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Subject[PATCH v9 02/17] x86_64: add KASan support
Date
This patch adds arch specific code for kernel address sanitizer.

16TB of virtual addressed used for shadow memory.
It's located in range [ffffec0000000000 - fffffc0000000000]
between vmemmap and %esp fixup stacks.

At early stage we map whole shadow region with zero page.
Latter, after pages mapped to direct mapping address range
we unmap zero pages from corresponding shadow (see kasan_map_shadow())
and allocate and map a real shadow memory reusing vmemmap_populate()
function.

Also replace __pa with __pa_nodebug before shadow initialized.
__pa with CONFIG_DEBUG_VIRTUAL=y make external function call (__phys_addr)
__phys_addr is instrumented, so __asan_load could be called before
shadow area initialized.

Signed-off-by: Andrey Ryabinin <a.ryabinin@samsung.com>
---
Documentation/x86/x86_64/mm.txt | 2 +
arch/x86/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/x86/boot/Makefile | 2 +
arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile | 2 +
arch/x86/include/asm/kasan.h | 35 +++++++
arch/x86/kernel/Makefile | 2 +
arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack.c | 5 +-
arch/x86/kernel/head64.c | 9 +-
arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S | 34 ++++++
arch/x86/kernel/setup.c | 3 +
arch/x86/mm/Makefile | 3 +
arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c | 215 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/realmode/Makefile | 2 +-
arch/x86/realmode/rm/Makefile | 1 +
arch/x86/vdso/Makefile | 1 +
lib/Kconfig.kasan | 2 +
16 files changed, 315 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 arch/x86/include/asm/kasan.h
create mode 100644 arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c

diff --git a/Documentation/x86/x86_64/mm.txt b/Documentation/x86/x86_64/mm.txt
index 052ee64..05712ac 100644
--- a/Documentation/x86/x86_64/mm.txt
+++ b/Documentation/x86/x86_64/mm.txt
@@ -12,6 +12,8 @@ ffffc90000000000 - ffffe8ffffffffff (=45 bits) vmalloc/ioremap space
ffffe90000000000 - ffffe9ffffffffff (=40 bits) hole
ffffea0000000000 - ffffeaffffffffff (=40 bits) virtual memory map (1TB)
... unused hole ...
+ffffec0000000000 - fffffc0000000000 (=44 bits) kasan shadow memory (16TB)
+... unused hole ...
ffffff0000000000 - ffffff7fffffffff (=39 bits) %esp fixup stacks
... unused hole ...
ffffffff80000000 - ffffffffa0000000 (=512 MB) kernel text mapping, from phys 0
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index ba397bd..f3c0c7d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -84,6 +84,7 @@ config X86
select HAVE_CMPXCHG_LOCAL
select HAVE_CMPXCHG_DOUBLE
select HAVE_ARCH_KMEMCHECK
+ select HAVE_ARCH_KASAN if X86_64
select HAVE_USER_RETURN_NOTIFIER
select ARCH_BINFMT_ELF_RANDOMIZE_PIE
select HAVE_ARCH_JUMP_LABEL
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/Makefile b/arch/x86/boot/Makefile
index 3db07f3..57bbf2f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/Makefile
@@ -14,6 +14,8 @@
# Set it to -DSVGA_MODE=NORMAL_VGA if you just want the EGA/VGA mode.
# The number is the same as you would ordinarily press at bootup.

+KASAN_SANITIZE := n
+
SVGA_MODE := -DSVGA_MODE=NORMAL_VGA

targets := vmlinux.bin setup.bin setup.elf bzImage
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
index d999398..0bf4d9f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
@@ -16,6 +16,8 @@
# (see scripts/Makefile.lib size_append)
# compressed vmlinux.bin.all + u32 size of vmlinux.bin.all

+KASAN_SANITIZE := n
+
targets := vmlinux vmlinux.bin vmlinux.bin.gz vmlinux.bin.bz2 vmlinux.bin.lzma \
vmlinux.bin.xz vmlinux.bin.lzo vmlinux.bin.lz4

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kasan.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kasan.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..67f8650
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kasan.h
@@ -0,0 +1,35 @@
+#ifndef _ASM_X86_KASAN_H
+#define _ASM_X86_KASAN_H
+
+/*
+ * Compiler uses shadow offset assuming that addresses start
+ * from 0. Kernel addresses don't start from 0, so shadow
+ * for kernel really starts from compiler's shadow offset +
+ * 'kernel address space start' >> KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SHIFT
+ */
+#define KASAN_SHADOW_START (KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET + \
+ (0xffff800000000000ULL >> 3))
+/* 47 bits for kernel address -> (47 - 3) bits for shadow */
+#define KASAN_SHADOW_END (KASAN_SHADOW_START + (1ULL << (47 - 3)))
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+
+extern pte_t kasan_zero_pte[];
+extern pte_t kasan_zero_pmd[];
+extern pte_t kasan_zero_pud[];
+
+extern pte_t kasan_poisoned_pte[];
+extern pte_t kasan_poisoned_pmd[];
+extern pte_t kasan_poisoned_pud[];
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN
+void __init kasan_map_early_shadow(pgd_t *pgd);
+void __init kasan_init(void);
+#else
+static inline void kasan_map_early_shadow(pgd_t *pgd) { }
+static inline void kasan_init(void) { }
+#endif
+
+#endif
+
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
index 5d4502c..74d3f3e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
@@ -16,6 +16,8 @@ CFLAGS_REMOVE_ftrace.o = -pg
CFLAGS_REMOVE_early_printk.o = -pg
endif

+KASAN_SANITIZE_head$(BITS).o := n
+
CFLAGS_irq.o := -I$(src)/../include/asm/trace

obj-y := process_$(BITS).o signal.o entry_$(BITS).o
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack.c b/arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack.c
index b74ebc7..cf3df1d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack.c
@@ -265,7 +265,10 @@ int __die(const char *str, struct pt_regs *regs, long err)
printk("SMP ");
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
- printk("DEBUG_PAGEALLOC");
+ printk("DEBUG_PAGEALLOC ");
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN
+ printk("KASAN");
#endif
printk("\n");
if (notify_die(DIE_OOPS, str, regs, err,
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c
index eda1a86..efcddfa 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@
#include <asm/bios_ebda.h>
#include <asm/bootparam_utils.h>
#include <asm/microcode.h>
+#include <asm/kasan.h>

/*
* Manage page tables very early on.
@@ -46,7 +47,7 @@ static void __init reset_early_page_tables(void)

next_early_pgt = 0;

- write_cr3(__pa(early_level4_pgt));
+ write_cr3(__pa_nodebug(early_level4_pgt));
}

/* Create a new PMD entry */
@@ -59,7 +60,7 @@ int __init early_make_pgtable(unsigned long address)
pmdval_t pmd, *pmd_p;

/* Invalid address or early pgt is done ? */
- if (physaddr >= MAXMEM || read_cr3() != __pa(early_level4_pgt))
+ if (physaddr >= MAXMEM || read_cr3() != __pa_nodebug(early_level4_pgt))
return -1;

again:
@@ -158,6 +159,8 @@ asmlinkage __visible void __init x86_64_start_kernel(char * real_mode_data)
/* Kill off the identity-map trampoline */
reset_early_page_tables();

+ kasan_map_early_shadow(early_level4_pgt);
+
/* clear bss before set_intr_gate with early_idt_handler */
clear_bss();

@@ -179,6 +182,8 @@ asmlinkage __visible void __init x86_64_start_kernel(char * real_mode_data)
/* set init_level4_pgt kernel high mapping*/
init_level4_pgt[511] = early_level4_pgt[511];

+ kasan_map_early_shadow(init_level4_pgt);
+
x86_64_start_reservations(real_mode_data);
}

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S b/arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S
index a468c0a..287ae04 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S
@@ -514,8 +514,42 @@ ENTRY(phys_base)
/* This must match the first entry in level2_kernel_pgt */
.quad 0x0000000000000000

+#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN
+#define FILL(VAL, COUNT) \
+ .rept (COUNT) ; \
+ .quad (VAL) ; \
+ .endr
+
+NEXT_PAGE(kasan_zero_pte)
+ FILL(empty_zero_page - __START_KERNEL_map + __PAGE_KERNEL_RO, 512)
+NEXT_PAGE(kasan_zero_pmd)
+ FILL(kasan_zero_pte - __START_KERNEL_map + __PAGE_KERNEL_RO, 512)
+NEXT_PAGE(kasan_zero_pud)
+ FILL(kasan_zero_pmd - __START_KERNEL_map + __PAGE_KERNEL_RO, 512)
+
+NEXT_PAGE(kasan_poisoned_pte)
+ FILL(kasan_poisoned_page - __START_KERNEL_map + _KERNPG_TABLE, 512)
+NEXT_PAGE(kasan_poisoned_pmd)
+ FILL(kasan_poisoned_pte - __START_KERNEL_map + _KERNPG_TABLE, 512)
+NEXT_PAGE(kasan_poisoned_pud)
+ FILL(kasan_poisoned_pmd - __START_KERNEL_map + _KERNPG_TABLE, 512)
+
+#undef FILL
+#endif
+
+
#include "../../x86/xen/xen-head.S"

__PAGE_ALIGNED_BSS
NEXT_PAGE(empty_zero_page)
.skip PAGE_SIZE
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN
+/*
+ * This page used as early shadow.
+ * Latter we use it to poison large ranges of memory that
+ * shouldn't be accessed by anyone except kasan itself.
+ */
+NEXT_PAGE(kasan_poisoned_page)
+ .skip PAGE_SIZE
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
index ab4734e..4912b74 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
@@ -89,6 +89,7 @@
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/bugs.h>
+#include <asm/kasan.h>

#include <asm/vsyscall.h>
#include <asm/cpu.h>
@@ -1176,6 +1177,8 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)

x86_init.paging.pagetable_init();

+ kasan_init();
+
if (boot_cpu_data.cpuid_level >= 0) {
/* A CPU has %cr4 if and only if it has CPUID */
mmu_cr4_features = read_cr4();
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/Makefile b/arch/x86/mm/Makefile
index ecfdc46..c4cc740 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/Makefile
@@ -20,6 +20,9 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) += highmem_32.o

obj-$(CONFIG_KMEMCHECK) += kmemcheck/

+KASAN_SANITIZE_kasan_init_$(BITS).o := n
+obj-$(CONFIG_KASAN) += kasan_init_$(BITS).o
+
obj-$(CONFIG_MMIOTRACE) += mmiotrace.o
mmiotrace-y := kmmio.o pf_in.o mmio-mod.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MMIOTRACE_TEST) += testmmiotrace.o
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..70e8082
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c
@@ -0,0 +1,215 @@
+#include <linux/bootmem.h>
+#include <linux/kasan.h>
+#include <linux/kdebug.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
+
+#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
+#include <asm/sections.h>
+
+extern pgd_t early_level4_pgt[PTRS_PER_PGD];
+extern struct range pfn_mapped[E820_X_MAX];
+
+extern unsigned char kasan_poisoned_page[PAGE_SIZE];
+
+static int __init map_range(struct range *range)
+{
+ unsigned long start = kasan_mem_to_shadow(
+ (unsigned long)pfn_to_kaddr(range->start));
+ unsigned long end = kasan_mem_to_shadow(
+ (unsigned long)pfn_to_kaddr(range->end));
+
+ /*
+ * end + 1 here is intentional. We check several shadow bytes in advance
+ * to slightly speed up fastpath. In some rare cases we could cross
+ * boundary of mapped shadow, so we just map some more here.
+ */
+ return vmemmap_populate(start, end + 1, NUMA_NO_NODE);
+}
+
+static void __init clear_pgds(unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long end)
+{
+ for (; start < end; start += PGDIR_SIZE)
+ pgd_clear(pgd_offset_k(start));
+}
+
+void __init kasan_map_early_shadow(pgd_t *pgd)
+{
+ int i;
+ unsigned long start = KASAN_SHADOW_START;
+ unsigned long end = KASAN_SHADOW_END;
+
+ for (i = pgd_index(start); start < end; i++) {
+ pgd[i] = __pgd(__pa_nodebug(kasan_poisoned_pud)
+ | _KERNPG_TABLE);
+ start += PGDIR_SIZE;
+ }
+}
+
+void __init populate_poison_shadow(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
+{
+ int i;
+ pgd_t *pgd = init_level4_pgt;
+
+ for (i = pgd_index(start); start < end; i++) {
+ pgd[i] = __pgd(__pa_nodebug(kasan_poisoned_pud)
+ | _KERNPG_TABLE);
+ start += PGDIR_SIZE;
+ }
+}
+
+static int __init zero_pte_populate(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr,
+ unsigned long end)
+{
+ pte_t *pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr);
+
+ while (addr + PAGE_SIZE <= end) {
+ WARN_ON(!pte_none(*pte));
+ set_pte(pte, __pte(__pa_nodebug(empty_zero_page)
+ | __PAGE_KERNEL_RO));
+ addr += PAGE_SIZE;
+ pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr);
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int __init zero_pmd_populate(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr,
+ unsigned long end)
+{
+ int ret = 0;
+ pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
+
+ while (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PMD_SIZE) && addr + PMD_SIZE <= end) {
+ WARN_ON(!pmd_none(*pmd));
+ set_pmd(pmd, __pmd(__pa_nodebug(kasan_zero_pte)
+ | __PAGE_KERNEL_RO));
+ addr += PMD_SIZE;
+ pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
+ }
+ if (addr < end) {
+ if (pmd_none(*pmd)) {
+ void *p = vmemmap_alloc_block(PAGE_SIZE, NUMA_NO_NODE);
+ if (!p)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ set_pmd(pmd, __pmd(__pa_nodebug(p) | _KERNPG_TABLE));
+ }
+ ret = zero_pte_populate(pmd, addr, end);
+ }
+ return ret;
+}
+
+
+static int __init zero_pud_populate(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr,
+ unsigned long end)
+{
+ int ret = 0;
+ pud_t *pud = pud_offset(pgd, addr);
+
+ while (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PUD_SIZE) && addr + PUD_SIZE <= end) {
+ WARN_ON(!pud_none(*pud));
+ set_pud(pud, __pud(__pa_nodebug(kasan_zero_pmd)
+ | __PAGE_KERNEL_RO));
+ addr += PUD_SIZE;
+ pud = pud_offset(pgd, addr);
+ }
+
+ if (addr < end) {
+ if (pud_none(*pud)) {
+ void *p = vmemmap_alloc_block(PAGE_SIZE, NUMA_NO_NODE);
+ if (!p)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ set_pud(pud, __pud(__pa_nodebug(p) | _KERNPG_TABLE));
+ }
+ ret = zero_pmd_populate(pud, addr, end);
+ }
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int __init zero_pgd_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long end)
+{
+ int ret = 0;
+ pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset_k(addr);
+
+ while (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PGDIR_SIZE) && addr + PGDIR_SIZE <= end) {
+ WARN_ON(!pgd_none(*pgd));
+ set_pgd(pgd, __pgd(__pa_nodebug(kasan_zero_pud)
+ | __PAGE_KERNEL_RO));
+ addr += PGDIR_SIZE;
+ pgd = pgd_offset_k(addr);
+ }
+
+ if (addr < end) {
+ if (pgd_none(*pgd)) {
+ void *p = vmemmap_alloc_block(PAGE_SIZE, NUMA_NO_NODE);
+ if (!p)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ set_pgd(pgd, __pgd(__pa_nodebug(p) | _KERNPG_TABLE));
+ }
+ ret = zero_pud_populate(pgd, addr, end);
+ }
+ return ret;
+}
+
+
+static void __init populate_zero_shadow(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
+{
+ if (zero_pgd_populate(start, end))
+ panic("kasan: unable to map zero shadow!");
+}
+
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_INLINE
+static int kasan_die_handler(struct notifier_block *self,
+ unsigned long val,
+ void *data)
+{
+ if (val == DIE_GPF) {
+ pr_emerg("CONFIG_KASAN_INLINE enabled");
+ pr_emerg("GPF could be caused by NULL-ptr deref or user memory access");
+ }
+ return NOTIFY_OK;
+}
+
+static struct notifier_block kasan_die_notifier = {
+ .notifier_call = kasan_die_handler,
+};
+#endif
+
+void __init kasan_init(void)
+{
+ int i;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_INLINE
+ register_die_notifier(&kasan_die_notifier);
+#endif
+
+ memcpy(early_level4_pgt, init_level4_pgt, sizeof(early_level4_pgt));
+ load_cr3(early_level4_pgt);
+
+ clear_pgds(KASAN_SHADOW_START, KASAN_SHADOW_END);
+
+ populate_zero_shadow(KASAN_SHADOW_START,
+ kasan_mem_to_shadow(PAGE_OFFSET));
+
+ for (i = 0; i < E820_X_MAX; i++) {
+ if (pfn_mapped[i].end == 0)
+ break;
+
+ if (map_range(&pfn_mapped[i]))
+ panic("kasan: unable to allocate shadow!");
+ }
+ populate_zero_shadow(kasan_mem_to_shadow(PAGE_OFFSET + MAXMEM),
+ kasan_mem_to_shadow(KASAN_SHADOW_START));
+
+ populate_poison_shadow(kasan_mem_to_shadow(KASAN_SHADOW_START),
+ kasan_mem_to_shadow(KASAN_SHADOW_END));
+
+ populate_zero_shadow(kasan_mem_to_shadow(KASAN_SHADOW_END),
+ KASAN_SHADOW_END);
+
+ memset(kasan_poisoned_page, KASAN_SHADOW_GAP, PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ load_cr3(init_level4_pgt);
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/realmode/Makefile b/arch/x86/realmode/Makefile
index 94f7fbe..e02c2c6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/realmode/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/realmode/Makefile
@@ -6,7 +6,7 @@
# for more details.
#
#
-
+KASAN_SANITIZE := n
subdir- := rm

obj-y += init.o
diff --git a/arch/x86/realmode/rm/Makefile b/arch/x86/realmode/rm/Makefile
index 7c0d7be..2730d77 100644
--- a/arch/x86/realmode/rm/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/realmode/rm/Makefile
@@ -6,6 +6,7 @@
# for more details.
#
#
+KASAN_SANITIZE := n

always := realmode.bin realmode.relocs

diff --git a/arch/x86/vdso/Makefile b/arch/x86/vdso/Makefile
index 5a4affe..2aacd7c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/vdso/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/vdso/Makefile
@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@
#

KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(DISABLE_LTO)
+KASAN_SANITIZE := n

VDSO64-$(CONFIG_X86_64) := y
VDSOX32-$(CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI) := y
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.kasan b/lib/Kconfig.kasan
index 10341df..f86070d 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.kasan
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.kasan
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@ if HAVE_ARCH_KASAN

config KASAN
bool "AddressSanitizer: runtime memory debugger"
+ depends on !MEMORY_HOTPLUG
help
Enables address sanitizer - runtime memory debugger,
designed to find out-of-bounds accesses and use-after-free bugs.
@@ -15,6 +16,7 @@ config KASAN

config KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET
hex
+ default 0xdffffc0000000000 if X86_64

choice
prompt "Instrumentation type"
--
2.2.1


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