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Subject[PATCH 3.16.y-ckt 122/126] tty: fix stall caused by missing memory barrier in drivers/tty/n_tty.c
Date
3.16.7-ckt21 -stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Kosuke Tatsukawa <tatsu@ab.jp.nec.com>

commit e81107d4c6bd098878af9796b24edc8d4a9524fd upstream.

My colleague ran into a program stall on a x86_64 server, where
n_tty_read() was waiting for data even if there was data in the buffer
in the pty. kernel stack for the stuck process looks like below.
#0 [ffff88303d107b58] __schedule at ffffffff815c4b20
#1 [ffff88303d107bd0] schedule at ffffffff815c513e
#2 [ffff88303d107bf0] schedule_timeout at ffffffff815c7818
#3 [ffff88303d107ca0] wait_woken at ffffffff81096bd2
#4 [ffff88303d107ce0] n_tty_read at ffffffff8136fa23
#5 [ffff88303d107dd0] tty_read at ffffffff81368013
#6 [ffff88303d107e20] __vfs_read at ffffffff811a3704
#7 [ffff88303d107ec0] vfs_read at ffffffff811a3a57
#8 [ffff88303d107f00] sys_read at ffffffff811a4306
#9 [ffff88303d107f50] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath at ffffffff815c86d7

There seems to be two problems causing this issue.

First, in drivers/tty/n_tty.c, __receive_buf() stores the data and
updates ldata->commit_head using smp_store_release() and then checks
the wait queue using waitqueue_active(). However, since there is no
memory barrier, __receive_buf() could return without calling
wake_up_interactive_poll(), and at the same time, n_tty_read() could
start to wait in wait_woken() as in the following chart.

__receive_buf() n_tty_read()
------------------------------------------------------------------------
if (waitqueue_active(&tty->read_wait))
/* Memory operations issued after the
RELEASE may be completed before the
RELEASE operation has completed */
add_wait_queue(&tty->read_wait, &wait);
...
if (!input_available_p(tty, 0)) {
smp_store_release(&ldata->commit_head,
ldata->read_head);
...
timeout = wait_woken(&wait,
TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, timeout);
------------------------------------------------------------------------

The second problem is that n_tty_read() also lacks a memory barrier
call and could also cause __receive_buf() to return without calling
wake_up_interactive_poll(), and n_tty_read() to wait in wait_woken()
as in the chart below.

__receive_buf() n_tty_read()
------------------------------------------------------------------------
spin_lock_irqsave(&q->lock, flags);
/* from add_wait_queue() */
...
if (!input_available_p(tty, 0)) {
/* Memory operations issued after the
RELEASE may be completed before the
RELEASE operation has completed */
smp_store_release(&ldata->commit_head,
ldata->read_head);
if (waitqueue_active(&tty->read_wait))
__add_wait_queue(q, wait);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&q->lock,flags);
/* from add_wait_queue() */
...
timeout = wait_woken(&wait,
TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, timeout);
------------------------------------------------------------------------

There are also other places in drivers/tty/n_tty.c which have similar
calls to waitqueue_active(), so instead of adding many memory barrier
calls, this patch simply removes the call to waitqueue_active(),
leaving just wake_up*() behind.

This fixes both problems because, even though the memory access before
or after the spinlocks in both wake_up*() and add_wait_queue() can
sneak into the critical section, it cannot go past it and the critical
section assures that they will be serialized (please see "INTER-CPU
ACQUIRING BARRIER EFFECTS" in Documentation/memory-barriers.txt for a
better explanation). Moreover, the resulting code is much simpler.

Latency measurement using a ping-pong test over a pty doesn't show any
visible performance drop.

Signed-off-by: Kosuke Tatsukawa <tatsu@ab.jp.nec.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
[ luis: backported to 3.16:
- always use wake_up_interruptible() instead of wake_up_interruptible_poll()
- adjusted context ]
Signed-off-by: Luis Henriques <luis.henriques@canonical.com>
---
drivers/tty/n_tty.c | 15 +++++----------
1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/tty/n_tty.c b/drivers/tty/n_tty.c
index 39ec99fbb135..29de4bfe5c70 100644
--- a/drivers/tty/n_tty.c
+++ b/drivers/tty/n_tty.c
@@ -364,8 +364,7 @@ static void n_tty_packet_mode_flush(struct tty_struct *tty)
spin_lock_irqsave(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
if (tty->link->packet) {
tty->ctrl_status |= TIOCPKT_FLUSHREAD;
- if (waitqueue_active(&tty->link->read_wait))
- wake_up_interruptible(&tty->link->read_wait);
+ wake_up_interruptible(&tty->link->read_wait);
}
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
}
@@ -1387,8 +1386,7 @@ handle_newline:
put_tty_queue(c, ldata);
ldata->canon_head = ldata->read_head;
kill_fasync(&tty->fasync, SIGIO, POLL_IN);
- if (waitqueue_active(&tty->read_wait))
- wake_up_interruptible(&tty->read_wait);
+ wake_up_interruptible(&tty->read_wait);
return 0;
}
}
@@ -1671,8 +1669,7 @@ static void __receive_buf(struct tty_struct *tty, const unsigned char *cp,
if ((!ldata->icanon && (read_cnt(ldata) >= ldata->minimum_to_wake)) ||
L_EXTPROC(tty)) {
kill_fasync(&tty->fasync, SIGIO, POLL_IN);
- if (waitqueue_active(&tty->read_wait))
- wake_up_interruptible(&tty->read_wait);
+ wake_up_interruptible(&tty->read_wait);
}
}

@@ -1891,10 +1888,8 @@ static void n_tty_set_termios(struct tty_struct *tty, struct ktermios *old)
}

/* The termios change make the tty ready for I/O */
- if (waitqueue_active(&tty->write_wait))
- wake_up_interruptible(&tty->write_wait);
- if (waitqueue_active(&tty->read_wait))
- wake_up_interruptible(&tty->read_wait);
+ wake_up_interruptible(&tty->write_wait);
+ wake_up_interruptible(&tty->read_wait);
}

/**

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