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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/5] arm64: cpufeature: Track unsigned fields
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Hi

From my curiosity,
can you please clarify your criteria regarding which fields of a register should be signed or unsigned?
I guessed that the fields marked with FTR_LOWER_SAFE or FTR_HIGHER_SAFE could be unsigned,
but it seems to be not always true looking at your patch.
Anyhow, for example,

On 11/19/2015 02:08 AM, Suzuki K. Poulose wrote:
> Some of the feature bits have unsigned values and need
> to be treated accordingly to avoid errors. Adds the property
> to the feature bits and use the appropriate field extract helpers.
>
> Reported-by: AKASHI Takahiro <takahiro.akashi@linaro.org>
> Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
> Signed-off-by: Suzuki K. Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>
> ---
> arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h | 10 ++++++++--
> arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c | 37 ++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
> 2 files changed, 31 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
> index 7a16102..29c3f5d 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
> @@ -46,8 +46,12 @@ enum ftr_type {
> #define FTR_STRICT true /* SANITY check strict matching required */
> #define FTR_NONSTRICT false /* SANITY check ignored */
>
> +#define FTR_SIGNED true /* Value should be treated as signed */
> +#define FTR_UNSIGNED false /* Value should be treated as unsigned */
> +
> struct arm64_ftr_bits {
> - bool strict; /* CPU Sanity check: strict matching required ? */
> + bool sign; /* Value is signed ? */
> + bool strict; /* CPU Sanity check: strict matching required ? */
> enum ftr_type type;
> u8 shift;
> u8 width;
> @@ -142,7 +146,9 @@ static inline u64 arm64_ftr_mask(struct arm64_ftr_bits *ftrp)
>
> static inline s64 arm64_ftr_value(struct arm64_ftr_bits *ftrp, u64 val)
> {
> - return cpuid_feature_extract_field_width(val, ftrp->shift, ftrp->width);
> + return ftrp->sign ?
> + cpuid_feature_extract_field_width(val, ftrp->shift, ftrp->width) :
> + cpuid_feature_extract_unsigned_field_width(val, ftrp->shift, ftrp->width);
> }
>
> static inline bool id_aa64mmfr0_mixed_endian_el0(u64 mmfr0)
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
> index c8cf892..0669c63 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
> @@ -44,8 +44,9 @@ unsigned int compat_elf_hwcap2 __read_mostly;
>
> DECLARE_BITMAP(cpu_hwcaps, ARM64_NCAPS);
>
> -#define ARM64_FTR_BITS(STRICT, TYPE, SHIFT, WIDTH, SAFE_VAL) \
> +#define __ARM64_FTR_BITS(SIGNED, STRICT, TYPE, SHIFT, WIDTH, SAFE_VAL) \
> { \
> + .sign = SIGNED, \
> .strict = STRICT, \
> .type = TYPE, \
> .shift = SHIFT, \
> @@ -53,6 +54,14 @@ DECLARE_BITMAP(cpu_hwcaps, ARM64_NCAPS);
> .safe_val = SAFE_VAL, \
> }
>
> +/* Define a feature with signed values */
> +#define ARM64_FTR_BITS(STRICT, TYPE, SHIFT, WIDTH, SAFE_VAL) \
> + __ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_SIGNED, STRICT, TYPE, SHIFT, WIDTH, SAFE_VAL)
> +
> +/* Define a feature with unsigned value */
> +#define U_ARM64_FTR_BITS(STRICT, TYPE, SHIFT, WIDTH, SAFE_VAL) \
> + __ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_UNSIGNED, STRICT, TYPE, SHIFT, WIDTH, SAFE_VAL)
> +
> #define ARM64_FTR_END \
> { \
> .width = 0, \
> @@ -99,7 +108,7 @@ static struct arm64_ftr_bits ftr_id_aa64mmfr0[] = {
> * Differing PARange is fine as long as all peripherals and memory are mapped
> * within the minimum PARange of all CPUs
> */
> - ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_NONSTRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, ID_AA64MMFR0_PARANGE_SHIFT, 4, 0),
> + U_ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_NONSTRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, ID_AA64MMFR0_PARANGE_SHIFT, 4, 0),
> ARM64_FTR_END,
> };

BigEnd, bits[11:8], is 0b0000 for "No mixed-endian support", and 0b0001 for
"Mixed-endian support". But can any other value be possible? If not, why signed?
If there are some hidden (or undocumented) specifications, as Ard mentioned, that's fine.
Please ignore my comments.

Thanks,
-Takahiro AKASHI


> @@ -115,18 +124,18 @@ static struct arm64_ftr_bits ftr_id_aa64mmfr1[] = {
> };
>
> static struct arm64_ftr_bits ftr_ctr[] = {
> - ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_EXACT, 31, 1, 1), /* RAO */
> + U_ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_EXACT, 31, 1, 1), /* RAO */
> ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_EXACT, 28, 3, 0),
> - ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_HIGHER_SAFE, 24, 4, 0), /* CWG */
> - ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, 20, 4, 0), /* ERG */
> - ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, 16, 4, 1), /* DminLine */
> + U_ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_HIGHER_SAFE, 24, 4, 0), /* CWG */
> + U_ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, 20, 4, 0), /* ERG */
> + U_ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, 16, 4, 1), /* DminLine */
> /*
> * Linux can handle differing I-cache policies. Userspace JITs will
> * make use of *minLine
> */
> - ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_NONSTRICT, FTR_EXACT, 14, 2, 0), /* L1Ip */
> + U_ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_NONSTRICT, FTR_EXACT, 14, 2, 0), /* L1Ip */
> ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_EXACT, 4, 10, 0), /* RAZ */
> - ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, 0, 4, 0), /* IminLine */
> + U_ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, 0, 4, 0), /* IminLine */
> ARM64_FTR_END,
> };
>
> @@ -144,12 +153,12 @@ static struct arm64_ftr_bits ftr_id_mmfr0[] = {
>
> static struct arm64_ftr_bits ftr_id_aa64dfr0[] = {
> ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_EXACT, 32, 32, 0),
> - ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, ID_AA64DFR0_CTX_CMPS_SHIFT, 4, 0),
> - ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, ID_AA64DFR0_WRPS_SHIFT, 4, 0),
> - ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, ID_AA64DFR0_BRPS_SHIFT, 4, 0),
> - ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_EXACT, ID_AA64DFR0_PMUVER_SHIFT, 4, 0),
> - ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_EXACT, ID_AA64DFR0_TRACEVER_SHIFT, 4, 0),
> - ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_EXACT, ID_AA64DFR0_DEBUGVER_SHIFT, 4, 0x6),
> + U_ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, ID_AA64DFR0_CTX_CMPS_SHIFT, 4, 0),
> + U_ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, ID_AA64DFR0_WRPS_SHIFT, 4, 0),
> + U_ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, ID_AA64DFR0_BRPS_SHIFT, 4, 0),
> + U_ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_EXACT, ID_AA64DFR0_PMUVER_SHIFT, 4, 0),
> + U_ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_EXACT, ID_AA64DFR0_TRACEVER_SHIFT, 4, 0),
> + U_ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_STRICT, FTR_EXACT, ID_AA64DFR0_DEBUGVER_SHIFT, 4, 0x6),
> ARM64_FTR_END,
> };
>
>


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