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Subject[PATCH] [SCSI] sg: fix unkillable I/O wait deadlock with scsi-mq
When using the write()/read() interface for submitting commands, the
SCSI generic driver does not call blk_put_request() on a completed SCSI
command until userspace calls read() to get the command completion.
Since scsi-mq uses a fixed number of preallocated requests, this makes
it possible for userspace to exhaust the entire preallocated supply of
requests, leading to deadlock with the user process stuck in a permanent
unkillable I/O wait in sg_write() -> ... -> blk_get_request() -> ... ->
bt_get(). Note that this deadlock can happen only if scsi-mq is
enabled. Prevent the deadlock by calling blk_put_request() as soon as
the SCSI command completes instead of waiting for userspace to call read().

Cc: <> # 3.17+
Signed-off-by: Tony Battersby <>

For inclusion in kernel 3.20.

I encountered this problem using mptsas (can_queue == 127) and 8 disks
connected via an expander. I have a test program called cydiskbench
that spawns multiple threads, opens multiple /dev/sg* file descriptors,
and sends multiple disk read/write commands to each /dev/sg* file
descriptor. I can vary the # of disks being tested and the command
queue depth per disk. Whenever I chose test parameters such that
(n_disks * queue_depth_per_disk) > shost->can_queue, the test deadlocked
as described when scsi-mq was enabled but worked just fine with scsi-mq

I will send a separate patch to fix the same problem in the bsg driver.

--- linux-3.19.0/drivers/scsi/sg.c.orig 2015-02-08 21:54:22.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-3.19.0/drivers/scsi/sg.c 2015-02-09 17:40:00.000000000 -0500
@@ -1350,6 +1350,17 @@ sg_rq_end_io(struct request *rq, int upt
/* Rely on write phase to clean out srp status values, so no "else" */

+ /*
+ * Free the request as soon as it is complete so that its resources
+ * can be reused without waiting for userspace to read() the
+ * result. But keep the associated bio (if any) around until
+ * blk_rq_unmap_user() can be called from user context.
+ */
+ srp->rq = NULL;
+ if (rq->cmd != rq->__cmd)
+ kfree(rq->cmd);
+ __blk_put_request(rq->q, rq);
write_lock_irqsave(&sfp->rq_list_lock, iflags);
if (unlikely(srp->orphan)) {
if (sfp->keep_orphan)
@@ -1777,10 +1788,10 @@ sg_finish_rem_req(Sg_request *srp)
SCSI_LOG_TIMEOUT(4, sg_printk(KERN_INFO, sfp->parentdp,
"sg_finish_rem_req: res_used=%d\n",
(int) srp->res_used));
+ if (srp->bio)
+ ret = blk_rq_unmap_user(srp->bio);
if (srp->rq) {
- if (srp->bio)
- ret = blk_rq_unmap_user(srp->bio);
if (srp->rq->cmd != srp->rq->__cmd)

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