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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] i2c_imc: New driver for Intel's iMC, found on LGA2011 chips
On Sun, Mar 8, 2015 at 8:39 AM, Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net> wrote:
> On 03/08/2015 07:03 AM, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
>>
>> On Mar 7, 2015 6:39 AM, "Guenter Roeck" <linux@roeck-us.net> wrote:
>>>
>>>
>>> On 03/06/2015 06:50 PM, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> Sandy Bridge Xeon and Extreme chips have integrated memory
>>>> controllers with (rather limited) onboard SMBUS masters. This
>>>> driver gives access to the bus.
>>>>
>>>> There are various groups working on standardizing a way to arbitrate
>>>> access to the bus between the OS, SMM firmware, a BMC, hardware
>>>> thermal control, etc. In the mean time, running this driver is
>>>> unsafe except under special circumstances. Nonetheless, this driver
>>>> has real users.
>>>>
>>>> As a compromise, the driver will refuse to load unless
>>>> i2c_imc.allow_unsafe_access=Y. When safe access becomes available,
>>>> we can leave this option as a way for legacy users to run the
>>>> driver, and we'll allow the driver to load by default if safe bus
>>>> access is available.
>>>>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
>>>> ---
>
> [ ... ]
>
>>>> +
>>>> + if (imc_wait_not_busy(priv, chan, &stat) != 0) {
>>>> + /* Timeout. TODO: Reset the controller? */
>>>> + ret = -EIO;
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>> timeout -> -ETIMEDOUT ?
>>
>>
>> OK
>>
> Actually, I just realized that imc_wait_not_busy returns a valid error code.
> Given that, some static analysis checkers (and now me) will ask you
> why you don't just use the error code from imc_wait_not_busy.
> This applies to other calls to the same function as well.

I changed it the other way. One if the imc_wait_not_busy callers is
trying to get access to the bus in the first place. If that fails,
then I think that -EBUSY is appropriate -- we're failing because the
thing is in use, not because our transaction timed out. If the other
caller of imc_wait_not_busy fails, then our transaction timed out. So
I'll make imc_wait_not_busy return bool. This ends up simplifying the
code a bit, too.

>
>>>
>>>
>>>> + dev_err(&priv->pci_dev->dev, "controller is wedged\n");
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>> If this happens, it will presumably happen all the time and the message
>>> will
>>> pollute the log. Is the message really necessary ?
>>
>>
>> I'd rather log something to help diagnose. Would rate-limiting it be
>> okay?
>>
> It would still pollute the log because it doesn't happen that often.
> A message once a second still fills the log.
>
> If it is for diagnose/debugging, why not dev_dbg ?
>

OK. I demoted some other log lines, too.

>>>
>>>
>>>> + goto out_release;
>>>> + }
>>>> +
>>>> + /*
>>>> + * Be paranoid: try to detect races. This will only detect
>>>> races
>>>> + * against BIOS, not against hardware. (I've never seen this
>>>> happen.)
>>>> + */
>>>> + pci_read_config_dword(priv->pci_dev, SMBCMD(chan), &final_cmd);
>>>> + pci_read_config_dword(priv->pci_dev, SMBCNTL(chan),
>>>> &final_cntl);
>>>> + if (((cmd ^ final_cmd) & SMBCMD_OUR_BITS) ||
>>>> + ((cntl ^ final_cntl) & SMBCNTL_OUR_BITS)) {
>>>> + WARN(1, "iMC SMBUS raced against firmware");
>>>> + dev_emerg(&priv->pci_dev->dev,
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>> Is a stack trace and dev_emerg really warranted here ?
>>>
>>
>> If this happens, something's very wrong and the user should stop using
>> the driver. We could potentially write the wrong address, and, if we
>> manage to screw up thermal management, we could potentially corrupt
>> data for to an inappropriate refresh interval.
>>
>> IOW, I want to hear about it if this happens.
>>
> Ok, that explains the WARN. Still not an "emergency", though.
>

It's dev_err now.

> Coding style suggests
>
> if (!(stat & SMBSTAT_RDO)) {
> dev_err();
> ret - -EIO;
> goto out_release;
> }
>
> and
>
> if (!(stat & SMBSTAT_WOD)) {
> dev_err();
> ret = -EIO;
> goto out_release;
> }

Done. dev_dbg, too -- I think that either all of these errors should
be dev_dbg or none should be.

> On a side note, I am a bit confused about the note "same bug as in the read
> case".
> Do you want to say that RDO is sometimes/often set in the write case ?
> If so, it might make more sense to just say it.

Yes, fixed.

>
> [ ... ]
>
>>>> +static void imc_free_channel(struct imc_priv *priv, int i)
>>>> +{
>>>> + struct imc_channel *ch = &priv->channels[i];
>>>> +
>>>> + /* This can recurse into imc_smbus_xfer. */
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>> So ?
>>
>>
>> It needs to happen before mutex_destroy. I improved the comment.
>>
> Seems to me obvious that a mutex would be destroyed last in cleanup.
>

It wasn't to me. I'll remove the comment.


>> I want to be ready for future hardware that might support more than
>> two channels.
>>
> Not my call to make, but I am a bit wary of future hardware support which
> may
> never materialize. I prefer writing code liks this for the current use case.
> The time to optimize the code for the future hardware is if and when the
> future
> hardware materializes.
>
> In general, I am also in favor of the guidance in the coding style document,
> which suggests to have a single error exit and handle any necessary cleanup
> there.
> In this case, it could be
>
> if (err)
> goto exit_cleanup;
> ...
> exit_cleanup:
> for (i--; i >= 0; i--)
> imc_free_channel(priv, i);
> exit_free:
>
> ...

Fair enough. I did this.

>
>>>> + }
>>>> +
>>>> + pr_warn("using this driver is dangerous unless your firmware is
>>>> specifically designed for it; use at your own risk\n");
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>> Seems to me this is a bit noisy. User should already know.
>>
>>
>> I think I'm willing to mildly annoy the smallish number of legitimate
>> allow_unsafe_access users to help scare away all the people who like
>> shiny decode-dimms toys and enable this because some forum told them
>> to. I could be convinced otherwise, though.
>>
> Not my call to make ... you'll have to convince the maintainer.
>
> Anyway, I wonder if it would make sense to use
> acpi_check_resource_conflict()
> to check if there is a resource conflict with the BIOS instead of all these
> warnings, and if that would answer the concerns about unsynchronized access.
> From looking into the datasheet, I don't really see the difference to the
> i2c-i801 driver and other drivers where chip access might conflict with
> BIOS / ACPI access. I may have missed some discussion, though, so maybe that
> has been discussed already and doesn't work in this case.

I don't think that BIOS will ever claim these resources. It'll just
use them :( Also, I don't think we can do this anyway -- the resource
we're accessing is a range of PCI configuration registers, not a BAR,
and I don't think that the resource system supports that.

In i2c-i801, I think that these issues are mostly mitigated by ACPI
code using OpRegions.

>
>> One other question: from my reading of the spec, it should be possible to
>> augment this driver to expose a temporate sensor subdevice that shows
>> recent cached temperatures from HW DIMM measurements. They would be
>> redundant with the jc42 outputs, but it would be safe to use them even on
>> systems without safe SMBUS arbitration. Should I do that as a followup
>> later on?
>>
>
> Without thinking too much about it, this should be a separate driver,
> and I think it might actually be more valuable (since less risky)
> than this entire patch set.

The main problem there is that they'll fight over the PCI ids.

--Andy


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