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SubjectRe: [musl] Re: [PATCHv3 00/24] ILP32 support in ARM64
Sorry about the HTML mail, I'm currently travelling without access to my regular
mail client.

> "arnd@arndb.de" <arnd@arndb.de> hat am 11. Februar 2015 um 22:02 geschrieben:
>
> Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org> hat am 11. Februar 2015 um 21:12 geschrieben:
> > On Wed, Feb 11, 2015 at 08:50:06PM +0100, arnd@arndb.de wrote:
> > > > > At least for AArch64 ILP32 we are still free to change the
> > > > > user/kernel
> > > > > ABI, so we could add wrappers for the affected syscalls to fix this
> > > > > up.
> > > > yes, afaik on x32 the 64bit kernel expects 64bit layout,
> > > > arm64 can fix this
> > >
> > > We have to fix it on all 32-bit architectures when we move to 64-bit
> > > time_t.
> > >
> > > I think ideally you'd want a user space definition like
> > >
> > > typedef long long time_t;
> > > struct timespec {
> > > time_t tv_sec;
> > > long long tv_nsec;
> > > };
> > >
> > > which is the only way to avoid passing uninitialized tv_nsec into the
> > > kernel
> > > from arbitrary user space doing ioctl. This is of course against POSIX
> > > and
> > > C99. Changing POSIX to allow it is probably easier than the C standard,
> > > but we have a couple of years before we need to make this the default.
> >
> > I don't see why you want it to be long long. There is no harm in
> > passing uninitialized padding to the kernel; the kernel just needs to
> > do the right thing and ignore it (or avoid reading it to begin with).
>
> This would however mean having three different implementations
> in the kernel rather than just two: Every driver that can pass a timespec
> with this model needs to handle the native 64-bit case (64/64), the legacy
> 32-bit case (32/32) and the y2038-safe case (64/32). Most code can
> already handle the first two, and none today handles the third. If you
> want to make the handling explicitly incompatible with native 64-bit
> mode, you get a lot of untested code in obscure places that are never
> tested properly, while using the normal behavior in the kernel at least
> gives us the same bugs that we already have on native 64-bit systems.
>
> In some cases, there may also be a measurable performance penalty
> in interpreting a user space data structure manually over copying
> it (including the timespec values) in one chunk.
>
> An alternative would be to change the native 64-bit case to ignore the upper
> half of tv_nsec and always just copy the low bits. This should work
> fine almost all of the time, but I fear that there might be corner cases
> where existing 64-bit user space depends on passing large or negative
> tv_nsec values into the kernel.
>
> > The other direction, passing uninitialized data from the kernel to
> > userspace, would be dangerous. But it doesn't happen as long as the
> > userspace padding is positioned (in an endian-dependent manner) where
> > the high bits of the kernel type would lie. It could happen if you
> > used a separate conversion wrapper that ony wrote 32 bits, but if you
> > wanted to take that approach you'd just need the wrapper to also write
> > the padding field manually.
>
> Going from kernel to user space should not be an issue as long as we
> always just write two 64-bit words, and this will zero-fill the upper half.
>
> > > In the kernel headers, the current plan is to provide interfaces taking
> > > structures
> > >
> > > typedef long long __kernel_time64_t;
> > > struct __kernel_timespec64_t {
> > > __kernel_time64_t tv_sec;
> > > long long tv_nsec;
> > > };
> > >
> > > at least for ioctls, to avoid the ambiguity with libc headers specifying
> > > something else.
> >
> > This seems hideous from an application standpoint. Application
> > programmers don't want to know, and shouldn't need to know, these
> > silly implementation details that make no sense except as historical
> > baggage. They should just be able to use "struct timespec" everywhere
> > and have it work.
> The kernel does not even know how timespec is defined by libc, and we have
> to at least be able to handle the common cases of timespec being 32/32
> and 64/64 (or 64/32 plus explicit padding). For system calls, we can rely
> on libc calling the syscalls that match the definition (or convert the
> structure as necessary), while for ioctl the command number is chosen
> by the application and has to match the structure definition provided in
> the same header.
>
> In a lot of cases, the ioctl command number is defined (correctly) using the
> _IOR/_IOW macros that take the size of the structure into account, but then
> you also have cases where you get indirect pointers and the size of data
> structure
> passed by the ioctl command is independent of the size of timespec or time_t.
>
> This is not just limited to time_t, we have a lot of data types for which we
> define
> __kernel_*_t types for this purpose, to deal with ioctls that need a specific
> layout independent of what libc uses.
>
> Arnd
>




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