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Subject[PATCH v5 0/5] sched_clock: Optimize and avoid deadlock during read from NMI
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This patchset optimizes the generic sched_clock implementation by
removing branches and significantly reducing the data cache profile. It
also makes it safe to call sched_clock() from NMI (or FIQ on ARM).

The data cache profile of sched_clock() in the original code is
somewhere between 2 and 3 (64-byte) cache lines, depending on alignment
of struct clock_data. After patching, the cache profile for the normal
case should be a single cacheline.

NMI safety was tested on i.MX6 with perf drowning the system in FIQs and
using the perf handler to check that sched_clock() returned monotonic
values. At the same time I forcefully reduced kt_wrap so that
update_sched_clock() is being called at >1000Hz.

Without the patches the above system is grossly unstable, surviving
[9K,115K,25K] perf event cycles during three separate runs. With the
patch I ran for over 9M perf event cycles before getting bored.

Performance testing has primarily been performed using a simple
tight loop test (i.e. one that is unlikely to benefit from the
cache profile improvements). Summary results show benefit on all
CPUs although magnitude varies significantly:

Cortex A9 @ 792MHz 4.1% speedup
Cortex A9 @ 1GHz 0.4% speedup (different SoC to above)
Scorpian 13.6% speedup
Krait 35.1% speedup
Cortex A53 @ 1GHz 1.6% speedup
Cortex A57 @ 1GHz 5.0% speedup

Benchmarking was done by Stephen Boyd and myself, full data for the
above summaries can be found here:
https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1Zd2xN42U4oAVZcArqAYdAWgFI5oDFRysURCSYNmBpZA/edit?usp=sharing

v5:
* Summarized benchmark results in the patchset cover letter and
added some Reviewed-by:s.
* Rebased on 4.0-rc1.

v4:
* Optimized sched_clock() to be branchless by introducing a dummy
function to provide clock values while the clock is suspended
(Stephen Boyd).
* Improved commenting, including the kerneldoc comments (Stephen Boyd).
* Removed a redundant notrace from the update logic (Steven Rostedt).

v3:
* Optimized to minimise cache profile, including elimination of
the suspended flag (Thomas Gleixner).
* Replaced the update_bank_begin/end with a single update function
(Thomas Gleixner).
* Split into multiple patches to aid review.

v2:
* Extended the scope of the read lock in sched_clock() so we can bank
all data consumed there (John Stultz)


Daniel Thompson (5):
sched_clock: Match scope of read and write seqcounts
sched_clock: Optimize cache line usage
sched_clock: Remove suspend from clock_read_data
sched_clock: Remove redundant notrace from update function
sched_clock: Avoid deadlock during read from NMI

kernel/time/sched_clock.c | 195 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------
1 file changed, 138 insertions(+), 57 deletions(-)

--
2.1.0



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