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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] user_namespaces.7: Update the documention to reflect the fixes for negative groups
"Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)" <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> writes:

> Hi Eric,
>
> Ping!
>
> Cheers,
>
> Michael
>
>
> On 2 February 2015 at 16:37, Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
> <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> wrote:
>> Hi Eric,
>>
>> Thanks for writing this up!
>>
>> On 12/12/2014 10:54 PM, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
>>>
>>> Files with access permissions such as ---rwx---rwx give fewer
>>> permissions to their group then they do to everyone else. Which means
>>> dropping groups with setgroups(0, NULL) actually grants a process
>>> privileges.
>>>
>>> The uprivileged setting of gid_map turned out not to be safe after
^^^^^^^^^^^
unprivileged -- typo fix

>>> this change. Privilege setting of gid_map can be interpreted as
>>> meaning yes it is ok to drop groups.
>>
>> I had trouble to parse that sentence (and I'd like to make sure that
>> the right sentence ends up in the commit message). Did you mean:
>>
>> "*Unprivileged* setting of gid_map can be interpreted as meaning
>> yes it is ok to drop groups"
>> ?
>>
>> Or something else?


I meant: Setting of gid_map with privilege has been clarified to mean
that dropping groups is ok. This allows existing programs that set
gid_map with privilege to work without changes. That is newgidmap
continues to work unchanged.

>>> To prevent this problem and future problems user namespaces were
>>> changed in such a way as to guarantee a user can not obtain
>>> credentials without privilege they could not obtain without the
>>> help of user namespaces.
>>>
>>> This meant testing the effective user ID and not the filesystem user
>>> ID as setresuid and setregid allow setting any process uid or gid
>>> (except the supplemental groups) to the effective ID.
>>>
>>> Furthermore to preserve in some form the useful applications that have
>>> been setting gid_map without privilege the file /proc/[pid]/setgroups
>>> was added to allow disabling setgroups. With the setgroups system
>>> call permanently disabled in a user namespace it again becomes safe to
>>> allow writes to gid_map without privilege.
>>>
>>> Here is my meager attempt to update user_namespaces.7 to reflect these
>>> issues.
>>
>> It looked pretty serviceable as patch, IMO. So, thanks again. I've applied,
>> tweaking some wordings afterward, but changing nothing essential. See below
>> for a question.
>>
>>> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
>>> ---
>>> man7/user_namespaces.7 | 52 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
>>> 1 file changed, 49 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/man7/user_namespaces.7 b/man7/user_namespaces.7
>>> index d76721d9a0a1..f8333a762308 100644
>>> --- a/man7/user_namespaces.7
>>> +++ b/man7/user_namespaces.7
>>> @@ -533,11 +533,16 @@ One of the following is true:
>>> The data written to
>>> .I uid_map
>>> .RI ( gid_map )
>>> -consists of a single line that maps the writing process's filesystem user ID
>>> +consists of a single line that maps the writing process's effective user ID
>>> (group ID) in the parent user namespace to a user ID (group ID)
>>> in the user namespace.
>>> -The usual case here is that this single line provides a mapping for user ID
>>> -of the process that created the namespace.
>>> +The writing process must have the same effective user ID as the process
>>> +that created the user namespace.
>>> +In the case of
>>> +.I gid_map
>>> +the
>>> +.I setgroups
>>> +file must have been written to earlier and disabled the setgroups system call.
>>> .IP * 3
>>> The opening process has the
>>> .BR CAP_SETUID
>>> @@ -552,6 +557,47 @@ Writes that violate the above rules fail with the error
>>> .\"
>>> .\" ============================================================
>>> .\"
>>> +.SS Interaction with system calls that change the uid or gid values
>>> +When in a user namespace where the
>>> +.I uid_map
>>> +or
>>> +.I gid_map
>>> +file has not been written the system calls that change user IDs
>>> +or group IDs respectively will fail. After the
>>> +.I uid_map
>>> +and
>>> +.I gid_map
>>> +file have been written only the mapped values may be used in
>>> +system calls that change user IDs and group IDs.
>>> +
>>> +For user IDs these system calls include
>>> +.BR setuid ,
>>> +.BR setfsuid ,
>>> +.BR setreuid ,
>>> +and
>>> +.BR setresuid .
>>> +
>>> +For group IDs these system calls include
>>> +.BR setgid ,
>>> +.BR setfsgid ,
>>> +.BR setregid ,
>>> +.BR setresgid ,
>>> +and
>>> +.BR setgroups.
>>> +
>>> +Writing
>>> +.BR deny
>>> +to the
>>> +.I /proc/[pid]/setgroups
>>> +file before writing to
>>> +.I /proc/[pid]/gid_map
>>> +will permanently disable the setgroups system call in a user namespace
>>> +and allow writing to
>>> +.I /proc/[pid]/gid_map
>>> +without
>>> +.BR CAP_SETGID
>>> +in the parent user namespace.
>>
>> I just want to double check: you really did mean to write "*parent* namespace"
>> above, right?

Yes. At this point only privilege in the *parent* user namespace is
meaningful, as applications in the new user namespace have all
privileges.

Eric


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