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SubjectRe: [RFC] change non-atomic bitops method
On Mon, 9 Feb 2015 16:18:10 +0800 "Wang, Yalin" <Yalin.Wang@sonymobile.com> wrote:

> > That we're running clear_bit against a cleared bit 10% of the time is a
> > bit alarming. I wonder where that's coming from.
> >
> > The enormous miss count in test_and_clear_bit() might indicate an
> > inefficiency somewhere.
> I te-test the patch on 3.10 kernel.
> The result like this:
>
> VmallocChunk: 251498164 kB
> __set_bit_miss_count:11730 __set_bit_success_count:1036316
> __clear_bit_miss_count:209640 __clear_bit_success_count:4806556
> __test_and_set_bit_miss_count:0 __test_and_set_bit_success_count:121
> __test_and_clear_bit_miss_count:0 __test_and_clear_bit_success_count:445
>
> __clear_bit miss rate is a little high,
> I check the log, and most miss coming from this code:
>
> <6>[ 442.701798] [<ffffffc00021d084>] warn_slowpath_fmt+0x4c/0x58
> <6>[ 442.701805] [<ffffffc0002461a8>] __clear_bit+0x98/0xa4
> <6>[ 442.701813] [<ffffffc0003126ac>] __alloc_fd+0xc8/0x124
> <6>[ 442.701821] [<ffffffc000312768>] get_unused_fd_flags+0x28/0x34
> <6>[ 442.701828] [<ffffffc0002f9370>] do_sys_open+0x10c/0x1c0
> <6>[ 442.701835] [<ffffffc0002f9458>] SyS_openat+0xc/0x18
> In __clear_close_on_exec(fd, fdt);
>
>
>
> <6>[ 442.695354] [<ffffffc00021d084>] warn_slowpath_fmt+0x4c/0x58
> <6>[ 442.695359] [<ffffffc0002461a8>] __clear_bit+0x98/0xa4
> <6>[ 442.695367] [<ffffffc000312340>] dup_fd+0x1d4/0x280
> <6>[ 442.695375] [<ffffffc00021b07c>] copy_process.part.56+0x42c/0xe38
> <6>[ 442.695382] [<ffffffc00021bb9c>] do_fork+0xe0/0x360
> <6>[ 442.695389] [<ffffffc00021beb4>] SyS_clone+0x10/0x1c
> In __clear_open_fd(open_files - i, new_fdt);
>
> Do we need test_bit() before clear_bit()at these 2 place?

I don't know. I was happily typing in this:

diff -puN include/linux/bitops.h~a include/linux/bitops.h
--- a/include/linux/bitops.h~a
+++ a/include/linux/bitops.h
@@ -226,5 +226,37 @@ extern unsigned long find_last_bit(const
unsigned long size);
#endif

+/**
+ * __set_clear_bit - non-atomically set a bit if it is presently clear
+ * @nr: The bit number
+ * @addr: The base address of the operation
+ *
+ * __set_clear_bit() and similar functions avoid unnecessarily dirtying a
+ * cacheline when the operation will have no effect.
+ */
+static inline void __set_clear_bit(unsigned nr, volatile unsigned long *addr)
+{
+ if (!test_bit(nr, addr))
+ __set_bit(nr, addr);
+}
+
+static inline void __clear_set_bit(unsigned nr, volatile unsigned long *addr)
+{
+ if (test_bit(nr, addr))
+ __clear_bit(nr, addr);
+}
+
+static inline void set_clear_bit(unsigned nr, volatile unsigned long *addr)
+{
+ if (!test_bit(nr, addr))
+ set_bit(nr, addr);
+}
+
+static inline void clear_set_bit(unsigned nr, volatile unsigned long *addr)
+{
+ if (test_bit(nr, addr))
+ clear_bit(nr, addr);
+}
+
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
#endif
(maybe __set_bit_if_clear would be a better name)

But I don't know if it will do anything useful. The CPU *should* be
able to avoid dirtying the cacheline on its own: it has all the info it
needs to know that no writeback will be needed. But I don't know which
(if any) CPUs perform this optimisation.


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