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Subject[PATCH v11 19/19] kasan: enable instrumentation of global variables
Date
This feature let us to detect accesses out of bounds of
global variables. This will work as for globals in kernel
image, so for globals in modules. Currently this won't work
for symbols in user-specified sections (e.g. __init, __read_mostly, ...)

The idea of this is simple. Compiler increases each global variable
by redzone size and add constructors invoking __asan_register_globals()
function. Information about global variable (address, size,
size with redzone ...) passed to __asan_register_globals() so we could
poison variable's redzone.

This patch also forces module_alloc() to return 8*PAGE_SIZE aligned
address making shadow memory handling ( kasan_module_alloc()/kasan_module_free() )
more simple. Such alignment guarantees that each shadow page backing
modules address space correspond to only one module_alloc() allocation.

Signed-off-by: Andrey Ryabinin <a.ryabinin@samsung.com>
---
arch/x86/kernel/module.c | 12 +++++++++-
arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c | 2 +-
include/linux/compiler-gcc4.h | 4 ++++
include/linux/compiler-gcc5.h | 2 ++
include/linux/kasan.h | 10 +++++++++
kernel/module.c | 2 ++
lib/Kconfig.kasan | 1 +
mm/kasan/kasan.c | 52 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
mm/kasan/kasan.h | 25 +++++++++++++++++++++
mm/kasan/report.c | 22 ++++++++++++++++++
scripts/Makefile.kasan | 5 +++--
11 files changed, 133 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/module.c b/arch/x86/kernel/module.c
index e830e61..d1ac80b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/module.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/module.c
@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/kasan.h>
#include <linux/bug.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
@@ -83,13 +84,22 @@ static unsigned long int get_module_load_offset(void)

void *module_alloc(unsigned long size)
{
+ void *p;
+
if (PAGE_ALIGN(size) > MODULES_LEN)
return NULL;
- return __vmalloc_node_range(size, 1,
+
+ p = __vmalloc_node_range(size, MODULE_ALIGN,
MODULES_VADDR + get_module_load_offset(),
MODULES_END, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_HIGHMEM,
PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC, 0, NUMA_NO_NODE,
__builtin_return_address(0));
+ if (p && (kasan_module_alloc(p, size) < 0)) {
+ vfree(p);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ return p;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c
index 5350870..4860906 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c
@@ -196,7 +196,7 @@ void __init kasan_init(void)
(unsigned long)kasan_mem_to_shadow(_end),
NUMA_NO_NODE);

- populate_zero_shadow(kasan_mem_to_shadow((void *)MODULES_VADDR),
+ populate_zero_shadow(kasan_mem_to_shadow((void *)MODULES_END),
(void *)KASAN_SHADOW_END);

memset(kasan_zero_page, 0, PAGE_SIZE);
diff --git a/include/linux/compiler-gcc4.h b/include/linux/compiler-gcc4.h
index d1a5582..769e198 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler-gcc4.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler-gcc4.h
@@ -85,3 +85,7 @@
#define __HAVE_BUILTIN_BSWAP16__
#endif
#endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_USE_BUILTIN_BSWAP */
+
+#if GCC_VERSION >= 40902
+#define KASAN_ABI_VERSION 3
+#endif
diff --git a/include/linux/compiler-gcc5.h b/include/linux/compiler-gcc5.h
index c8c5659..efee493 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler-gcc5.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler-gcc5.h
@@ -63,3 +63,5 @@
#define __HAVE_BUILTIN_BSWAP64__
#define __HAVE_BUILTIN_BSWAP16__
#endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_USE_BUILTIN_BSWAP */
+
+#define KASAN_ABI_VERSION 4
diff --git a/include/linux/kasan.h b/include/linux/kasan.h
index d5310ee..72ba725 100644
--- a/include/linux/kasan.h
+++ b/include/linux/kasan.h
@@ -49,8 +49,15 @@ void kasan_krealloc(const void *object, size_t new_size);
void kasan_slab_alloc(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object);
void kasan_slab_free(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object);

+#define MODULE_ALIGN (PAGE_SIZE << KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SHIFT)
+
+int kasan_module_alloc(void *addr, size_t size);
+void kasan_module_free(void *addr);
+
#else /* CONFIG_KASAN */

+#define MODULE_ALIGN 1
+
static inline void kasan_unpoison_shadow(const void *address, size_t size) {}

static inline void kasan_enable_current(void) {}
@@ -74,6 +81,9 @@ static inline void kasan_krealloc(const void *object, size_t new_size) {}
static inline void kasan_slab_alloc(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object) {}
static inline void kasan_slab_free(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object) {}

+static inline int kasan_module_alloc(void *addr, size_t size) { return 0; }
+static inline void kasan_module_free(void *addr) {}
+
#endif /* CONFIG_KASAN */

#endif /* LINUX_KASAN_H */
diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
index d856e96..f842027 100644
--- a/kernel/module.c
+++ b/kernel/module.c
@@ -56,6 +56,7 @@
#include <linux/async.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/kmemleak.h>
+#include <linux/kasan.h>
#include <linux/jump_label.h>
#include <linux/pfn.h>
#include <linux/bsearch.h>
@@ -1807,6 +1808,7 @@ static void unset_module_init_ro_nx(struct module *mod) { }
void __weak module_memfree(void *module_region)
{
vfree(module_region);
+ kasan_module_free(module_region);
}

void __weak module_arch_cleanup(struct module *mod)
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.kasan b/lib/Kconfig.kasan
index 4d47d87..4fecaedc 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.kasan
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.kasan
@@ -6,6 +6,7 @@ if HAVE_ARCH_KASAN
config KASAN
bool "KASan: runtime memory debugger"
depends on SLUB_DEBUG
+ select CONSTRUCTORS
help
Enables kernel address sanitizer - runtime memory debugger,
designed to find out-of-bounds accesses and use-after-free bugs.
diff --git a/mm/kasan/kasan.c b/mm/kasan/kasan.c
index 799c52b..78fee63 100644
--- a/mm/kasan/kasan.c
+++ b/mm/kasan/kasan.c
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@
#include <linux/memblock.h>
#include <linux/memory.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/printk.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
@@ -395,6 +396,57 @@ void kasan_kfree_large(const void *ptr)
KASAN_FREE_PAGE);
}

+int kasan_module_alloc(void *addr, size_t size)
+{
+ void *ret;
+ size_t shadow_size;
+ unsigned long shadow_start;
+
+ shadow_start = (unsigned long)kasan_mem_to_shadow(addr);
+ shadow_size = round_up(size >> KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SHIFT,
+ PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ if (WARN_ON(!PAGE_ALIGNED(shadow_start)))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ ret = __vmalloc_node_range(shadow_size, 1, shadow_start,
+ shadow_start + shadow_size,
+ GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_HIGHMEM | __GFP_ZERO,
+ PAGE_KERNEL, VM_NO_GUARD, NUMA_NO_NODE,
+ __builtin_return_address(0));
+ return ret ? 0 : -ENOMEM;
+}
+
+void kasan_module_free(void *addr)
+{
+ vfree(kasan_mem_to_shadow(addr));
+}
+
+static void register_global(struct kasan_global *global)
+{
+ size_t aligned_size = round_up(global->size, KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SIZE);
+
+ kasan_unpoison_shadow(global->beg, global->size);
+
+ kasan_poison_shadow(global->beg + aligned_size,
+ global->size_with_redzone - aligned_size,
+ KASAN_GLOBAL_REDZONE);
+}
+
+void __asan_register_globals(struct kasan_global *globals, size_t size)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < size; i++)
+ register_global(&globals[i]);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__asan_register_globals);
+
+void __asan_unregister_globals(struct kasan_global *globals, size_t size)
+{
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__asan_unregister_globals);
+
#define DEFINE_ASAN_LOAD_STORE(size) \
void __asan_load##size(unsigned long addr) \
{ \
diff --git a/mm/kasan/kasan.h b/mm/kasan/kasan.h
index 1fcc1d8..4986b0a 100644
--- a/mm/kasan/kasan.h
+++ b/mm/kasan/kasan.h
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
#define KASAN_PAGE_REDZONE 0xFE /* redzone for kmalloc_large allocations */
#define KASAN_KMALLOC_REDZONE 0xFC /* redzone inside slub object */
#define KASAN_KMALLOC_FREE 0xFB /* object was freed (kmem_cache_free/kfree) */
+#define KASAN_GLOBAL_REDZONE 0xFA /* redzone for global variable */

/*
* Stack redzone shadow values
@@ -21,6 +22,10 @@
#define KASAN_STACK_RIGHT 0xF3
#define KASAN_STACK_PARTIAL 0xF4

+/* Don't break randconfig/all*config builds */
+#ifndef KASAN_ABI_VERSION
+#define KASAN_ABI_VERSION 1
+#endif

struct kasan_access_info {
const void *access_addr;
@@ -30,6 +35,26 @@ struct kasan_access_info {
unsigned long ip;
};

+/* The layout of struct dictated by compiler */
+struct kasan_source_location {
+ const char *filename;
+ int line_no;
+ int column_no;
+};
+
+/* The layout of struct dictated by compiler */
+struct kasan_global {
+ const void *beg; /* Address of the beginning of the global variable. */
+ size_t size; /* Size of the global variable. */
+ size_t size_with_redzone; /* Size of the variable + size of the red zone. 32 bytes aligned */
+ const void *name;
+ const void *module_name; /* Name of the module where the global variable is declared. */
+ unsigned long has_dynamic_init; /* This needed for C++ */
+#if KASAN_ABI_VERSION >= 4
+ struct kasan_source_location *location;
+#endif
+};
+
void kasan_report_error(struct kasan_access_info *info);
void kasan_report_user_access(struct kasan_access_info *info);

diff --git a/mm/kasan/report.c b/mm/kasan/report.c
index 866732e..680ceed 100644
--- a/mm/kasan/report.c
+++ b/mm/kasan/report.c
@@ -23,6 +23,8 @@
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/kasan.h>

+#include <asm/sections.h>
+
#include "kasan.h"
#include "../slab.h"

@@ -61,6 +63,7 @@ static void print_error_description(struct kasan_access_info *info)
break;
case KASAN_PAGE_REDZONE:
case KASAN_KMALLOC_REDZONE:
+ case KASAN_GLOBAL_REDZONE:
case 0 ... KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SIZE - 1:
bug_type = "out of bounds access";
break;
@@ -80,6 +83,20 @@ static void print_error_description(struct kasan_access_info *info)
info->access_size, current->comm, task_pid_nr(current));
}

+static inline bool kernel_or_module_addr(const void *addr)
+{
+ return (addr >= (void *)_stext && addr < (void *)_end)
+ || (addr >= (void *)MODULES_VADDR
+ && addr < (void *)MODULES_END);
+}
+
+static inline bool init_task_stack_addr(const void *addr)
+{
+ return addr >= (void *)&init_thread_union.stack &&
+ (addr <= (void *)&init_thread_union.stack +
+ sizeof(init_thread_union.stack));
+}
+
static void print_address_description(struct kasan_access_info *info)
{
const void *addr = info->access_addr;
@@ -107,6 +124,11 @@ static void print_address_description(struct kasan_access_info *info)
dump_page(page, "kasan: bad access detected");
}

+ if (kernel_or_module_addr(addr)) {
+ if (!init_task_stack_addr(addr))
+ pr_err("Address belongs to variable %pS\n", addr);
+ }
+
dump_stack();
}

diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.kasan b/scripts/Makefile.kasan
index 0ac7d1d..df302f8 100644
--- a/scripts/Makefile.kasan
+++ b/scripts/Makefile.kasan
@@ -5,11 +5,12 @@ else
call_threshold := 0
endif

-CFLAGS_KASAN_MINIMAL := $(call cc-option, -fsanitize=kernel-address)
+CFLAGS_KASAN_MINIMAL := $(call cc-option, -fsanitize=kernel-address \
+ --param asan-globals=1)

CFLAGS_KASAN := $(call cc-option, -fsanitize=kernel-address \
-fasan-shadow-offset=$(CONFIG_KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET) \
- --param asan-stack=1 \
+ --param asan-stack=1 --param asan-globals=1 \
--param asan-instrumentation-with-call-threshold=$(call_threshold))

ifeq ($(CFLAGS_KASAN_MINIMAL),)
--
2.2.2


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