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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] ARM: Don't use complete() during __cpu_die
On 02/09/15 17:37, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> On Mon, Feb 09, 2015 at 05:24:08PM -0800, Stephen Boyd wrote:
>> On 02/05/15 08:11, Russell King - ARM Linux wrote:
>>> On Thu, Feb 05, 2015 at 06:29:18AM -0800, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
>>>> Works for me, assuming no hidden uses of RCU in the IPI code. ;-)
>>> Sigh... I kind'a new it wouldn't be this simple. The gic code which
>>> actually raises the IPI takes a raw spinlock, so it's not going to be
>>> this simple - there's a small theoretical window where we have taken
>>> this lock, written the register to send the IPI, and then dropped the
>>> lock - the update to the lock to release it could get lost if the
>>> CPU power is quickly cut at that point.
>> Hm.. at first glance it would seem like a similar problem exists with
>> the completion variable. But it seems that we rely on the call to
>> complete() fom the dying CPU to synchronize with wait_for_completion()
>> on the killing CPU via the completion's wait.lock.
>> void complete(struct completion *x)
>> {
>> unsigned long flags;
>> spin_lock_irqsave(&x->wait.lock, flags);
>> x->done++;
>> __wake_up_locked(&x->wait, TASK_NORMAL, 1);
>> spin_unlock_irqrestore(&x->wait.lock, flags);
>> }
>> and
>> static inline long __sched
>> do_wait_for_common(struct completion *x,
>> long (*action)(long), long timeout, int state)
>> ...
>> spin_unlock_irq(&x->wait.lock);
>> timeout = action(timeout);
>> spin_lock_irq(&x->wait.lock);
>> so the power can't really be cut until the killing CPU sees the lock
>> released either explicitly via the second cache flush in cpu_die() or
>> implicitly via hardware. Maybe we can do the same thing here by using a
>> spinlock for synchronization between the IPI handler and the dying CPU?
>> So lock/unlock around the IPI sending from the dying CPU and then do a
>> lock/unlock on the killing CPU before continuing.
>> It would be nice if we didn't have to do anything at all though so
>> perhaps we can make it a nop on configs where there isn't a big little
>> switcher. Yeah it's some ugly coupling between these two pieces of code,
>> but I'm not sure how we can do better.
> The default ugly-but-known-to-work approach is to set a variable in
> the dying CPU that the surviving CPU periodically polls. If all else
> fails and all that.

So it isn't the ugliest. Good.

>>> Also, we _do_ need the second cache flush in place to ensure that the
>>> unlock is seen to other CPUs.
>>> We could work around that by taking and releasing the lock in the IPI
>>> processing function... but this is starting to look less attractive
>>> as the lock is private to irq-gic.c.
>> With Daniel Thompson's NMI fiq patches at least the lock would almost
>> always be gone, except for the bL switcher users. Another solution might
>> be to put a hotplug lock around the bL switcher code and then skip
>> taking the lock in gic_raise_softirq() if the IPI is our special hotplug
>> one. Conditional locking is pretty ugly though, so perhaps this isn't
>> such a great idea.
> Which hotplug lock are you suggesting? We cannot use sleeplocks, because
> releasing them can go through the scheduler, which is not legal at this
> point.

I'm not suggesting we take any hotplug locks here in the cpu_die() path.
I'm thinking we make the bL switcher code hold a hotplug lock or at
least prevent hotplug from happening while it's moving IPIs from the
outgoing CPU to the incoming CPU (see code in
arch/arm/common/bL_switcher.c). Actually, I seem to recall that hotplug
can't happen if preemption/irqs are disabled, so maybe nothing needs to
change there and we can just assume that if we're sending the hotplug
IPI we don't need to worry about taking the spinlock in
gic_raise_softirq()? We still have conditional locking so it's still

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