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SubjectRe: [Regression]: mm: nommu: Memory leak introduced with commit "mm/nommu: use alloc_pages_exact() rather than its own implementation"
From
2015-02-15 23:21 GMT+09:00 Maxime Coquelin <mcoquelin.stm32@gmail.com>:
> Hi Joonsoon,
>
> I am currently working on STM32 microcontroller family upstream.
> The STM32 family is ARM Cortex-M based, so no MMU.
> As user-space, I use a ramdisk with a statically-linked busybox installed.
>
> On v3.19, I am facing a memory leak.
> Each time I run a command one page is lost. Here an example with
> busybox's free command:
>
> / # free
> total used free shared buffers cached
> Mem: 7928 1972 5956 0 0 492
> -/+ buffers/cache: 1480 6448
> / # free
> total used free shared buffers cached
> Mem: 7928 1976 5952 0 0 492
> -/+ buffers/cache: 1484 6444
> / # free
> total used free shared buffers cached
> Mem: 7928 1980 5948 0 0 492
> -/+ buffers/cache: 1488 6440
> / # free
> total used free shared buffers cached
> Mem: 7928 1984 5944 0 0 492
> -/+ buffers/cache: 1492 6436
> / # free
> total used free shared buffers cached
> Mem: 7928 1988 5940 0 0 492
> -/+ buffers/cache: 1496 6432
>
> At some point, the system fails to sastisfy 256KB allocations:
>
> [ 38.720000] free: page allocation failure: order:6, mode:0xd0
> [ 38.730000] CPU: 0 PID: 67 Comm: free Not tainted
> 3.19.0-05389-gacf2cf1-dirty #64
> [ 38.740000] Hardware name: STM32 (Device Tree Support)
> [ 38.740000] [<08022e25>] (unwind_backtrace) from [<080221e7>]
> (show_stack+0xb/0xc)
> [ 38.750000] [<080221e7>] (show_stack) from [<0804fd3b>]
> (warn_alloc_failed+0x97/0xbc)
> [ 38.760000] [<0804fd3b>] (warn_alloc_failed) from [<08051171>]
> (__alloc_pages_nodemask+0x295/0x35c)
> [ 38.770000] [<08051171>] (__alloc_pages_nodemask) from [<08051243>]
> (__get_free_pages+0xb/0x24)
> [ 38.780000] [<08051243>] (__get_free_pages) from [<0805127f>]
> (alloc_pages_exact+0x19/0x24)
> [ 38.790000] [<0805127f>] (alloc_pages_exact) from [<0805bdbf>]
> (do_mmap_pgoff+0x423/0x658)
> [ 38.800000] [<0805bdbf>] (do_mmap_pgoff) from [<08056e73>]
> (vm_mmap_pgoff+0x3f/0x4e)
> [ 38.810000] [<08056e73>] (vm_mmap_pgoff) from [<08080949>]
> (load_flat_file+0x20d/0x4f8)
> [ 38.820000] [<08080949>] (load_flat_file) from [<08080dfb>]
> (load_flat_binary+0x3f/0x26c)
> [ 38.830000] [<08080dfb>] (load_flat_binary) from [<08063741>]
> (search_binary_handler+0x51/0xe4)
> [ 38.840000] [<08063741>] (search_binary_handler) from [<08063a45>]
> (do_execveat_common+0x271/0x35c)
> [ 38.850000] [<08063a45>] (do_execveat_common) from [<08063b49>]
> (do_execve+0x19/0x1c)
> [ 38.860000] [<08063b49>] (do_execve) from [<08020a01>]
> (ret_fast_syscall+0x1/0x4a)
> [ 38.870000] Mem-info:
> [ 38.870000] Normal per-cpu:
> [ 38.870000] CPU 0: hi: 0, btch: 1 usd: 0
> [ 38.880000] active_anon:0 inactive_anon:0 isolated_anon:0
> [ 38.880000] active_file:0 inactive_file:0 isolated_file:0
> [ 38.880000] unevictable:123 dirty:0 writeback:0 unstable:0
> [ 38.880000] free:1515 slab_reclaimable:17 slab_unreclaimable:139
> [ 38.880000] mapped:0 shmem:0 pagetables:0 bounce:0
> [ 38.880000] free_cma:0
> [ 38.910000] Normal free:6060kB min:352kB low:440kB high:528kB
> active_anon:0kB inactive_anon:0kB active_file:0kB inactive_file:0kB
> unevictable:492kB isolated(anon):0ks
> [ 38.950000] lowmem_reserve[]: 0 0
> [ 38.950000] Normal: 23*4kB (U) 22*8kB (U) 24*16kB (U) 23*32kB (U)
> 23*64kB (U) 23*128kB (U) 1*256kB (U) 0*512kB 0*1024kB 0*2048kB
> 0*4096kB = 6060kB
> [ 38.970000] 123 total pagecache pages
> [ 38.970000] 2048 pages of RAM
> [ 38.980000] 1538 free pages
> [ 38.980000] 66 reserved pages
> [ 38.990000] 109 slab pages
> [ 38.990000] -46 pages shared
> [ 38.990000] 0 pages swap cached
> [ 38.990000] nommu: Allocation of length 221184 from process 67 (free) failed
> [ 39.000000] Normal per-cpu:
> [ 39.010000] CPU 0: hi: 0, btch: 1 usd: 0
> [ 39.010000] active_anon:0 inactive_anon:0 isolated_anon:0
> [ 39.010000] active_file:0 inactive_file:0 isolated_file:0
> [ 39.010000] unevictable:123 dirty:0 writeback:0 unstable:0
> [ 39.010000] free:1515 slab_reclaimable:17 slab_unreclaimable:139
> [ 39.010000] mapped:0 shmem:0 pagetables:0 bounce:0
> [ 39.010000] free_cma:0
> [ 39.050000] Normal free:6060kB min:352kB low:440kB high:528kB
> active_anon:0kB inactive_anon:0kB active_file:0kB inactive_file:0kB
> unevictable:492kB isolated(anon):0ks
> [ 39.090000] lowmem_reserve[]: 0 0
> [ 39.090000] Normal: 23*4kB (U) 22*8kB (U) 24*16kB (U) 23*32kB (U)
> 23*64kB (U) 23*128kB (U) 1*256kB (U) 0*512kB 0*1024kB 0*2048kB
> 0*4096kB = 6060kB
> [ 39.100000] 123 total pagecache pages
> [ 39.110000] Unable to allocate RAM for process text/data, errno 12
> SEGV
>
> I found that this is a regression, which has been introduced with this patch:
>
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
> commit dbc8358c72373daa4f37b7e233fecbc47105fe54
> Author: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
> Date: Fri Dec 12 16:55:55 2014 -0800
>
> mm/nommu: use alloc_pages_exact() rather than its own implementation
>
> do_mmap_private() in nommu.c try to allocate physically contiguous pages
> with arbitrary size in some cases and we now have good abstract function
> to do exactly same thing, alloc_pages_exact(). So, change to use it.
>
> There is no functional change. This is the preparation step for support
> page owner feature accurately.
>
> Signed-off-by: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
> Indeed, when I revert it, the issue no more appear, I can run the free
> command for hours without any issue.
> The problem is that I fail to understand what in your patch could
> cause the issue.
>
> I enabled the traces in mm/nommu.c file, this is what I get with you patch:
>
> [ 5.970000] ==> do_mmap_pgoff(,0,36000,7,2,0)
> [ 5.970000] xxxalloc order 6 for 36000yyy
> [ 5.970000] xxxtry to alloc exact 54 pagesyyy
> [ 5.970000] ==> add_vma_to_mm(,d0781600)
> [ 5.970000] <== do_mmap_pgoff() = d0540000
> [ 5.990000] ==> do_mmap_pgoff(,0,2000,3,4000021,0)
> [ 5.990000] xxxalloc order 1 for 2000yyy
> [ 5.990000] ==> add_vma_to_mm(,d07818a0)
> [ 5.990000] <== do_mmap_pgoff() = d0576000
> [ 6.000000] ==> exit_mmap()
> [ 6.000000] ==> delete_vma_from_mm(d0781600)
> [ 6.000000] ==> delete_vma(d0781600)
> [ 6.000000] ==> __put_nommu_region(d078f120{1})
> [ 6.000000] xxxfree seriesyyy
> [ 6.000000] xxx- free d0540000yyy
> [ 6.000000] xxx- free d0541000yyy
> [ 6.010000] xxx- free d0542000yyy
> </snip>
> [ 6.020000] xxx- free d0572000yyy
> [ 6.020000] xxx- free d0573000yyy
> [ 6.020000] xxx- free d0574000yyy
> [ 6.020000] xxx- free d0575000yyy
> [ 6.020000] ==> delete_vma_from_mm(d07818a0)
> [ 6.020000] ==> delete_vma(d07818a0)
> [ 6.020000] ==> __put_nommu_region(d078f0f0{1})
> [ 6.020000] xxxfree seriesyyy
> [ 6.020000] xxx- free d0576000yyy
> [ 6.020000] xxx- free d0577000yyy
> [ 6.020000] xxxfree page d07faee0: refcount not one: 0yyy
> [ 6.020000] <== exit_mmap()
>
> As you can see, I have one warning that shows up "free page d07faee0:
> refcount not one: 0".
> When reverting your patch, I don't have this warning:
>
> [ 6.320000] ==> do_mmap_pgoff(,0,36000,7,2,0)
> [ 6.320000] xxxalloc order 6 for 36000yyy
> [ 6.320000] xxxshave 8/10 @64yyy
> [ 6.320000] xxxshave 2/2 @56yyy
> [ 6.320000] ==> add_vma_to_mm(,d0781600)
> [ 6.320000] <== do_mmap_pgoff() = d0540000
> [ 6.340000] ==> do_mmap_pgoff(,0,2000,3,4000021,0)
> [ 6.340000] xxxalloc order 1 for 2000yyy
> [ 6.340000] ==> add_vma_to_mm(,d0781720)
> [ 6.340000] <== do_mmap_pgoff() = d0536000
> [ 6.350000] ==> exit_mmap()
> [ 6.350000] ==> delete_vma_from_mm(d0781720)
> [ 6.350000] ==> delete_vma(d0781720)
> [ 6.350000] ==> __put_nommu_region(d078f0f0{1})
> [ 6.350000] xxxfree seriesyyy
> [ 6.350000] xxx- free d0536000yyy
> [ 6.350000] xxx- free d0537000yyy
> [ 6.350000] ==> delete_vma_from_mm(d0781600)
> [ 6.350000] ==> delete_vma(d0781600)
> [ 6.350000] ==> __put_nommu_region(d078f120{1})
> [ 6.350000] xxxfree seriesyyy
> [ 6.350000] xxx- free d0540000yyy
> [ 6.350000] xxx- free d0541000yyy
> [ 6.350000] xxx- free d0542000yyy
> </snip>
> [ 6.370000] xxx- free d0572000yyy
> [ 6.370000] xxx- free d0573000yyy
> [ 6.370000] xxx- free d0574000yyy
> [ 6.370000] xxx- free d0575000yyy
> [ 6.370000] <== exit_mmap()
>
> Do you have an idea on what could cause the issue?
>
> I can do any tests you could find relevant to hunt down this bug.

Hello,

Sorry for my mistake.
Problem happens because when we allocate memory through
__get_free_pages(), refcount of each pages is not 1 except
head page. Below modification will fix your problem. Could you
test it, please?

Thanks.

------------>8-------------
diff --git a/mm/nommu.c b/mm/nommu.c
index 28bd8c4..ff6c1e2 100644
--- a/mm/nommu.c
+++ b/mm/nommu.c
@@ -1189,11 +1189,9 @@ static int do_mmap_private(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
if (sysctl_nr_trim_pages && total - point >= sysctl_nr_trim_pages) {
total = point;
kdebug("try to alloc exact %lu pages", total);
- base = alloc_pages_exact(len, GFP_KERNEL);
- } else {
- base = (void *)__get_free_pages(GFP_KERNEL, order);
}

+ base = alloc_pages_exact(total << PAGE_SHIFT, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!base)
goto enomem;

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