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SubjectRe: RAID1 might_sleep() warning on 3.19-rc7
On Fri, 6 Feb 2015 12:39:30 +0100 Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> wrote:

> On Fri, Feb 06, 2015 at 08:51:33AM +1100, NeilBrown wrote:
> > That is exactly what is happening here. However I don't think that is an
> > "observed problem" but rather an "observed false-positive".
> >
> > If nothing inside the outer loop blocks, then in particular
> > generic_make_request will not be called, so nothing will be added to the
> > queue that blk_schedule_flush_plug flushes.
> > So the first time through the loop, a call the 'schedule()' may not actually
> > block, but every subsequent time it will.
> > So there is no actual problem here.
> >
> > So I'd be included to add sched_annotate_sleep() in blk_flush_plug_list().
> >
> > Peter: what do you think is the best way to silence this warning.
>
> > > Call Trace:
>
> > > [<ffffffff8027ee62>] __might_sleep+0x82/0x90
> > > [<ffffffff803bee06>] generic_make_request_checks+0x36/0x2d0
> > > [<ffffffff803bf0b3>] generic_make_request+0x13/0x100
> > > [<ffffffff8054983b>] raid1_unplug+0x12b/0x170
> > > [<ffffffff803c1302>] blk_flush_plug_list+0xa2/0x230
> > > [<ffffffff80646383>] io_schedule+0x43/0x80
> > > [<ffffffff80646787>] bit_wait_io+0x27/0x50
>
> Well, I don't know. I don't particularly like the whole blk_flush_plug()
> thing scheduling while on its way to schedule. If you ever end up
> calling io_schedule() from it there's 'fun'.
>
> Also, how likely is it to actually schedule when doing all that? This
> block layer stuff is somewhat impenetrable for me, too many callbacks.
>
> You have some words on how its unlikely, but I can't even find _where_
> it would schedule :/ All I see is a loop calling ->make_request_fn() and
> god only knows where that ends up.
>
> So there appear to be two blk_flush_plug() variants, one with an
> @from_schedule = true, which seems to really try not to schedule, which
> seems to suggest the 'false' one (the one above) is meant to schedule?
>
> If scheduling is the rule rather than the exception, the above is
> properly broken.
>
> But again, I don't know.

I had to re-read the code (And your analysis) a couple of times to be sure ...

As you say, when schedule() calls blk_schedule_flush_plug(), the
@from_schedule=true variant is used and the unplug code doesn't block.
So there is no problem there.

However, when io_schedule() explicitly calls blk_flush_plug(), then
@from_schedule=false variant is used, and the unplug functions are allowed to
allocate memory and block and maybe even call mempool_alloc() which might
call io_schedule().

This shouldn't be a problem as blk_flush_plug() spliced out the plug list, so
any recursive call will find an empty list and do nothing.

Worst case is that a wait_event loop that calls io_schedule() (i.e.
wait_on_bit_io()) might not block in the first call to io_schedule()
if the unplugging needed to wait. Every subsequent call will block as
required as there is nothing else to add requests to the plug queue.

So as long as wait_on_bio_io() can cope with a single false wakeup (which it
can), there is no problem here.

>
> If you're confident that scheduling is rare for _ALL_ (current and
> future) block device implementations, not just the raid one, then you
> can annotate blk_flush_plug_list() I suppose.
>
> Otherwise I would suggest adding them one at a time in whatever blk
> device thing likes to go schedule on us. Also, add a comment that
> explains why its rare for the future us who need to look at it again.

It isn't that scheduling is "rare" - it is that it can only occur once in a
loop which doesn't expect it.

So I propose the following, though I haven't tested it.

Signed-off-by: NeilBrown <neilb@suse.de>

diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index e628cb11b560..b0f12ab3df23 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -4374,6 +4374,11 @@ void __sched io_schedule(void)

delayacct_blkio_start();
atomic_inc(&rq->nr_iowait);
+ /* Any sleeping in blk_flush_plug() should not
+ * trigger the "do not call blocking ops" warning
+ * as it can only happen once in a wait_event loop.
+ */
+ sched_annotate_sleep();
blk_flush_plug(current);
current->in_iowait = 1;
schedule();
@@ -4390,6 +4395,11 @@ long __sched io_schedule_timeout(long timeout)

delayacct_blkio_start();
atomic_inc(&rq->nr_iowait);
+ /* Any sleeping in blk_flush_plug() should not
+ * trigger the "do not call blocking ops" warning
+ * as it can only happen once in a wait_event loop.
+ */
+ sched_annotate_sleep();
blk_flush_plug(current);
current->in_iowait = 1;
ret = schedule_timeout(timeout);
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