-child0 -> test-sibling1 -> test-sibling2 -> test-sibling3 -> null
+ | | | |
+ test-child01 null null null
+
+
+Figure 2: Example test data tree to be attached to live tree.
+
+According to the scenario above, the live tree is already present so it isn't
+required to attach the root('/') node. All other nodes are attached by calling
+of_attach_node() on each node.
+
+In the function of_attach_node(), the new node is attached as the child of the
+given parent in live tree. But, if parent already has a child then the new node
+replaces the current child and turns it into its sibling. So, when the testcase
+data node is attached to the live tree above (Figure 1), the final structure is
+ as shown in Figure 3.
+
+root ('/')
+ |
+testcase-data -> child1 -> sibling2 -> sibling3 -> sibling4 -> null
+ | | | | |
+ (...) | | | null
+ | | child31 -> sibling32 -> null
+ | | | |
+ | | null null
+ | |
+ | child21 -> sibling22 -> sibling23 -> null
+ | | | |
+ | null null null
+ |
+ child11 -> sibling12 -> sibling13 -> sibling14 -> null
+ | | | |
+ null null | null
+ |
+ child131 -> null
+ |
+ null
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+root ('/')
+ |
+testcase-data -> child1 -> sibling2 -> sibling3 -> sibling4 -> null
+ | | | | |
+ | (...) (...) (...) null
+ |
+test-sibling3 -> test-sibling2 -> test-sibling1 -> test-child0 -> null
+ | | | |
+ null null null test-child01
+
+
+Figure 3: Live device tree structure after attaching the testcase-data.
+
+
+Astute readers would have noticed that test-child0 node becomes the last
+sibling compared to the earlier structure (Figure 2). After attaching first
+test-child0 the test-sibling1 is attached that pushes the child node
+(i.e. test-child0) to become a sibling and makes itself a child node,
+ as mentioned above.
+
+If a duplicate node is found (i.e. if a node with same full_name property is
+already present in the live tree), then the node isn't attached rather its
+properties are updated to the live tree's node by calling the function
+update_node_properties().
+
+
+2.2. Removing the test data
+
+Once the test case execution is complete, selftest_data_remove is called in
+order to remove the device nodes attached initially (first the leaf nodes are
+detached and then moving up the parent nodes are removed, and eventually the
+whole tree). selftest_data_remove() calls detach_node_and_children() that uses
+of_detach_node() to detach the nodes from the live device tree.
+
+To detach a node, of_detach_node() either updates the child pointer of given
+node's parent to its sibling or attaches the previous sibling to the given
+node's sibling, as appropriate. That is it :)
--
1.8.3.4


\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2015-03-09 03:41    [W:0.083 / U:29.508 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site