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Subject[PATCH v4 1/3] lib: find_*_bit reimplementation
Date
The new implementation takes less space in the sources
(see diffstat) and in the object. For me it's 710 vs 453
bytes of text. It also shows a better performance.

find_last_bit description fixed due to obvious typo.

In this patch 2 macros were introduced: {LOW,HIGH}_BITS_MASK,
that are doing almost the same as BITMAP_{FIRST,LAST}_WORD_MASK
in include/linux/bitmap.h. But 'LAST' macro is potentially less
effective, because it issues a conditional branch that can be
omitted. If it is replaced one day by a more effective
implementation, {LOW,HIGH}_BITS_MASK can be removed.

Signed-off-by: Yury Norov <yury.norov@gmail.com>
---
include/linux/bitops.h | 4 +-
lib/find_last_bit.c | 37 +++----
lib/find_next_bit.c | 269 ++++++++++++++-----------------------------------
3 files changed, 94 insertions(+), 216 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/bitops.h b/include/linux/bitops.h
index 5d858e0..297f5bd 100644
--- a/include/linux/bitops.h
+++ b/include/linux/bitops.h
@@ -218,9 +218,9 @@ static inline unsigned long __ffs64(u64 word)
/**
* find_last_bit - find the last set bit in a memory region
* @addr: The address to start the search at
- * @size: The maximum size to search
+ * @size: The number of bits to search
*
- * Returns the bit number of the first set bit, or size.
+ * Returns the bit number of the last set bit, or size.
*/
extern unsigned long find_last_bit(const unsigned long *addr,
unsigned long size);
diff --git a/lib/find_last_bit.c b/lib/find_last_bit.c
index 91ca09f..edbb281 100644
--- a/lib/find_last_bit.c
+++ b/lib/find_last_bit.c
@@ -4,6 +4,9 @@
* Written by Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
* (Inspired by David Howell's find_next_bit implementation)
*
+ * Rewritten by Yury Norov <yury.norov@gmail.com> to decrease
+ * size and improve performance, 2015.
+ *
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
* as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
@@ -12,36 +15,26 @@

#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
-#include <asm/types.h>
-#include <asm/byteorder.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+
+#define LOW_BITS_MASK(nr) (~0UL >> -(nr))

#ifndef find_last_bit

unsigned long find_last_bit(const unsigned long *addr, unsigned long size)
{
- unsigned long words;
- unsigned long tmp;
+ if (size) {
+ unsigned long val = LOW_BITS_MASK(size % BITS_PER_LONG);
+ unsigned long idx = (size-1) / BITS_PER_LONG;

- /* Start at final word. */
- words = size / BITS_PER_LONG;
+ do {
+ val &= addr[idx];
+ if (val)
+ return idx * BITS_PER_LONG + __fls(val);

- /* Partial final word? */
- if (size & (BITS_PER_LONG-1)) {
- tmp = (addr[words] & (~0UL >> (BITS_PER_LONG
- - (size & (BITS_PER_LONG-1)))));
- if (tmp)
- goto found;
+ val = ~0ul;
+ } while (idx--);
}
-
- while (words) {
- tmp = addr[--words];
- if (tmp) {
-found:
- return words * BITS_PER_LONG + __fls(tmp);
- }
- }
-
- /* Not found */
return size;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_last_bit);
diff --git a/lib/find_next_bit.c b/lib/find_next_bit.c
index 0cbfc0b..1f5f108 100644
--- a/lib/find_next_bit.c
+++ b/lib/find_next_bit.c
@@ -3,6 +3,9 @@
* Copyright (C) 2004 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
* Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
*
+ * Rewritten by Yury Norov <yury.norov@gmail.com> to decrease
+ * size and improve performance, 2015.
+ *
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
* as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
@@ -11,98 +14,60 @@

#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
-#include <asm/types.h>
-#include <asm/byteorder.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>

-#define BITOP_WORD(nr) ((nr) / BITS_PER_LONG)
+#define HIGH_BITS_MASK(nr) (~0UL << (nr))
+
+#if !defined(find_next_bit) || !defined(find_next_zero_bit)

-#ifndef find_next_bit
/*
- * Find the next set bit in a memory region.
+ * This is a common helper function for find_next_bit and
+ * find_next_zero_bit. The difference is the "invert" argument, which
+ * is XORed with each fetched word before searching it for one bits.
*/
-unsigned long find_next_bit(const unsigned long *addr, unsigned long size,
- unsigned long offset)
+static unsigned long _find_next_bit(const unsigned long *addr,
+ unsigned long nbits, unsigned long start, unsigned long invert)
{
- const unsigned long *p = addr + BITOP_WORD(offset);
- unsigned long result = offset & ~(BITS_PER_LONG-1);
unsigned long tmp;

- if (offset >= size)
- return size;
- size -= result;
- offset %= BITS_PER_LONG;
- if (offset) {
- tmp = *(p++);
- tmp &= (~0UL << offset);
- if (size < BITS_PER_LONG)
- goto found_first;
- if (tmp)
- goto found_middle;
- size -= BITS_PER_LONG;
- result += BITS_PER_LONG;
- }
- while (size & ~(BITS_PER_LONG-1)) {
- if ((tmp = *(p++)))
- goto found_middle;
- result += BITS_PER_LONG;
- size -= BITS_PER_LONG;
+ if (!nbits || start >= nbits)
+ return nbits;
+
+ tmp = addr[start / BITS_PER_LONG] ^ invert;
+
+ /* Handle 1st word. */
+ tmp &= HIGH_BITS_MASK(start % BITS_PER_LONG);
+ start = round_down(start, BITS_PER_LONG);
+
+ while (!tmp) {
+ start += BITS_PER_LONG;
+ if (start >= nbits)
+ return nbits;
+
+ tmp = addr[start / BITS_PER_LONG] ^ invert;
}
- if (!size)
- return result;
- tmp = *p;

-found_first:
- tmp &= (~0UL >> (BITS_PER_LONG - size));
- if (tmp == 0UL) /* Are any bits set? */
- return result + size; /* Nope. */
-found_middle:
- return result + __ffs(tmp);
+ return min(start + __ffs(tmp), nbits);
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_next_bit);
#endif

-#ifndef find_next_zero_bit
+#ifndef find_next_bit
/*
- * This implementation of find_{first,next}_zero_bit was stolen from
- * Linus' asm-alpha/bitops.h.
+ * Find the next set bit in a memory region.
*/
+unsigned long find_next_bit(const unsigned long *addr, unsigned long size,
+ unsigned long offset)
+{
+ return _find_next_bit(addr, size, offset, 0UL);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_next_bit);
+#endif
+
+#ifndef find_next_zero_bit
unsigned long find_next_zero_bit(const unsigned long *addr, unsigned long size,
unsigned long offset)
{
- const unsigned long *p = addr + BITOP_WORD(offset);
- unsigned long result = offset & ~(BITS_PER_LONG-1);
- unsigned long tmp;
-
- if (offset >= size)
- return size;
- size -= result;
- offset %= BITS_PER_LONG;
- if (offset) {
- tmp = *(p++);
- tmp |= ~0UL >> (BITS_PER_LONG - offset);
- if (size < BITS_PER_LONG)
- goto found_first;
- if (~tmp)
- goto found_middle;
- size -= BITS_PER_LONG;
- result += BITS_PER_LONG;
- }
- while (size & ~(BITS_PER_LONG-1)) {
- if (~(tmp = *(p++)))
- goto found_middle;
- result += BITS_PER_LONG;
- size -= BITS_PER_LONG;
- }
- if (!size)
- return result;
- tmp = *p;
-
-found_first:
- tmp |= ~0UL << size;
- if (tmp == ~0UL) /* Are any bits zero? */
- return result + size; /* Nope. */
-found_middle:
- return result + ffz(tmp);
+ return _find_next_bit(addr, size, offset, ~0UL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_next_zero_bit);
#endif
@@ -113,24 +78,14 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_next_zero_bit);
*/
unsigned long find_first_bit(const unsigned long *addr, unsigned long size)
{
- const unsigned long *p = addr;
- unsigned long result = 0;
- unsigned long tmp;
+ unsigned long idx;

- while (size & ~(BITS_PER_LONG-1)) {
- if ((tmp = *(p++)))
- goto found;
- result += BITS_PER_LONG;
- size -= BITS_PER_LONG;
+ for (idx = 0; idx * BITS_PER_LONG < size; idx++) {
+ if (addr[idx])
+ return min(idx * BITS_PER_LONG + __ffs(addr[idx]), size);
}
- if (!size)
- return result;

- tmp = (*p) & (~0UL >> (BITS_PER_LONG - size));
- if (tmp == 0UL) /* Are any bits set? */
- return result + size; /* Nope. */
-found:
- return result + __ffs(tmp);
+ return size;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_first_bit);
#endif
@@ -141,24 +96,14 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_first_bit);
*/
unsigned long find_first_zero_bit(const unsigned long *addr, unsigned long size)
{
- const unsigned long *p = addr;
- unsigned long result = 0;
- unsigned long tmp;
+ unsigned long idx;

- while (size & ~(BITS_PER_LONG-1)) {
- if (~(tmp = *(p++)))
- goto found;
- result += BITS_PER_LONG;
- size -= BITS_PER_LONG;
+ for (idx = 0; idx * BITS_PER_LONG < size; idx++) {
+ if (addr[idx] != ~0UL)
+ return min(idx * BITS_PER_LONG + ffz(addr[idx]), size);
}
- if (!size)
- return result;

- tmp = (*p) | (~0UL << size);
- if (tmp == ~0UL) /* Are any bits zero? */
- return result + size; /* Nope. */
-found:
- return result + ffz(tmp);
+ return size;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_first_zero_bit);
#endif
@@ -166,18 +111,6 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_first_zero_bit);
#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN

/* include/linux/byteorder does not support "unsigned long" type */
-static inline unsigned long ext2_swabp(const unsigned long * x)
-{
-#if BITS_PER_LONG == 64
- return (unsigned long) __swab64p((u64 *) x);
-#elif BITS_PER_LONG == 32
- return (unsigned long) __swab32p((u32 *) x);
-#else
-#error BITS_PER_LONG not defined
-#endif
-}
-
-/* include/linux/byteorder doesn't support "unsigned long" type */
static inline unsigned long ext2_swab(const unsigned long y)
{
#if BITS_PER_LONG == 64
@@ -189,48 +122,38 @@ static inline unsigned long ext2_swab(const unsigned long y)
#endif
}

-#ifndef find_next_zero_bit_le
-unsigned long find_next_zero_bit_le(const void *addr, unsigned
- long size, unsigned long offset)
+#if !defined(find_next_bit_le) || !defined(find_next_zero_bit_le)
+static unsigned long _find_next_bit_le(const unsigned long *addr,
+ unsigned long nbits, unsigned long start, unsigned long invert)
{
- const unsigned long *p = addr;
- unsigned long result = offset & ~(BITS_PER_LONG - 1);
unsigned long tmp;

- if (offset >= size)
- return size;
- p += BITOP_WORD(offset);
- size -= result;
- offset &= (BITS_PER_LONG - 1UL);
- if (offset) {
- tmp = ext2_swabp(p++);
- tmp |= (~0UL >> (BITS_PER_LONG - offset));
- if (size < BITS_PER_LONG)
- goto found_first;
- if (~tmp)
- goto found_middle;
- size -= BITS_PER_LONG;
- result += BITS_PER_LONG;
- }
+ if (!nbits || start >= nbits)
+ return nbits;
+
+ tmp = addr[start / BITS_PER_LONG] ^ invert;
+
+ /* Handle 1st word. */
+ tmp &= ext2_swab(HIGH_BITS_MASK(start % BITS_PER_LONG));
+ start = round_down(start, BITS_PER_LONG);

- while (size & ~(BITS_PER_LONG - 1)) {
- if (~(tmp = *(p++)))
- goto found_middle_swap;
- result += BITS_PER_LONG;
- size -= BITS_PER_LONG;
+ while (!tmp) {
+ start += BITS_PER_LONG;
+ if (start >= nbits)
+ return nbits;
+
+ tmp = addr[start / BITS_PER_LONG] ^ invert;
}
- if (!size)
- return result;
- tmp = ext2_swabp(p);
-found_first:
- tmp |= ~0UL << size;
- if (tmp == ~0UL) /* Are any bits zero? */
- return result + size; /* Nope. Skip ffz */
-found_middle:
- return result + ffz(tmp);

-found_middle_swap:
- return result + ffz(ext2_swab(tmp));
+ return min(start + __ffs(ext2_swab(tmp)), nbits);
+}
+#endif
+
+#ifndef find_next_zero_bit_le
+unsigned long find_next_zero_bit_le(const void *addr, unsigned
+ long size, unsigned long offset)
+{
+ return _find_next_bit_le(addr, size, offset, ~0UL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_next_zero_bit_le);
#endif
@@ -239,45 +162,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_next_zero_bit_le);
unsigned long find_next_bit_le(const void *addr, unsigned
long size, unsigned long offset)
{
- const unsigned long *p = addr;
- unsigned long result = offset & ~(BITS_PER_LONG - 1);
- unsigned long tmp;
-
- if (offset >= size)
- return size;
- p += BITOP_WORD(offset);
- size -= result;
- offset &= (BITS_PER_LONG - 1UL);
- if (offset) {
- tmp = ext2_swabp(p++);
- tmp &= (~0UL << offset);
- if (size < BITS_PER_LONG)
- goto found_first;
- if (tmp)
- goto found_middle;
- size -= BITS_PER_LONG;
- result += BITS_PER_LONG;
- }
-
- while (size & ~(BITS_PER_LONG - 1)) {
- tmp = *(p++);
- if (tmp)
- goto found_middle_swap;
- result += BITS_PER_LONG;
- size -= BITS_PER_LONG;
- }
- if (!size)
- return result;
- tmp = ext2_swabp(p);
-found_first:
- tmp &= (~0UL >> (BITS_PER_LONG - size));
- if (tmp == 0UL) /* Are any bits set? */
- return result + size; /* Nope. */
-found_middle:
- return result + __ffs(tmp);
-
-found_middle_swap:
- return result + __ffs(ext2_swab(tmp));
+ return _find_next_bit_le(addr, size, offset, 0UL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_next_bit_le);
#endif
--
2.1.0


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