lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2015]   [Jan]   [19]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 2/5] irq: Allow interrupts to routed to NMI (or similar)
On 19/01/15 16:21, Joshua Clayton wrote:
> Daniel, feel free to ignore my comments.
> I know less about this than anybody :)
> I am especially unfamiliar with NMI, but I will risk exposing my ignorance

Not at all! Thanks for the review.


> On Tuesday, January 13, 2015 04:35:28 PM Daniel Thompson wrote:
>> Some combinations of architectures and interrupt controllers make it
>> possible for abitrary interrupt signals to be selectively made immune to
>> masking by local_irq_disable(). For example, on ARM platforms, many
>> interrupt controllers allow interrupts to be routed to FIQ rather than IRQ.
>>
>> These features could be exploited to implement debug and tracing features
>> that can be implemented using NMI on x86 platforms (perf, hard lockup,
>> kgdb).
>>
>> This patch assumes that the management of the NMI handler itself will be
>> architecture specific (maybe notifier list like x86, hard coded like ARM,
>> or something else entirely). The generic layer can still manage the irq
>> as normal (affinity, enable/disable, free) but is not responsible for
>> dispatching.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Daniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@linaro.org>
>> ---
>> include/linux/interrupt.h | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
>> include/linux/irq.h | 2 ++
>> kernel/irq/manage.c | 29 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
>> 3 files changed, 49 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/include/linux/interrupt.h b/include/linux/interrupt.h
>> index d9b05b5bf8c7..b95dc28f4cc3 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/interrupt.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/interrupt.h
>> @@ -57,6 +57,9 @@
>> * IRQF_NO_THREAD - Interrupt cannot be threaded
>> * IRQF_EARLY_RESUME - Resume IRQ early during syscore instead of at device
>> * resume time.
>> + * __IRQF_NMI - Route the interrupt to an NMI or some similar signal that
>> is not + * masked by local_irq_disable(). Used internally by +
>> * request_nmi_irq().
>> */
>> #define IRQF_DISABLED 0x00000020
>> #define IRQF_SHARED 0x00000080
>> @@ -70,6 +73,7 @@
>> #define IRQF_FORCE_RESUME 0x00008000
>> #define IRQF_NO_THREAD 0x00010000
>> #define IRQF_EARLY_RESUME 0x00020000
>> +#define __IRQF_NMI 0x00040000
>>
>> #define IRQF_TIMER (__IRQF_TIMER | IRQF_NO_SUSPEND | IRQF_NO_THREAD)
>>
>> @@ -139,6 +143,22 @@ extern int __must_check
>> request_percpu_irq(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler,
>> const char *devname, void __percpu *percpu_dev_id);
>>
>> +static inline int __must_check request_nmi_irq(unsigned int irq,
>> + unsigned long flags,
>> + const char *name, void *dev_id)
>
> Why not pass your handler in here, instead of adding explicitly it to the
> default FIQ handler?
>
> request_nmi_irq need not exist at all. Your __IRQF_NMI flag is sufficient with
> request_irq.

The approach currently taken is designed to avoid indirection within the
default FIQ handler and ultimately resulted from this thread:
http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.linux.ports.arm.kernel/331027/focus=1778426

IIRC Russell King wanted to ensure that any code that tried to execute
from the default FIQ handler received sufficient code review. Avoiding
indirection was a simple way to do that (since traps.c tends to be well
reviewed).

However other than Russell's concerns about code review I am not aware
of any other reason *not* to install the handler using the normal IRQ
machinery. Specifically:

* The first level data structure (irq to irq_desc) uses RCU and should
be NMI-safe.

* We prohibit IRQF_SHARED and can trust users of __IRQF_NMI
to take care not to free the IRQ whilst the handler could be
running[1] then I think it is safe to lookup an irqaction without
taking the irqdesc lock.

[1] Most uses of __IRQF_NMI that I've looked at will trivially ensure
this by never uninstalling the handler...


>> +{
>> + /*
>> + * no_action unconditionally returns IRQ_NONE which is exactly
>> + * what we need. The handler might be expected to be unreachable
>> + * but some controllers may spuriously ack the NMI from the IRQ
>> + * handling code. When this happens it occurs very rarely, thus
>> + * by returning IRQ_NONE we can rely on the spurious interrupt
>> + * logic to do the right thing.
>> + */
>> + return request_irq(irq, no_action, flags | IRQF_NO_THREAD | __IRQF_NMI,
>> + name, dev_id);
> no_action here looks kind of evil to me.
> I'd prefer to see the nonsecure irq handler check for __IRQF_NMI and call
> no_action.
>
> diff --git a/kernel/irq/chip.c b/kernel/irq/chip.c
> index 6f1c7a5..f810cff 100644
> --- a/kernel/irq/chip.c
> +++ b/kernel/irq/chip.c
> @@ -711,7 +711,10 @@ void handle_percpu_devid_irq(unsigned int irq, struct
> irq_desc *desc)
> chip->irq_ack(&desc->irq_data);
>
> trace_irq_handler_entry(irq, action);
> - res = action->handler(irq, dev_id);
> + if (action->flags & __IRQF_NMI)
> + res = no_action(irq, dev_id);
> + else
> + res = action->handler(irq, dev_id);
> trace_irq_handler_exit(irq, action, res);
>
> if (chip->irq_eoi)

Hmnnn... there should be no need to check for __IRQF_NMI in this bit of
code.

*If* action->handler pointed to a real NMI handler then we should just
call it even though were are "only" running from IRQ.

When the problem occurs the GIC priority filtering will prevent further
FIQs from being delivered so we might as well just make the call. Note
that the issue that makes us occasionally spuriously ack is *extremely*
ARM specific (an obscure GIC/TrustZone interaction) so there is little
need to consider other architectures here.


>
>
>
>> +}
>> +
>> extern void free_irq(unsigned int, void *);
>> extern void free_percpu_irq(unsigned int, void __percpu *);
>>
>> diff --git a/include/linux/irq.h b/include/linux/irq.h
>> index d09ec7a1243e..695eb37f04ae 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/irq.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/irq.h
>> @@ -307,6 +307,7 @@ static inline irq_hw_number_t irqd_to_hwirq(struct
>> irq_data *d) * @irq_eoi: end of interrupt
>> * @irq_set_affinity: set the CPU affinity on SMP machines
>> * @irq_retrigger: resend an IRQ to the CPU
>> + * @irq_set_nmi_routing:set whether interrupt can act like NMI
>> * @irq_set_type: set the flow type (IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL/etc.) of an IRQ
>> * @irq_set_wake: enable/disable power-management wake-on of an IRQ
>> * @irq_bus_lock: function to lock access to slow bus (i2c) chips
>> @@ -341,6 +342,7 @@ struct irq_chip {
>>
>> int (*irq_set_affinity)(struct irq_data *data, const struct cpumask
>> *dest, bool force); int (*irq_retrigger)(struct irq_data *data);
>> + int (*irq_set_nmi_routing)(struct irq_data *data, unsigned int nmi);
>> int (*irq_set_type)(struct irq_data *data, unsigned int flow_type);
>> int (*irq_set_wake)(struct irq_data *data, unsigned int on);
>>
>> diff --git a/kernel/irq/manage.c b/kernel/irq/manage.c
>> index 80692373abd6..8e669051759d 100644
>> --- a/kernel/irq/manage.c
>> +++ b/kernel/irq/manage.c
>> @@ -571,6 +571,17 @@ int can_request_irq(unsigned int irq, unsigned long
>> irqflags) return canrequest;
>> }
>>
>> +int __irq_set_nmi_routing(struct irq_desc *desc, unsigned int irq,
>> + unsigned int nmi)
>> +{
>> + struct irq_chip *chip = desc->irq_data.chip;
>> +
>> + if (!chip || !chip->irq_set_nmi_routing)
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + return chip->irq_set_nmi_routing(&desc->irq_data, nmi);
>> +}
>> +
>> int __irq_set_trigger(struct irq_desc *desc, unsigned int irq,
>> unsigned long flags)
>> {
>> @@ -1058,11 +1069,12 @@ __setup_irq(unsigned int irq, struct irq_desc *desc,
>> struct irqaction *new) * the same type (level, edge, polarity). So both
>> flag
>> * fields must have IRQF_SHARED set and the bits which
>> * set the trigger type must match. Also all must
>> - * agree on ONESHOT.
>> + * agree on ONESHOT and NMI
>> */
>> if (!((old->flags & new->flags) & IRQF_SHARED) ||
>> ((old->flags ^ new->flags) & IRQF_TRIGGER_MASK) ||
>> - ((old->flags ^ new->flags) & IRQF_ONESHOT))
>> + ((old->flags ^ new->flags) & IRQF_ONESHOT) ||
>> + ((old->flags ^ new->flags) & __IRQF_NMI))
>> goto mismatch;
>>
>> /* All handlers must agree on per-cpuness */
>> @@ -1153,6 +1165,19 @@ __setup_irq(unsigned int irq, struct irq_desc *desc,
>> struct irqaction *new)
>>
>> init_waitqueue_head(&desc->wait_for_threads);
>>
>> + if (new->flags & __IRQF_NMI) {
>> + ret = __irq_set_nmi_routing(desc, irq, true);
>> + if (ret != 1)
>> + goto out_mask;
>> + } else {
>> + ret = __irq_set_nmi_routing(desc, irq, false);
>> + if (ret == 1) {
>> + pr_err("Failed to disable NMI routing for irq %d\n",
>> + irq);
>> + goto out_mask;
>> + }
>> + }
>> +
>> /* Setup the type (level, edge polarity) if configured: */
>> if (new->flags & IRQF_TRIGGER_MASK) {
>> ret = __irq_set_trigger(desc, irq,
>> --
>> 1.9.3
>>
>>
>> _______________________________________________
>> linux-arm-kernel mailing list
>> linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
>> http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel
>



\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2015-01-19 18:41    [W:0.063 / U:0.560 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site