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Subject[PATCH 3.16.y-ckt 049/126] Revert "dm mpath: fix stalls when handling invalid ioctls"
Date
3.16.7-ckt21 -stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Mauricio Faria de Oliveira <mauricfo@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

commit 47796938c46b943d157ac8a6f9ed4e3b98b83cf4 upstream.

This reverts commit a1989b330093578ea5470bea0a00f940c444c466.

That commit introduced a regression at least for the case of the SG_IO ioctl()
running without CAP_SYS_RAWIO capability (e.g., unprivileged users) when there
are no active paths: the ioctl() fails with the ENOTTY errno immediately rather
than blocking due to queue_if_no_path until a path becomes active, for example.

That case happens to be exercised by QEMU KVM guests with 'scsi-block' devices
(qemu "-device scsi-block" [1], libvirt "<disk type='block' device='lun'>" [2])
from multipath devices; which leads to SCSI/filesystem errors in such a guest.

More general scenarios can hit that regression too. The following demonstration
employs a SG_IO ioctl() with a standard SCSI INQUIRY command for this objective
(some output & user changes omitted for brevity and comments added for clarity).

Reverting that commit restores normal operation (queueing) in failing scenarios;
tested on linux-next (next-20151022).

1) Test-case is based on sg_simple0 [3] (just SG_IO; remove SG_GET_VERSION_NUM)

$ cat sg_simple0.c
... see [3] ...
$ sed '/SG_GET_VERSION_NUM/,/}/d' sg_simple0.c > sgio_inquiry.c
$ gcc sgio_inquiry.c -o sgio_inquiry

2) The ioctl() works fine with active paths present.

# multipath -l 85ag56
85ag56 (...) dm-19 IBM ,2145
size=60G features='1 queue_if_no_path' hwhandler='0' wp=rw
|-+- policy='service-time 0' prio=0 status=active
| |- 8:0:11:0 sdz 65:144 active undef running
| `- 9:0:9:0 sdbf 67:144 active undef running
`-+- policy='service-time 0' prio=0 status=enabled
|- 8:0:12:0 sdae 65:224 active undef running
`- 9:0:12:0 sdbo 68:32 active undef running

$ ./sgio_inquiry /dev/mapper/85ag56
Some of the INQUIRY command's response:
IBM 2145 0000
INQUIRY duration=0 millisecs, resid=0

3) The ioctl() fails with ENOTTY errno with _no_ active paths present,
for unprivileged users (rather than blocking due to queue_if_no_path).

# for path in $(multipath -l 85ag56 | grep -o 'sd[a-z]\+'); \
do multipathd -k"fail path $path"; done

# multipath -l 85ag56
85ag56 (...) dm-19 IBM ,2145
size=60G features='1 queue_if_no_path' hwhandler='0' wp=rw
|-+- policy='service-time 0' prio=0 status=enabled
| |- 8:0:11:0 sdz 65:144 failed undef running
| `- 9:0:9:0 sdbf 67:144 failed undef running
`-+- policy='service-time 0' prio=0 status=enabled
|- 8:0:12:0 sdae 65:224 failed undef running
`- 9:0:12:0 sdbo 68:32 failed undef running

$ ./sgio_inquiry /dev/mapper/85ag56
sg_simple0: Inquiry SG_IO ioctl error: Inappropriate ioctl for device

4) dmesg shows that scsi_verify_blk_ioctl() failed for SG_IO (0x2285);
it returns -ENOIOCTLCMD, later replaced with -ENOTTY in vfs_ioctl().

$ dmesg
<...>
[] device-mapper: multipath: Failing path 65:144.
[] device-mapper: multipath: Failing path 67:144.
[] device-mapper: multipath: Failing path 65:224.
[] device-mapper: multipath: Failing path 68:32.
[] sgio_inquiry: sending ioctl 2285 to a partition!

5) The ioctl() only works if the SYS_CAP_RAWIO capability is present
(then queueing happens -- in this example, queue_if_no_path is set);
this is due to a conditional check in scsi_verify_blk_ioctl().

# capsh --drop=cap_sys_rawio -- -c './sgio_inquiry /dev/mapper/85ag56'
sg_simple0: Inquiry SG_IO ioctl error: Inappropriate ioctl for device

# ./sgio_inquiry /dev/mapper/85ag56 &
[1] 72830

# cat /proc/72830/stack
[<c00000171c0df700>] 0xc00000171c0df700
[<c000000000015934>] __switch_to+0x204/0x350
[<c000000000152d4c>] msleep+0x5c/0x80
[<c00000000077dfb0>] dm_blk_ioctl+0x70/0x170
[<c000000000487c40>] blkdev_ioctl+0x2b0/0x9b0
[<c0000000003128e4>] block_ioctl+0x64/0xd0
[<c0000000002dd3b0>] do_vfs_ioctl+0x490/0x780
[<c0000000002dd774>] SyS_ioctl+0xd4/0xf0
[<c000000000009358>] system_call+0x38/0xd0

6) This is the function call chain exercised in this analysis:

SYSCALL_DEFINE3(ioctl, <...>) @ fs/ioctl.c
-> do_vfs_ioctl()
-> vfs_ioctl()
...
error = filp->f_op->unlocked_ioctl(filp, cmd, arg);
...
-> dm_blk_ioctl() @ drivers/md/dm.c
-> multipath_ioctl() @ drivers/md/dm-mpath.c
...
(bdev = NULL, due to no active paths)
...
if (!bdev || <...>) {
int err = scsi_verify_blk_ioctl(NULL, cmd);
if (err)
r = err;
}
...
-> scsi_verify_blk_ioctl() @ block/scsi_ioctl.c
...
if (bd && bd == bd->bd_contains) // not taken (bd = NULL)
return 0;
...
if (capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO)) // not taken (unprivileged user)
return 0;
...
printk_ratelimited(KERN_WARNING
"%s: sending ioctl %x to a partition!\n" <...>);

return -ENOIOCTLCMD;
<-
...
return r ? : <...>
<-
...
if (error == -ENOIOCTLCMD)
error = -ENOTTY;
out:
return error;
...

Links:
[1] http://git.qemu.org/?p=qemu.git;a=commit;h=336a6915bc7089fb20fea4ba99972ad9a97c5f52
[2] https://libvirt.org/formatdomain.html#elementsDisks (see 'disk' -> 'device')
[3] http://tldp.org/HOWTO/SCSI-Generic-HOWTO/pexample.html (Revision 1.2, 2002-05-03)

Signed-off-by: Mauricio Faria de Oliveira <mauricfo@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Mike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Luis Henriques <luis.henriques@canonical.com>
---
drivers/md/dm-mpath.c | 7 ++-----
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/md/dm-mpath.c b/drivers/md/dm-mpath.c
index f4167b013d99..43e2b498732f 100644
--- a/drivers/md/dm-mpath.c
+++ b/drivers/md/dm-mpath.c
@@ -1545,11 +1545,8 @@ static int multipath_ioctl(struct dm_target *ti, unsigned int cmd,
/*
* Only pass ioctls through if the device sizes match exactly.
*/
- if (!bdev || ti->len != i_size_read(bdev->bd_inode) >> SECTOR_SHIFT) {
- int err = scsi_verify_blk_ioctl(NULL, cmd);
- if (err)
- r = err;
- }
+ if (!r && ti->len != i_size_read(bdev->bd_inode) >> SECTOR_SHIFT)
+ r = scsi_verify_blk_ioctl(NULL, cmd);

if (r == -ENOTCONN && !fatal_signal_pending(current)) {
spin_lock_irqsave(&m->lock, flags);

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