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Subject[PATCH 3/4] mmc: sdio: support switching to 1-bit before turning off clocks
According to section 7.1.2 of

http://www.sandisk.com/media/File/OEM/Manuals/SD_SDIO_specsv1.pdf

In the case where the interrupt mechanism is used to wake the host while
the card is in a low power state (i.e. no clocks), Both the card and the
host shall be placed into the 1-bit SD mode prior to stopping the clock.


This is particularly important for the Marvell "libertas" wifi chip
in the GTA04. While in 4-bit mode it will only signal an interrupt
when the clock is running (which is why setting CLKEXTFREE is
important in omap_hsmmc).
In 1-bit mode, the interrupt is asynchronous (explained in OMAP3
TRM description of the CIRQ flag to MMCHS_STAT:

In 1-bit mode, interrupt source is asynchronous (can be a source of
asynchronous wakeup).
In 4-bit mode, interrupt source is sampled during the interrupt
cycle.

)

It is awkward to simply set 1-bit mode in ->runtime_suspend
as that will call mmc_set_ios which calls ops->set_ios(),
which will likely call pm_runtime_get_sync(), on the device that
is currently suspending. This deadlocks.

So:
- create a work_struct to schedule setting of 1-bit mode
- introduce an 'sdio_narrowed' state flag which transitions:
0 (normal) -> 1 (convert to 1-bit pending) ->
2 (have switch to 1-bit mode) -> 0 (normal)
- create a function mmc_sdio_want_no_clocks() which can be called
when the driver wants to turn off clocks (presumably after an
idle timeout). This either succeeds (in 1-bit mode) or fails
and schedules the work to switch to 1-bit mode.
- when the host is claimed, if sdio_narrowed is 2, restore the
4-bit bus
- When the host is released, if sdio_narrowed is 1, then some
caller other than our worker claimed the host first, so
clear sdio_narrowed.

This all allows a graceful and race-free switch to 1-bit mode
before switching off the clocks, if SDIO interrupts are enabled.

A host should call mmc_sdio_want_no_clocks() when about to turn of
clocks if sdio interrupts are enabled, and the ->disable() function
should not use a timeout (pm_runtime_put_autosuspend) if
->sdio_narrowed is 2.

Signed-off-by: NeilBrown <neil@brown.name>
---
drivers/mmc/core/core.c | 18 ++++++++++++++----
drivers/mmc/core/sdio.c | 42 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
include/linux/mmc/core.h | 2 ++
include/linux/mmc/host.h | 2 ++
4 files changed, 59 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/mmc/core/core.c b/drivers/mmc/core/core.c
index 051198073d21..21068fe75c30 100644
--- a/drivers/mmc/core/core.c
+++ b/drivers/mmc/core/core.c
@@ -921,8 +921,14 @@ int __mmc_claim_host(struct mmc_host *host, atomic_t *abort)
wake_up(&host->wq);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&host->lock, flags);
remove_wait_queue(&host->wq, &wait);
- if (host->ops->enable && !stop && host->claim_cnt == 1)
- host->ops->enable(host);
+ if (!stop && host->claim_cnt == 1) {
+ if (host->ops->enable)
+ host->ops->enable(host);
+ if (atomic_read(&host->sdio_narrowed) == 2) {
+ sdio_enable_4bit_bus(host->card);
+ atomic_set(&host->sdio_narrowed, 0);
+ }
+ }
return stop;
}

@@ -941,8 +947,12 @@ void mmc_release_host(struct mmc_host *host)

WARN_ON(!host->claimed);

- if (host->ops->disable && host->claim_cnt == 1)
- host->ops->disable(host);
+ if (host->claim_cnt == 1) {
+ if (atomic_read(&host->sdio_narrowed) == 1)
+ atomic_set(&host->sdio_narrowed, 0);
+ if (host->ops->disable)
+ host->ops->disable(host);
+ }

spin_lock_irqsave(&host->lock, flags);
if (--host->claim_cnt) {
diff --git a/drivers/mmc/core/sdio.c b/drivers/mmc/core/sdio.c
index 5bc6c7dbbd60..9761e4d5f49b 100644
--- a/drivers/mmc/core/sdio.c
+++ b/drivers/mmc/core/sdio.c
@@ -288,7 +288,7 @@ static int sdio_disable_wide(struct mmc_card *card)
}


-static int sdio_enable_4bit_bus(struct mmc_card *card)
+int sdio_enable_4bit_bus(struct mmc_card *card)
{
int err;

@@ -313,6 +313,45 @@ static int sdio_enable_4bit_bus(struct mmc_card *card)
return err;
}

+static void mmc_sdio_width_work(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct mmc_host *host = container_of(work, struct mmc_host,
+ sdio_width_work);
+ atomic_t noblock;
+
+ atomic_set(&noblock, 1);
+ if (__mmc_claim_host(host, &noblock))
+ return;
+ if (atomic_read(&host->sdio_narrowed) != 1) {
+ /* Nothing to do */
+ mmc_release_host(host);
+ return;
+ }
+ if (sdio_disable_wide(host->card) == 0)
+ atomic_set(&host->sdio_narrowed, 2);
+ else
+ atomic_set(&host->sdio_narrowed, 0);
+ mmc_release_host(host);
+}
+
+int mmc_sdio_want_no_clocks(struct mmc_host *host)
+{
+ if (!(host->caps & MMC_CAP_SDIO_IRQ) ||
+ host->ios.bus_width == MMC_BUS_WIDTH_1)
+ /* Safe to turn off clocks */
+ return 1;
+
+
+ /* In 4-bit mode the card needs the clock
+ * to deliver interrupts, so it isn't safe
+ * to turn of clocks just yet
+ */
+ atomic_add_unless(&host->sdio_narrowed, 1, 1);
+
+ schedule_work(&host->sdio_width_work);
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mmc_sdio_want_no_clocks);

/*
* Test if the card supports high-speed mode and, if so, switch to it.
@@ -1100,6 +1139,7 @@ int mmc_attach_sdio(struct mmc_host *host)
goto err;
}

+ INIT_WORK(&host->sdio_width_work, mmc_sdio_width_work);
/*
* Detect and init the card.
*/
diff --git a/include/linux/mmc/core.h b/include/linux/mmc/core.h
index 160448f920ac..faf6d1be0971 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmc/core.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmc/core.h
@@ -212,4 +212,6 @@ struct device_node;
extern u32 mmc_vddrange_to_ocrmask(int vdd_min, int vdd_max);
extern int mmc_of_parse_voltage(struct device_node *np, u32 *mask);

+extern int sdio_enable_4bit_bus(struct mmc_card *card);
+extern int mmc_sdio_want_no_clocks(struct mmc_host *host);
#endif /* LINUX_MMC_CORE_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/mmc/host.h b/include/linux/mmc/host.h
index 0c8cbe5d1550..7e6a54c49a15 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmc/host.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmc/host.h
@@ -350,6 +350,8 @@ struct mmc_host {
struct task_struct *sdio_irq_thread;
bool sdio_irq_pending;
atomic_t sdio_irq_thread_abort;
+ struct work_struct sdio_width_work;
+ atomic_t sdio_narrowed; /* 1==pending, 2==complete*/

mmc_pm_flag_t pm_flags; /* requested pm features */




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