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SubjectRe: [PATCH 5/9] mtd: pxa3xx_nand: add support for the Marvell Berlin nand controller
On Tue, 27 Jan 2015 15:10:12 +0100
Antoine Tenart <antoine.tenart@free-electrons.com> wrote:

> The nand controller on Marvell Berlin SoC reuse the pxa3xx nand driver
> as it quite close. The process of sending commands can be compared to
> the one of the Marvell armada 370: read and write commands are done in
> chunks.
>
> But the Berlin nand controller has some other specificities which
> require some modifications of the pxa3xx nand driver:
> - there are no IRQ available so we need to poll the status register: we
> have to use our own cmdfunc Berlin function, and early on the probing
> function.
> - PAGEPROG are very different from the one used in the pxa3xx driver,
> so we're using a specific process for this one
> - the SEQIN command is equivalent to a READ0 command
> - the RNDOUT command must be used to perform a read operation, and the
> command is not NAND_CMD_RNDOUT
> - the ERASE1 command is specific (0xd060)
>
> Signed-off-by: Antoine Tenart <antoine.tenart@free-electrons.com>
> ---
> drivers/mtd/nand/pxa3xx_nand.c | 287 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
> 1 file changed, 261 insertions(+), 26 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/pxa3xx_nand.c b/drivers/mtd/nand/pxa3xx_nand.c
> index b2783b1f663c..62ea369dc524 100644
> --- a/drivers/mtd/nand/pxa3xx_nand.c
> +++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/pxa3xx_nand.c
> @@ -109,6 +109,8 @@
> #define NDCB0_EXT_CMD_TYPE(x) (((x) << 29) & NDCB0_EXT_CMD_TYPE_MASK)
> #define NDCB0_CMD_TYPE_MASK (0x7 << 21)
> #define NDCB0_CMD_TYPE(x) (((x) << 21) & NDCB0_CMD_TYPE_MASK)
> +#define NDCB0_CMD_XTYPE_MASK (0x7 << 29)
> +#define NDCB0_CMD_XTYPE(x) (((x) << 29) & NDCB0_CMD_XTYPE_MASK)
> #define NDCB0_NC (0x1 << 20)
> #define NDCB0_DBC (0x1 << 19)
> #define NDCB0_ADDR_CYC_MASK (0x7 << 16)
> @@ -117,13 +119,20 @@
> #define NDCB0_CMD1_MASK (0xff)
> #define NDCB0_ADDR_CYC_SHIFT (16)
>
> -#define EXT_CMD_TYPE_DISPATCH 6 /* Command dispatch */
> -#define EXT_CMD_TYPE_NAKED_RW 5 /* Naked read or Naked write */
> -#define EXT_CMD_TYPE_READ 4 /* Read */
> -#define EXT_CMD_TYPE_DISP_WR 4 /* Command dispatch with write */
> -#define EXT_CMD_TYPE_FINAL 3 /* Final command */
> -#define EXT_CMD_TYPE_LAST_RW 1 /* Last naked read/write */
> -#define EXT_CMD_TYPE_MONO 0 /* Monolithic read/write */
> +#define EXT_CMD_TYPE_LAST_PAGEPROG 10
> +#define EXT_CMD_TYPE_CHUNK_PAGEPROG 9
> +#define EXT_CMD_TYPE_LAST_RNDOUT 8
> +#define EXT_CMD_TYPE_CHUNK_RNDOUT 7
> +#define EXT_CMD_TYPE_DISPATCH 6 /* Command dispatch */
> +#define EXT_CMD_TYPE_NAKED_RW 5 /* Naked read or Naked write */
> +#define EXT_CMD_TYPE_READ 4 /* Read */
> +#define EXT_CMD_TYPE_DISP_WR 4 /* Command dispatch with write */
> +#define EXT_CMD_TYPE_FINAL 3 /* Final command */
> +#define EXT_CMD_TYPE_LAST_RW 1 /* Last naked read/write */
> +#define EXT_CMD_TYPE_MONO 0 /* Monolithic read/write */
> +
> +#define BERLIN_NAND_CMD_RNDOUT 0x3000
> +#define BERLIN_NAND_CMD_ERASE1 0xd060
>
> /* macros for registers read/write */
> #define nand_writel(info, off, val) \
> @@ -158,6 +167,7 @@ enum {
> enum pxa3xx_nand_variant {
> PXA3XX_NAND_VARIANT_PXA,
> PXA3XX_NAND_VARIANT_ARMADA370,
> + PXA3XX_NAND_VARIANT_BERLIN2,
> };
>
> struct pxa3xx_nand_host {
> @@ -244,10 +254,13 @@ module_param(use_dma, bool, 0444);
> MODULE_PARM_DESC(use_dma, "enable DMA for data transferring to/from NAND HW");
>
> static struct pxa3xx_nand_timing timing[] = {
> - { 40, 80, 60, 100, 80, 100, 90000, 400, 40, },
> - { 10, 0, 20, 40, 30, 40, 11123, 110, 10, },
> - { 10, 25, 15, 25, 15, 30, 25000, 60, 10, },
> - { 10, 35, 15, 25, 15, 25, 25000, 60, 10, },
> + { 40, 80, 60, 100, 80, 100, 90000, 400, 40, },
> + { 10, 0, 20, 40, 30, 40, 11123, 110, 10, },
> + { 10, 25, 15, 25, 15, 30, 25000, 60, 10, },
> + { 10, 35, 15, 25, 15, 25, 25000, 60, 10, },
> + { 5, 20, 10, 12, 10, 12, 60000, 60, 10, },
> + { 5, 20, 10, 12, 10, 12, 200000, 120, 10, },
> + { 5, 15, 10, 15, 10, 15, 60000, 60, 10, },
> };
>
> static struct pxa3xx_nand_flash builtin_flash_types[] = {
> @@ -260,6 +273,20 @@ static struct pxa3xx_nand_flash builtin_flash_types[] = {
> { "512MiB 8-bit", 0xdc2c, 64, 2048, 8, 8, 4096, &timing[2] },
> { "512MiB 16-bit", 0xcc2c, 64, 2048, 16, 16, 4096, &timing[2] },
> { "256MiB 16-bit", 0xba20, 64, 2048, 16, 16, 2048, &timing[3] },
> +{ },
> +};
> +
> +static struct pxa3xx_nand_flash berlin_builtin_flash_types[] = {
> +{ "2GiB 8-bit", 0xd5ec, 128, 8192, 8, 8, 2048, &timing[4] },
> +{ "2GiB 8-bit", 0xd598, 128, 8192, 8, 8, 2048, &timing[5] },
> +{ "2GiB 8-bit", 0x482c, 256, 4096, 8, 8, 2048, &timing[6] },
> +{ "4GiB 8-bit", 0xd7ec, 128, 8192, 8, 8, 4096, &timing[5] },
> +{ "8GiB 8-bit", 0xdeec, 128, 8192, 8, 8, 4096, &timing[5] },
> +{ "4GiB 8-bit", 0xd7ad, 256, 8192, 8, 8, 2048, &timing[5] },
> +{ "4GiB 8-bit", 0x682c, 256, 4096, 8, 8, 4096, &timing[6] },
> +{ "8GiB 8-bit", 0x882c, 256, 8192, 8, 8, 4096, &timing[6] },
> +{ "8GiB 8-bit", 0xdead, 256, 8192, 8, 8, 4096, &timing[6] },
> +{ },
> };
>
> static u8 bbt_pattern[] = {'M', 'V', 'B', 'b', 't', '0' };
> @@ -320,6 +347,18 @@ static struct nand_ecclayout ecc_layout_4KB_bch8bit = {
> .oobfree = { }
> };
>
> +static struct nand_ecclayout ecc_layout_oob_128 = {
> + .eccbytes = 48,
> + .eccpos = {
> + 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87,
> + 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95,
> + 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103,
> + 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111,
> + 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119,
> + 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127},
> + .oobfree = { {.offset = 2, .length = 78} }
> +};
> +
> /* Define a default flash type setting serve as flash detecting only */
> #define DEFAULT_FLASH_TYPE (&builtin_flash_types[0])
>
> @@ -346,6 +385,10 @@ static const struct of_device_id pxa3xx_nand_dt_ids[] = {
> .compatible = "marvell,armada370-nand",
> .data = (void *)PXA3XX_NAND_VARIANT_ARMADA370,
> },
> + {
> + .compatible = "marvell,berlin2-nand",
> + .data = (void *)PXA3XX_NAND_VARIANT_BERLIN2,
> + },
> {}
> };
> MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, pxa3xx_nand_dt_ids);
> @@ -378,6 +421,11 @@ static void pxa3xx_nand_set_timing(struct pxa3xx_nand_host *host,
> NDTR1_tWHR(ns2cycle(t->tWHR, nand_clk)) |
> NDTR1_tAR(ns2cycle(t->tAR, nand_clk));
>
> + if (info->variant == PXA3XX_NAND_VARIANT_BERLIN2) {
> + ndtr0 = 0x84840A12;
> + ndtr1 = 0x00208662;
> + }
> +
> info->ndtr0cs0 = ndtr0;
> info->ndtr1cs0 = ndtr1;
> nand_writel(info, NDTR0CS0, ndtr0);
> @@ -644,6 +692,11 @@ static irqreturn_t pxa3xx_nand_irq(int irq, void *devid)
> nand_writel(info, NDCB0, info->ndcb1);
> nand_writel(info, NDCB0, info->ndcb2);
>
> + if (info->variant == PXA3XX_NAND_VARIANT_BERLIN2 &&
> + info->ndcb0 & NDCB0_LEN_OVRD)
> + nand_writel(info, NDCB0,
> + info->chunk_size + info->oob_size);
> +

Why don't you reuse the following if statement (which is doing the
exact same thing, except for the size being stored in ndbc3 when
the command is created).

Moreover, I'm pretty sure you don't want to add oob_size on the 2nd
chunk, but only on the last one.
Doing that will only work for 4K pages (2 * max_chunk_size), and you
add support for 8K pages NANDs in this patch.

> /* NDCB3 register is available in NFCv2 (Armada 370/XP SoC) */
> if (info->variant == PXA3XX_NAND_VARIANT_ARMADA370)
> nand_writel(info, NDCB0, info->ndcb3);
> @@ -755,6 +808,19 @@ static int prepare_set_command(struct pxa3xx_nand_info *info, int command,
> if (command == NAND_CMD_SEQIN)
> exec_cmd = 0;
>
> + /* Berlin specific */
> + if (info->variant == PXA3XX_NAND_VARIANT_BERLIN2) {
> + if (command == NAND_CMD_READ0 || command == NAND_CMD_READOOB)
> + exec_cmd = 0;
> +
> + if (command == NAND_CMD_SEQIN)
> + command = NAND_CMD_READ0;
> + else if (command == NAND_CMD_RNDOUT)
> + command = BERLIN_NAND_CMD_RNDOUT;
> + else if (command == NAND_CMD_ERASE1)
> + command = BERLIN_NAND_CMD_ERASE1;
> + }
> +
> addr_cycle = NDCB0_ADDR_CYC(host->row_addr_cycles
> + host->col_addr_cycles);
>
> @@ -814,6 +880,34 @@ static int prepare_set_command(struct pxa3xx_nand_info *info, int command,
> break;
> }
>
> + if (info->variant == PXA3XX_NAND_VARIANT_BERLIN2) {
> + if (ext_cmd_type == EXT_CMD_TYPE_LAST_PAGEPROG) {
> + info->ndcb0 |= NDCB0_CMD_TYPE(0x1)
> + | NDCB0_CMD_XTYPE(0x3)
> + | NDCB0_ST_ROW_EN
> + | NDCB0_DBC
> + | 0xff
> + | (0x1080 & (0xff << 8));

You can replace the last 2 lines by:
| 0x10ff);

But the 0xff is really weird, cause 0xff is the RESET command...



> + } else if (ext_cmd_type == EXT_CMD_TYPE_CHUNK_PAGEPROG) {
> + info->ndcb0 |= NDCB0_CMD_TYPE(0x1)
> + | NDCB0_CMD_XTYPE(0x5)
> + | NDCB0_NC
> + | NDCB0_AUTO_RS
> + | NDCB0_LEN_OVRD
> + | (0x1080 & 0xff);

and this line by
| 0x80);

> + } else {
> + info->ndcb0 |= NDCB0_CMD_TYPE(0x1)
> + | NDCB0_CMD_XTYPE(0x4)
> + | NDCB0_NC
> + | NDCB0_AUTO_RS
> + | NDCB0_LEN_OVRD
> + | addr_cycle
> + | (0x1080 & 0xff);

Ditto.

Anyway, are you sure this shouldn't be:
| 0x1080);

or even better:

| (NAND_CMD_PAGEPROG<<8)
| NAND_CMD_SEQIN);

> + }
> +
> + break;
> + }
> +
> /* Second command setting for large pages */
> if (mtd->writesize > PAGE_CHUNK_SIZE) {
> /*
> @@ -870,6 +964,27 @@ static int prepare_set_command(struct pxa3xx_nand_info *info, int command,
>
> info->data_size = 8;
> break;
> +
> + case BERLIN_NAND_CMD_RNDOUT:
> + info->buf_start = column;
> +
> + if (ext_cmd_type == EXT_CMD_TYPE_LAST_RNDOUT)
> + info->ndcb0 = NDCB0_CMD_XTYPE(0x5)
> + | NDCB0_LEN_OVRD;
> + else if (ext_cmd_type == EXT_CMD_TYPE_CHUNK_RNDOUT)
> + info->ndcb0 = NDCB0_CMD_XTYPE(0x5)
> + | NDCB0_LEN_OVRD
> + | NDCB0_NC;
> + else
> + info->ndcb0 |= NDCB0_CMD_TYPE(0)
> + | NDCB0_CMD_XTYPE(0x6)
> + | NDCB0_DBC
> + | NDCB0_NC
> + | addr_cycle
> + | command;
> +
> + break;
> +
> case NAND_CMD_STATUS:
> info->buf_count = 1;
> info->ndcb0 |= NDCB0_CMD_TYPE(4)
> @@ -880,15 +995,18 @@ static int prepare_set_command(struct pxa3xx_nand_info *info, int command,
> break;
>
> case NAND_CMD_ERASE1:
> + case BERLIN_NAND_CMD_ERASE1:
> info->ndcb0 |= NDCB0_CMD_TYPE(2)
> | NDCB0_AUTO_RS
> | NDCB0_ADDR_CYC(3)
> | NDCB0_DBC
> - | (NAND_CMD_ERASE2 << 8)
> - | NAND_CMD_ERASE1;
> + | command;
> info->ndcb1 = page_addr;
> info->ndcb2 = 0;
>
> + if (command == NAND_CMD_ERASE1)
> + info->ndcb0 |= (NAND_CMD_ERASE2 << 8);
> +
> break;
> case NAND_CMD_RESET:
> info->ndcb0 |= NDCB0_CMD_TYPE(5)
> @@ -1078,6 +1196,102 @@ static int pxa3xx_nand_write_page_hwecc(struct mtd_info *mtd,
> return 0;
> }
>
> +static void nand_cmdfunc_berlin(struct mtd_info *mtd, const unsigned command,
> + int column, int page_addr)
> +{
> + struct pxa3xx_nand_host *host = mtd->priv;
> + struct pxa3xx_nand_info *info = host->info_data;
> + unsigned long timeout;
> + unsigned int oob_size = info->oob_size;
> + int exec_cmd, ext_cmd_type = 0;
> + unsigned cmd = command;
> +
> + if (info->reg_ndcr & NDCR_DWIDTH_M)
> + column /= 2;
> +
> + /*
> + * There may be different NAND chip hooked to
> + * different chip select, so check whether
> + * chip select has been changed, if yes, reset the timing
> + */
> + if (info->cs != host->cs) {
> + info->cs = host->cs;
> + nand_writel(info, NDTR0CS0, info->ndtr0cs0);
> + nand_writel(info, NDTR1CS0, info->ndtr1cs0);
> + }
> +
> + prepare_start_command(info, cmd);
> +
> + info->need_wait = 1;
> + init_completion(&info->dev_ready);
> +
> + pxa3xx_nand_start(info);
> +
> + do {
> + init_completion(&info->cmd_complete);
> + info->state = STATE_PREPARED;
> + exec_cmd = prepare_set_command(info, cmd, ext_cmd_type,
> + column, page_addr);
> +
> + if (cmd == NAND_CMD_READ0) {
> + cmd = NAND_CMD_RNDOUT;
> + continue;
> + }
> +
> + if (!exec_cmd) {
> + info->need_wait = 0;
> + complete(&info->dev_ready);
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + /* no IRQ, poll */
> + timeout = jiffies + CHIP_DELAY_TIMEOUT;
> + do {
> + pxa3xx_nand_irq(0, info);
> +
> + if (cmd == NAND_CMD_PAGEPROG &&
> + ext_cmd_type != EXT_CMD_TYPE_LAST_PAGEPROG)
> + break;
> +
> + if (time_after(jiffies, timeout))
> + goto berlin_timeout;
> + } while (!completion_done(&info->cmd_complete));
> +
> + /* sequence completed */
> + if (info->data_size == 0)
> + break;
> +
> + if (cmd == NAND_CMD_PAGEPROG &&
> + ext_cmd_type == EXT_CMD_TYPE_LAST_PAGEPROG) {
> + complete(&info->dev_ready);
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + if (cmd == NAND_CMD_RNDOUT) {
> + /* last command */
> + if (info->data_size == info->chunk_size * 2) {
> + ext_cmd_type = EXT_CMD_TYPE_LAST_RNDOUT;
> + info->oob_size = oob_size;
> + } else {
> + ext_cmd_type = EXT_CMD_TYPE_CHUNK_RNDOUT;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + if (cmd == NAND_CMD_PAGEPROG) {
> + /* last command */
> + if (info->data_size == info->chunk_size * 2) {
> + ext_cmd_type = EXT_CMD_TYPE_LAST_PAGEPROG;
> + info->oob_size = oob_size;
> + } else {
> + ext_cmd_type = EXT_CMD_TYPE_CHUNK_PAGEPROG;
> + }
> + }
> + } while (1);
> +
> +berlin_timeout:
> + info->state = STATE_IDLE;
> +}
> +
> static int pxa3xx_nand_read_page_hwecc(struct mtd_info *mtd,
> struct nand_chip *chip, uint8_t *buf, int oob_required,
> int page)
> @@ -1193,8 +1407,10 @@ static int pxa3xx_nand_config_flash(struct pxa3xx_nand_info *info,
> struct pxa3xx_nand_host *host = info->host[info->cs];
> uint32_t ndcr = 0x0; /* enable all interrupts */
>
> - if (f->page_size != 2048 && f->page_size != 512) {
> - dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Current only support 2048 and 512 size\n");
> + if (f->page_size != 8192 && f->page_size != 2048
> + && f->page_size != 512) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev,
> + "Current only support 8192, 2048 and 512 size\n");
> return -EINVAL;
> }
>
> @@ -1401,6 +1617,16 @@ static int pxa_ecc_init(struct pxa3xx_nand_info *info,
> ecc->size = info->chunk_size;
> ecc->layout = &ecc_layout_4KB_bch8bit;
> ecc->strength = 16;
> + } else if (strength == 48 && ecc_stepsize == 1024 &&
> + page_size == 8192) {
> + info->ecc_bch = 1;
> + info->chunk_size = 2048;
> + info->spare_size = 0;
> + info->ecc_size = 32;
> + ecc->mode = NAND_ECC_HW;
> + ecc->size = info->chunk_size;
> + ecc->layout = &ecc_layout_oob_128;
> + ecc->strength = 48;
> } else {
> dev_err(&info->pdev->dev,
> "ECC strength %d at page size %d is not supported\n",
> @@ -1420,11 +1646,11 @@ static int pxa3xx_nand_scan(struct mtd_info *mtd)
> struct platform_device *pdev = info->pdev;
> struct pxa3xx_nand_platform_data *pdata = dev_get_platdata(&pdev->dev);
> struct nand_flash_dev pxa3xx_flash_ids[2], *def = NULL;
> - const struct pxa3xx_nand_flash *f = NULL;
> + const struct pxa3xx_nand_flash *flash_types = NULL, *f = NULL;
> struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
> uint32_t id = -1;
> uint64_t chipsize;
> - int i, ret, num;
> + int i, ret;
> uint16_t ecc_strength, ecc_step;
>
> if (pdata->keep_config && !pxa3xx_nand_detect_config(info))
> @@ -1433,6 +1659,9 @@ static int pxa3xx_nand_scan(struct mtd_info *mtd)
> /* Set a default chunk size */
> info->chunk_size = 512;
>
> + if (info->variant == PXA3XX_NAND_VARIANT_BERLIN2)
> + chip->cmdfunc = nand_cmdfunc_berlin;

Your cmdfunc looks like the nand_cmdfunc_extended one, and this one is
only used for NAND chips that have writesize > PAGE_CHUNK_SIZE.

Is your cmdfunc supporting accesses to NAND chips with smaller pages ?
If you're unsure, maybe you should add a check here, and refuse to
probe such NAND chips.

> +
> ret = pxa3xx_nand_sensing(info);
> if (ret) {
> dev_info(&info->pdev->dev, "There is no chip on cs %d!\n",
> @@ -1452,19 +1681,24 @@ static int pxa3xx_nand_scan(struct mtd_info *mtd)
> return -EINVAL;
> }
>
> - num = ARRAY_SIZE(builtin_flash_types) + pdata->num_flash - 1;
> - for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
> - if (i < pdata->num_flash)
> - f = pdata->flash + i;
> - else
> - f = &builtin_flash_types[i - pdata->num_flash + 1];
> + if (info->variant == PXA3XX_NAND_VARIANT_BERLIN2)
> + flash_types = berlin_builtin_flash_types;
> + else
> + flash_types = builtin_flash_types;
>
> - /* find the chip in default list */
> + for (i = 0; (f = &flash_types[i]); i++)
> if (f->chip_id == id)
> break;
> +
> + if (f == NULL) {
> + for (i = 0; i < pdata->num_flash; i++) {
> + f = pdata->flash + i;
> + if (f->chip_id == id)
> + break;
> + }
> }

You're changing the matching order here, the initial order was:

1/ pdata definition
2/ builtin types

and you're now doing:

1/ builtin types
2/ pdata definition


>
> - if (i >= (ARRAY_SIZE(builtin_flash_types) + pdata->num_flash - 1)) {
> + if (f == NULL) {
> dev_err(&info->pdev->dev, "ERROR!! flash not defined!!!\n");
>
> return -EINVAL;
> @@ -1515,7 +1749,8 @@ KEEP_CONFIG:
> * we are given the right variant and then switch to the extended
> * (aka splitted) command handling,
> */
> - if (mtd->writesize > PAGE_CHUNK_SIZE) {
> + if (mtd->writesize > PAGE_CHUNK_SIZE &&
> + info->variant != PXA3XX_NAND_VARIANT_BERLIN2) {
> if (info->variant == PXA3XX_NAND_VARIANT_ARMADA370) {
> chip->cmdfunc = nand_cmdfunc_extended;
> } else {



--
Boris Brezillon, Free Electrons
Embedded Linux and Kernel engineering
http://free-electrons.com


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