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Subject[PATCH 11/13] perf tools: Generate prologue for BPF programs
Date
This patch generates prologue for each 'struct probe_trace_event' for
fetching arguments for BPF programs.

After bpf__probe(), iterate over each programs to check whether
prologue is required. If none of 'struct perf_probe_event' a program
will attach to has at least one argument, simply skip preprocessor
hooking. For those who prologue is required, calls bpf__gen_prologue()
and paste original instruction after prologue.

Signed-off-by: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com>
Cc: Zefan Li <lizefan@huawei.com>
Cc: pi3orama@163.com
---
tools/perf/util/bpf-loader.c | 120 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
1 file changed, 119 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/tools/perf/util/bpf-loader.c b/tools/perf/util/bpf-loader.c
index e0045c3..cad0d0f 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/bpf-loader.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/bpf-loader.c
@@ -5,12 +5,15 @@
* Copyright (C) 2015 Huawei Inc.
*/

+#include <linux/bpf.h>
#include <bpf/libbpf.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include "perf.h"
#include "debug.h"
#include "bpf-loader.h"
+#include "bpf-prologue.h"
+#include "llvm-utils.h"
#include "probe-event.h"
#include "probe-finder.h" // for MAX_PROBES
#include "llvm-utils.h"
@@ -33,6 +36,8 @@ DEFINE_PRINT_FN(debug, 1)

struct bpf_prog_priv {
struct perf_probe_event pev;
+ bool need_prologue;
+ struct bpf_insn *insns_buf;
};

static bool libbpf_initialized;
@@ -107,6 +112,7 @@ bpf_prog_priv__clear(struct bpf_program *prog __maybe_unused,
struct bpf_prog_priv *priv = _priv;

cleanup_perf_probe_events(&priv->pev, 1);
+ zfree(&priv->insns_buf);
free(priv);
}

@@ -365,6 +371,102 @@ static int bpf__prepare_probe(void)
return err;
}

+static int
+preproc_gen_prologue(struct bpf_program *prog, int n,
+ struct bpf_insn *orig_insns, int orig_insns_cnt,
+ struct bpf_prog_prep_result *res)
+{
+ struct probe_trace_event *tev;
+ struct perf_probe_event *pev;
+ struct bpf_prog_priv *priv;
+ struct bpf_insn *buf;
+ size_t prologue_cnt = 0;
+ int err;
+
+ err = bpf_program__get_private(prog, (void **)&priv);
+ if (err || !priv)
+ goto errout;
+
+ pev = &priv->pev;
+
+ if (n < 0 || n >= pev->ntevs)
+ goto errout;
+
+ tev = &pev->tevs[n];
+
+ buf = priv->insns_buf;
+ err = bpf__gen_prologue(tev->args, tev->nargs,
+ buf, &prologue_cnt,
+ BPF_MAXINSNS - orig_insns_cnt);
+ if (err) {
+ const char *title;
+
+ title = bpf_program__title(prog, false);
+ if (!title)
+ title = "[unknown]";
+
+ pr_debug("Failed to generate prologue for program %s\n",
+ title);
+ return err;
+ }
+
+ memcpy(&buf[prologue_cnt], orig_insns,
+ sizeof(struct bpf_insn) * orig_insns_cnt);
+
+ res->new_insn_ptr = buf;
+ res->new_insn_cnt = prologue_cnt + orig_insns_cnt;
+ res->pfd = NULL;
+ return 0;
+
+errout:
+ pr_debug("Internal error in preproc_gen_prologue\n");
+ return -BPF_LOADER_ERRNO__PROLOGUE;
+}
+
+static int hook_load_preprocessor(struct bpf_program *prog)
+{
+ struct perf_probe_event *pev;
+ struct bpf_prog_priv *priv;
+ bool need_prologue = false;
+ int err, i;
+
+ err = bpf_program__get_private(prog, (void **)&priv);
+ if (err || !priv) {
+ pr_debug("Internal error when hook preprocessor\n");
+ return -BPF_LOADER_ERRNO__INTERNAL;
+ }
+
+ pev = &priv->pev;
+ for (i = 0; i < pev->ntevs; i++) {
+ struct probe_trace_event *tev = &pev->tevs[i];
+
+ if (tev->nargs > 0) {
+ need_prologue = true;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Since all tevs don't have argument, we don't need generate
+ * prologue.
+ */
+ if (!need_prologue) {
+ priv->need_prologue = false;
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ priv->need_prologue = true;
+ priv->insns_buf = malloc(sizeof(struct bpf_insn) * BPF_MAXINSNS);
+ if (!priv->insns_buf) {
+ pr_debug("No enough memory: alloc insns_buf failed\n");
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ err = bpf_program__set_prep(prog, pev->ntevs,
+ preproc_gen_prologue);
+ return err;
+}
+
int bpf__probe(struct bpf_object *obj)
{
int err = 0;
@@ -399,6 +501,18 @@ int bpf__probe(struct bpf_object *obj)
pr_debug("bpf_probe: failed to apply perf probe events");
goto out;
}
+
+ /*
+ * After probing, let's consider prologue, which
+ * adds program fetcher to BPF programs.
+ *
+ * hook_load_preprocessorr() hooks pre-processor
+ * to bpf_program, let it generate prologue
+ * dynamically during loading.
+ */
+ err = hook_load_preprocessor(prog);
+ if (err)
+ goto out;
}
out:
return err < 0 ? err : 0;
@@ -482,7 +596,11 @@ int bpf__foreach_tev(struct bpf_object *obj,
for (i = 0; i < pev->ntevs; i++) {
tev = &pev->tevs[i];

- fd = bpf_program__fd(prog);
+ if (priv->need_prologue)
+ fd = bpf_program__nth_fd(prog, i);
+ else
+ fd = bpf_program__fd(prog);
+
if (fd < 0) {
pr_debug("bpf: failed to get file descriptor\n");
return fd;
--
1.8.3.4


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