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Subject[PATCH 3.16.y-ckt 123/126] fs/proc, core/debug: Don't expose absolute kernel addresses via wchan
Date
3.16.7-ckt21 -stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>

commit b2f73922d119686323f14fbbe46587f863852328 upstream.

So the /proc/PID/stat 'wchan' field (the 30th field, which contains
the absolute kernel address of the kernel function a task is blocked in)
leaks absolute kernel addresses to unprivileged user-space:

seq_put_decimal_ull(m, ' ', wchan);

The absolute address might also leak via /proc/PID/wchan as well, if
KALLSYMS is turned off or if the symbol lookup fails for some reason:

static int proc_pid_wchan(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns,
struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task)
{
unsigned long wchan;
char symname[KSYM_NAME_LEN];

wchan = get_wchan(task);

if (lookup_symbol_name(wchan, symname) < 0) {
if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ))
return 0;
seq_printf(m, "%lu", wchan);
} else {
seq_printf(m, "%s", symname);
}

return 0;
}

This isn't ideal, because for example it trivially leaks the KASLR offset
to any local attacker:

fomalhaut:~> printf "%016lx\n" $(cat /proc/$$/stat | cut -d' ' -f35)
ffffffff8123b380

Most real-life uses of wchan are symbolic:

ps -eo pid:10,tid:10,wchan:30,comm

and procps uses /proc/PID/wchan, not the absolute address in /proc/PID/stat:

triton:~/tip> strace -f ps -eo pid:10,tid:10,wchan:30,comm 2>&1 | grep wchan | tail -1
open("/proc/30833/wchan", O_RDONLY) = 6

There's one compatibility quirk here: procps relies on whether the
absolute value is non-zero - and we can provide that functionality
by outputing "0" or "1" depending on whether the task is blocked
(whether there's a wchan address).

These days there appears to be very little legitimate reason
user-space would be interested in the absolute address. The
absolute address is mostly historic: from the days when we
didn't have kallsyms and user-space procps had to do the
decoding itself via the System.map.

So this patch sets all numeric output to "0" or "1" and keeps only
symbolic output, in /proc/PID/wchan.

( The absolute sleep address can generally still be profiled via
perf, by tasks with sufficient privileges. )

Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Cc: Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@google.com>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <ryabinin.a.a@gmail.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: Kostya Serebryany <kcc@google.com>
Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com>
Cc: kasan-dev <kasan-dev@googlegroups.com>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20150930135917.GA3285@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
[ kamal: backport to 3.16-stable: proc_pid_wchan context ]
Signed-off-by: Kamal Mostafa <kamal@canonical.com>
Signed-off-by: Luis Henriques <luis.henriques@canonical.com>
---
Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt | 5 +++--
fs/proc/array.c | 16 ++++++++++++++--
fs/proc/base.c | 9 +++------
3 files changed, 20 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
index ddc531a74d04..225ae3ba74b3 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
@@ -139,7 +139,8 @@ Table 1-1: Process specific entries in /proc
stat Process status
statm Process memory status information
status Process status in human readable form
- wchan If CONFIG_KALLSYMS is set, a pre-decoded wchan
+ wchan Present with CONFIG_KALLSYMS=y: it shows the kernel function
+ symbol the task is blocked in - or "0" if not blocked.
pagemap Page table
stack Report full stack trace, enable via CONFIG_STACKTRACE
smaps a extension based on maps, showing the memory consumption of
@@ -301,7 +302,7 @@ Table 1-4: Contents of the stat files (as of 2.6.30-rc7)
blocked bitmap of blocked signals
sigign bitmap of ignored signals
sigcatch bitmap of caught signals
- wchan address where process went to sleep
+ 0 (place holder, used to be the wchan address, use /proc/PID/wchan instead)
0 (place holder)
0 (place holder)
exit_signal signal to send to parent thread on exit
diff --git a/fs/proc/array.c b/fs/proc/array.c
index 3e1290b0492e..98f368b7c857 100644
--- a/fs/proc/array.c
+++ b/fs/proc/array.c
@@ -371,7 +371,7 @@ int proc_pid_status(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns,
static int do_task_stat(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns,
struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task, int whole)
{
- unsigned long vsize, eip, esp, wchan = ~0UL;
+ unsigned long vsize, eip, esp, wchan = 0;
int priority, nice;
int tty_pgrp = -1, tty_nr = 0;
sigset_t sigign, sigcatch;
@@ -508,7 +508,19 @@ static int do_task_stat(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns,
seq_put_decimal_ull(m, ' ', task->blocked.sig[0] & 0x7fffffffUL);
seq_put_decimal_ull(m, ' ', sigign.sig[0] & 0x7fffffffUL);
seq_put_decimal_ull(m, ' ', sigcatch.sig[0] & 0x7fffffffUL);
- seq_put_decimal_ull(m, ' ', wchan);
+
+ /*
+ * We used to output the absolute kernel address, but that's an
+ * information leak - so instead we show a 0/1 flag here, to signal
+ * to user-space whether there's a wchan field in /proc/PID/wchan.
+ *
+ * This works with older implementations of procps as well.
+ */
+ if (wchan)
+ seq_puts(m, " 1");
+ else
+ seq_puts(m, " 0");
+
seq_put_decimal_ull(m, ' ', 0);
seq_put_decimal_ull(m, ' ', 0);
seq_put_decimal_ll(m, ' ', task->exit_signal);
diff --git a/fs/proc/base.c b/fs/proc/base.c
index 71d855747fe8..2d038a7e16a1 100644
--- a/fs/proc/base.c
+++ b/fs/proc/base.c
@@ -236,13 +236,10 @@ static int proc_pid_wchan(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer)

wchan = get_wchan(task);

- if (lookup_symbol_name(wchan, symname) < 0)
- if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ))
- return 0;
- else
- return sprintf(buffer, "%lu", wchan);
- else
+ if (wchan && ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ) && !lookup_symbol_name(wchan, symname))
return sprintf(buffer, "%s", symname);
+ else
+ return sprintf(buffer, "0");
}
#endif /* CONFIG_KALLSYMS */


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