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Subject[PATCH 3/3] arm64: Emulate SETEND for AArch32 tasks
Date
From: "Suzuki K. Poulose" <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>

Emulate deprecated 'setend' instruction for AArch32 bit tasks.

setend [le/be] - Sets the endianness of EL0

On systems with CPUs which support mixed endian at EL0, the hardware
support for the instruction can be enabled by setting the SCTLR_EL1.SED
bit. Like the other emulated instructions it is controlled by an entry in
/proc/sys/abi/. For more information see :
Documentation/arm64/legacy_instructions.txt

The instruction is emulated by setting/clearing the SPSR_EL1.E bit, which
will be reflected in the PSTATE.E in AArch32 context.

This patch also restores the native endianness for the execution of signal
handlers, since the process could have changed the endianness.

Note: All CPUs on the system should support for mixed endian at EL0. Once the
handler is registered a CPU which doesn't support mixed endian, cannot be
hotplugged in.

Signed-off-by: Suzuki K. Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>
---
Documentation/arm64/legacy_instructions.txt | 9 +++
arch/arm64/Kconfig | 10 ++++
arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h | 1 +
arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h | 7 +++
arch/arm64/kernel/armv8_deprecated.c | 82 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/arm64/kernel/signal32.c | 5 +-
6 files changed, 113 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/legacy_instructions.txt b/Documentation/arm64/legacy_instructions.txt
index 0a4dc26..92b7945 100644
--- a/Documentation/arm64/legacy_instructions.txt
+++ b/Documentation/arm64/legacy_instructions.txt
@@ -47,3 +47,12 @@ Default: Undef (0)
Node: /proc/sys/abi/cp15_barrier
Status: Deprecated
Default: Emulate (1)
+
+* SETEND
+Node: /proc/sys/abi/setend
+Status: Deprecated
+Default: Emulate (1)*
+Note: All the cpus on the system should support mixed endian at EL0
+(ID_AA64MMFR0_EL1:BigEnd or BigEndEL0), for this feature to be enabled.
+Once this feature is registered, a CPU that doesn't support the feature
+cannot be hotplugged in.
diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
index b1f9a20..c6d1fd9 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
@@ -540,6 +540,16 @@ config CP15_BARRIER_EMULATION

If unsure, say Y

+config SETEND_EMULATION
+ bool "Emulate SETEND instruction"
+ help
+ The SETEND instruction alters the data-endianness of the
+ AArch32 EL0, and is deprecated in ARMv8.
+
+ Say Y here to enable software emulation of the instruction
+ for AArch32 userspace code.
+
+ If unsure, say Y
endif

endmenu
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
index a56b45f..760bb20 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@
#define ID_AA64MMFR0_EL1_BigEnd (0x1UL << 8)

#define SCTLR_EL1_CP15BEN (1 << 5)
+#define SCTLR_EL1_SED (1 << 8)

#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h
index 41ed9e1..d6dd9fd 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -58,6 +58,13 @@
#define COMPAT_PSR_Z_BIT 0x40000000
#define COMPAT_PSR_N_BIT 0x80000000
#define COMPAT_PSR_IT_MASK 0x0600fc00 /* If-Then execution state mask */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_BIG_ENDIAN
+#define COMPAT_PSR_ENDSTATE COMPAT_PSR_E_BIT
+#else
+#define COMPAT_PSR_ENDSTATE 0
+#endif
+
/*
* These are 'magic' values for PTRACE_PEEKUSR that return info about where a
* process is located in memory.
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/armv8_deprecated.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/armv8_deprecated.c
index be64218..204c610 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/armv8_deprecated.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/armv8_deprecated.c
@@ -531,6 +531,84 @@ static struct insn_emulation_ops cp15_barrier_ops = {
.set_hw_mode = cp15_barrier_set_hw_mode,
};

+static int setend_set_hw_mode(void *enable)
+{
+ if (!cpu_supports_mixed_endian_el0()) {
+ pr_warn_ratelimited("Missing mixed endian support at EL0,"
+ " Abort CPU hotplug...\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (enable)
+ config_sctlr_el1(SCTLR_EL1_SED, 0);
+ else
+ config_sctlr_el1(0, SCTLR_EL1_SED);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int compat_setend_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, u32 endian)
+{
+ char insn[16] = "setend _e";
+
+ perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_EMULATION_FAULTS, 1, regs, regs->pc);
+
+ if (endian) {
+ /* Big Endian */
+ insn[7] = 'b';
+ regs->pstate |= COMPAT_PSR_E_BIT;
+ } else {
+ /* Little Endian */
+ insn[7] = 'l';
+ regs->pstate &= ~COMPAT_PSR_E_BIT;
+ }
+
+ trace_instruction_emulation(insn, regs->pc);
+ pr_warn_ratelimited("\"%s\" (%ld) uses deprecated setend instruction at 0x%llx\n",
+ current->comm, (unsigned long)current->pid, regs->pc);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int a32_setend_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, u32 instr)
+{
+ int rc = compat_setend_handler(regs, (instr >> 9) & 1);
+ regs->pc += 4;
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static int t16_setend_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, u32 instr)
+{
+ int rc = compat_setend_handler(regs, (instr >> 3) & 1);
+ regs->pc += 2;
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static struct undef_hook setend_hooks[] = {
+ {
+ .instr_mask = 0xfffffdff,
+ .instr_val = 0xf1010000,
+ .pstate_mask = COMPAT_PSR_MODE_MASK,
+ .pstate_val = COMPAT_PSR_MODE_USR,
+ .fn = a32_setend_handler,
+ },
+ {
+ /* Thumb mode */
+ .instr_mask = 0x0000fff7,
+ .instr_val = 0x0000b650,
+ .pstate_mask = (COMPAT_PSR_T_BIT | COMPAT_PSR_MODE_MASK),
+ .pstate_val = (COMPAT_PSR_T_BIT | COMPAT_PSR_MODE_USR),
+ .fn = t16_setend_handler,
+ },
+ {}
+};
+
+static struct insn_emulation_ops setend_ops = {
+ .name = "setend",
+ .status = INSN_DEPRECATED,
+ .hooks = setend_hooks,
+ .set_hw_mode = setend_set_hw_mode,
+};
+
static int insn_cpu_hotplug_notify(struct notifier_block *b,
unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
{
@@ -557,6 +635,10 @@ static int __init armv8_deprecated_init(void)
if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CP15_BARRIER_EMULATION))
register_insn_emulation(&cp15_barrier_ops);

+ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SETEND_EMULATION) &&
+ system_supports_mixed_endian_el0())
+ register_insn_emulation(&setend_ops);
+
register_cpu_notifier(&insn_cpu_hotplug_notifier);
register_insn_emulation_sysctl(ctl_abi);

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/signal32.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/signal32.c
index 5a1ba6e..aa763a5 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/signal32.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/signal32.c
@@ -440,7 +440,7 @@ static void compat_setup_return(struct pt_regs *regs, struct k_sigaction *ka,
{
compat_ulong_t handler = ptr_to_compat(ka->sa.sa_handler);
compat_ulong_t retcode;
- compat_ulong_t spsr = regs->pstate & ~PSR_f;
+ compat_ulong_t spsr = regs->pstate & ~(PSR_f | COMPAT_PSR_E_BIT);
int thumb;

/* Check if the handler is written for ARM or Thumb */
@@ -454,6 +454,9 @@ static void compat_setup_return(struct pt_regs *regs, struct k_sigaction *ka,
/* The IT state must be cleared for both ARM and Thumb-2 */
spsr &= ~COMPAT_PSR_IT_MASK;

+ /* Restore the original endianness */
+ spsr |= COMPAT_PSR_ENDSTATE;
+
if (ka->sa.sa_flags & SA_RESTORER) {
retcode = ptr_to_compat(ka->sa.sa_restorer);
} else {
--
1.7.9.5



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