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Subject[PATCH 03/13] lightnvm: update bad block table format
Date
The specification was changed to reflect a multi-value bad block table.
Instead of bit-based bad block table, the bad block table now allows
eight bad block categories. Currently four are defined:

* Factory bad blocks
* Grown bad blocks
* Device-side reserved blocks
* Host-side reserved blocks

The factory and grown bad blocks are the regular bad blocks. The
reserved blocks are either for internal use or external use. In
particular, the device-side reserved blocks allows the host to
bootstrap from a limited number of flash blocks. Reducing the flash
blocks to scan upon super block initialization.

Support for both get bad block table and set bad block table is added.

Signed-off-by: Matias Bjørling <m@bjorling.me>
---
drivers/lightnvm/gennvm.c | 32 ++++++++----
drivers/lightnvm/gennvm.h | 2 +
drivers/nvme/host/lightnvm.c | 113 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
include/linux/lightnvm.h | 6 +--
4 files changed, 117 insertions(+), 36 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/lightnvm/gennvm.c b/drivers/lightnvm/gennvm.c
index ae1fb2b..8cfc011 100644
--- a/drivers/lightnvm/gennvm.c
+++ b/drivers/lightnvm/gennvm.c
@@ -64,19 +64,22 @@ static int gennvm_luns_init(struct nvm_dev *dev, struct gen_nvm *gn)
return 0;
}

-static int gennvm_block_bb(u32 lun_id, void *bb_bitmap, unsigned int nr_blocks,
+static int gennvm_block_bb(struct ppa_addr ppa, int nr_blocks, u8 *blks,
void *private)
{
struct gen_nvm *gn = private;
- struct gen_lun *lun = &gn->luns[lun_id];
+ struct nvm_dev *dev = gn->dev;
+ struct gen_lun *lun;
struct nvm_block *blk;
int i;

- if (unlikely(bitmap_empty(bb_bitmap, nr_blocks)))
- return 0;
+ ppa = addr_to_generic_mode(gn->dev, ppa);
+ lun = &gn->luns[(dev->nr_luns * ppa.g.ch) + ppa.g.lun];
+
+ for (i = 0; i < nr_blocks; i++) {
+ if (blks[i] == 0)
+ continue;

- i = -1;
- while ((i = find_next_bit(bb_bitmap, nr_blocks, i + 1)) < nr_blocks) {
blk = &lun->vlun.blocks[i];
if (!blk) {
pr_err("gennvm: BB data is out of bounds.\n");
@@ -171,8 +174,16 @@ static int gennvm_blocks_init(struct nvm_dev *dev, struct gen_nvm *gn)
}

if (dev->ops->get_bb_tbl) {
- ret = dev->ops->get_bb_tbl(dev->q, lun->vlun.id,
- dev->blks_per_lun, gennvm_block_bb, gn);
+ struct ppa_addr ppa;
+
+ ppa.ppa = 0;
+ ppa.g.ch = lun->vlun.chnl_id;
+ ppa.g.lun = lun->vlun.id;
+ ppa = generic_to_addr_mode(dev, ppa);
+
+ ret = dev->ops->get_bb_tbl(dev->q, ppa,
+ dev->blks_per_lun,
+ gennvm_block_bb, gn);
if (ret)
pr_err("gennvm: could not read BB table\n");
}
@@ -199,6 +210,7 @@ static int gennvm_register(struct nvm_dev *dev)
if (!gn)
return -ENOMEM;

+ gn->dev = dev;
gn->nr_luns = dev->nr_luns;
dev->mp = gn;

@@ -354,10 +366,10 @@ static void gennvm_mark_blk_bad(struct nvm_dev *dev, struct nvm_rq *rqd)
{
int i;

- if (!dev->ops->set_bb)
+ if (!dev->ops->set_bb_tbl)
return;

- if (dev->ops->set_bb(dev->q, rqd, 1))
+ if (dev->ops->set_bb_tbl(dev->q, rqd, 1))
return;

gennvm_addr_to_generic_mode(dev, rqd);
diff --git a/drivers/lightnvm/gennvm.h b/drivers/lightnvm/gennvm.h
index d23bd35..9c24b5b 100644
--- a/drivers/lightnvm/gennvm.h
+++ b/drivers/lightnvm/gennvm.h
@@ -35,6 +35,8 @@ struct gen_lun {
};

struct gen_nvm {
+ struct nvm_dev *dev;
+
int nr_luns;
struct gen_lun *luns;
};
diff --git a/drivers/nvme/host/lightnvm.c b/drivers/nvme/host/lightnvm.c
index e0b7b95..2c35465 100644
--- a/drivers/nvme/host/lightnvm.c
+++ b/drivers/nvme/host/lightnvm.c
@@ -93,7 +93,7 @@ struct nvme_nvm_l2ptbl {
__le16 cdw14[6];
};

-struct nvme_nvm_bbtbl {
+struct nvme_nvm_getbbtbl {
__u8 opcode;
__u8 flags;
__u16 command_id;
@@ -101,10 +101,23 @@ struct nvme_nvm_bbtbl {
__u64 rsvd[2];
__le64 prp1;
__le64 prp2;
- __le32 prp1_len;
- __le32 prp2_len;
- __le32 lbb;
- __u32 rsvd11[3];
+ __le64 spba;
+ __u32 rsvd4[4];
+};
+
+struct nvme_nvm_setbbtbl {
+ __u8 opcode;
+ __u8 flags;
+ __u16 command_id;
+ __le32 nsid;
+ __le64 rsvd[2];
+ __le64 prp1;
+ __le64 prp2;
+ __le64 spba;
+ __le16 nlb;
+ __u8 value;
+ __u8 rsvd3;
+ __u32 rsvd4[3];
};

struct nvme_nvm_erase_blk {
@@ -129,8 +142,8 @@ struct nvme_nvm_command {
struct nvme_nvm_hb_rw hb_rw;
struct nvme_nvm_ph_rw ph_rw;
struct nvme_nvm_l2ptbl l2p;
- struct nvme_nvm_bbtbl get_bb;
- struct nvme_nvm_bbtbl set_bb;
+ struct nvme_nvm_getbbtbl get_bb;
+ struct nvme_nvm_setbbtbl set_bb;
struct nvme_nvm_erase_blk erase;
};
};
@@ -187,6 +200,20 @@ struct nvme_nvm_id {
struct nvme_nvm_id_group groups[4];
} __packed;

+struct nvme_nvm_bb_tbl {
+ __u8 tblid[4];
+ __le16 verid;
+ __le16 revid;
+ __le32 rvsd1;
+ __le32 tblks;
+ __le32 tfact;
+ __le32 tgrown;
+ __le32 tdresv;
+ __le32 thresv;
+ __le32 rsvd2[8];
+ __u8 blk[0];
+};
+
/*
* Check we didn't inadvertently grow the command struct
*/
@@ -195,12 +222,14 @@ static inline void _nvme_nvm_check_size(void)
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_nvm_identity) != 64);
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_nvm_hb_rw) != 64);
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_nvm_ph_rw) != 64);
- BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_nvm_bbtbl) != 64);
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_nvm_getbbtbl) != 64);
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_nvm_setbbtbl) != 64);
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_nvm_l2ptbl) != 64);
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_nvm_erase_blk) != 64);
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_nvm_id_group) != 960);
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_nvm_addr_format) != 128);
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_nvm_id) != 4096);
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nvme_nvm_bb_tbl) != 512);
}

static int init_grps(struct nvm_id *nvm_id, struct nvme_nvm_id *nvme_nvm_id)
@@ -322,43 +351,80 @@ out:
return ret;
}

-static int nvme_nvm_get_bb_tbl(struct request_queue *q, int lunid,
- unsigned int nr_blocks,
- nvm_bb_update_fn *update_bbtbl, void *priv)
+static int nvme_nvm_get_bb_tbl(struct request_queue *q, struct ppa_addr ppa,
+ int nr_blocks, nvm_bb_update_fn *update_bbtbl,
+ void *priv)
{
struct nvme_ns *ns = q->queuedata;
struct nvme_dev *dev = ns->dev;
struct nvme_nvm_command c = {};
- void *bb_bitmap;
- u16 bb_bitmap_size;
+ struct nvme_nvm_bb_tbl *bb_tbl;
+ int tblsz = sizeof(struct nvme_nvm_bb_tbl) + nr_blocks;
int ret = 0;

c.get_bb.opcode = nvme_nvm_admin_get_bb_tbl;
c.get_bb.nsid = cpu_to_le32(ns->ns_id);
- c.get_bb.lbb = cpu_to_le32(lunid);
- bb_bitmap_size = ((nr_blocks >> 15) + 1) * PAGE_SIZE;
- bb_bitmap = kmalloc(bb_bitmap_size, GFP_KERNEL);
- if (!bb_bitmap)
+ c.get_bb.spba = cpu_to_le64(ppa.ppa);
+
+ bb_tbl = kzalloc(tblsz, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!bb_tbl)
return -ENOMEM;

- bitmap_zero(bb_bitmap, nr_blocks);
-
- ret = nvme_submit_sync_cmd(q, (struct nvme_command *)&c, bb_bitmap,
- bb_bitmap_size);
+ ret = nvme_submit_sync_cmd(q, (struct nvme_command *)&c, bb_tbl, tblsz);
if (ret) {
dev_err(dev->dev, "get bad block table failed (%d)\n", ret);
ret = -EIO;
goto out;
}

- ret = update_bbtbl(lunid, bb_bitmap, nr_blocks, priv);
+ if (bb_tbl->tblid[0] != 'B' || bb_tbl->tblid[1] != 'B' ||
+ bb_tbl->tblid[2] != 'L' || bb_tbl->tblid[3] != 'T') {
+ dev_err(dev->dev, "bbt format mismatch\n");
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (le16_to_cpu(bb_tbl->verid) != 1) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ dev_err(dev->dev, "bbt version not supported\n");
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (le32_to_cpu(bb_tbl->tblks) != nr_blocks) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ dev_err(dev->dev, "bbt unsuspected blocks returned (%u!=%u)",
+ le32_to_cpu(bb_tbl->tblks), nr_blocks);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ ret = update_bbtbl(ppa, nr_blocks, bb_tbl->blk, priv);
if (ret) {
ret = -EINTR;
goto out;
}

out:
- kfree(bb_bitmap);
+ kfree(bb_tbl);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int nvme_nvm_set_bb_tbl(struct request_queue *q, struct nvm_rq *rqd,
+ int type)
+{
+ struct nvme_ns *ns = q->queuedata;
+ struct nvme_dev *dev = ns->dev;
+ struct nvme_nvm_command c = {};
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ c.set_bb.opcode = nvme_nvm_admin_set_bb_tbl;
+ c.set_bb.nsid = cpu_to_le32(ns->ns_id);
+ c.set_bb.spba = cpu_to_le64(rqd->ppa_addr.ppa);
+ c.set_bb.nlb = cpu_to_le16(rqd->nr_pages - 1);
+ c.set_bb.value = type;
+
+ ret = nvme_submit_sync_cmd(q, (struct nvme_command *)&c, NULL, 0);
+ if (ret)
+ dev_err(dev->dev, "set bad block table failed (%d)\n", ret);
return ret;
}

@@ -474,6 +540,7 @@ static struct nvm_dev_ops nvme_nvm_dev_ops = {
.get_l2p_tbl = nvme_nvm_get_l2p_tbl,

.get_bb_tbl = nvme_nvm_get_bb_tbl,
+ .set_bb_tbl = nvme_nvm_set_bb_tbl,

.submit_io = nvme_nvm_submit_io,
.erase_block = nvme_nvm_erase_block,
diff --git a/include/linux/lightnvm.h b/include/linux/lightnvm.h
index 32b5369..9b3dc1b 100644
--- a/include/linux/lightnvm.h
+++ b/include/linux/lightnvm.h
@@ -191,11 +191,11 @@ static inline void *nvm_rq_to_pdu(struct nvm_rq *rqdata)
struct nvm_block;

typedef int (nvm_l2p_update_fn)(u64, u32, __le64 *, void *);
-typedef int (nvm_bb_update_fn)(u32, void *, unsigned int, void *);
+typedef int (nvm_bb_update_fn)(struct ppa_addr, int, u8 *, void *);
typedef int (nvm_id_fn)(struct request_queue *, struct nvm_id *);
typedef int (nvm_get_l2p_tbl_fn)(struct request_queue *, u64, u32,
nvm_l2p_update_fn *, void *);
-typedef int (nvm_op_bb_tbl_fn)(struct request_queue *, int, unsigned int,
+typedef int (nvm_op_bb_tbl_fn)(struct request_queue *, struct ppa_addr, int,
nvm_bb_update_fn *, void *);
typedef int (nvm_op_set_bb_fn)(struct request_queue *, struct nvm_rq *, int);
typedef int (nvm_submit_io_fn)(struct request_queue *, struct nvm_rq *);
@@ -210,7 +210,7 @@ struct nvm_dev_ops {
nvm_id_fn *identity;
nvm_get_l2p_tbl_fn *get_l2p_tbl;
nvm_op_bb_tbl_fn *get_bb_tbl;
- nvm_op_set_bb_fn *set_bb;
+ nvm_op_set_bb_fn *set_bb_tbl;

nvm_submit_io_fn *submit_io;
nvm_erase_blk_fn *erase_block;
--
2.1.4


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