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SubjectRe: [PATCH] kvm: add halt_poll_ns module parameter
On Fri, Feb 6, 2015 at 4:48 AM, Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com> wrote:
> This patch introduces a new module parameter for the KVM module; when it
> is present, KVM attempts a bit of polling on every HLT before scheduling
> itself out via kvm_vcpu_block.
>
[...]
>
> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
> ---

Looks good, thanks for making those changes. I ran this patch on my
benchmarks (loopback TCP_RR and memcache) using halt_poll_ns=70000 and
saw performance go from 40% to 60-65% of bare-metal.

Tested-by: David Matlack <dmatlack@google.com>
Reviewed-by: David Matlack <dmatlack@google.com>

> arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 1 +
> arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 1 +
> arch/mips/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 1 +
> arch/mips/kvm/mips.c | 1 +
> arch/powerpc/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 1 +
> arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s.c | 1 +
> arch/powerpc/kvm/booke.c | 1 +
> arch/s390/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 1 +
> arch/s390/kvm/kvm-s390.c | 1 +
> arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 1 +
> arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 1 +
> include/trace/events/kvm.h | 19 +++++++++++++++
> virt/kvm/kvm_main.c | 48 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
> 13 files changed, 71 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> index bde494654bcc..6a79314bc1df 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> @@ -148,6 +148,7 @@ struct kvm_vm_stat {
> };
>
> struct kvm_vcpu_stat {
> + u32 halt_successful_poll;
> u32 halt_wakeup;
> };
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> index 2c49aa4ac818..8efde89613f2 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> @@ -165,6 +165,7 @@ struct kvm_vm_stat {
> };
>
> struct kvm_vcpu_stat {
> + u32 halt_successful_poll;
> u32 halt_wakeup;
> };
>
> diff --git a/arch/mips/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/mips/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> index f2c249796ea8..ac4fc716062b 100644
> --- a/arch/mips/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/arch/mips/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> @@ -120,6 +120,7 @@ struct kvm_vcpu_stat {
> u32 resvd_inst_exits;
> u32 break_inst_exits;
> u32 flush_dcache_exits;
> + u32 halt_successful_poll;
> u32 halt_wakeup;
> };
>
> diff --git a/arch/mips/kvm/mips.c b/arch/mips/kvm/mips.c
> index e97b90784031..c9eccf5df912 100644
> --- a/arch/mips/kvm/mips.c
> +++ b/arch/mips/kvm/mips.c
> @@ -49,6 +49,7 @@ struct kvm_stats_debugfs_item debugfs_entries[] = {
> { "resvd_inst", VCPU_STAT(resvd_inst_exits), KVM_STAT_VCPU },
> { "break_inst", VCPU_STAT(break_inst_exits), KVM_STAT_VCPU },
> { "flush_dcache", VCPU_STAT(flush_dcache_exits), KVM_STAT_VCPU },
> + { "halt_successful_poll", VCPU_STAT(halt_successful_poll), KVM_STAT_VCPU },
> { "halt_wakeup", VCPU_STAT(halt_wakeup), KVM_STAT_VCPU },
> {NULL}
> };
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> index 7efd666a3fa7..8ef05121d3cd 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> @@ -107,6 +107,7 @@ struct kvm_vcpu_stat {
> u32 emulated_inst_exits;
> u32 dec_exits;
> u32 ext_intr_exits;
> + u32 halt_successful_poll;
> u32 halt_wakeup;
> u32 dbell_exits;
> u32 gdbell_exits;
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s.c b/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s.c
> index 888bf466d8c6..cfbcdc654201 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s.c
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s.c
> @@ -52,6 +52,7 @@ struct kvm_stats_debugfs_item debugfs_entries[] = {
> { "dec", VCPU_STAT(dec_exits) },
> { "ext_intr", VCPU_STAT(ext_intr_exits) },
> { "queue_intr", VCPU_STAT(queue_intr) },
> + { "halt_successful_poll", VCPU_STAT(halt_successful_poll), },
> { "halt_wakeup", VCPU_STAT(halt_wakeup) },
> { "pf_storage", VCPU_STAT(pf_storage) },
> { "sp_storage", VCPU_STAT(sp_storage) },
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kvm/booke.c b/arch/powerpc/kvm/booke.c
> index 9b55dec2d6cc..6c1316a15a27 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/kvm/booke.c
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/kvm/booke.c
> @@ -62,6 +62,7 @@ struct kvm_stats_debugfs_item debugfs_entries[] = {
> { "inst_emu", VCPU_STAT(emulated_inst_exits) },
> { "dec", VCPU_STAT(dec_exits) },
> { "ext_intr", VCPU_STAT(ext_intr_exits) },
> + { "halt_successful_poll", VCPU_STAT(halt_successful_poll) },
> { "halt_wakeup", VCPU_STAT(halt_wakeup) },
> { "doorbell", VCPU_STAT(dbell_exits) },
> { "guest doorbell", VCPU_STAT(gdbell_exits) },
> diff --git a/arch/s390/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/s390/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> index d1ecc7fd0579..f79058e3fd98 100644
> --- a/arch/s390/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/arch/s390/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> @@ -196,6 +196,7 @@ struct kvm_vcpu_stat {
> u32 exit_stop_request;
> u32 exit_validity;
> u32 exit_instruction;
> + u32 halt_successful_poll;
> u32 halt_wakeup;
> u32 instruction_lctl;
> u32 instruction_lctlg;
> diff --git a/arch/s390/kvm/kvm-s390.c b/arch/s390/kvm/kvm-s390.c
> index b2371c0fd1f8..1dbab2340a66 100644
> --- a/arch/s390/kvm/kvm-s390.c
> +++ b/arch/s390/kvm/kvm-s390.c
> @@ -51,6 +51,7 @@ struct kvm_stats_debugfs_item debugfs_entries[] = {
> { "exit_instruction", VCPU_STAT(exit_instruction) },
> { "exit_program_interruption", VCPU_STAT(exit_program_interruption) },
> { "exit_instr_and_program_int", VCPU_STAT(exit_instr_and_program) },
> + { "halt_successful_poll", VCPU_STAT(halt_successful_poll) },
> { "halt_wakeup", VCPU_STAT(halt_wakeup) },
> { "instruction_lctlg", VCPU_STAT(instruction_lctlg) },
> { "instruction_lctl", VCPU_STAT(instruction_lctl) },
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> index 848947ac6ade..a236e39cc385 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> @@ -655,6 +655,7 @@ struct kvm_vcpu_stat {
> u32 irq_window_exits;
> u32 nmi_window_exits;
> u32 halt_exits;
> + u32 halt_successful_poll;
> u32 halt_wakeup;
> u32 request_irq_exits;
> u32 irq_exits;
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> index 1373e04e1f19..bd7a70be41b3 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> @@ -145,6 +145,7 @@ struct kvm_stats_debugfs_item debugfs_entries[] = {
> { "irq_window", VCPU_STAT(irq_window_exits) },
> { "nmi_window", VCPU_STAT(nmi_window_exits) },
> { "halt_exits", VCPU_STAT(halt_exits) },
> + { "halt_successful_poll", VCPU_STAT(halt_successful_poll) },
> { "halt_wakeup", VCPU_STAT(halt_wakeup) },
> { "hypercalls", VCPU_STAT(hypercalls) },
> { "request_irq", VCPU_STAT(request_irq_exits) },
> diff --git a/include/trace/events/kvm.h b/include/trace/events/kvm.h
> index 6edf1f2028cd..6bfe7eec1c2c 100644
> --- a/include/trace/events/kvm.h
> +++ b/include/trace/events/kvm.h
> @@ -37,6 +37,25 @@ TRACE_EVENT(kvm_userspace_exit,
> __entry->errno < 0 ? -__entry->errno : __entry->reason)
> );
>
> +TRACE_EVENT(kvm_vcpu_wakeup,
> + TP_PROTO(__u64 ns, bool waited),
> + TP_ARGS(ns, waited),
> +
> + TP_STRUCT__entry(
> + __field( __u64, ns )
> + __field( bool, waited )
> + ),
> +
> + TP_fast_assign(
> + __entry->ns = ns;
> + __entry->waited = waited;
> + ),
> +
> + TP_printk("%s time %lld ns",
> + __entry->waited ? "wait" : "poll",
> + __entry->ns)
> +);
> +
> #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_KVM_IRQFD)
> TRACE_EVENT(kvm_set_irq,
> TP_PROTO(unsigned int gsi, int level, int irq_source_id),
> diff --git a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
> index 0c281760a1c5..32449e0e9aa8 100644
> --- a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
> +++ b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
> @@ -66,6 +66,9 @@
> MODULE_AUTHOR("Qumranet");
> MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
>
> +unsigned int halt_poll_ns = 0;
> +module_param(halt_poll_ns, uint, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
> +
> /*
> * Ordering of locks:
> *
> @@ -1813,29 +1816,60 @@ void mark_page_dirty(struct kvm *kvm, gfn_t gfn)
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mark_page_dirty);
>
> +static int kvm_vcpu_check_block(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> +{
> + if (kvm_arch_vcpu_runnable(vcpu)) {
> + kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_UNHALT, vcpu);
> + return -EINTR;
> + }
> + if (kvm_cpu_has_pending_timer(vcpu))
> + return -EINTR;
> + if (signal_pending(current))
> + return -EINTR;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> /*
> * The vCPU has executed a HLT instruction with in-kernel mode enabled.
> */
> void kvm_vcpu_block(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> {
> + ktime_t start, cur;
> DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
> + bool waited = false;
> +
> + start = cur = ktime_get();
> + if (halt_poll_ns) {
> + ktime_t stop = ktime_add_ns(ktime_get(), halt_poll_ns);
> + do {
> + /*
> + * This sets KVM_REQ_UNHALT if an interrupt
> + * arrives.
> + */
> + if (kvm_vcpu_check_block(vcpu) < 0) {
> + ++vcpu->stat.halt_successful_poll;
> + goto out;
> + }
> + cur = ktime_get();
> + } while (single_task_running() && ktime_before(cur, stop));
> + }
>
> for (;;) {
> prepare_to_wait(&vcpu->wq, &wait, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
>
> - if (kvm_arch_vcpu_runnable(vcpu)) {
> - kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_UNHALT, vcpu);
> - break;
> - }
> - if (kvm_cpu_has_pending_timer(vcpu))
> - break;
> - if (signal_pending(current))
> + if (kvm_vcpu_check_block(vcpu) < 0)
> break;
>
> + waited = true;
> schedule();
> }
>
> finish_wait(&vcpu->wq, &wait);
> + cur = ktime_get();
> +
> +out:
> + trace_kvm_vcpu_wakeup(ktime_to_ns(cur) - ktime_to_ns(start), waited);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_vcpu_block);
>
> --
> 1.8.3.1
>


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