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Subject[PATCH 1/2] x86: save r11 into pt_regs->flags on SYSCALL64 fastpath
Date
Before this patch, r11 was saved in pt_regs->r11.
Which looks natural, but requires messy shuffling to/from iret frame
whenever ptrace or e.g. iopl wants to modify flags - because
that's how this register is used by SYSCALL/SYSRET.

This patch saves r11 in pt_regs->flags,
and uses that value for SYSRET64 insn. Shuffling is eliminated.

stub_iopl is no longer needed: pt_regs->flags needs no fixing up.

Testing shows that syscall fast path is ~54.3 ns before
and after the patch (on 2.7 GHz Sandy Bridge CPU).

Signed-off-by: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
CC: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
CC: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
CC: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
CC: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
CC: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
CC: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
CC: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
CC: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
CC: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com>
CC: Will Drewry <wad@chromium.org>
CC: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
CC: x86@kernel.org
CC: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
---
arch/x86/include/asm/calling.h | 20 ++++++++++++++------
arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S | 37 +++++++++++--------------------------
arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl | 2 +-
arch/x86/um/sys_call_table_64.c | 2 +-
4 files changed, 27 insertions(+), 34 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/calling.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/calling.h
index f1a962f..4b5f7bf 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/calling.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/calling.h
@@ -95,9 +95,11 @@ For 32-bit we have the following conventions - kernel is built with
CFI_ADJUST_CFA_OFFSET 15*8+\addskip
.endm

- .macro SAVE_C_REGS_HELPER offset=0 rax=1 rcx=1 r8plus=1
- .if \r8plus
+ .macro SAVE_C_REGS_HELPER offset=0 rax=1 rcx=1 r8910=1 r11=1
+ .if \r11
movq_cfi r11, 6*8+\offset
+ .endif
+ .if \r8910
movq_cfi r10, 7*8+\offset
movq_cfi r9, 8*8+\offset
movq_cfi r8, 9*8+\offset
@@ -113,16 +115,19 @@ For 32-bit we have the following conventions - kernel is built with
movq_cfi rdi, 14*8+\offset
.endm
.macro SAVE_C_REGS offset=0
- SAVE_C_REGS_HELPER \offset, 1, 1, 1
+ SAVE_C_REGS_HELPER \offset, 1, 1, 1, 1
.endm
.macro SAVE_C_REGS_EXCEPT_RAX_RCX offset=0
- SAVE_C_REGS_HELPER \offset, 0, 0, 1
+ SAVE_C_REGS_HELPER \offset, 0, 0, 1, 1
.endm
.macro SAVE_C_REGS_EXCEPT_R891011
- SAVE_C_REGS_HELPER 0, 1, 1, 0
+ SAVE_C_REGS_HELPER 0, 1, 1, 0, 0
.endm
.macro SAVE_C_REGS_EXCEPT_RCX_R891011
- SAVE_C_REGS_HELPER 0, 1, 0, 0
+ SAVE_C_REGS_HELPER 0, 1, 0, 0, 0
+ .endm
+ .macro SAVE_C_REGS_EXCEPT_RAX_RCX_R11
+ SAVE_C_REGS_HELPER 0, 0, 0, 1, 0
.endm

.macro SAVE_EXTRA_REGS offset=0
@@ -179,6 +184,9 @@ For 32-bit we have the following conventions - kernel is built with
.macro RESTORE_C_REGS_EXCEPT_R11
RESTORE_C_REGS_HELPER 1,1,0,1,1
.endm
+ .macro RESTORE_C_REGS_EXCEPT_RCX_R11
+ RESTORE_C_REGS_HELPER 1,0,0,1,1
+ .endm
.macro RESTORE_RSI_RDI
RESTORE_C_REGS_HELPER 0,0,0,0,0
.endm
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S b/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
index c86f83e..380dde7a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
@@ -121,14 +121,12 @@ ENDPROC(native_usergs_sysret64)
#endif

/*
- * C code is not supposed to know about undefined top of stack. Every time
- * a C function with an pt_regs argument is called from the SYSCALL based
- * fast path FIXUP_TOP_OF_STACK is needed.
+ * C code is not supposed to know that the iret frame is not populated.
+ * Every time a C function with an pt_regs argument is called from
+ * the SYSCALL based fast path FIXUP_TOP_OF_STACK is needed.
* RESTORE_TOP_OF_STACK syncs the syscall state after any possible ptregs
* manipulation.
*/
-
- /* %rsp:at FRAMEEND */
.macro FIXUP_TOP_OF_STACK tmp offset=0
movq PER_CPU_VAR(old_rsp),\tmp
movq \tmp,RSP+\offset(%rsp)
@@ -136,15 +134,13 @@ ENDPROC(native_usergs_sysret64)
movq $__USER_CS,CS+\offset(%rsp)
movq RIP+\offset(%rsp),\tmp /* get rip */
movq \tmp,RCX+\offset(%rsp) /* copy it to rcx as sysret would do */
- movq R11+\offset(%rsp),\tmp /* get eflags */
- movq \tmp,EFLAGS+\offset(%rsp)
+ movq EFLAGS+\offset(%rsp),\tmp /* ditto for rflags->r11 */
+ movq \tmp,R11+\offset(%rsp)
.endm

.macro RESTORE_TOP_OF_STACK tmp offset=0
movq RSP+\offset(%rsp),\tmp
movq \tmp,PER_CPU_VAR(old_rsp)
- movq EFLAGS+\offset(%rsp),\tmp
- movq \tmp,R11+\offset(%rsp)
.endm

/*
@@ -257,9 +253,10 @@ GLOBAL(system_call_after_swapgs)
*/
ENABLE_INTERRUPTS(CLBR_NONE)
ALLOC_PT_GPREGS_ON_STACK 8 /* +8: space for orig_ax */
- SAVE_C_REGS_EXCEPT_RAX_RCX
+ SAVE_C_REGS_EXCEPT_RAX_RCX_R11
movq $-ENOSYS,RAX(%rsp)
movq_cfi rax,ORIG_RAX
+ movq %r11,EFLAGS(%rsp)
movq %rcx,RIP(%rsp)
CFI_REL_OFFSET rip,RIP
testl $_TIF_WORK_SYSCALL_ENTRY,TI_flags+THREAD_INFO(%rsp,RIP)
@@ -277,7 +274,7 @@ system_call_fastpath:
movq %rax,RAX(%rsp)
/*
* Syscall return path ending with SYSRET (fast path)
- * Has incomplete stack frame and undefined top of stack.
+ * Has incompletely filled pt_regs, iret frame is also incomplete.
*/
ret_from_sys_call:
testl $_TIF_ALLWORK_MASK,TI_flags+THREAD_INFO(%rsp,RIP)
@@ -291,9 +288,10 @@ ret_from_sys_call:
* sysretq will re-enable interrupts:
*/
TRACE_IRQS_ON
- RESTORE_C_REGS_EXCEPT_RCX
- movq RIP(%rsp),%rcx
+ RESTORE_C_REGS_EXCEPT_RCX_R11
+ movq RIP(%rsp),%rcx
CFI_REGISTER rip,rcx
+ movq EFLAGS(%rsp),%r11
/*CFI_REGISTER rflags,r11*/
movq PER_CPU_VAR(old_rsp), %rsp
/*
@@ -423,22 +421,9 @@ ENTRY(stub_\func)
END(stub_\func)
.endm

- .macro FIXED_FRAME label,func
-ENTRY(\label)
- CFI_STARTPROC
- DEFAULT_FRAME 0, 8 /* offset 8: return address */
- FIXUP_TOP_OF_STACK %r11, 8
- call \func
- RESTORE_TOP_OF_STACK %r11, 8
- ret
- CFI_ENDPROC
-END(\label)
- .endm
-
FORK_LIKE clone
FORK_LIKE fork
FORK_LIKE vfork
- FIXED_FRAME stub_iopl, sys_iopl

ENTRY(stub_execve)
CFI_STARTPROC
diff --git a/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl b/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
index 8d656fb..9ef32d5 100644
--- a/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
+++ b/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
@@ -178,7 +178,7 @@
169 common reboot sys_reboot
170 common sethostname sys_sethostname
171 common setdomainname sys_setdomainname
-172 common iopl stub_iopl
+172 common iopl sys_iopl
173 common ioperm sys_ioperm
174 64 create_module
175 common init_module sys_init_module
diff --git a/arch/x86/um/sys_call_table_64.c b/arch/x86/um/sys_call_table_64.c
index 5cdfa9d..a75d8700 100644
--- a/arch/x86/um/sys_call_table_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/um/sys_call_table_64.c
@@ -16,7 +16,7 @@
*/

/* Not going to be implemented by UML, since we have no hardware. */
-#define stub_iopl sys_ni_syscall
+#define sys_iopl sys_ni_syscall
#define sys_ioperm sys_ni_syscall

/*
--
1.8.1.4


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