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SubjectRe: [patch 08/12] mm: page_alloc: wait for OOM killer progressbefore retrying
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Michal Hocko wrote:
> On Thu 26-03-15 11:23:43, Johannes Weiner wrote:
> > On Thu, Mar 26, 2015 at 03:32:23PM +0100, Michal Hocko wrote:
> > > On Thu 26-03-15 07:24:45, Johannes Weiner wrote:
> > > > On Wed, Mar 25, 2015 at 11:15:48PM +0900, Tetsuo Handa wrote:
> > > > > Johannes Weiner wrote:
> > > [...]
> > > > > > /*
> > > > > > - * Acquire the oom lock. If that fails, somebody else is
> > > > > > - * making progress for us.
> > > > > > + * This allocating task can become the OOM victim itself at
> > > > > > + * any point before acquiring the lock. In that case, exit
> > > > > > + * quickly and don't block on the lock held by another task
> > > > > > + * waiting for us to exit.
> > > > > > */
> > > > > > - if (!mutex_trylock(&oom_lock)) {
> > > > > > - *did_some_progress = 1;
> > > > > > - schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
> > > > > > - return NULL;
> > > > > > + if (test_thread_flag(TIF_MEMDIE) || mutex_lock_killable(&oom_lock)) {
> > > > > > + alloc_flags |= ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS;
> > > > > > + goto alloc;
> > > > > > }
> > > > >
> > > > > When a thread group has 1000 threads and most of them are doing memory allocation
> > > > > request, all of them will get fatal_signal_pending() == true when one of them are
> > > > > chosen by OOM killer.
> > > > > This code will allow most of them to access memory reserves, won't it?
> > > >
> > > > Ah, good point! Only TIF_MEMDIE should get reserve access, not just
> > > > any dying thread. Thanks, I'll fix it in v2.
> > >
> > > Do you plan to post this v2 here for review?
> >
> > Yeah, I was going to wait for feedback to settle before updating the
> > code. But I was thinking something like this?
> >
> > diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> > index 9ce9c4c083a0..106793a75461 100644
> > --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> > +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> > @@ -2344,7 +2344,8 @@ __alloc_pages_may_oom(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order, int alloc_flags,
> > * waiting for us to exit.
> > */
> > if (test_thread_flag(TIF_MEMDIE) || mutex_lock_killable(&oom_lock)) {
> > - alloc_flags |= ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS;
> > + if (test_thread_flag(TIF_MEMDIE))
> > + alloc_flags |= ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS;
> > goto alloc;
> > }
>
> OK, I have expected something like this. I understand why you want to
> retry inside this function. But I would prefer if gfp_to_alloc_flags was
> used here so that we do not have that TIF_MEMDIE logic duplicated at two
> places.

I thought we expected something like

- if (!mutex_trylock(&oom_lock)) {
+ if (mutex_lock_killable(&oom_lock)) {
*did_some_progress = 1;
- schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
- return NULL;
+ if (test_thread_flag(TIF_MEMDIE))
+ alloc_flags |= ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS;
+ else
+ schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
+ goto alloc;
}

or

if (!mutex_trylock(&oom_lock)) {
*did_some_progress = 1;
+ if (test_thread_flag(TIF_MEMDIE)) {
+ alloc_flags |= ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS;
+ goto alloc;
+ }
schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
return NULL;
}

because jumping to

return get_page_from_freelist(gfp_mask, order, alloc_flags, ac);

without modifying alloc_flags and without setting *did_some_progress to 1
will lead to immediate allocation failures for !TIF_MEMDIE threads.

I don't like allowing only TIF_MEMDIE to get reserve access, for it can be
one of !TIF_MEMDIE threads which really need memory to safely terminate without
failing allocations from do_exit(). Rather, why not to discontinue TIF_MEMDIE
handling and allow getting access to private memory reserves for all
fatal_signal_pending() threads (i.e. replacing WMARK_OOM with WMARK_KILLED
in "[patch 09/12] mm: page_alloc: private memory reserves for OOM-killing
allocations") ?

> > > @@ -2383,12 +2382,20 @@ __alloc_pages_may_oom(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order,
> > > if (gfp_mask & __GFP_THISNODE)
> > > goto out;
> > > }
> > > - /* Exhausted what can be done so it's blamo time */
> > > - if (out_of_memory(ac->zonelist, gfp_mask, order, ac->nodemask, false)
> > > - || WARN_ON_ONCE(gfp_mask & __GFP_NOFAIL))
> > > +
> > > + if (out_of_memory(ac->zonelist, gfp_mask, order, ac->nodemask, false)) {
> > > *did_some_progress = 1;
> > > + } else {
> > > + /* Oops, these shouldn't happen with the OOM killer disabled */
> > > + if (WARN_ON_ONCE(gfp_mask & __GFP_NOFAIL))
> > > + *did_some_progress = 1;
> > > + }
> >
> > I think GFP_NOFAIL allocations need to involve OOM killer than
> > pretending as if forward progress is made. If all of in-flight
> > allocation requests are GFP_NOFAIL, the system will lock up.
>
> Hm? They do involve the OOM killer, but once userspace is frozen for
> suspend/hibernate we shouldn't kill and thaw random tasks anymore as
> that might corrupt the memory snapshot, so nofail allocations are a
> bug at this point.
>

Aren't there still kernel threads which might do GFP_NOFAIL allocations?
I think corrupting the memory snapshot by involving the OOM killer is the
correct behavior than a bug.

> > After all, if we wait for OOM killer progress before retrying, I think
> > we should involve OOM killer after some bounded timeout regardless of
> > gfp flags, and let OOM killer kill more threads after another bounded
> > timeout. Otherwise, the corner cases will lock up the system.
>
> Giving nofail allocations access to emergency reserves targets this
> problem, but I agree with you that it's still possible for the system
> to lock up if they have been consumed and still no task made enough
> forward progress to release memory. It is unlikely but possible.
>
> I will probably come back to the OOM victim timeout patch some time in
> the future as that seems more robust. It would also drastically
> simplify memcg OOM handling. But that patch was controversial in the
> past and seemed beyond the scope of this patch set.
>

A timeout for recovering from WMARK_KILLED to WMARK_MIN could be used for
detecting whether we need to trigger additinal OOM-killing?


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